Surah al-Fatihah, Chapter 1

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ{1}

1. In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين {2}

2. All Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all creation.

الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ {3}

3. The Merciful, the Compassionate.

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين {4}

4. Sovereign (sole) of day of reckoning.

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ {5}

5. To You do we worship and from You do we seek help.

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيم {6}

6. Lead us through the1 right path.

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ {7}

7. The path of those on whom You have endowed bounties and not those on whom befell Your wrath nor those who have deviated from the right path.


1. This Surah was twice revealed and is repeated twice daily in prayers; it claims all kinds of praise to God Who created humans and endowed on them wisdom to obey Him and is merciful to the forgiven, i.e. one who commits sins, is penitent and undoes evil and is forgiven under Divine Grace.

2. He is Sole Judge of Reckoning Day, faith in which will make every one fear Him, pray to Him and pray for help from Him to keep on an approved path of the virtuous against the offenders and misguided (condemned to Hell) who falsified and disobeyed His commands and Adopted other leaders than those Immaculate appointed by God.2

  • 1. Fine sword like sharp path, leading to guidance.
  • 2. If personified, they represent Ahl al-Bayt.
    Note: Beginning of every Surah in Name of God is a couplet.