Table of Contents

Surah al-Nisa’, Chapter 4

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful

Verses 1 – 10

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالًا كَثِيرًا وَنِسَاءً ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي تَسَاءَلُونَ بِهِ وَالْأَرْحَامَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَيْكُمْ رَقِيبًا {1}

1. Oh you people, fear your God who created you from one person and from his remnant earth his comrade and from both of them infinite men and women, and fear God by swearing by whose name you request help from one another (for effecting a transaction) similarly should you on your acts entertain Divine commands and avoid disaffection.1 Verily, God guards your actions.

وَآتُوا الْيَتَامَىٰ أَمْوَالَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا تَتَبَدَّلُوا الْخَبِيثَ بِالطَّيِّبِ ۖ وَلَا تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَهُمْ إِلَىٰ أَمْوَالِكُمْ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ حُوبًا كَبِيرًا {2}

2. And give orphans their rights and do not interchange them, causing deficiency to their interest and do not swallow their property by mixing it with yours, verily this is a major sin.

وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تُقْسِطُوا فِي الْيَتَامَىٰ فَانْكِحُوا مَا طَابَ لَكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ مَثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ ۖ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا فَوَاحِدَةً أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَلَّا تَعُولُوا {3}

3. And if you are afraid you will not deal justly with orphan girls, you can marry others from two to three to four and then again, if you are afraid you will not maintain justice among them, you can rest content with one to take to female slaves as your companions which is nearer to justice.

وَآتُوا النِّسَاءَ صَدُقَاتِهِنَّ نِحْلَةً ۚ فَإِنْ طِبْنَ لَكُمْ عَنْ شَيْءٍ مِنْهُ نَفْسًا فَكُلُوهُ هَنِيئًا مَرِيئًا {4}

4. And give your wives their share of the dowry and then if they willingly participate in it with you, it is not objectionable and is legal for you.

وَلَا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَامًا وَارْزُقُوهُمْ فِيهَا وَاكْسُوهُمْ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا {5}

5. And do not hand over the property of idiots to them who are entrusted to your care. You can spend out of it towards their provision and clothing, talking all the while politely with them.

وَابْتَلُوا الْيَتَامَىٰ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا بَلَغُوا النِّكَاحَ فَإِنْ آنَسْتُمْ مِنْهُمْ رُشْدًا فَادْفَعُوا إِلَيْهِمْ أَمْوَالَهُمْ ۖ وَلَا تَأْكُلُوهَا إِسْرَافًا وَبِدَارًا أَنْ يَكْبَرُوا ۚ وَمَنْ كَانَ غَنِيًّا فَلْيَسْتَعْفِفْ ۖ وَمَنْ كَانَ فَقِيرًا فَلْيَأْكُلْ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ فَإِذَا دَفَعْتُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فَأَشْهِدُوا عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ حَسِيبًا {6}

6. And in employing orphans watch and wait if they are capable of marriage at maturity, and then if you find them capable of looking after their own property, hand it over to them and do not swallow it or waste it, fearing they will demand accounting of it at maturity, and He who is rich should avoid taxing them for its supervision and in case of poverty you can charge them for superintendence and when you hand over the property to them get it attested by two witnesses, although God is enough to take account.

لِلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌ مِمَّا تَرَكَ الْوَالِدَانِ وَالْأَقْرَبُونَ وَلِلنِّسَاءِ نَصِيبٌ مِمَّا تَرَكَ الْوَالِدَانِ وَالْأَقْرَبُونَ مِمَّا قَلَّ مِنْهُ أَوْ كَثُرَ ۚ نَصِيبًا مَفْرُوضًا {7}

7. For men there is a share in legacy of their parents and relations and for women is also a share in legacy of their parents and relations, be it little or more and this is an obligation.

وَإِذَا حَضَرَ الْقِسْمَةَ أُولُو الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينُ فَارْزُقُوهُمْ مِنْهُ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا {8}

8. And when deciding a legacy, are present relations, orphans and the poor, pay them something out of it, talking leniently to them.

وَلْيَخْشَ الَّذِينَ لَوْ تَرَكُوا مِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّةً ضِعَافًا خَافُوا عَلَيْهِمْ فَلْيَتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَلْيَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا {9}

9. And if they should be afraid of leaving weak children behind them, lest they may be ruined, they should fear God and talk righteously with others.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ الْيَتَامَىٰ ظُلْمًا إِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُونَ فِي بُطُونِهِمْ نَارًا ۖ وَسَيَصْلَوْنَ سَعِيرًا {10}

10. Verily, those who swallow unjustly property of orphans, they do nothing but fill in their stomach with fire. Shortly they will be hurled into it.

Moral

Self sufficient within the body to show providential fear is the moth of safety, it is implanted in us as a preventative measure of Evil.

Verses 11 – 14

يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلَادِكُمْ ۖ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنْثَيَيْنِ ۚ فَإِنْ كُنَّ نِسَاءً فَوْقَ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَلَهُنَّ ثُلُثَا مَا تَرَكَ ۖ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ وَاحِدَةً فَلَهَا النِّصْفُ ۚ وَلِأَبَوَيْهِ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ مِمَّا تَرَكَ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ ۚ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وَلَدٌ وَوَرِثَهُ أَبَوَاهُ فَلِأُمِّهِ الثُّلُثُ ۚ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ إِخْوَةٌ فَلِأُمِّهِ السُّدُسُ ۚ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصِي بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ ۗ آبَاؤُكُمْ وَأَبْنَاؤُكُمْ لَا تَدْرُونَ أَيُّهُمْ أَقْرَبُ لَكُمْ نَفْعًا ۚ فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {11}

11. God commands you regarding your children: a male gets double the female’s share; then, if there are two daughters only or more, they get two-thirds of it, whereas, if there is only one daughter, she gets half and the parents of the deceased, each gets one-sixth. Then, if there is no issue, the property will be divided between parents, father getting twice the mother, whereas, if the deceased leaves a brother,2 the mother will get one-sixth. All this to be distributed after discharging the will and the debts. Parents and children, you are not aware who amongst them are more entitled with regard to benefitting you. This obligation is from God and verily God is knowing and wise.

وَلَكُمْ نِصْفُ مَا تَرَكَ أَزْوَاجُكُمْ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُنَّ وَلَدٌ ۚ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُنَّ وَلَدٌ فَلَكُمُ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْنَ ۚ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصِينَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ ۚ وَلَهُنَّ الرُّبُعُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ ۚ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُمْ ۚ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ تُوصُونَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ ۗ وَإِنْ كَانَ رَجُلٌ يُورَثُ كَلَالَةً أَوِ امْرَأَةٌ وَلَهُ أَخٌ أَوْ أُخْتٌ فَلِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ ۚ فَإِنْ كَانُوا أَكْثَرَ مِنْ ذَٰلِكَ فَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ فِي الثُّلُثِ ۚ مِنْ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُوصَىٰ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ غَيْرَ مُضَارٍّ ۚ وَصِيَّةً مِنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَلِيمٌ {12}

12. For the husband is one-half the legacy if your wife dies without issue, whereas if she has an issue, the husband’s share will fall to a quarter after fulfilling the will and debt. For the wife, she will have one-fourth3 of the legacy, if the has husband has no issue, and in case of issue her share will fall to one-eighth, after fulfilling the will and debt, and if the deceased has brothers and sisters (as inheritors) each of them will get one-sixth and in case of many they must be satisfied with one-third of the legacy after fulfilling the will and debt. There should be no intention to mar the interest of inheritors. This is God’s will and God is knowing and forbearing.

تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ يُدْخِلْهُ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ{13}

13. These are God’s limits and he, who shall obey God and His Prophet shall be admitted to Paradise below which flow streams wherein shall they remain and this is a mighty achievement.

وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَتَعَدَّ حُدُودَهُ يُدْخِلْهُ نَارًا خَالِدًا فِيهَا وَلَهُ عَذَابٌ مُهِينٌ {14}

14. Those who disobeys god and His Prophet is transgressing the limits shall be thrown into hell wherein shall they ever remain to have a disgraceful punishment.

Moral

Shias trace through their Immaculate Imams (Divine Lights) elucidation of all legal and doctrinal principles from Fundamentals traced to the Glorious Qur’an and by following them, in close obedience to the Prophet are safe against apocryphal traditions fabricated by their adversary Sunnis. According to the Shias, two causes give rise to right of inheritance: (1) Nasab (tie of blood) and (2) Sabab (special cause). In the first are three classes, viz. (a) parents, (b) husband and wife, and (3) children as lineal descendants. In the second class of (a) ascendants: grandfathers, brothers, and sisters. In the third class are: parental uncles and aunts and maternal uncles and aunts. Under Sabab (special causes) are (1) matrimony and wala, the latter of which is further sub-divided in (1) emancipation, (2) clientele, (3) spiritual leadership shares of inheritance are:

1. Affiliation by husband (1) when wife has no issue, (2) the full sister, in default other heirs, and (3) the daughter when only one.

2. The fourth is taken by (1) the husband with children, (2) the widow with no issue, one or more.

3. The eighth is taken by the widow one or more with children and downwards.

4. The third is taken by (1) the above brothers and sisters, when two or more, (2) the mother, when deceased has no children or with two or more brothers or a brother and two sisters, mother’s share is reduced to one-sixth, though brothers and sisters get nothing.

5. Two-thirds is taken by (2) two or more daughters when no son or sons, (2) two or more full sisters, when no brother or half brothers on father’s side.

6. One-sixth is taken by (1) the father and mother with lineal descendants, (2) the mother with two or more brothers of full blood, or one brother and several sisters, (3) the single child by the same mother only, male or female viz. uterine sister or brother.

Verses 15 – 22

وَاللَّاتِي يَأْتِينَ الْفَاحِشَةَ مِنْ نِسَائِكُمْ فَاسْتَشْهِدُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ أَرْبَعَةً مِنْكُمْ ۖ فَإِنْ شَهِدُوا فَأَمْسِكُوهُنَّ فِي الْبُيُوتِ حَتَّىٰ يَتَوَفَّاهُنَّ الْمَوْتُ أَوْ يَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ لَهُنَّ سَبِيلًا {15}

15. And if any (wife) of you is charged with fornication, call for four witnesses, against her and on securing them, imprison her until death settles her fate or God decides otherwise.

وَاللَّذَانِ يَأْتِيَانِهَا مِنْكُمْ فَآذُوهُمَا ۖ فَإِنْ تَابَا وَأَصْلَحَا فَأَعْرِضُوا عَنْهُمَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ تَوَّابًا رَحِيمًا {16}

16. And if any two (bachelor or spinster) of you act viciously (i.e. fornicates) torment him or her until he or she takes to penance and rectification and then you turn your face away from and do not be after tormenting them; verily, God accepts penance and He is Merciful.

نَّمَا التَّوْبَةُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السُّوءَ بِجَهَالَةٍ ثُمَّ يَتُوبُونَ مِنْ قَرِيبٍ فَأُولَٰئِكَ يَتُوبُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {17}

17. Verily, God accepts penance of those who, through ignorance, commits sin and do penance immediately thereafter. Those are the4 people deserving of acceptance of penance and God is knowing and wise.

وَلَيْسَتِ التَّوْبَةُ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَهُمُ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ إِنِّي تُبْتُ الْآنَ وَلَا الَّذِينَ يَمُوتُونَ وَهُمْ كُفَّارٌ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ أَعْتَدْنَا لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا {18}

18. And penance is not accepted in favour of5 those who continue sins until death approaches them (when it is too late for them to do penance, nor is it6feasible for them who die as infidels. For them is intense punishment kept by us ready.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَرِثُوا النِّسَاءَ كَرْهًا ۖ وَلَا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ لِتَذْهَبُوا بِبَعْضِ مَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ إِلَّا أَنْ يَأْتِينَ بِفَاحِشَةٍ مُبَيِّنَةٍ ۚ وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ فَإِنْ كَرِهْتُمُوهُنَّ فَعَسَىٰ أَنْ تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَيَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ خَيْرًا كَثِيرًا {19}

19. Oh you faithful, it is not fair on your part to deprive your wives of her dowry, not is it fair to imprison them with a view to taking back what you have given them except when they are charged with fornication. Live with them peacefully, and then if you are disgusted with them on account of some evil habit in them, verily has God endowed on them many other7 inviting virtues.

وَإِنْ أَرَدْتُمُ اسْتِبْدَالَ زَوْجٍ مَكَانَ زَوْجٍ وَآتَيْتُمْ إِحْدَاهُنَّ قِنْطَارًا فَلَا تَأْخُذُوا مِنْهُ شَيْئًا ۚ أَتَأْخُذُونَهُ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُبِينًا {20}

20. And if you intend to replace her with other and if you have given her considerable property, do not deprive her of it. What! Are you libelling her or openly disobeying with a view to seizing property from her.

وَكَيْفَ تَأْخُذُونَهُ وَقَدْ أَفْضَىٰ بَعْضُكُمْ إِلَىٰ بَعْضٍ وَأَخَذْنَ مِنْكُمْ مِيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا {21}

21. And how can you deprive her of it when actually have had an intercourse with her and you have given a solid covenant8 beforehand.

وَلَا تَنْكِحُوا مَا نَكَحَ آبَاؤُكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَمَقْتًا وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًا {22}

22. Do not marry widows of your father except what you have done in the past through ignorance. Verily, this is a great shamelessness on your part and it is an evil custom.

Notes are enough.

Verse 23

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ أُمَّهَاتُكُمْ وَبَنَاتُكُمْ وَأَخَوَاتُكُمْ وَعَمَّاتُكُمْ وَخَالَاتُكُمْ وَبَنَاتُ الْأَخِ وَبَنَاتُ الْأُخْتِ وَأُمَّهَاتُكُمُ اللَّاتِي أَرْضَعْنَكُمْ وَأَخَوَاتُكُمْ مِنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ وَأُمَّهَاتُ نِسَائِكُمْ وَرَبَائِبُكُمُ اللَّاتِي فِي حُجُورِكُمْ مِنْ نِسَائِكُمُ اللَّاتِي دَخَلْتُمْ بِهِنَّ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُونُوا دَخَلْتُمْ بِهِنَّ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَحَلَائِلُ أَبْنَائِكُمُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ أَصْلَابِكُمْ وَأَنْ تَجْمَعُوا بَيْنَ الْأُخْتَيْنِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا {23}

23. Unlawful for you to marry your mothers, daughters, sisters, aunts, paternal and maternal, nieces, brothers, sisters, and mothers who have beet wet nurses and wet sisters and mothers-in-laws and daughters of those with whom you are married and had intercourse, whereas otherwise they are lawful and daughters-in-law and to have two sisters as jointly at the same time, except what you have done before receiving these commands for, verily, God is forgiving and merciful.

Verse 24- 25: Temporary Marriage

وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ إِلَّا مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۖ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ ۚ وَأُحِلَّ لَكُمْ مَا وَرَاءَ ذَٰلِكُمْ أَنْ تَبْتَغُوا بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ ۚ فَمَا اسْتَمْتَعْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْهُنَّ فَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ فَرِيضَةً ۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِيمَا تَرَاضَيْتُمْ بِهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْفَرِيضَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {24}

24. And married women, except when they come under your control as slaves, have been illegalized by God, barring them, rest are lawful to you. If you seek them by payment of dowry and not under prostitution, and then if you hold temporary marriages with stipulation of time and dowry which should be paid to them before hand as an obligation and if you are altering under mutual consent, there is no harm verily, God is knowing and wise.9

وَمَنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ مِنْكُمْ طَوْلًا أَنْ يَنْكِحَ الْمُحْصَنَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ فَمِنْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ مِنْ فَتَيَاتِكُمُ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِإِيمَانِكُمْ ۚ بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ ۚ فَانْكِحُوهُنَّ بِإِذْنِ أَهْلِهِنَّ وَآتُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ مُحْصَنَاتٍ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحَاتٍ وَلَا مُتَّخِذَاتِ أَخْدَانٍ ۚ فَإِذَا أُحْصِنَّ فَإِنْ أَتَيْنَ بِفَاحِشَةٍ فَعَلَيْهِنَّ نِصْفُ مَا عَلَى الْمُحْصَنَاتِ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِيَ الْعَنَتَ مِنْكُمْ ۚ وَأَنْ تَصْبِرُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {25}

25. And those who cannot afford to marry free faithful women (on payment of dowry) they can marry faithful slaves under your control and God is well acquainted with your faith, being of mutual species. You can marry the faithful slaves with permission of their masters and payment of the dowry from available source, provided they are virtuous and not profligate and not adulterating secretly, and after marrying, if they are accused of fornication, their punishment is half of free women. This arrangement is for him who is afraid of severe punishment and if you are patient it is much better for you and God is forgiving and merciful.

Moral

How Islam has been gradually mutilated by the very imposters who seized the power immediately on passing away of the Prophet, can be studied by their autocratic decisions, without having any “Divine Awe” on which all revealed religions are based, having no intention of Divine knowledge and under passion, involved their followers with eternal loss.

Verses 26 – 33

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُبَيِّنَ لَكُمْ وَيَهْدِيَكُمْ سُنَنَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ وَيَتُوبَ عَلَيْكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ {26}

26. God desires to expose preceding laws and accept your penance and God is knowing and wise.

وَاللَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَتُوبَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَيُرِيدُ الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الشَّهَوَاتِ أَنْ تَمِيلُوا مَيْلًا عَظِيمًا {27}

27. God is desirous of accepting your penance and those who are slave to10 passion desire you to involve in disgraceful sins.

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُخَفِّفَ عَنْكُمْ ۚ وَخُلِقَ الْإِنْسَانُ ضَعِيفًا {28}

28. God intends to reduce your punishment as humans are created weak.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ بِالْبَاطِلِ إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَ تِجَارَةً عَنْ تَرَاضٍ مِنْكُمْ ۚ وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُمْ رَحِيمًا {29}

29. Oh you faithful, do not swallow illegally anyone’s property except under mutual consent of partnership and do not risk yourself to danger; verily, God is merciful to you.

وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ عُدْوَانًا وَظُلْمًا فَسَوْفَ نُصْلِيهِ نَارًا ۚ وَكَانَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرًا {30}

30. And those who transgress out of disobedience We shall throw into hell and this is easy for God.

إِنْ تَجْتَنِبُوا كَبَائِرَ مَا تُنْهَوْنَ عَنْهُ نُكَفِّرْ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَنُدْخِلْكُمْ مُدْخَلًا كَرِيمًا {31}

31. If you avoid major sins which you are forbidden to commit We shall resolve your petty failings and admit you in paradise.11

وَلَا تَتَمَنَّوْا مَا فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بِهِ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۚ لِلرِّجَالِ نَصِيبٌ مِمَّا اكْتَسَبُوا ۖ وَلِلنِّسَاءِ نَصِيبٌ مِمَّا اكْتَسَبْنَ ۚ وَاسْأَلُوا اللَّهَ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا {32}

32. And do not12 envy the grade God has given one over another. For men is the share of their doings, god or bad, and for women, theirs. So pray to God to shower His mercy on you as He is Omniscient.

وَلِكُلٍّ جَعَلْنَا مَوَالِيَ مِمَّا تَرَكَ الْوَالِدَانِ وَالْأَقْرَبُونَ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ عَقَدَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ فَآتُوهُمْ نَصِيبَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدًا {33}

33. And We have left inheritors for everyone, be the deceased parents, or relations, and pay him the contracted share, verily, God is witness to all.

Moral

All envy is proportionate to desires we are uneasy at the attainments of another, according as we think our own happiness would be advanced by the addition of this, which he holds from us and therefore whatever depresses immoderate wishes, will at the same time set the heart free from corrosion of envy and exempt us from vice.

Verses 34 – 42

الرِّجَالُ قَوَّامُونَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ بِمَا فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ وَبِمَا أَنْفَقُوا مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ ۚ فَالصَّالِحَاتُ قَانِتَاتٌ حَافِظَاتٌ لِلْغَيْبِ بِمَا حَفِظَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَاللَّاتِي تَخَافُونَ نُشُوزَهُنَّ فَعِظُوهُنَّ وَاهْجُرُوهُنَّ فِي الْمَضَاجِعِ وَاضْرِبُوهُنَّ ۖ فَإِنْ أَطَعْنَكُمْ فَلَا تَبْغُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ سَبِيلًا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيًّا كَبِيرًا {34}

34. Men have been given precedence over women by virtue of excess bounty and for their sacrifice of property on their behalf. The virtuous contented wives will guard their rights in their absence. Those who are afraid of disobedience, should advise them first, then leave them aside on their beds, and finally punish them. When they obey, do not over-awe them and God is Mighty and Over-awing you.

وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ شِقَاقَ بَيْنِهِمَا فَابْعَثُوا حَكَمًا مِنْ أَهْلِهِ وَحَكَمًا مِنْ أَهْلِهَا إِنْ يُرِيدَا إِصْلَاحًا يُوَفِّقِ اللَّهُ بَيْنَهُمَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا خَبِيرًا {35}

35. And if you are afraid of a mutual split, raise a judge from either party, to effect a reconciliation when God shall help as verily He is knowing what is happening between you two.

وَاعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا ۖ وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالْجَنْبِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ مُخْتَالًا فَخُورًا{36}

36. Pray unto God: (1) do not associate anybody with Him, (2) oblige you parents, (3) relations, (4) orphans, (5) the poor, neighbours, (6) wayfarers, (7) comrades on tour, (8) those proceeding on pilgrimage, and (9) your slaves, for verily God does not like a haughty miser

الَّذِينَ يَبْخَلُونَ وَيَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبُخْلِ وَيَكْتُمُونَ مَا آتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۗ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا {37}

37. who is greedy and orders greed, hiding what God has given him out of grace, for such infidels God has prepared a disgraceful punishment.

وَالَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ رِئَاءَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَلَا بِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۗ وَمَنْ يَكُنِ الشَّيْطَانُ لَهُ قَرِينًا فَسَاءَ قَرِينًا {38}

38. And those who spend their property for public admiration, without believing in God and eternity (waste their reward) and he who will be friends with devils shall get into evil company.

وَمَاذَا عَلَيْهِمْ لَوْ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَأَنْفَقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَهُمُ اللَّهُ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِهِمْ عَلِيمًا {39}

39. What harm was to them if they believed in God and the Day of Judgment, and spent in the name of God when He would have appreciated their acts.

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ ۖ وَإِنْ تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَاعِفْهَا وَيُؤْتِ مِنْ لَدُنْهُ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {40}

40. Verily, God does not, in the slightest, do injustice, whereas, If any does a slight virtue He enhances it giving extra reward from Himself with a might reward.

فَكَيْفَ إِذَا جِئْنَا مِنْ كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ بِشَهِيدٍ وَجِئْنَا بِكَ عَلَىٰ هَٰؤُلَاءِ شَهِيدًا {41}

41. What shall happen when We shall raise from amongst every group their Imam, Divine Light, as a witness to their acts and raise you oh Prophet a witness to the Imams Divine Lights on this day.

يَوْمَئِذٍ يَوَدُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَعَصَوُا الرَّسُولَ لَوْ تُسَوَّىٰ بِهِمُ الْأَرْضُ وَلَا يَكْتُمُونَ اللَّهَ حَدِيثًا {42}

42. Infidels will wish, who had disobeyed the Prophet on the Earth had been levelled up (with them) then they will hide nothing from God.

Moral

God defines duties of the rich to prevent them from falling prey to the wicked miser condemned to hell. Only the wealth we have so bestowed do we keep (for Eternity), the other is lost to us; rather, we shall have to render account if misused. The Prophet said, “Every good act is charity, your smiling in your brother’s face is charity, an exhortation of your fellowman to virtuous deeds is equal to alms giving, your putting a wanderer in the right path is charity, your assisting the blind is charity, your removing stones and thorns and other obstacles from the road is charity, your giving water to the thirsty is charity.”

A person’s true wealth hereafter, i.e. is the good which is left behind in this world to their fellow humans. When they die, people will say, “What property have they left behind?” But the angels will ask, “What good deeds have they sent before them?” God warns against ostentation, which seldom goes with learning, like the rising and declining sun makes long shadows. It is the signal flag of hypocrisy. Pride is the master sin of the devil.

Verses 43 – 50

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَقْرَبُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَنْتُمْ سُكَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَعْلَمُوا مَا تَقُولُونَ وَلَا جُنُبًا إِلَّا عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىٰ تَغْتَسِلُوا ۚ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا {43}

43. Oh you faithful do not approach prayers intoxicated (in swoon sleep) until you know what you say. Do not pass the Holy mosque while in an untouchable condition, until you bathe13 and if you are ill or travelling and when you cannot find water14 or from intercourse15 (with your wife) and you cannot get water, strike your hands on pure earth, passing them over your face16 and17 hands verily God forbearing and forgiving.

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا نَصِيبًا مِنَ الْكِتَابِ يَشْتَرُونَ الضَّلَالَةَ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَضِلُّوا السَّبِيلَ {44}

44. Have you not seen those who have been acting on part of text18 and sell the rest for misguidance and intend to mislead others.

وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِأَعْدَائِكُمْ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ وَلِيًّا وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ نَصِيرًا {45}

45. And God is acquainted with His enemies and suffices to be your sympathizer and to be your assistant.

مِنَ الَّذِينَ هَادُوا يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ عَنْ مَوَاضِعِهِ وَيَقُولُونَ سَمِعْنَا وَعَصَيْنَا وَاسْمَعْ غَيْرَ مُسْمَعٍ وَرَاعِنَا لَيًّا بِأَلْسِنَتِهِمْ وَطَعْنًا فِي الدِّينِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا وَاسْمَعْ وَانْظُرْنَا لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ وَأَقْوَمَ وَلَٰكِنْ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِكُفْرِهِمْ فَلَا يُؤْمِنُونَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا {46}

46. Of those Jews who transmute their text (wherever Prophets attributes are given) and say (in presence of the Prophet) we heard and defy it (when returning home), giving misinterpretation by their tongue; otherwise in order to taunt (Islam) religion they say “hear” what is unworthy of hearing, and have regard for us had they said “We heard and obeyed,” you please listen to us and have consideration for us. It would have been better on their part, but God has cursed them for their perverted mind and unbelief on account of which, except a few, most would not embrace faith.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ آمِنُوا بِمَا نَزَّلْنَا مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا مَعَكُمْ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ نَطْمِسَ وُجُوهًا فَنَرُدَّهَا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِهَا أَوْ نَلْعَنَهُمْ كَمَا لَعَنَّا أَصْحَابَ السَّبْتِ ۚ وَكَانَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ مَفْعُولًا {47}

47. Oh you men of revealed religion believe in what you have revealed confirming what is with you, before we turn your face backwards and curse you as we cursed preceding those of yours who disobeyed as regards their transgression of Saturday and this shall be done as promised.

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَىٰ إِثْمًا عَظِيمًا {48}

48. Verily, God does not forgive him who associates with Him and forgives him whom He chooses otherwise. Verily, those who associate with Him have libelled and committed a mighty sin.

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يُزَكُّونَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ ۚ بَلِ اللَّهُ يُزَكِّي مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا {49}

49. Have you not seen those who claim to purify themselves19, whereas God purifies whom He likes, and He does not in the least do injustice to any.

انْظُرْ كَيْفَ يَفْتَرُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ ۖ وَكَفَىٰ بِهِ إِثْمًا مُبِينًا {50}

50. Just see how they libel God and this is enough an open sin for condemnation.

Moral

Masking Divine Commands intentionally and misrepresenting otherwise renders one condemnable to Hel (vide 78 – 79 of Surah “The Cow”).

Association does not merely consist of associating any creation with God but it also consists in associating any other command controverting Divine command and thus rendering object of God ineffective and is unforgivable and at the same time when intentionally done without penance is awful.

Libel is a major sin when applied to humans and Libelling God means falsifying God, daring to face Him – by Jove – it is a sin unimaginable in its degree.

Verses 51 – 59

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا نَصِيبًا مِنَ الْكِتَابِ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْجِبْتِ وَالطَّاغُوتِ وَيَقُولُونَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا هَٰؤُلَاءِ أَهْدَىٰ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا سَبِيلًا {51}

51. Have you not seen those who have been granted20 a part of text, follow passion (misguided leaders) and tell them about those who disbelieve these ringleaders, whether they are more guided than themselves.

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ ۖ وَمَنْ يَلْعَنِ اللَّهُ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُ نَصِيرًا {52}

52. These are the people who are cursed (for having followed slaves of passion) by God and those who are cursed by God shall never be assisted.

أَمْ لَهُمْ نَصِيبٌ مِنَ الْمُلْكِ فَإِذًا لَا يُؤْتُونَ النَّاسَ نَقِيرًا {53}

53. Have they got any share 21 of religious leadership? If they had, they would not have parted with a particle of it, being passionate.

أَمْ يَحْسُدُونَ النَّاسَ عَلَىٰ مَا آتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۖ فَقَدْ آتَيْنَا آلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَآتَيْنَاهُمْ مُلْكًا عَظِيمًا{54}

54. Do they22 envy the Prophet and immaculate family who are Divine Lights for the share which God has endowed on them of His bounty? Verily, God has endowed on Abraham’s family the Book, the Divine Philosophy, and great vice-royalty of His.

فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ آمَنَ بِهِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ صَدَّ عَنْهُ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِجَهَنَّمَ سَعِيرًا {55}

55. Some of them believe in them and the others turn away, for whom punishment of hell is enough.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا سَوْفَ نُصْلِيهِمْ نَارًا كُلَّمَا نَضِجَتْ جُلُودُهُمْ بَدَّلْنَاهُمْ جُلُودًا غَيْرَهَا لِيَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا {56}

56. Verily, those who deny Our couplets shortly shall We hurl them in hell23 which shall burnt heir skin, We shall exchange it so they may taste its punishment (forever); verily, God is Mighty and Wise.

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۖ لَهُمْ فِيهَا أَزْوَاجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ ۖ وَنُدْخِلُهُمْ ظِلًّا ظَلِيلًا {57}

57. Those who embraced faith and acted virtuously shall We shortly admit them into paradise below which flow streams wherein they shall ever abide and wherein they shall have pure nymphs and reside under extensive shades.

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أَنْ تُؤَدُّوا الْأَمَانَاتِ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا بِالْعَدْلِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ نِعِمَّا يَعِظُكُمْ بِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا {58}

58. And verily God commands to hand over the trust of24 leadership to those entitle by virtue of their being immaculate (and Divinely inspired as Divine Lights) and when you judge amongst people, dispense your judgment with25 justice; verily God advises you to your benefit, verily He is Hearing and seeing.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ ۖ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا {59}

59. Oh you faithful, obey God and obey the Prophet and religious leaders (Divine Lights) and if there is a difference amongst you (this excludes God – Prophet and Imams)26 you appeal to God, the Prophet and Imams, if you have faith in God and eternity, this shall be the best solution.

Moral

Bodily and foot remarks, if honestly studied should suffice.

Verses 60 – 70

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَتَحَاكَمُوا إِلَى الطَّاغُوتِ وَقَدْ أُمِرُوا أَنْ يَكْفُرُوا بِهِ وَيُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يُضِلَّهُمْ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا {60}

60. Have you not seen those who deem themselves they have believed in what is revealed unto you and unto what preceded you, they desire to approach the27 passionate, which it has been ordained to forsake. The devil desires to misguide them entirely. (Compare couplets 59 and 60 of Surah Yasin.)

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا إِلَىٰ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ وَإِلَى الرَّسُولِ رَأَيْتَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يَصُدُّونَ عَنْكَ صُدُودًا {61}

61. When they are asked to come to what is revealed by God (text) and to the Prophet, the hypocrites will be observed to stop them from coming to you.

فَكَيْفَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ ثُمَّ جَاءُوكَ يَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَا إِلَّا إِحْسَانًا وَتَوْفِيقًا {62}

62. What will happen when calamity shall befall them due to their deeds? Then will they come to you swearing by God; they did not mean anything but obligation (by not worrying for trifles and reconciliation).

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَعِظْهُمْ وَقُلْ لَهُمْ فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَوْلًا بَلِيغًا {63}

63. They are the people whose hearts God is acquainted; you turn your face away from them and advise them and speak with a warning tone as per necessity.28

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَحِيمًا {64}

64. We did not send any prophet but to be obeyed under Divine sanction and if they disobeyed and came to you, prayed for forgiveness from God if the prophet recommended for their forgiveness,29 certainly they will find God to accept penance and merciful.

فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا {65}

65. No, by your God, they would not have embraced faith until they made you the judge for a dispute amidst them, then not reject your decision for a dispute amidst them, then not reject your decision and resign unto your decision.

وَلَوْ أَنَّا كَتَبْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَنِ اقْتُلُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ أَوِ اخْرُجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِكُمْ مَا فَعَلُوهُ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ فَعَلُوا مَا يُوعَظُونَ بِهِ لَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُمْ وَأَشَدَّ تَثْبِيتًا {66}

66. And had We ordained them to kill one another or get out of home, none but a few of them would have done and had they done, what they were advised (regarding Ali’s succession) by you, it would have been good in their favour and the best cause for steadfastness of faith.

وَإِذًا لَآتَيْنَاهُمْ مِنْ لَدُنَّا أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {67}

67. And when We would have given them a mighty reward.

وَلَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ صِرَاطًا مُسْتَقِيمًا {68}

68. And guided them on the “right path.”

وَمَنْ يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ ۚ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا {69}

69. Those who supplicates God and the Prophet, shall We raise with those whom God has endowed bounties, from among saints, the true martyrs and virtuous and they are the best companions (of paradise) and this is Divine grace for which God is enough to testify (the deserving).

ذَٰلِكَ الْفَضْلُ مِنَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ عَلِيمًا {70}

70. This is Divine grace for which God is enough to testify (the deserving).

Moral

Bodily remarks, if studied faithfully will suffice.

Verses 71 – 76

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا خُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ فَانْفِرُوا ثُبَاتٍ أَوِ انْفِرُوا جَمِيعًا {71}

71. Oh you faithful, beware of enemies whether you go in gangs or alone.

وَإِنَّ مِنْكُمْ لَمَنْ لَيُبَطِّئَنَّ فَإِنْ أَصَابَتْكُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ قَالَ قَدْ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيَّ إِذْ لَمْ أَكُنْ مَعَهُمْ شَهِيدًا {72}

72. And there are some amongst you who will lag and if any calamity beset you they shall say, “God saved them for not having accompanied them.”

وَلَئِنْ أَصَابَكُمْ فَضْلٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ لَيَقُولَنَّ كَأَنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُ مَوَدَّةٌ يَا لَيْتَنِي كُنْتُ مَعَهُمْ فَأَفُوزَ فَوْزًا عَظِيمًا {73}

73. And if bounties attend you from God, in this case, they would assume, as if they had no acquaintance with you and say, “I wish I had been with you to participate in the bounties.”

فَلْيُقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يَشْرُونَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا بِالْآخِرَةِ ۚ وَمَنْ يُقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَيُقْتَلْ أَوْ يَغْلِبْ فَسَوْفَ نُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {74}

74. Those who are prepared to sacrifice worldly pleasures for eternal gains should participate in crusade and those who shall do so whether they lose their life or vanquishes their enemy shall be entitled to great rewards from Us.

وَمَا لَكُمْ لَا تُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ الَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا أَخْرِجْنَا مِنْ هَٰذِهِ الْقَرْيَةِ الظَّالِمِ أَهْلُهَا وَاجْعَلْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ وَلِيًّا وَاجْعَلْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ نَصِيرًا {75}

75. What is up with you? You are not participating in crusade, although weak men and women and children who have been detained in enemy country (Mecca) from flying have been held up; pray to God to make an outlet for them from the enemies of this land (Mecca) and nominate anyone from Thee, our leader and who shall be our assistant from You.

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُقَاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ الطَّاغُوتِ فَقَاتِلُوا أَوْلِيَاءَ الشَّيْطَانِ ۖ إِنَّ كَيْدَ الشَّيْطَانِ كَانَ ضَعِيفًا {76}

76. Those who are faithful fight in the Name of God and those who are faithless fight for the devil. You better fight against the devil’s followers for his designs (Devil) are unsound.

Moral

The Devil can cite scriptures for his purpose and evil soul producing holy witness is like a villain with a smiling cheek a goodly apple rotten at the heart. If a devil ever laughs, it must be at hypocrites, for they are the greatest dupes as he has; they serve him better than any others but receive no wages, nay, what is still more extraordinary, they submit to greater mortification to go to the lowest hell than since4rest faithful to go to Heaven of highest grade.

An atheist is but a mad ridiculous derider of piety but a hypocrite makes a sober jest of God and religion, they find it easier to be upon his knees than to rise to a good action, like an impudent debtor who goes every day to talk familiarly to their creditors without ever paying what they owe to Divine Lights, viz. submission. They are saints abroad and devils at home. It is the only evil which walks in visible, except to God alone. One may smile and smile and be a villain still.

There are only two religions, Islam and Passion (devil), “The moral virtues, without religion are but cold, lifeless, and insipid. It is only religion which opens the mind to great conception. Fills it with most sublime ideas and warms the soul with more than sense at pleasures which are more worldly and frail, while eternal pleasures are pure and permanent, these cannot be attained without payment of price for them and the maximum price will get maximum pleasures which is “martyrdom” and hence participation in crusade with sole intention of Divine will having nothing of securing worldly gains, is entering paradise of the highest grade.

Those who wish to secure the good of others have already secured their own. Every duty brings its peculiar delight, every denial its appropriate compensation, every thought its recompense, every cross its crown, pay goes with performance, as effect with cause, vice vitiates whoever indulges in it, the wicked wrong their souls, generosity greatens, virtue exalts charity transfigures, and holiness is the essence of angelhood. God does not require us to live on credit. He pays us what we earn, good or evil, heaven or hell, according to our choice.

Did you notice those who were advised on their demand for crusade, after flight to hold up (as did Divine Light No. 2) their hands and until commands on crusade are issued? Say prayers and pay tithe and when crusade was made obligatory (as in Divine light No. 3) a group of them got frightened with the people as they fear God, rather more than that, and began to say (those who used to fly away from crusade).

Verses 77 –87

أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ قِيلَ لَهُمْ كُفُّوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتُوا الزَّكَاةَ فَلَمَّا كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقِتَالُ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ يَخْشَوْنَ النَّاسَ كَخَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَشَدَّ خَشْيَةً ۚ وَقَالُوا رَبَّنَا لِمَ كَتَبْتَ عَلَيْنَا الْقِتَالَ لَوْلَا أَخَّرْتَنَا إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ ۗ قُلْ مَتَاعُ الدُّنْيَا قَلِيلٌ وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِمَنِ اتَّقَىٰ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا {77}

77. “Oh our Providence, why didst You make it bonding on us? Why not hold it over a little while?” Say in reply to them, “Worldly pleasures are transient and eternal bounties are for the pious and you will not be (on your rewards for participating in crusade) ill-treated in the least.”

يْنَمَا تَكُونُوا يُدْرِكْكُمُ الْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنْتُمْ فِي بُرُوجٍ مُشَيَّدَةٍ ۗ وَإِنْ تُصِبْهُمْ حَسَنَةٌ يَقُولُوا هَٰذِهِ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَإِنْ تُصِبْهُمْ سَيِّئَةٌ يَقُولُوا هَٰذِهِ مِنْ عِنْدِكَ ۚ قُلْ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ ۖ فَمَالِ هَٰؤُلَاءِ الْقَوْمِ لَا يَكَادُونَ يَفْقَهُونَ حَدِيثًا {78}

78. Wherever you be, death shall seize you although you be locked in a strong fortress and when fortune attends them say, “It is from God and when misfortune attends them they impute it to you.” Say everything is from God, what is up with the sect? They do not understand so much.

مَا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ حَسَنَةٍ فَمِنَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَا أَصَابَكَ مِنْ سَيِّئَةٍ فَمِنْ نَفْسِكَ ۚ وَأَرْسَلْنَاكَ لِلنَّاسِ رَسُولًا ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا{79}

79. What of bounty comes to you is from God and what of adversity befalls you, is an issue to your deeds as a punishment from God. We have sent you a messenger to humans to testify which God is enough.

مَنْ يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ ۖ وَمَنْ تَوَلَّىٰ فَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ حَفِيظًا {80}

80. Verily those who obeyed God, who obeyed the Prophet and those who turn away from, verily you are not responsible for their deeds (not being a guard).

وَيَقُولُونَ طَاعَةٌ فَإِذَا بَرَزُوا مِنْ عِنْدِكَ بَيَّتَ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ غَيْرَ الَّذِي تَقُولُ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يَكْتُبُ مَا يُبَيِّتُونَ ۖ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ وَكِيلًا {81}

81. They say, “We obeyed” and when they get out from you, a group amongst them meet in the night, talking otherwise, and God records what they cabal, you turn your face away from them; depend upon God Who shall suffice as a guardian.

أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ ۚ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا {82}

82. Do they not think over the Qur’an; if it was from elsewhere, they would have found many a discrepancy in it.

وَإِذَا جَاءَهُمْ أَمْرٌ مِنَ الْأَمْنِ أَوِ الْخَوْفِ أَذَاعُوا بِهِ ۖ وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَىٰ أُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنْبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ ۗ وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَاتَّبَعْتُمُ الشَّيْطَانَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا {83}

83. And when any important affair regarding safety of life or danger therein arises they divulge it, whereas, had they referred to the Prophet or those initiated in it, they would have come to know through those knowing them, and had it not been for the30 mercy and grace of God, barring few, you would have followed the devil (the passionate people).

فَقَاتِلْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لَا تُكَلَّفُ إِلَّا نَفْسَكَ ۚ وَحَرِّضِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَكُفَّ بَأْسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ وَاللَّهُ أَشَدُّ بَأْسًا وَأَشَدُّ تَنْكِيلًا {84}

84. So you (Prophet) fight in the Name of God and We have not given this trouble to any but you, and invite the faithful towards it; very shortly God will save you from the infidels, verily God is mighty at punishment and revenge.

مَنْ يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً حَسَنَةً يَكُنْ لَهُ نَصِيبٌ مِنْهَا ۖ وَمَنْ يَشْفَعْ شَفَاعَةً سَيِّئَةً يَكُنْ لَهُ كِفْلٌ مِنْهَا ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُقِيتًا {85}

85. Those who wish will of you gets a share of it, and those who wish otherwise, likewise gets a share therein, and God is Omnipotent.

وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُمْ بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا {86}

86. If anybody wishes you peace, you return him, with a greater peace, and god shall account from everybody (for their deeds).

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۚ لَيَجْمَعَنَّكُمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ ۗ وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ حَدِيثًا {87}

87. There is none but God (your Lord). He shall assemble all a reckoning day, there is no doubt about it, and who can be truer than God.

Moral

All bounties are from God and you are grateful to Him, if you use them as per direction and are responsible if you misplace them or misuse them.

What is up with you, you have formed into two parties amongst you, regarding those who left Mecca to join you at Medina31

Verses 88 – 91

فَمَا لَكُمْ فِي الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِئَتَيْنِ وَاللَّهُ أَرْكَسَهُمْ بِمَا كَسَبُوا ۚ أَتُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَهْدُوا مَنْ أَضَلَّ اللَّهُ ۖ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُ سَبِيلًا {88}

88. Do you intend to guide them whom God has deprived them of it? And those whom God forsakes, you will not find any way for.

وَدُّوا لَوْ تَكْفُرُونَ كَمَا كَفَرُوا فَتَكُونُونَ سَوَاءً ۖ فَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ حَتَّىٰ يُهَاجِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ وَجَدْتُمُوهُمْ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا مِنْهُمْ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا {89}

89. They desire you to be infidel like themselves, so all may be on the same level. So do not take them to be your friends until they fly for the sake of God, and if they turn their face, seize them where you can get them and slay them and do not take them as friends or assistants.

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ يَصِلُونَ إِلَىٰ قَوْمٍ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ مِيثَاقٌ أَوْ جَاءُوكُمْ حَصِرَتْ صُدُورُهُمْ أَنْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ أَوْ يُقَاتِلُوا قَوْمَهُمْ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَسَلَّطَهُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ فَلَقَاتَلُوكُمْ ۚ فَإِنِ اعْتَزَلُوكُمْ فَلَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ وَأَلْقَوْا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ فَمَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سَبِيلًا {90}

90. Except those who to a nation32 with wom hyou have a pact or they come to you unwilling to fight against you or join their own community who is not fighting against you, and if God wishes, He would have made them overpower you when they would have suddenly fought aginst you so if they remain aloof and not fight against you and sue peace, and God has not given you power to ill-treat them.

سَتَجِدُونَ آخَرِينَ يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَأْمَنُوكُمْ وَيَأْمَنُوا قَوْمَهُمْ كُلَّ مَا رُدُّوا إِلَى الْفِتْنَةِ أُرْكِسُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَعْتَزِلُوكُمْ وَيُلْقُوا إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَمَ وَيَكُفُّوا أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَخُذُوهُمْ وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ ۚ وَأُولَٰئِكُمْ جَعَلْنَا لَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانًا مُبِينًا{91}

91. Shortly, you will find a nation who desires to be safe from you and from their own community and when they all get entrapped in a calamity, they case in their lot with them, if they do not keep away from you and not sue peace anddesist from fighting, you arrest them and kill them where you find, for We have given you free power over them.

Verses 92 – 96

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ أَنْ يَقْتُلَ مُؤْمِنًا إِلَّا خَطَأً ۚ وَمَنْ قَتَلَ مُؤْمِنًا خَطَأً فَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُؤْمِنَةٍ وَدِيَةٌ مُسَلَّمَةٌ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ إِلَّا أَنْ يَصَّدَّقُوا ۚ فَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ قَوْمٍ عَدُوٍّ لَكُمْ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُؤْمِنَةٍ ۖ وَإِنْ كَانَ مِنْ قَوْمٍ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَهُمْ مِيثَاقٌ فَدِيَةٌ مُسَلَّمَةٌ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ وَتَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ مُؤْمِنَةٍ ۖ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا{92}

92. It is not fair for a faithful to kill a faithful except through mistake and even if he does so he has to set free a faithful slave towards penance and pay blood price to the inheritor, unless the latter forgives and if theslain is from an inimical sect and infidel, the slayer faithful, he has only to set free a faithful slave towards the penance, and if belongs to a sect where between them is mutual pact,he has to pay the bloodmoney to the inheritors and set free a faithful slave, failing this he has to observe two months successive fasting and God is knowing wise.

وَمَنْ يَقْتُلْ مُؤْمِنًا مُتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَاؤُهُ جَهَنَّمُ خَالِدًا فِيهَا وَغَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَعَنَهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُ عَذَابًا عَظِيمًا {93}

93. For those who kill a faithful intentionally, their punishment is hell wherein they shall ever abide and Divine wrath to boot and his curse andintense punishment is for them.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ فَتَبَيَّنُوا وَلَا تَقُولُوا لِمَنْ أَلْقَىٰ إِلَيْكُمُ السَّلَامَ لَسْتَ مُؤْمِنًا تَبْتَغُونَ عَرَضَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَعِنْدَ اللَّهِ مَغَانِمُ كَثِيرَةٌ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ كُنْتُمْ مِنْ قَبْلُ فَمَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَتَبَيَّنُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا{94}

94. Oh you faithful,33 when you get out on in crusade God’s name, ascertain when anybody wishes you, before calling him, he is not34 faithful, to gain your worldly motive; for before God you have a great reward andthus were you infidels before God obliged you and explicitly informed you, He knows what you do.

لَا يَسْتَوِي الْقَاعِدُونَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ غَيْرُ أُولِي الضَّرَرِ وَالْمُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ ۚ فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنْفُسِهِمْ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ دَرَجَةً ۚ وَكُلًّا وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ وَفَضَّلَ اللَّهُ الْمُجَاهِدِينَ عَلَى الْقَاعِدِينَ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {95}

95. Of the faithful who sit down at home on false plea, barring – disabled due to illness and to the latter over those who sit down on unpermitted although all faithful have been promised reward but from the point of view of grades in paradise those participating have higher grades over those sitting down.

دَرَجَاتٍ مِنْهُ وَمَغْفِرَةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا {96}

96. These grades are from God with forgiveness andmercy and God is forgiving and merciful.

Moral

(a) If a faithful intentinally kills a faithful, but not knowing it is unlawful, will not be permanently hell.

(b) If they think it lawful and kills will be a permanent resident of Hell.
(c) Of if they kill on a question regarding faith, they will be a permanent member of Hell.

(d) If they repent they would not be in Hell permanently, since on referring to Imam al-Sadiq, a faithful killing a faithful, have they penance? He said, “If they have killed on faither, there is o penace for them. If they have done in anger, or to seek worldly benefit – their punishment is they shall be killed, else be taken to the inheritorsy of the slain if they pardon they should pay blood money, and redeem a faithful slave and observe two monts of fasting and feed 60 paupers, but it is a major sin.” The Prophet said it is a greater sin than destruction of the whold world before God and if humanity of Heavens and Earth are involved in killing him – God shall hurl all in hell.

Verses 97 – 100

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ تَوَفَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ ظَالِمِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ قَالُوا فِيمَ كُنْتُمْ ۖ قَالُوا كُنَّا مُسْتَضْعَفِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ قَالُوا أَلَمْ تَكُنْ أَرْضُ اللَّهِ وَاسِعَةً فَتُهَاجِرُوا فِيهَا ۚ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا {97}

97. Verily those whom angels of death will put to death for their having tyrannized in this world while addressing them to what they had been doing in this world will say in their defence, “We had been rendered helpless in our native place,” then they will be told by angels, “Was not God’s land wide enough for you to fly to.” Those are the people whose destination is hell and awful is that abode.

إِلَّا الْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ وَالْوِلْدَانِ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ حِيلَةً وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ سَبِيلًا {98}

98. Execpt the aged amongst them and the women, and children who had no means to get out of it to safe land.

فَأُولَٰئِكَ عَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَعْفُوَ عَنْهُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا {99}

99. For those shall God forbear and verily is God forbearing and forgiving.

وَمَنْ يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَجِدْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُرَاغَمًا كَثِيرًا وَسَعَةً ۚ وَمَنْ يَخْرُجْ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ مُهَاجِرًا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ يُدْرِكْهُ الْمَوْتُ فَقَدْ وَقَعَ أَجْرُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا {100}

100. And thos who fight for the sake of God (under instruction of the Immaculate, i.e. Divine Lights not for world) shall find the land welcomed and wide and those who go out of their house as a refugee to God and His Prophet (as a pilgrim) and death overtakes them onthe way, their reward is with God, and verily is God forgiving and merciful.

Verses 101 – 104

وَإِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَنْ تَقْصُرُوا مِنَ الصَّلَاةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَنْ يَفْتِنَكُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ إِنَّ الْكَافِرِينَ كَانُوا لَكُمْ عَدُوًّا مُبِينًا {101}

101. When you go out on tour there is no harm if you reduce your prayer, and if you are afraid of attack of enemies who are infidels, for verily they are your open enemies.

وَإِذَا كُنْتَ فِيهِمْ فَأَقَمْتَ لَهُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَلْتَقُمْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ مَعَكَ وَلْيَأْخُذُوا أَسْلِحَتَهُمْ فَإِذَا سَجَدُوا فَلْيَكُونُوا مِنْ وَرَائِكُمْ وَلْتَأْتِ طَائِفَةٌ أُخْرَىٰ لَمْ يُصَلُّوا فَلْيُصَلُّوا مَعَكَ وَلْيَأْخُذُوا حِذْرَهُمْ وَأَسْلِحَتَهُمْ ۗ وَدَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْ تَغْفُلُونَ عَنْ أَسْلِحَتِكُمْ وَأَمْتِعَتِكُمْ فَيَمِيلُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ مَيْلَةً وَاحِدَةً ۚ وَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ إِنْ كَانَ بِكُمْ أَذًى مِنْ مَطَرٍ أَوْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَنْ تَضَعُوا أَسْلِحَتَكُمْ ۖ وَخُذُوا حِذْرَكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَدَّ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا {102}

102. And your in midst of them (as was Hussain in Karbala) while you are ready for prayers, a party should join you in prayers with arms (with a rear guard) and when they have finished prostrations in first rakat they should get behind, sending the rear guard ahead for the prayers and hwo have not yet said the prayers in company of Imam to say prayers, with you keeping the arms with the, for the infidels are awaiting the opportunity of your negligence from arms and property to attack you all of a sudden, and there is no harm, if amidst heavy rains or in illness, you let down your arms on ground, keeping a guard for you, verily, bod has kept disgraceful punishment for infidels.

فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِكُمْ ۚ فَإِذَا اطْمَأْنَنْتُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ ۚ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَوْقُوتًا {103}

103. And when you finish prayers, remember God (in every condition) while you are standing, sitting, or turning your sides andwhen you in a safe place, say your prayers without guard, for verily prayers35 are bounden as obligatory in the record on the faithful.

وَلَا تَهِنُوا فِي ابْتِغَاءِ الْقَوْمِ ۖ إِنْ تَكُونُوا تَأْلَمُونَ فَإِنَّهُمْ يَأْلَمُونَ كَمَا تَأْلَمُونَ ۖ وَتَرْجُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَرْجُونَ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {104}

104. And do not let slip persecution of enemies, for if you heop they (your enemies) do not hope (your hope on loss of llife is paradise and in victory is booty) and God is knowing and wise.

Moral

Bodily explanation is enough.

Verses 105 – 112

إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ لِتَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِمَا أَرَاكَ اللَّهُ ۚ وَلَا تَكُنْ لِلْخَائِنِينَ خَصِيمًا {105}

105. Verily, have We revealed unto you the text with truth, so when you decide disputes between parties, “Do so on lines indicated to you by God without siding with the dishonest.”

وَاسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا {106}

106. “By God none but the Prophet and his Immaculate family are authorized by God to decide the disputes amongst His creation. He reprimanded Abu hanifa for his authority for this: for propagating his views against Divine Lights. Ali in rejuecting them says, “If difference of indecision was permissible, he would have ordained but it is not so; if difference is justifiable, Islam is defective, but the latter is not so. If difference was agreeable, God would approve of association, but is hightest offence...Pray forgivenance from God, verily God is forgiving and merciful.”

وَلَا تُجَادِلْ عَنِ الَّذِينَ يَخْتَانُونَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ مَنْ كَانَ خَوَّانًا أَثِيمًا {107}

107. And do not litigate on behalf of the dishonest; verily God does not like the dishonest.

يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَلَا يَسْتَخْفُونَ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَهُوَ مَعَهُمْ إِذْ يُبَيِّتُونَ مَا لَا يَرْضَىٰ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطًا {108}

108. They hide frommen and do not so from God because God is with them unseen (participating in their discourse). They enter into cabal, they (frist three Khalifahs and Parties, with a view to tampering with the text) discussing what is displeasing to God and has God got round themwith their deeds.

هَا أَنْتُمْ هَٰؤُلَاءِ جَادَلْتُمْ عَنْهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فَمَنْ يُجَادِلُ اللَّهَ عَنْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَمْ مَنْ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا {109}

109. These are the people, on whose behalf, you are disputing in this worldly life, who will do so (fight or pelad their case) on Reckoning Day or who will be theri back?

وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرِ اللَّهَ يَجِدِ اللَّهَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا {110}

110. Those who do evil or harm themselves and then if they pray forgiveness on penance from God, shall find God forgiving and merciful.

وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ إِثْمًا فَإِنَّمَا يَكْسِبُهُ عَلَىٰ نَفْسِهِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {111}

111. And those who commit sin, consequence thereof, is on their own shoulders and God is knowing and wise.

وَمَنْ يَكْسِبْ خَطِيئَةً أَوْ إِثْمًا ثُمَّ يَرْمِ بِهِ بَرِيئًا فَقَدِ احْتَمَلَ بُهْتَانًا وَإِثْمًا مُبِينًا {112}

112. Those who commit a fault or a sin andthen allege (libelling others carries a great responsibility and might sin towards self.

Moral

Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq said, “God has not permitted any but Immaculates (Divine Lights) to decie on disputes between humans (Vide Moral on 105 Supra).

Verses 113 – 115

وَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَهَمَّتْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ أَنْ يُضِلُّوكَ وَمَا يُضِلُّونَ إِلَّا أَنْفُسَهُمْ ۖ وَمَا يَضُرُّونَكَ مِنْ شَيْءٍ ۚ وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَعَلَّمَكَ مَا لَمْ تَكُنْ تَعْلَمُ ۚ وَكَانَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكَ عَظِيمًا {113}

113. Had it not been for Divine grace and mercy, a group of them had decided to misguide you although they would have misguided themselves without affecting you especially when He has enowed on you the text and Divine Philosophy and taught you what you did not know, and high is the grace of God on you.

لَا خَيْرَ فِي كَثِيرٍ مِنْ نَجْوَاهُمْ إِلَّا مَنْ أَمَرَ بِصَدَقَةٍ أَوْ مَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ إِصْلَاحٍ بَيْنَ النَّاسِ ۚ وَمَنْ يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ فَسَوْفَ نُؤْتِيهِ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {114}

114. There is no good in their cabal, unless it contributes to charity or welfare or effecting reconciliation between people, those who seek Divine will therby, shortly shall God reward them highly.

وَمَنْ يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا {115}

115. And those who adopts facing the Prophet’s commands after it has been clearly indicated to htem, and adopts a way apart from the faithful, We shall let them trace the path leading to hell which is an awful abode.

This explains policy followed by Divine Lights, allowing their enemies to pursue course of their choice, for they willed what God Wills.

Moral

This is exactly done by his foremost companions – who started disobeying him openly towards his death bed and revolted against him and God by usurping the Prophet’s succession of Ali and calling Divine Representation under pblic election which was neither a Divine election nor a universal election as per their claim under an apocryphal tradition.

Verses 116 – 126

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَنْ يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا {116}

116. Verily God shall not forgive those who36 associates with Him and may forgive anyone else if He choses and those who associate with God is in extreme misguidance.

إِنْ يَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ إِلَّا إِنَاثًا وَإِنْ يَدْعُونَ إِلَّا شَيْطَانًا مَرِيدًا {117}

117. They do not worship leaving God anyone but female demons and they do not pray but to the head-strong devil.

لَعَنَهُ اللَّهُ ۘ وَقَالَ لَأَتَّخِذَنَّ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ نَصِيبًا مَفْرُوضًا {118}

118. They will be cursed, by God, for the devil had said, “I will take a major proportion of Your Creatures to obey me.”

وَلَأُضِلَّنَّهُمْ وَلَأُمَنِّيَنَّهُمْ وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُبَتِّكُنَّ آذَانَ الْأَنْعَامِ وَلَآمُرَنَّهُمْ فَلَيُغَيِّرُنَّ خَلْقَ اللَّهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَّخِذِ الشَّيْطَانَ وَلِيًّا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ فَقَدْ خَسِرَ خُسْرَانًا مُبِينًا {119}

119. And I shall certainly misguide them and hold out false37 hopes to them and Ishall certainly lead them to believe upon which they will tear the ears of quadrupeds and will transform natural human features under my orders, and those who shall, leaving God, take a devil as their friend shall certainly undergo a heavy loss.

يَعِدُهُمْ وَيُمَنِّيهِمْ ۖ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا {120}

120. He promises them andholds oug hope and he does not do so but simply dupes38 them.

أُولَٰئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَلَا يَجِدُونَ عَنْهَا مَحِيصًا {121}

121. Those are the people whose destination is hell whence there is no escape.

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَنُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۖ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقًّا ۚ وَمَنْ أَصْدَقُ مِنَ اللَّهِ قِيلًا {122}

122. Those who have embraced faith and acted righteously shall We admit into paradise below which flow canals. This is a true promis of God and who can be truer in making a statement than God.

لَيْسَ بِأَمَانِيِّكُمْ وَلَا أَمَانِيِّ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ ۗ مَنْ يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا يُجْزَ بِهِ وَلَا يَجِدْ لَهُ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا {123}

123. Your wishes and those of revealed texts have no connection of any sort with God, those who shall act shall be rewarded accordingly and shall not find any to sympathize with self and assist them.

وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَىٰ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَٰئِكَ يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ وَلَا يُظْلَمُونَ نَقِيرًا {124}

124. Those who act righteously, be they male or femal, shall be admitted into paradise and will not be the least ill-treated.

وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ دِينًا مِمَّنْ أَسْلَمَ وَجْهَهُ لِلَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ وَاتَّبَعَ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۗ وَاتَّخَذَ اللَّهُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ خَلِيلًا {125}

125. Those who subjected themselves to Divine discipline provided those who are obliging (as though seeing God in action and a benefactor in claim) and admitting of faith of Abraham, whose faith can be richer than this? For God has taken Abraham as His Friend.

وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُحِيطًا {126}

126. And is for God what is in the heavens and Earth and God has circumspected everything with His knowledge.

Moral

Note

1. Association with God in Nature-Prophecy or Imamate is unforgivable, unless penance is they forgiven before death.

2. Wishful claims are untenable, be of any creed. Every actin has its reaction, nothing but true faith and righteous act can redeem people for which enforcement of strict Divine Discipline sincerity in action and claim made up by penance for failure andobligation to boot as part of righteousness are essential.

Verses 127 – 134

وَيَسْتَفْتُونَكَ فِي النِّسَاءِ ۖ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِيهِنَّ وَمَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ فِي يَتَامَى النِّسَاءِ اللَّاتِي لَا تُؤْتُونَهُنَّ مَا كُتِبَ لَهُنَّ وَتَرْغَبُونَ أَنْ تَنْكِحُوهُنَّ وَالْمُسْتَضْعَفِينَ مِنَ الْوِلْدَانِ وَأَنْ تَقُومُوا لِلْيَتَامَىٰ بِالْقِسْطِ ۚ وَمَا تَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِهِ عَلِيمًا {127}

127. And oh you Prphet, they ask your decision regarding women, (i.e. with regard to their right of inheritance, etc.), say God commands regardingthem and what is being read out to you from the text, regarding these (widowed) women whom although you have no intention to marry and similarly regarding orphaned children which you should treat them fairly and whatever virtue you shall do unto them, God is fully acquainted therewith.

وَإِنِ امْرَأَةٌ خَافَتْ مِنْ بَعْلِهَا نُشُوزًا أَوْ إِعْرَاضًا فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِمَا أَنْ يُصْلِحَا بَيْنَهُمَا صُلْحًا ۚ وَالصُّلْحُ خَيْرٌ ۗ وَأُحْضِرَتِ الْأَنْفُسُ الشُّحَّ ۚ وَإِنْ تُحْسِنُوا وَتَتَّقُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا {128}

128. If any woman is afraid of tyranny or disinclination on part of her husband,there is no objection for her to have a recourse to reconciliation being effected between the two (through suitable mediums) and “reconciliation is best” of all, and every soul is tempted to be avaricious, but if you act virtuously and fear God, verily God is acquainted with your deeds.

وَلَنْ تَسْتَطِيعُوا أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا بَيْنَ النِّسَاءِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتُمْ ۖ فَلَا تَمِيلُوا كُلَّ الْمَيْلِ فَتَذَرُوهَا كَالْمُعَلَّقَةِ ۚ وَإِنْ تُصْلِحُوا وَتَتَّقُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا {129}

129. If you will try to do justice among your wives, even if you desire, you shall never be able to do it among your wives, then do not be unfair to them by leaving them to their fate, and if you have a recourse to reconciliation and fear God, God is forgiving and merciful.

وَإِنْ يَتَفَرَّقَا يُغْنِ اللَّهُ كُلًّا مِنْ سَعَتِهِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ وَاسِعًا حَكِيمًا {130}

130. And if they both separate by divorce God shall make each of them independent out of His provision and God is bountiful and wise.

وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ وَلَقَدْ وَصَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ أَنِ اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ وَإِنْ تَكْفُرُوا فَإِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَنِيًّا حَمِيدًا {131}

131. Everything in the Heavens and Earth belongs to God and verily We have commanded humanity of previous text and We command you similarly to fear God and if you refuse, know it for certain, everything in the Heavens and Earth is for God, and God is independent of you and praiseworthy.

وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ وَكِيلًا {132}

132. And for God is everything in the Heavens and Earth and He is self-sufficient,as to be God of you all.

إِنْ يَشَأْ يُذْهِبْكُمْ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ وَيَأْتِ بِآخَرِينَ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكَ قَدِيرًا {133}

133. If He wills, He will replace you by others by destroying you over which He has full control.

مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا فَعِنْدَ اللَّهِ ثَوَابُ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ سَمِيعًا بَصِيرًا {134}

134. Those who want worldly pleasures, before God, has reward accordingly in this world, and in eternity, too, to be given as per individual selection, and is God Hearing and Seeing.

Moral

Know worldly reward is transitory and subject to accounting and eternal reward is permanent. Fear guides mot to duty than gratitude.

Verses 135 – 141

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ ۚ إِنْ يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَىٰ بِهِمَا ۖ فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَىٰ أَنْ تَعْدِلُوا ۚ وَإِنْ تَلْوُوا أَوْ تُعْرِضُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا {135}

135. Oh you faithful stand for justice and be a witness for the sake of God (if called upon) even if it be against you, your parents, and relations. If any is rich or poor, He is Lord of either, and “do not follow passion while doing justice,” and in testifying, ifyou shall hide facts, God is acquainted with your actions.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا آمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ مِنْ قَبْلُ ۚ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا {136}

136. Oh you faithful, believe in God, His Prophet and the Text revealed before him; those who shall disbelieve in God, angels, Texts, His Prophets and Reckoning Day, is highly misguided.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا ثُمَّ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا ثُمَّ ازْدَادُوا كُفْرًا لَمْ يَكُنِ اللَّهُ لِيَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ وَلَا لِيَهْدِيَهُمْ سَبِيلًا {137}

137. Verily, those who embrace faith in God, Prophet, and Reckoning day, etc, Ithen refuse to admit His successor, as publicly declared in the Valley of Khum), then became infidels after the Prophet’s death (by depriving the rightful successor), and then intensified in infidelity (by perpetrating tyranny on his family – immaculate) it is not for God to forgive them ever andguide them on the right path.

بَشِّرِ الْمُنَافِقِينَ بِأَنَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا {138}

138. Give tidings of intense punishments to the hypocrites

الَّذِينَ يَتَّخِذُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۚ أَيَبْتَغُونَ عِنْدَهُمُ الْعِزَّةَ فَإِنَّ الْعِزَّةَ لِلَّهِ جَمِيعًا {139}

139. whoe seized leadership leaving the faithful (Ali). Do they seek respect from worldly people due to their power and position? For verily, honour is with God, for everything. And verily he has issued commands

وَقَدْ نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الْكِتَابِ أَنْ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ يُكْفَرُ بِهَا وَيُسْتَهْزَأُ بِهَا فَلَا تَقْعُدُوا مَعَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ ۚ إِنَّكُمْ إِذًا مِثْلُهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ جَامِعُ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْكَافِرِينَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ جَمِيعًا {140}

140. (in his Text) when you hear His (nominees) are not being acknowledgted as their leaders and ridiculed, do not sit down withthem until they change the topic, lest you shall be like them, for verily God is goint to assemble infidels and hypocrites in hell together.

الَّذِينَ يَتَرَبَّصُونَ بِكُمْ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فَتْحٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ قَالُوا أَلَمْ نَكُنْ مَعَكُمْ وَإِنْ كَانَ لِلْكَافِرِينَ نَصِيبٌ قَالُوا أَلَمْ نَسْتَحْوِذْ عَلَيْكُمْ وَنَمْنَعْكُمْ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۚ فَاللَّهُ يَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۗ وَلَنْ يَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ سَبِيلًا {141}

141. Who are awaiting the opportunity, if success attends from God they are with you and if it attends the infidels, they say, “Did we not overpower you and prevent you fromthe faithful.” God is going to decide on Reckoning Day and He has not given the infidels an upper hand (spiritually) over the faithful.39

Moral

Action of a genuine Leader is under the Divine will, who declares issues of conflicts beforehand. In the case of Imam Hussain, he had distinctly said he was going to lay down his head for the sake of Islam and Divine Will as commanded to him through the Prophet, who in his life time has presaged saying, “Hussain is of me and I am of Hussain.”

His father, Ali, fought to establish Islam advanced by the Prophet and who completed the entire code fixing liits of various functions and punishments for various crimes as per Divine decree.

Verses 142 – 152

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّهَ وَهُوَ خَادِعُهُمْ وَإِذَا قَامُوا إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ قَامُوا كُسَالَىٰ يُرَاءُونَ النَّاسَ وَلَا يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا {142}

142. Verily, the hypocrites dupe God and God shall punish them for it, and when they stand up for prayers they stand like idlers to show people and do not rmember God except a little,

مُذَبْذَبِينَ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ لَا إِلَىٰ هَٰؤُلَاءِ وَلَا إِلَىٰ هَٰؤُلَاءِ ۚ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُ سَبِيلًا {143}

143. they are between infidelity and faith, neither this side nor this and none shall guide them, whom God deprives of guidance.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِنْ دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۚ أَتُرِيدُونَ أَنْ تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ سُلْطَانًا مُبِينًا {144}

144. Oh you faithful, leaving faithful do not adopt infidels as your support. Do you wish to estabilish against you an argument from God?

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا {145}

145. Verily, the infidels shall be in the lowest stage of hell and you will not find any sympathizers with them,

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَأَصْلَحُوا وَاعْتَصَمُوا بِاللَّهِ وَأَخْلَصُوا دِينَهُمْ لِلَّهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ وَسَوْفَ يُؤْتِ اللَّهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {146}

146. except under penance, righteousness,sticking entirely to God forever, purifying their faith, for Divine will and not for self. When they shall be with the faithful and shortly shall God reward the faithful highly.

مَا يَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ بِعَذَابِكُمْ إِنْ شَكَرْتُمْ وَآمَنْتُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ شَاكِرًا عَلِيمًا {147}

147. If you are grateful and faithful when God is appreciative and knowing, why will He punish you?

لَا يُحِبُّ اللَّهُ الْجَهْرَ بِالسُّوءِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ إِلَّا مَنْ ظُلِمَ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ سَمِيعًا عَلِيمًا {148}

148. God does not like openly libelling unless under tyranny and God is forbearing and knowing.

إِنْ تُبْدُوا خَيْرًا أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ أَوْ تَعْفُوا عَنْ سُوءٍ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّا قَدِيرًا {149}

149. If you expose virtue or hide it or overlook evil, God is forgiving and Omnipotent.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْفُرُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ اللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَيَقُولُونَ نُؤْمِنُ بِبَعْضٍ وَنَكْفُرُ بِبَعْضٍ وَيُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَتَّخِذُوا بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا {150}

150. Verily those who disbelieve God and His Prophet and are desirous of producing discord between God and His Prophet and saying they believe in some (which are to their interest) and disbelieve in others (Imams) prejudicial to their interests, adopting a mean course between fiath and infidelity.

أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ حَقًّا ۚ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا {151}

151. And are really infidels for whom We have prepared disgraceful punishment.

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَلَمْ يُفَرِّقُوا بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ أُولَٰئِكَ سَوْفَ يُؤْتِيهِمْ أُجُورَهُمْ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا{152}

152. And those who believe in God and His Prophet and do not make a split between, shall God reward and God is forgiving and merciful.

Verses 153 – 162

يَسْأَلُكَ أَهْلُ الْكِتَابِ أَنْ تُنَزِّلَ عَلَيْهِمْ كِتَابًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ ۚ فَقَدْ سَأَلُوا مُوسَىٰ أَكْبَرَ مِنْ ذَٰلِكَ فَقَالُوا أَرِنَا اللَّهَ جَهْرَةً فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ بِظُلْمِهِمْ ۚ ثُمَّ اتَّخَذُوا الْعِجْلَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ فَعَفَوْنَا عَنْ ذَٰلِكَ ۚ وَآتَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ سُلْطَانًا مُبِينًا {153}

153. People of revealed religions pray and you get revelation for them from Heaven; verily, did they pray Moses a mightier one, which he should show them God physically, for this is impossible demand,40 lightening fell on them as punishment. Later, after having received open miracles, they had started cow-worshipping, whereupon We overlooked it by forgiveness (on penance) and endowed on Moses an open victory (which led to their killing one another in due performance of penance).

وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَهُمُ الطُّورَ بِمِيثَاقِهِمْ وَقُلْنَا لَهُمُ ادْخُلُوا الْبَابَ سُجَّدًا وَقُلْنَا لَهُمْ لَا تَعْدُوا فِي السَّبْتِ وَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُمْ مِيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا {154}

154. And to make steadfast Our covenant, We raised over them Mount Sinai, and We commanded them to enter the gates, prostrating and commanded not to transgress rulings of Holy Sabbath and We had exacted a firm promise from them.

فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِمْ مِيثَاقَهُمْ وَكُفْرِهِمْ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَقَتْلِهِمُ الْأَنْبِيَاءَ بِغَيْرِ حَقٍّ وَقَوْلِهِمْ قُلُوبُنَا غُلْفٌ ۚ بَلْ طَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهَا بِكُفْرِهِمْ فَلَا يُؤْمِنُونَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا {155}

155. We dealt with them in what was befitting for their breach of promise, and disbelieving Our Commands, and illegally slaying Prophets, and saying their hearts were covered; rather God had sealed their hearts owing to their infidelity (as a punishment) so, but few others would not embrace faith.

وَبِكُفْرِهِمْ وَقَوْلِهِمْ عَلَىٰ مَرْيَمَ بُهْتَانًا عَظِيمًا {156}

156. We sealed their hears for infidelity, for libelling Mary (a grave and false charge) (by calling Jesus prodigal son – God forbid) and for their statement they killed Messiah, son of Marry, Prophet of God, We

وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَٰكِنْ شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ ۚ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِنْهُ ۚ مَا لَهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلَّا اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ ۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا {157}

158. (therefore), sealed their hearts, although neither did they kill him nor did they crucify him; rather (to render their intrigue fruitless) one was transformed into likeness of Jesus, and amongst them when there was a division, which to date is prevailing among them as a doubt. Tthey have nocertain knowledge except they are guessing and certainly they did not kill him.

بَلْ رَفَعَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا {158}

158. Rather God raised Jesus alive unto Him and verily God is Mighty and Wise.

وَإِنْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ ۖ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا {159}

159. And among humanity of revealed religion, not one will remain, but he will have to believe in Jesus who will testify against them.

فَبِظُلْمٍ مِنَ الَّذِينَ هَادُوا حَرَّمْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ طَيِّبَاتٍ أُحِلَّتْ لَهُمْ وَبِصَدِّهِمْ عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَثِيرًا {160}

160. So, due to their transgressions (Jews) many pure things which were legalized for them We forbade and for preventing many rom the right path.

وَأَخْذِهِمُ الرِّبَا وَقَدْ نُهُوا عَنْهُ وَأَكْلِهِمْ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ ۚ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ مِنْهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا {161}

161. And for their taking interest from which they were forbidden, and for swallowing illegally properlty of others, We illegalized many pure things, and for the infidels We have prepared intense punishment.

لَٰكِنِ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ مِنْهُمْ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ مِنْ قَبْلِكَ ۚ وَالْمُقِيمِينَ الصَّلَاةَ ۚ وَالْمُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ أُولَٰئِكَ سَنُؤْتِيهِمْ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا {162}

162. But those who are well-versed in theology among them and are believers in what is revealed unto you and what is revealed in previous to you and are steady at prayers and payment of tithe and believe in god and eternity, shortly shall We reward them highly.

Moral

Jesus had predicted his presecution and asked his companions who were read to play his part (1) and accept crucification for which paradise of his was vouche-saved. On enterance of the enemy to seize Jesus, they could not detect who was Jesus, as all were simultaneously transformed into his likness. But the companion who promised acknowledged he was Jesus and was cruicified.

(2) When Jesus will come down from Heaven and Kill Dajjal, all Jews and Cristians will believe in him and differences in religion will vanish and nothing but Islam will prevail and Jesus will follow Mehdi (12th Divine Light) and will live for 40 years and will then die. During this period there will be complete safety, so much so, goats and wild animals will live together without encroaching on the rights of one another.

Verses 163 – 171

إِنَّا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ كَمَا أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ نُوحٍ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ ۚ وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَعِيسَىٰ وَأَيُّوبَ وَيُونُسَ وَهَارُونَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ ۚ وَآتَيْنَا دَاوُودَ زَبُورًا {163}

163. Verily did We reveal unto you as We did Noah and to the prophets thereafter and We revealed unto Abraham, Ismail, Issac, Jacab, and Asbath (Bani Israel) and Jesus and Job and Jonah and Aaron and Soloman and We en endowed Psalms to David.

وَرُسُلًا قَدْ قَصَصْنَاهُمْ عَلَيْكَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَرُسُلًا لَمْ نَقْصُصْهُمْ عَلَيْكَ ۚ وَكَلَّمَ اللَّهُ مُوسَىٰ تَكْلِيمًا {164}

164. And We have sent prophets beforewhom We have mentioned to you and God talked to Moses as it was due.

رُسُلًا مُبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنْذِرِينَ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللَّهِ حُجَّةٌ بَعْدَ الرُّسُلِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا {165}

165. Such prophets as Evangelists and Warners, so no argument may lie with humanity against God and His Propghet and God isMighty and Wise.

لَٰكِنِ اللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ إِلَيْكَ ۖ أَنْزَلَهُ بِعِلْمِهِ ۖ وَالْمَلَائِكَةُ يَشْهَدُونَ ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ شَهِيدًا {166}

166. But God is a witness in what He has revealed unto you regarding Ali in which He has done so knowingly, and Angels too testify accordingly, although God is enough to testify.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَصَدُّوا عَنْ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ قَدْ ضَلُّوا ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا {167}

167. Those who became infidels and prevented humanity from Divine Path41 became misled greatly.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَظَلَمُوا لَمْ يَكُنِ اللَّهُ لِيَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ وَلَا لِيَهْدِيَهُمْ طَرِيقًا {168}

168. Those who became infidels and tyrannical on the Prophet’s family (by depriving them of their succession to Mohammad), it is not for God to forgive them ever or guide them to any other path

إِلَّا طَرِيقَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ وَكَانَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرًا {169}

169. except the path leading to Hell, wherein shall they ever reside and this is easy for God.

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَكُمُ الرَّسُولُ بِالْحَقِّ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ فَآمِنُوا خَيْرًا لَكُمْ ۚ وَإِنْ تَكْفُرُوا فَإِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا {170}

170. Oh you people, verily did come to you a prophet with truth (Islam as true religion of God) (wherein is laid down succession of Ali) from his Providence; if you believe in him it is good for you and if you refuse, verily God is knowing and wise.

يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ وَلَا تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْحَقَّ ۚ إِنَّمَا الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَكَلِمَتُهُ أَلْقَاهَا إِلَىٰ مَرْيَمَ وَرُوحٌ مِنْهُ ۖ فَآمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ ۖ وَلَا تَقُولُوا ثَلَاثَةٌ ۚ انْتَهُوا خَيْرًا لَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّمَا اللَّهُ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ سُبْحَانَهُ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ ۘ لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ وَكَفَىٰ بِاللَّهِ وَكِيلًا {171}

171. Oh you humans of revealed religion, do not exceed in matter of your belief and state in relation to God what is true, verily, Messiah Jesus son of Mary is a Divine Prophet and His Word which He sent to Marry (durly trained and guided) and His Light; you believe in God and His Prophet and to not say Trinity. If you desist, it is better; verily your god is God alone. Pure is He to have a son, for Him is what is in the Heavens and the Earth and God is self-suffiecient to safeguard.

Moral

God has warned Christians not to believe in Christ as son of God, forHe is self existent and nothing has He given birth to, neither has He a partner. He is Self-sufficient and Indispensable to Creation. At the same timeHis Prophets are Immaculates, trained on the Right Path and they are Divine Lights, although they are like men, but they are from Heaven above, whereas humans in general are fromt he earth who had to study and get guidance under them. Except Shias all others look upon Prophts as ordinary humans. This is one of themain cuases of the split. Jesus himelf affirst (St. John 1:18, “No man hath seen God at any time.” (How can He be then Father of anybody leaving Jesus aside?)

Verses 172 – 176

لَنْ يَسْتَنْكِفَ الْمَسِيحُ أَنْ يَكُونَ عَبْدًا لِلَّهِ وَلَا الْمَلَائِكَةُ الْمُقَرَّبُونَ ۚ وَمَنْ يَسْتَنْكِفْ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهِ وَيَسْتَكْبِرْ فَسَيَحْشُرُهُمْ إِلَيْهِ جَمِيعًا {172}

172. It will displease jesus anyway to be God’s creature, neither will near Angels take offence thereat. Those who refuse worshipping Him and pride self, shall He assemble together (punish as per their crime).

فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَيُوَفِّيهِمْ أُجُورَهُمْ وَيَزِيدُهُمْ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ ۖ وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ اسْتَنْكَفُوا وَاسْتَكْبَرُوا فَيُعَذِّبُهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا وَلَا يَجِدُونَ لَهُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيًّا وَلَا نَصِيرًا {173}

173. And those who embraced faith and acted righteously shll be fully rewarded and he shall increase the reward out of grace, andHe shall punish them intensely who prided self without rhyme and reason, and who elevated self from bowing down to Him. And they will not find any except God their sympathizer and assistant.

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ بُرْهَانٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكُمْ نُورًا مُبِينًا {174}

174. Oh you people, verily has come to evidence in (Prophet) from your Providence and We sent you Open Light, i.e. Leadership (of Ali) over you.

فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَاعْتَصَمُوا بِهِ فَسَيُدْخِلُهُمْ فِي رَحْمَةٍ مِنْهُ وَفَضْلٍ وَيَهْدِيهِمْ إِلَيْهِ صِرَاطًا مُسْتَقِيمًا {175}

175. And so if those who embraces faith in God and remains adhered to His light (for guidance) shall He admit within his mercy and grace and shall God guide them to the right path.

يَسْتَفْتُونَكَ قُلِ اللَّهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِي الْكَلَالَةِ ۚ إِنِ امْرُؤٌ هَلَكَ لَيْسَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ وَلَهُ أُخْتٌ فَلَهَا نِصْفُ مَا تَرَكَ ۚ وَهُوَ يَرِثُهَا إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا وَلَدٌ ۚ فَإِنْ كَانَتَا اثْنَتَيْنِ فَلَهُمَا الثُّلُثَانِ مِمَّا تَرَكَ ۚ وَإِنْ كَانُوا إِخْوَةً رِجَالًا وَنِسَاءً فَلِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنْثَيَيْنِ ۗ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَضِلُّوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ {176}

176. They ask you decision, say “God commands on person dying childless and parentless: if a man dies so, but has a sister (full or step) she shall inherit half the legacy (balance half will go to her being nearest relation), and similarly this man whose sister so died. If he has no issues and has two sisters, both of them shall inherit two-third of legacy, and if he has a brother and a sister the male shall inherit double the female. God distinctly describes lest you mbe misguided and God alone is Omniscient.

Moral

Note all things can be expressed in four ways: 1) orally, 2) in writing, 3) mentally, and 4) physically. Divine Commands are orally expressed by reading the Text, secondly by writing as youmay find in the Text, thirdly mentally as they can be pictured correctly with purity of heart and lastly can be viewed in person of Divine Lights. Hence, wherever couplets or words of God are referred to Divine Light, i.e. Prophet and Imam are physical expressions thereof.

  • 1. Disaffection is a Major Sin – Reconcile where there is disaffection.
  • 2. Full brother or sister – one or more.
  • 3. One-fourth or one-half for a widow or widows.
  • 4. These are faithful followers of Islam approved by God.
  • 5. No penance is to be accepted for imposters (hypocrites).
  • 6. No penance to be accepted for infidels too.
  • 7. Counterpoise these virtues with their failings and you will then have no cause of discontent.
  • 8. This was a practice with pagan Arabs.
  • 9. According to the generally received views, an adult and discreet female may contract herself in muta’, temporary marriage and her wale (guardian) would have no right to object, whether she be virgin or not.

    According to the generally received opinion, a woman so married cannot be divorced, but the parties became absolutely separated when expiration of the period. A temporary contract of marriage creates no right of inheritance on either party in permanent marriage husband cannot refuse pro-creation. It is not so in muta’.

  • 10. See moral notes on preceding paragraph.
  • 11. By making you penitent due to your Divine awe instilled in you by avoiding major sins.
  • 12. Nothing has been so destructive in Islam as envy of Prophets’ companions to his immaculate family (Divine Lights) whom they judge as simple men like themselves, without giving a careful thought to their super-natural Powers, as Divine Gift Who is Omniscient and Omnipotent reflecting His attributes in them. Just as Jewish scribes treated Jesus, so did the Prophet’s companions do with Divine Lights of the Prophet’s descent (see couplets 54 and 55).
  • 13. Requiring ceremonial bath.
  • 14. When water is not available.
  • 15. This requires ablution.
  • 16. Until water is not available, when bathing is essential.
  • 17. When it suits their passion, denying a single Divine commandment is as though setting the text at naught.
  • 18. Where it suits their passion, denying a single Divine commandment is as though setting the text is naught.
  • 19. These are Jews and Christians calling themselves sons of God.
  • 20. Because they do not act on whole of it; had they, it would not have resulted in a split, as at present.
  • 21. But they have not been given any share.
  • 22. They do envy.
  • 23. Which will be their permanent abode, unlike sinful Shias, who on intercession shall be removed from hell and admitted to paradise.
  • 24. Of religious leadership (which includes for worldly and eternal affairs of Islam).
  • 25. What is your judgment worth, given by these self-made successors to vice-royalty being not Divinely inspired.
  • 26. Otherwise how can God once order the obedience and then immediately cancel it?
  • 27. Law givers must be those who follow Divine Legislation and not non-authorized viz. Divine Lights are the only ones to deliver the goods and deliver humans from hell.
  • 28. That was the Prophet’s duty, hence, he did not drive them out of his society and enter into Crusade against them.
  • 29. This explains object of visiting the Holy Shrines, after which people should pledge to give up sinning against God and Divine Lights.
  • 30. Prophet
  • 31. And instead coming to Medina, left for Yamama and changed their faith about which some faithful said, “They were Muslims and others differed.” God declared them hypocrites.
  • 32. Who, owing to fright in their heart, did not want to fight against the Prophet and had entered Banikhaza and gani Aslam, who had a pact withthe Prophet.
  • 33. Person referred to is Assama who did not bear weal to Ali.
  • 34. In pursuance of yourmisgivings of mind
  • 35. First question will be regarding prayers – if these are conceded, other sacrifices shall be admitted, else rejected. Intentional discarder is an Associator is irredeemable.
  • 36. Arrogating religious leadership against Divine nomination is association and is unforgivable.
  • 37. In Your forgiveness by remindingmy favourite motto, “Reign is worth ambition, though in Hell.”
  • 38. For true Islam exempts none for a sin except on praying forgiveness on due penance.
  • 39. Note: As in the case of Yazid overpowering with tremendous odds Hussain and his meagre army.
  • 40. this again reiterates on “Invisibility of God”.
  • 41. Path of Ali.