Table of Contents

Surah al-Ma’ida, Chapter 5

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful

Verses 1 – 11

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَوْفُوا بِالْعُقُودِ ۚ أُحِلَّتْ لَكُمْ بَهِيمَةُ الْأَنْعَامِ إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ غَيْرَ مُحِلِّي الصَّيْدِ وَأَنْتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَحْكُمُ مَا يُرِيدُ {1}

1. Oh you faithful, fulfil the promise: animals have been made lawful to you except the forbidden, which will be read out to you, when you are not to deem legal to hunt in a forbidden state (during pilgrimage), verily God commands what He wills.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحِلُّوا شَعَائِرَ اللَّهِ وَلَا الشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَلَا الْهَدْيَ وَلَا الْقَلَائِدَ وَلَا آمِّينَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرِضْوَانًا ۚ وَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطَادُوا ۚ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ أَنْ صَدُّوكُمْ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ أَنْ تَعْتَدُوا ۘ وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَلَا تَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ {2}

2. Oh you faithful, do not disrespect God’s Signs, nor respected months nor offerings nor animals having a belt around their necks, nor pilgrims who seek Divine Grace and Will visit the holy sanctuary. When the forbidden period expires, you can hunt, and let enmity of any tribe for their having prevented you from the holy sanctuary be not a cause of your transgression, and reinforce each other in righteousness and piety, and do not be an accomplice in committing a sing and transgression; fear God, for He is Might at punishment.

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنْزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِهِ وَالْمُنْخَنِقَةُ وَالْمَوْقُوذَةُ وَالْمُتَرَدِّيَةُ وَالنَّطِيحَةُ وَمَا أَكَلَ السَّبُعُ إِلَّا مَا ذَكَّيْتُمْ وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ وَأَنْ تَسْتَقْسِمُوا بِالْأَزْلَامِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ فِسْقٌ ۗ الْيَوْمَ يَئِسَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ دِينِكُمْ فَلَا تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِ ۚ الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا ۚ فَمَنِ اضْطُرَّ فِي مَخْمَصَةٍ غَيْرَ مُتَجَانِفٍ لِإِثْمٍ ۙ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {3}

3. The dead blood and bacon are illegalized for you, and the animal sacrificed not in the name of God, and killed under strangling, and stuck to death binding its legs, and thrown from above and killed, and killed by fighting under horns, or killed by wild animals, except whom you have legalized (during lawful hunting), and those killed the name of idols or distributed under shooting of arrows; this is debauchery. Today the infidels have lost hope1. Today I have completed your requirements of Islam and completed my bounties on you and approved of Islam as your Faith those who are obliged in hunger, but not in sin, verily God is Highly Forgiving and Merciful.

يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا أُحِلَّ لَهُمْ ۖ قُلْ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ۙ وَمَا عَلَّمْتُمْ مِنَ الْجَوَارِحِ مُكَلِّبِينَ تُعَلِّمُونَهُنَّ مِمَّا عَلَّمَكُمُ اللَّهُ ۖ فَكُلُوا مِمَّا أَمْسَكْنَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَاذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَرِيعُ الْحِسَابِ {4}

4. They ask you what is legalized for them, say, all pure things are lawful for you, and during hunting, if you have set a hunting animal, as per Divine training, (you can eat of what lawful (animal) he seizes for you and read out God’s name thereon); fear God, verily God is quick at taking account.

الْيَوْمَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ۖ وَطَعَامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ حِلٌّ لَكُمْ وَطَعَامُكُمْ حِلٌّ لَهُمْ ۖ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْمُحْصَنَاتُ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ إِذَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ أُجُورَهُنَّ مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ ۗ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالْإِيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ {5}

5. Today has been made legal to you all pure things and (dry) lawful food of those of revealed religions (i.e. Christians and Jews) and your food is lawful for them and pure faithful women (not used to fornication) whether free or slave, and similar of those of revealed text before you (whether they embrace Faith or pay poll tax) when you give them their dowry. When you have made up your mind to marry them and not for fornication or holding private intercourse with them, he who shall refuse faith shall waste his acts and shall be to suffer in eternity.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ۚ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا ۚ وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ مِنْهُ ۚ مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَٰكِنْ يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ {6}

6. Oh you faithful, when you get ready for prayers, wash your face and arms including joints wetting a part of the head and foot and in an untouchable state due to impurity (to touch the Glorious Qur’an, etc.) bathe your entire body, and if you are ill or on tour or any of you return from closet, or have an intercourse with your wife and cannot get access to water, pass your hand with pure dust on the face and back of your hands. God does not intend to put you to strait, but to purify you and complete His Bounty on you so you may be grateful.

وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمِيثَاقَهُ الَّذِي وَاثَقَكُمْ بِهِ إِذْ قُلْتُمْ سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ{7}

7. Remember Divine Bounties on you and keep in view covenant which you have had with Him when you said, “We heard and followed,” and fear God, as God is acquainted with secrets of your hearts.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖ وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا ۚ اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ {8}

8. Oh you faithful, be prepared to testify with justice for the sake of god and let not your dead enmity with any tribe lead you to injustice. Do justice as it is close to piety; fear God as God is verily acquainted with your deeds.

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ ۙ لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ {9}

9. God has promised the faithful who act righteously forgiveness (of their sins on their penance) and great reward (for their virtues).

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ {10}

10. Those who disbelieve and falsify Our couplets (in writing or Our Divine Lights in person) are they of Hell.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ هَمَّ قَوْمٌ أَنْ يَبْسُطُوا إِلَيْكُمْ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فَكَفَّ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَنْكُمْ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ {11}

11. Oh you faithful, remember Divine bounties on you when a tribe intended to raise its hands against you, (God prevented infidels of the Quraish by effecting a treaty of Hudebiya) fear God, and the faithful should trust God.

Moral

This covenant refers to one contracted during the last pilgrimage in the tenth era of Hijri at the Valley of Khum, where fealty to Ali as their religious leader after the Prophet’s departure was exacted.

2. To be perfectly just is an attribute of Divine nature, to be so to the utmost of our ability is the glory of humanity. Justice discards party, friendship and kindred and is therefore known as blind: one man’s word is no man’s word. We should quietly hear both sides. Impartiality is the life of justice, of all good Government.

Verses 12 – 19

وَلَقَدْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَعَثْنَا مِنْهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا ۖ وَقَالَ اللَّهُ إِنِّي مَعَكُمْ ۖ لَئِنْ أَقَمْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَيْتُمُ الزَّكَاةَ وَآمَنْتُمْ بِرُسُلِي وَعَزَّرْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَقْرَضْتُمُ اللَّهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا لَأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَلَأُدْخِلَنَّكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ۚ فَمَنْ كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَاءَ السَّبِيلِ {12}

12. Verily God exacted a promise from Bani Israel and raised among them 12 chiefs and commanded, verily am I with you, provided you say prayers, and pay tithe, and believe in My Prophets (Divine Lights) and reinforce them, and advance loans to God, certainly shall I wipe of your sins (by acceptance of your penance) and shall admit you in paradise below which flow streams. Those who among you shall deny after this, is laid astray from the right path.

فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِمْ مِيثَاقَهُمْ لَعَنَّاهُمْ وَجَعَلْنَا قُلُوبَهُمْ قَاسِيَةً ۖ يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ عَنْ مَوَاضِعِهِ ۙ وَنَسُوا حَظًّا مِمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ ۚ وَلَا تَزَالُ تَطَّلِعُ عَلَىٰ خَائِنَةٍ مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا مِنْهُمْ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاصْفَحْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ {13}

13. We cursed them due to the breach of their covenant and hardened their hearts, as a result of which, they displaced My Commands from their actual occurrence (by fudging them) forgetting a major part of advice given them, and you will be constantly kept aware of the dishonest among them, barring few who are otherwise, you forgive and overlook verily God befriends the obliging.

وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّا نَصَارَىٰ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَهُمْ فَنَسُوا حَظًّا مِمَّا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَأَغْرَيْنَا بَيْنَهُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ وَسَوْفَ يُنَبِّئُهُمُ اللَّهُ بِمَا كَانُوا يَصْنَعُونَ {14}

14. And of those who term themselves Christians, We exacted a promise from them; they forgot a major part of advice given them. We let enmity and malice play among them until Doomsday and shortly shall God advise them on what they had been acting.

يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولُنَا يُبَيِّنُ لَكُمْ كَثِيرًا مِمَّا كُنْتُمْ تُخْفُونَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَيَعْفُو عَنْ كَثِيرٍ ۚ قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُبِينٌ {15}

15. Oh you people of revealed religion, verily has come to you Our Prophet who openly describe what you hade from your text and many He overlooks2 ; verily is come to you from God Light and enlightened text

يَهْدِي بِهِ اللَّهُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ رِضْوَانَهُ سُبُلَ السَّلَامِ وَيُخْرِجُهُمْ مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَيَهْدِيهِمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ{16}

16. with which God guides a safe path to those who seek His Will, removing them from darkness to light with His sanction and takes them to the Right Path.

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ ۚ قُلْ فَمَنْ يَمْلِكُ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا إِنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُهْلِكَ الْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَأُمَّهُ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۚ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {17}

17. Verily, the infidels said, “Jesus son of Mary is God;” say who can bar God if He wills from destroying Messiah son of Mary and his mother and whoever is on earth? for God, kingdom of Heavens and earth and in between, creates whatever He wills and God is Omnipotent.

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ نَحْنُ أَبْنَاءُ اللَّهِ وَأَحِبَّاؤُهُ ۚ قُلْ فَلِمَ يُعَذِّبُكُمْ بِذُنُوبِكُمْ ۖ بَلْ أَنْتُمْ بَشَرٌ مِمَّنْ خَلَقَ ۚ يَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ {18}

18. Jews and Christians said “We are sons of God and friends to Him.” Say, “Why does He then punish you for sins? Rather you are humans among His creation: He forgives whomever He likes (as per his sincere penance for sins and virtues for His Will) and punishes whom He wills.” And for God is the kingdom of the Heavens and earth and in between and to Him is reversion of all.

يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولُنَا يُبَيِّنُ لَكُمْ عَلَىٰ فَتْرَةٍ مِنَ الرُّسُلِ أَنْ تَقُولُوا مَا جَاءَنَا مِنْ بَشِيرٍ وَلَا نَذِيرٍ ۖ فَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ بَشِيرٌ وَنَذِيرٌ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {19}

19. Oh you humans of revealed religion, verily came to you Our Prophet exposing clearly for you (Our Commands) when Divine Mission was suspended, lest you may argue none of evangelist or Warner came to you. Verily, has an Evangelist and a Warner (now) come to you and God is Omnipotent (to depute messengers).

Moral

What is true with Jews and Christians is equally true for Muslims, and punishment of breach of covenants for like mended people, is of similar nature from his Providence. God helps those who help God and helping of God is in respect of His obedience unto Him with regard to faith in Him and His Lights, be they prophets or imams and saying prayers, paying tithe and advancing loan merely to seek His Will, undoing evil by penance and seeking forgiveness to maintain purity of hearts of negligence of these Divine Commands results in devil’s influence being dishonest to God and His Lights, bringing about Divine curse, when nothing can bring about guidance to humanity. Recapitulation of events after the Prophet’s demise fully bears out God’s punishment.

Verses 20 – 26

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوْمِهِ يَا قَوْمِ اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَعَلَ فِيكُمْ أَنْبِيَاءَ وَجَعَلَكُمْ مُلُوكًا وَآتَاكُمْ مَا لَمْ يُؤْتِ أَحَدًا مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ {20}

20. Recall when Moses told his tribe to remember Divine Bounties on them when He nominated Prophets among you and fixed kings for you and endowed upon you what He did not endow on any other Nation in the World.

يَا قَوْمِ ادْخُلُوا الْأَرْضَ الْمُقَدَّسَةَ الَّتِي كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلَا تَرْتَدُّوا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِكُمْ فَتَنْقَلِبُوا خَاسِرِينَ {21}

21. Oh my tribe3, enter into the holy land which God has fixed for you and do not apostate, else you shall be among the losers.

قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّ فِيهَا قَوْمًا جَبَّارِينَ وَإِنَّا لَنْ نَدْخُلَهَا حَتَّىٰ يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا فَإِنْ يَخْرُجُوا مِنْهَا فَإِنَّا دَاخِلُونَ {22}

22. They said, “Oh Moses, therein is a hardy tribe and unless they get out of it, we shall not enter into it. When they will get out of it we shall enter into it.”

قَالَ رَجُلَانِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ يَخَافُونَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمَا ادْخُلُوا عَلَيْهِمُ الْبَابَ فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُمُوهُ فَإِنَّكُمْ غَالِبُونَ ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَتَوَكَّلُوا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ {23}

23. Two of them Joshua (son) bin Nun and Talib (son) bin Jephumiah, form among them, who feared God, on whom God has endowed bounty said, “Enter forcefully into the Gate; if you do so you shall succeed, if you are faithful and trust in Him alone.”

قَالُوا يَا مُوسَىٰ إِنَّا لَنْ نَدْخُلَهَا أَبَدًا مَا دَامُوا فِيهَا ۖ فَاذْهَبْ أَنْتَ وَرَبُّكَ فَقَاتِلَا إِنَّا هَاهُنَا قَاعِدُونَ {24}

24. They said, “Oh Moses, we shall never enter into it so long as they are in it, you and your Providence had better go in and fight both of you, we are sitting here only.”

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي لَا أَمْلِكُ إِلَّا نَفْسِي وَأَخِي ۖ فَافْرُقْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ الْقَوْمِ الْفَاسِقِينَ {25}

25. Moses prayed to God, “Oh my Providence, I have power over myself and over my brother, You have better effect separation between us two and them.”

قَالَ فَإِنَّهَا مُحَرَّمَةٌ عَلَيْهِمْ ۛ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً ۛ يَتِيهُونَ فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ فَلَا تَأْسَ عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْفَاسِقِينَ {26}

26. God commanded soil has been illegalized for them for 40 years, now will they roam about here only during the period, be not sorry for the disobedient.

Moral

The Prophet had predicted his followers like those of Moses (over six lacks) and they shall similarly suffer for disobeying Ali and as they wondered 40 years in a forest of Tiaha of Egypt and could not cross the river Jordon, so shall they suffer in misguidance except the few who adhered to Ali viz, Sulman, Iiqdad and Abazar, until Ali succeeded after three Khilafats and just as for Joshua, successor of Moses, the sun reverted (vide Joshua chapter 10:12. Then spoke Joshua to the Lord in the day, when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the Children of Israel and He said in sight of Israel, sun, stand you still upon Gibeon and your moon in the valley of Ajalon). Similarly did the sun revert for Solomon and twice for Ali – one with the Prophet, when the latter was resting on Ali’s lap and was overpowered by revelation and it was the sunset and the sun was recalled for the sake of Ali to say prayers; secondly during the battle of Nehrwan, returning to Babul near Hilla, where he did not say prayers, land being cursed, and it was sunset, and when he wanted to say prayers, he commanded the sun, which obeyed Ali and Ali said prayers and the sun set.

Verses 27 – 50

وَاتْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ نَبَأَ ابْنَيْ آدَمَ بِالْحَقِّ إِذْ قَرَّبَا قُرْبَانًا فَتُقُبِّلَ مِنْ أَحَدِهِمَا وَلَمْ يُتَقَبَّلْ مِنَ الْآخَرِ قَالَ لَأَقْتُلَنَّكَ ۖ قَالَ إِنَّمَا يَتَقَبَّلُ اللَّهُ مِنَ الْمُتَّقِينَ {27}

27. And read out to them the true facts regarding Adam’s two sons when both of them offered sacrifices – Abel and Cain (Habil and Kabil). When the offering of Abel was accepted and of Cain was rejected, upon which Cain said, “I shall certainly kill you.” Abel replied, “God accepts sacrifices and prayers only of the pious.

لَئِنْ بَسَطْتَ إِلَيَّ يَدَكَ لِتَقْتُلَنِي مَا أَنَا بِبَاسِطٍ يَدِيَ إِلَيْكَ لِأَقْتُلَكَ ۖ إِنِّي أَخَافُ اللَّهَ رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ {28}

28. If you will extend your arm against me to kill me, I am not going to extend my arm to you with this intension, for verily, I fear God the Providence of the world.

إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ تَبُوءَ بِإِثْمِي وَإِثْمِكَ فَتَكُونَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّارِ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الظَّالِمِينَ {29}

29. I desire you may bear my and your sins so as to be entitled to hell, as this is a meet punishment of tyrants.”

فَطَوَّعَتْ لَهُ نَفْسُهُ قَتْلَ أَخِيهِ فَقَتَلَهُ فَأَصْبَحَ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ {30}

30. Then he was tempted by his passion to kill his brother, he killed him and was among the sufferers4

فَبَعَثَ اللَّهُ غُرَابًا يَبْحَثُ فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيُرِيَهُ كَيْفَ يُوَارِي سَوْءَةَ أَخِيهِ ۚ قَالَ يَا وَيْلَتَا أَعَجَزْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِثْلَ هَٰذَا الْغُرَابِ فَأُوَارِيَ سَوْءَةَ أَخِي ۖ فَأَصْبَحَ مِنَ النَّادِمِينَ {31}

31. Then God sent a crow who was digging a trench to show him how to hide ill condition of his brother, when he said, “Woe to me, I be as helpless as this crow to hid the ill condition of my brother.” He became repentant.

مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا ۚ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُنَا بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ثُمَّ إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فِي الْأَرْضِ لَمُسْرِفُونَ {32}

32. For this reason We commanded Bani Israel, “If anyone kills any other, without revenging a murder, or without reason for spreading a sedition on Earth is like one having killed all on Earth, and if any one enlivens any, has enlivened all.” And our Prophets came to them with open miracles when most among them started transgression.

إِنَّمَا جَزَاءُ الَّذِينَ يُحَارِبُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَسَادًا أَنْ يُقَتَّلُوا أَوْ يُصَلَّبُوا أَوْ تُقَطَّعَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَأَرْجُلُهُمْ مِنْ خِلَافٍ أَوْ يُنْفَوْا مِنَ الْأَرْضِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لَهُمْ خِزْيٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ {33}

33. Punishment for those who fight against God and His Prophets and spread sedition on Earth is nothing but they should be killed or guillotined or their hands and feet cut off crosswise or banished from their native land. This is a worldly punishment and for them in eternity is intense punishment,

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَقْدِرُوا عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {34}

34. except one who repents before being arrested. Know God is highly forgiving and merciful.5

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَابْتَغُوا إِلَيْهِ الْوَسِيلَةَ وَجَاهِدُوا فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ {35}

35. Oh you faithful, fear God, and seek medium to proximate God and deny self to win His Will so as to attain salvation.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لَوْ أَنَّ لَهُمْ مَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا وَمِثْلَهُ مَعَهُ لِيَفْتَدُوا بِهِ مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا تُقُبِّلَ مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ {36}

36. Without medium proximation and salvation are not possible and Immaculate Divine Lights, whose knowledge and obedience is Divine knowledge and obedience is the only medium to Divine proximation and ignorance thereof is infidelity. For those who are infidels, if whole of what is on Earth be their property with which be accumulated as much and offered to ward off punishment of reckoning day, it will not be accepted of them and for them is intense punishment.

يُرِيدُونَ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا مِنَ النَّارِ وَمَا هُمْ بِخَارِجِينَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُقِيمٌ {37}

37. They will think of getting out of fire but will not be able to do so and for them is permanent punishment.

وَالسَّارِقُ وَالسَّارِقَةُ فَاقْطَعُوا أَيْدِيَهُمَا جَزَاءً بِمَا كَسَبَا نَكَالًا مِنَ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ {38}

38. Cut off hands of a thief, man or woman; this Divine punishment for their crime6,and God is mighty and wise.

فَمَنْ تَابَ مِنْ بَعْدِ ظُلْمِهِ وَأَصْلَحَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {39}

39. If after crime, they repent (by paying back the amount and expressing regret) and rectifying self (and promises to avoid in future) then verily God is forgiving and merciful (to their eternal punishment).

أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ يُعَذِّبُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَيَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {40}

40. Do you not know, God has power over the Heavens and Earth, because He punishes whom He likes and forgives whom He chooses and God is Omnipotent.

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ لَا يَحْزُنْكَ الَّذِينَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْكُفْرِ مِنَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا آمَنَّا بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَلَمْ تُؤْمِنْ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۛ وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ هَادُوا ۛ سَمَّاعُونَ لِلْكَذِبِ سَمَّاعُونَ لِقَوْمٍ آخَرِينَ لَمْ يَأْتُوكَ ۖ يُحَرِّفُونَ الْكَلِمَ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَوَاضِعِهِ ۖ يَقُولُونَ إِنْ أُوتِيتُمْ هَٰذَا فَخُذُوهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ تُؤْتَوْهُ فَاحْذَرُوا ۚ وَمَنْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ فِتْنَتَهُ فَلَنْ تَمْلِكَ لَهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُطَهِّرَ قُلُوبَهُمْ ۚ لَهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا خِزْيٌ ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ {41}

41. Oh you Prophet, the fact of people hastening to infidelity may not grieve you, some of whom say, we have embraced faith by mouth and their hearts have not admitted it, and some among Jews are greatly delighted to hear lies, and this too relating to others and you (out of pride viz. Khaibar Jews) do not come to you, expunge commands relating to their original acts of crime, and say if he (Prophet) decides the way (proposed by them) accept it, and avoid it, if it is not so decided. Whom God wants to try his honesty (when they are dishonest in His eye) you will not find a way to rectify them, these are the people whose harts God does not want to purify, for them is worldly disgrace and intense punishment in eternity.

سَمَّاعُونَ لِلْكَذِبِ أَكَّالُونَ لِلسُّحْتِ ۚ فَإِنْ جَاءُوكَ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ أَوْ أَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ ۖ وَإِنْ تُعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ فَلَنْ يَضُرُّوكَ شَيْئًا ۖ وَإِنْ حَكَمْتَ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْقِسْطِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ {42}

42. (Khaibar Jews who were proud used to be pleased to hear false news about the Prophet, transmitted to them by Jews of Medina.) Very ardent at hearing libels (regarding others) and mighty unlawful swallowers, if they come to you, decide between them, or turn your face away from them. If you turn your face away from them, they shall never injure you anyway, and if you decide, do so with justice, verily God loves the just jurist.

وَكَيْفَ يُحَكِّمُونَكَ وَعِنْدَهُمُ التَّوْرَاةُ فِيهَا حُكْمُ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يَتَوَلَّوْنَ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ ۚ وَمَا أُولَٰئِكَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ {43}

43. Why will they select you a jurist when they have before them the Torah, wherein lies Divine Command, which they avoid. really they are not faithful.

إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَا التَّوْرَاةَ فِيهَا هُدًى وَنُورٌ ۚ يَحْكُمُ بِهَا النَّبِيُّونَ الَّذِينَ أَسْلَمُوا لِلَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالرَّبَّانِيُّونَ وَالْأَحْبَارُ بِمَا اسْتُحْفِظُوا مِنْ كِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَكَانُوا عَلَيْهِ شُهَدَاءَ ۚ فَلَا تَخْشَوُا النَّاسَ وَاخْشَوْنِ وَلَا تَشْتَرُوا بِآيَاتِي ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا ۚ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ {44}

44. Verily have we revealed the Torah, wherein is guidance and enlightenment in accordance with which were deciding prophets obedient to God among Jews, and similarly Jewish Rabbis and theologians, in whom was entrusted Divine Text, and were witness thereto. You do not humans, rather fear Me and do not sell My commands for a trifling price (by accepting gratification, do not decide against text) and those who do not decide according to Divine Revelation is an infidel.

وَكَتَبْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ فِيهَا أَنَّ النَّفْسَ بِالنَّفْسِ وَالْعَيْنَ بِالْعَيْنِ وَالْأَنْفَ بِالْأَنْفِ وَالْأُذُنَ بِالْأُذُنِ وَالسِّنَّ بِالسِّنِّ وَالْجُرُوحَ قِصَاصٌ ۚ فَمَنْ تَصَدَّقَ بِهِ فَهُوَ كَفَّارَةٌ لَهُ ۚ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ {45}

45. And We had made obligatory on them punishment for a soul by a soul, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and similarly punishment of wounds, and if any forgives it shall be an equal compensation for their sins and those who do not decide according to Divine Revelation, is a tyrant.

وَقَفَّيْنَا عَلَىٰ آثَارِهِمْ بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ ۖ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْإِنْجِيلَ فِيهِ هُدًى وَنُورٌ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةً لِلْمُتَّقِينَ {46}

46. And We made Jesus son of Mary to tread on the same path of these prophets and who were attesting previous text Torah and We gave Jesus the Bible wherein is guidance and enlightenment and is confirmatory of its preceding text, the Torah, and is guidance and advice to the pious.

وَلْيَحْكُمْ أَهْلُ الْإِنْجِيلِ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ ۚ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَحْكُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ {47}

47. And it is becoming, Christians to decide as per Bible revealed by God, and those who shall not decide in accordance therewith is disobedient.

وَأَنْزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَمُهَيْمِنًا عَلَيْهِ ۖ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ عَمَّا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ ۚ لِكُلٍّ جَعَلْنَا مِنْكُمْ شِرْعَةً وَمِنْهَاجًا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَعَلَكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَلَٰكِنْ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِي مَا آتَاكُمْ ۖ فَاسْتَبِقُوا الْخَيْرَاتِ ۚ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ {48}

48. And We revealed unto you the text with Truth, confirming previous texts and guard thereof (pointing out wherever Divine Commandments are tampered with). You decide according to your Divine revelation and do not follow their passion without deviating from Truth exposed to you, for every tribe We have fixed a code of laws and path of worship and if God willed, He would have you all to follow one, but in order to test them in what is granted to you and to see who surpasses in virtues. Reversion of you all is unto Him when He will advise you on what you caused a division.

وَأَنِ احْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ وَاحْذَرْهُمْ أَنْ يَفْتِنُوكَ عَنْ بَعْضِ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ ۖ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُصِيبَهُمْ بِبَعْضِ ذُنُوبِهِمْ ۗ وَإِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنَ النَّاسِ لَفَاسِقُونَ {49}

49. You decide between them according to Divine Revelation and do not follow their passion and be careful of them, lest they may not divert you in some decision (regarding fornication and killing) for what God has revealed unto you. If they turn away, know God desires to involve them in their sins (of disobedience) and many of them are disobedient.

أَفَحُكْمَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ يَبْغُونَ ۚ وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ مِنَ اللَّهِ حُكْمًا لِقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ {50}

50. Are they seeking to decide as per infidels? And what can be better than Divine decision for those who are certain in their faith.

Moral

There are but only two religions: Islam (supplication to God). Secondly, Paganism (worship of idolatry) which is why Ali said Zaid bin Sabith has followed paganism on “inheritance.”

Verses 51 – 56

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۘ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ ۚ وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّهُمْ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ {51}

51. Oh you faithful, do not take Jews and Christians your friends, they are friendly to one another. Those who shall be of them, verily God does not guide the disobedient.

فَتَرَى الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ يُسَارِعُونَ فِيهِمْ يَقُولُونَ نَخْشَىٰ أَنْ تُصِيبَنَا دَائِرَةٌ ۚ فَعَسَى اللَّهُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ بِالْفَتْحِ أَوْ أَمْرٍ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ فَيُصْبِحُوا عَلَىٰ مَا أَسَرُّوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ نَادِمِينَ {52}

52. Those who have disease (love of this world) in their hearts hasten to make them friends (for power and pelf in them) and advance all arguments in favour of their actions “we are afraid of times we may not be involved there.” Shortly shall God grant victory or divulge an affair, due to which these hypocrites may be repentant for what they secreted in their hearts.

وَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَهَٰؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ أَقْسَمُوا بِاللَّهِ جَهْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ ۙ إِنَّهُمْ لَمَعَكُمْ ۚ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فَأَصْبَحُوا خَاسِرِينَ{53}

53. When the faithful shall say, “Are these the very people who have taken an oath, they are with us?” Their acts shall be voided and they shall be among sufferers.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَنْ يَرْتَدَّ مِنْكُمْ عَنْ دِينِهِ فَسَوْفَ يَأْتِي اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ يُحِبُّهُمْ وَيُحِبُّونَهُ أَذِلَّةٍ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعِزَّةٍ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ يُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَا يَخَافُونَ لَوْمَةَ لَائِمٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ {54}

54. Oh you faithful, if any among you apostates shortly, shall God bring forth a nation whom He befriends and they befriend Him, who will be kind hearted to the faithful and strict towards infidels, shall participate in crusade for the sake of God and shall nor fear sarcasm of any, this is Divine Grace, endows on whom He likes and God is accommodating and knowing. (Those companions of the Prophet apostate who deprived Ali and his family of their legitimate succession7, as a nation.

إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ {55}

55. Your Lord is only God and His Prophet and those Faithful who are constant at prayers and pay tithe in prayers.8

وَمَنْ يَتَوَلَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فَإِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْغَالِبُونَ {56}

56. Verily is God’s army going to be victorious which is made up of those who love God and His Prophet and such Faithful. (Divine Lights)

Moral

Re 51: It may noted, a friend should be one whose 1) understanding, 2) virtue, 3) confidence, 4) opinion, 5)appreciation (between right and wrong), 6) justice, and (7) sincerity can be vouched, because Jews and Christians believe in Ezra and Jesus as sons of God. They have neither understanding nor any way reliable. How can they be made friends? God and they (Jews and Christians) are God’s enemies.

Re 55: It may be noted, a group of Jews entering the fold of Islam, in whom were included Abdus Salam and Ibne Surya. They asked the Prophet giving reference to Joshua son of Nun nominated as Moses’ successor who was going to be his (Prophet) successor. The Prophet took them to the mosque, whence a beggar (an angel in his habit) came out, whom the Prophet asked, if he was given any charity. he replied, pointing out to Ali, the ring was offered by him, upon which this couplet was revealed.

Verses 57 – 77

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا دِينَكُمْ هُزُوًا وَلَعِبًا مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ وَالْكُفَّارَ أَوْلِيَاءَ ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ {57}

57. Oh you faithful do not make friends with those who ridicule your religion and make but of it among men of revealed religion, on whom the text has been endowed. Do not make them and infidels your friends, fear God if you are faithful.

وَإِذَا نَادَيْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ اتَّخَذُوهَا هُزُوًا وَلَعِبًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ {58}

58. When you invite them to prayers, they laugh you out, this is because they have no common sense.

قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ هَلْ تَنْقِمُونَ مِنَّا إِلَّا أَنْ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنْزِلَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَأَنَّ أَكْثَرَكُمْ فَاسِقُونَ {59}

59. Say, “You men of revealed religion, do you despise us because we have put faith in God and what is revealed to us and before, and most of them are vicious.

قُلْ هَلْ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِشَرٍّ مِنْ ذَٰلِكَ مَثُوبَةً عِنْدَ اللَّهِ ۚ مَنْ لَعَنَهُ اللَّهُ وَغَضِبَ عَلَيْهِ وَجَعَلَ مِنْهُمُ الْقِرَدَةَ وَالْخَنَازِيرَ وَعَبَدَ الطَّاغُوتَ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ شَرٌّ مَكَانًا وَأَضَلُّ عَنْ سَوَاءِ السَّبِيلِ {60}

60. Say, “Shall I acquaint you with those whose punishment from God was worse than this (your belittling of Our Islam in your eyes), who were cursed by God and who case His wrath on them?” He turned some of them into monkeys and others into pigs and they worshipped the devil and whose destination is awful and are led astray considerably from the right path.

وَإِذَا جَاءُوكُمْ قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَقَدْ دَخَلُوا بِالْكُفْرِ وَهُمْ قَدْ خَرَجُوا بِهِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْتُمُونَ {61}

61. When they come to you, they say they have faith in you whereas they entered with infidelity with which they went out. God is well acquainted with what they hide.

وَتَرَىٰ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ وَأَكْلِهِمُ السُّحْتَ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ {62}

62. And you will find most of them transgressing and running to illegal swallowing, very bad it is what they are doing.

لَوْلَا يَنْهَاهُمُ الرَّبَّانِيُّونَ وَالْأَحْبَارُ عَنْ قَوْلِهِمُ الْإِثْمَ وَأَكْلِهِمُ السُّحْتَ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَصْنَعُونَ {63}

63. Why do not Jewish9 Rabbis and theologians prevent them from telling lies and swallowing illegal, certainly highly evil is what they are doing.

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ يَدُ اللَّهِ مَغْلُولَةٌ ۚ غُلَّتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَلُعِنُوا بِمَا قَالُوا ۘ بَلْ يَدَاهُ مَبْسُوطَتَانِ يُنْفِقُ كَيْفَ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَلَيَزِيدَنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا ۚ وَأَلْقَيْنَا بَيْنَهُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۚ كُلَّمَا أَوْقَدُوا نَارًا لِلْحَرْبِ أَطْفَأَهَا اللَّهُ ۚ وَيَسْعَوْنَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَسَادًا ۚ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَ {64}

64. And the Jews said10 God’s hand is tied down. Their hands are fastened and they be cursed for what they say. Rather, both of His hands are free. He endows how He wills and for what is revealed unto you from your Providence has enhanced their tyranny and infidelity and We have, until the Day of Judgment amidst them set,11 to play God shall put it down, and they are after spreading sedition on earth and God does not approve of the seditionary.

وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ آمَنُوا وَاتَّقَوْا لَكَفَّرْنَا عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَلَأَدْخَلْنَاهُمْ جَنَّاتِ النَّعِيمِ {65}

65. Had the men of revealed religion embraced Islam and entertained awe, We would have overlooked their failings and admitted them into paradise.

وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ أَقَامُوا التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِمْ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ لَأَكَلُوا مِنْ فَوْقِهِمْ وَمِنْ تَحْتِ أَرْجُلِهِمْ ۚ مِنْهُمْ أُمَّةٌ مُقْتَصِدَةٌ ۖ وَكَثِيرٌ مِنْهُمْ سَاءَ مَا يَعْمَلُونَ {66}

66. And had they adopted the Torah, Bible, and what was revealed later to them, from their Providence (regarding succession of Ali and his family as the genuine Lights) they would have eaten from above and below their feet (i.e. fruitful rains and soil production without any famine, flood, or loss). A group among them is midway (having embraced Islam) and most of them are highly vicious.

يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ ۖ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ {67}

67. Oh you Prophet, transmit what is revealed unto you from your Providence12 and if you did not do so you fail to discharge the duty of a Messenger. God shall save you against people (plotting against your life), and verily God does not guide the infidels.

قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَسْتُمْ عَلَىٰ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ تُقِيمُوا التَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ ۗ وَلَيَزِيدَنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ طُغْيَانًا وَكُفْرًا ۖ فَلَا تَأْسَ عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ {68}

68. Say you people of revealed religion, you are not on any faith unless you follow the Torah, Bible and what is revealed unto you from your Providence. You (Prophet) be not sorry for infidels.

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالصَّابِئُونَ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ {69}

69. Verily of those who are faithful, and Jews and Sabians and Christians, and one, who shall believe in God and Reckoning Day and Act righteously, shall have no fear of future and shall not be sorry for the past (as they would have repented on account of their sins and been forgiven).

لَقَدْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَأَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْهِمْ رُسُلًا ۖ كُلَّمَا جَاءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ بِمَا لَا تَهْوَىٰ أَنْفُسُهُمْ فَرِيقًا كَذَّبُوا وَفَرِيقًا يَقْتُلُونَ {70}

70. Verily did We exact a promise from Bani Israel and sent them the Prophet. Whenever the Prophet revealed such a Command which was not approved of by them (as for example stand for Truth) they falsified the same and slew him.

وَحَسِبُوا أَلَّا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ فَعَمُوا وَصَمُّوا ثُمَّ تَابَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ عَمُوا وَصَمُّوا كَثِيرٌ مِنْهُمْ ۚ وَاللَّهُ بَصِيرٌ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ{71}

71. And they imagined no calamity would befall them on this account (because the Prophet was with them); they became blind and deaf (after the Prophet’s demise by depriving Ali of succession), then God accepted their penance13. Thereafter, most of them became blind and deaf (as a result of which battle of the Camel followed and this deafness and blindness shall continue until Resurrection) and God is circumspecting all on their deeds.

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ ۖ وَقَالَ الْمَسِيحُ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُ مَنْ يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَاهُ النَّارُ ۖ وَمَا لِلظَّالِمِينَ مِنْ أَنْصَارٍ {72}

72. Verily they became infidels who said certainly Jesus Messiah son of Mary is God and Messiah said, “Oh Bani Israel, pray to my Providence and (Who is) your Providence. Verily He who associates with God makes paradise unlawful for them and their destination is Hell, and there shall be no assistants to tyrants.

لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ ثَالِثُ ثَلَاثَةٍ ۘ وَمَا مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ إِلَّا إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۚ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهُوا عَمَّا يَقُولُونَ لَيَمَسَّنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ {73}

73. Verily those who said God is one of trinity were infidels and there is no God except God, the Monos (alone) and if in spite of all this, if they shall not desist, those who shall stick to infidelity, verily shall face intense punishment.

أَفَلَا يَتُوبُونَ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَهُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {74}

74. Do they not repent before God and pray forgiveness for Him? God is highly forgiving and merciful.

مَا الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ وَأُمُّهُ صِدِّيقَةٌ ۖ كَانَا يَأْكُلَانِ الطَّعَامَ ۗ انْظُرْ كَيْفَ نُبَيِّنُ لَهُمُ الْآيَاتِ ثُمَّ انْظُرْ أَنَّىٰ يُؤْفَكُونَ {75}

75. Messiah son of Mary is only a prophet of God. Verily many preceded before him and his mother is an Immaculate, both of them used to take food. Look at how clearly do We declare for them couplets14 . Then think over, where they are going astray.

قُلْ أَتَعْبُدُونَ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا ۚ وَاللَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ {76}

76. Say, leaving God are you worshipping those who have no control of injuring and benefiting you and God is All-hearing and Seeing.

قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ لَا تَغْلُوا فِي دِينِكُمْ غَيْرَ الْحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا أَهْوَاءَ قَوْمٍ قَدْ ضَلُّوا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَأَضَلُّوا كَثِيرًا وَضَلُّوا عَنْ سَوَاءِ السَّبِيلِ {77}

77. Say, you people of revealed religion, do not exceed limits of truth (turning a creature into creator) and do not follow passion of a nation who have been misled first and have misled many and have been laid astray wide.15

Moral

Ali was under Divine Commands declared by the Prophet to succeed latter, after him, on 18th Zilhay 10th Hijri, in the Valley of Khum (see Abu al-Kasim Khaskani in Shavahid ul Tanzil giving reference to Abi Umir. Hissermon – has been given under Appendix A).

Verses 78 – 93

لُعِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَلَىٰ لِسَانِ دَاوُودَ وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوْا وَكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ {78}

78. Those of Bani Israel who became infidels have been cursed by the speech of David and Jesus son of Mary. This was because they disobeyed and were transgressors.

كَانُوا لَا يَتَنَاهَوْنَ عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ {79}

79. They were not desisting from vices, they were practicing. Certainly what they were doing was awful.

تَرَىٰ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ يَتَوَلَّوْنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا قَدَّمَتْ لَهُمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ أَنْ سَخِطَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَفِي الْعَذَابِ هُمْ خَالِدُونَ {80}

80. You will see many befriending the infidels. Whatever has been put forth before them by their impulsive passion is evil, which brought about Divine wrath and they shall ever remain under punishment.

وَلَوْ كَانُوا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالنَّبِيِّ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَا اتَّخَذُوهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ وَلَٰكِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ {81}

81. Had they believed in God and Prophet, and what was revealed unto them, they would not have befriended them, but many of them are vicious.

لَتَجِدَنَّ أَشَدَّ النَّاسِ عَدَاوَةً لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا ۖ وَلَتَجِدَنَّ أَقْرَبَهُمْ مَوَدَّةً لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّا نَصَارَىٰ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيسِينَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ {82}

82. You will certainly find dead enemies of the faithful in Jews and Associators, and you will find from them greater friends to the faithful who claim to be Christian. For this reason some of them are learned and others are Monks, and they are not proud (because pride causes hatred and leads to loss of sound reasoning).

وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ تَرَىٰ أَعْيُنَهُمْ تَفِيضُ مِنَ الدَّمْعِ مِمَّا عَرَفُوا مِنَ الْحَقِّ ۖ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا آمَنَّا فَاكْتُبْنَا مَعَ الشَّاهِدِينَ {83}

83. When they hear what is revealed unto the Prophet, you see tears running down from their eyes because they have recognized truth and pray, “Oh our Providence, we have embraced Faith, and write down us among the testifiers”16

وَمَا لَنَا لَا نُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَمَا جَاءَنَا مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَنَطْمَعُ أَنْ يُدْخِلَنَا رَبُّنَا مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الصَّالِحِينَ {84}

84. What is up with us that we should not believe in God when Truth has come to us and we desire our Providence to include us among the virtuous.

فَأَثَابَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِمَا قَالُوا جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ {85}

85. So God, in lieu of their prayers, shall endow upon them Paradise, below which flow streams, wherein shall they ever abide. Such is the reward of the sincerely virtuous.

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَكَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ {86}

86. And those who became infidels and falsified our Lights (i.e. in person of Our Guide are of Hell).

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحَرِّمُوا طَيِّبَاتِ مَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ {87}

87. Oh you faithful, do not illegalize what God has legalized for you, and do not transgress, verily God does not approve of transgressors.

وَكُلُوا مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ حَلَالًا طَيِّبًا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي أَنْتُمْ بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ {88}

88. And eat of lawful and pure endowed upon you by God and fear God, in whom you have put faith.

لَا يُؤَاخِذُكُمُ اللَّهُ بِاللَّغْوِ فِي أَيْمَانِكُمْ وَلَٰكِنْ يُؤَاخِذُكُمْ بِمَا عَقَّدْتُمُ الْأَيْمَانَ ۖ فَكَفَّارَتُهُ إِطْعَامُ عَشَرَةِ مَسَاكِينَ مِنْ أَوْسَطِ مَا تُطْعِمُونَ أَهْلِيكُمْ أَوْ كِسْوَتُهُمْ أَوْ تَحْرِيرُ رَقَبَةٍ ۖ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ كَفَّارَةُ أَيْمَانِكُمْ إِذَا حَلَفْتُمْ ۚ وَاحْفَظُوا أَيْمَانَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ {89}

89. God shall not hold you up for your unintentional oaths, but rather those committed intentionally. Expatiation whereof is feeding ten needy of ordinary meals, which are being given to your family or dressing ten of them who are naked, or enfranchising a single slave, and those who cannot afford any of these should observe fast for three successive days. This is expatiation of your oaths. Thus openly does God describe His Commands to you so you be grateful.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَالْمَيْسِرُ وَالْأَنْصَابُ وَالْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ{90}

90. Oh you faithful, wine, gambling (under staking and sacrifices in the name of idols, and distribution under archery are nothing but impure acts of the devil. Avoid them so you may attain salvation.

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَنْ يُوقِعَ بَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةَ وَالْبَغْضَاءَ فِي الْخَمْرِ وَالْمَيْسِرِ وَيَصُدَّكُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَعَنِ الصَّلَاةِ ۖ فَهَلْ أَنْتُمْ مُنْتَهُونَ {91}

91. Devil’s sole intention is to create enmity, malice, among you by means of wine and gambling and prevent you from Divine remembrance (of His Commands in regulation of your life). Will you now desist from them?

وَأَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَاحْذَرُوا ۚ فَإِنْ تَوَلَّيْتُمْ فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا عَلَىٰ رَسُولِنَا الْبَلَاغُ الْمُبِينُ {92}

92. Obey God and prophet and keep on fearing, and if you turn away, know the Prophet’s mere duty is to transmit message distinctly.17

لَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا طَعِمُوا إِذَا مَا اتَّقَوْا وَآمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ ثُمَّ اتَّقَوْا وَآمَنُوا ثُمَّ اتَّقَوْا وَأَحْسَنُوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ {93}

93. There is no accounting from them who embrace faith act righteously in their having enjoyed food and clothing when they kept on fearing and for those who embraced faith, acted virtuously and adopted piety in their daily life, nor is it objectionable for those who embraced faith and again attended to piety and developed it into obligation, God befriends the obliging.

Moral

The Prophet has cursed sects in wine, viz (1) those who plant wine trees, (2) those who distil, (3) those who tap, (4) those who drink, (5) those who entertain, (6) those who carry, (7) those who want to be carried, (8), those who deal in it, (9) those who purchase it, and (10) those who live on it on commission.

Verses 94 – 100

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَيَبْلُوَنَّكُمُ اللَّهُ بِشَيْءٍ مِنَ الصَّيْدِ تَنَالُهُ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَرِمَاحُكُمْ لِيَعْلَمَ اللَّهُ مَنْ يَخَافُهُ بِالْغَيْبِ ۚ فَمَنِ اعْتَدَىٰ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَهُ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ {94}

95. Oh you faithful, God shall try you certainly, on shooting when you shoot with hand, and arrow, so as to discover who is afraid of Him Unseen, and those who transgress it, shall have intense punishment.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَقْتُلُوا الصَّيْدَ وَأَنْتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۚ وَمَنْ قَتَلَهُ مِنْكُمْ مُتَعَمِّدًا فَجَزَاءٌ مِثْلُ مَا قَتَلَ مِنَ النَّعَمِ يَحْكُمُ بِهِ ذَوَا عَدْلٍ مِنْكُمْ هَدْيًا بَالِغَ الْكَعْبَةِ أَوْ كَفَّارَةٌ طَعَامُ مَسَاكِينَ أَوْ عَدْلُ ذَٰلِكَ صِيَامًا لِيَذُوقَ وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِ ۗ عَفَا اللَّهُ عَمَّا سَلَفَ ۚ وَمَنْ عَادَ فَيَنْتَقِمُ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ ذُو انْتِقَامٍ {95}

95. Oh you faithful, do not shoot while you are in the forbidden stage during pilgrimage. Those who kill intentionally, punishment thereof is like an animal shot, awarded by a prophet or his legal successor of y our time, and this sacrifice shall be sent to the holy sanctuary at Mecca or be expatiated by feeding the needy or fasting equal number of days, so you may taste the punishment of your deed. God has overlooked the past; those who repeat it, God shall avenge them (by sending them to Hell) as He is Mighty at everything.

أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَحْرِ وَطَعَامُهُ مَتَاعًا لَكُمْ وَلِلسَّيَّارَةِ ۖ وَحُرِّمَ عَلَيْكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَرِّ مَا دُمْتُمْ حُرُمًا ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ الَّذِي إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ {96}

96. Sea fishing is legalized for you, and eating thereof for your benefit and of your company, and so long as you are in the forbidden stage, during pilgrimage land hunting is unlawful for you. Fear God before whom you shall assembled.

جَعَلَ اللَّهُ الْكَعْبَةَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ قِيَامًا لِلنَّاسِ وَالشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَالْهَدْيَ وَالْقَلَائِدَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ {97}

97. God has made a holy sanctuary of Ka‘ba a source of life for humans on Earth18. Similarly, holy months, sacrifice, and animals round necks of which are belts for sacrifice, so you may know verily God knows what is in Heaven and earth and God is omniscient.

اعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ {98}

98. Know God is verily mighty at punishment and God is forgiving and merciful.

مَا عَلَى الرَّسُولِ إِلَّا الْبَلَاغُ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تُبْدُونَ وَمَا تَكْتُمُونَ {99}

99. There is no obligation of Prophet beyond transmission of message. God knows what you expose and hide.

قُلْ لَا يَسْتَوِي الْخَبِيثُ وَالطَّيِّبُ وَلَوْ أَعْجَبَكَ كَثْرَةُ الْخَبِيثِ ۚ فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ {100}

100. Say, “The impure and pure are not alike although the excess of impure may astonish you, fear God oh you sensible people so you attain salvation.”

Moral

Self-sufficient

Verses 101 – 115

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَسْأَلُوا عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ إِنْ تُبْدَ لَكُمْ تَسُؤْكُمْ وَإِنْ تَسْأَلُوا عَنْهَا حِينَ يُنَزَّلُ الْقُرْآنُ تُبْدَ لَكُمْ عَفَا اللَّهُ عَنْهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ {101}

101. Oh you faithful do not ask about those things which, if only described, you will find hard to comply with19 , and if you ask during revelation, they will be exposed to you.20 God forgave them, He is highly forgiving and forbearing.

قَدْ سَأَلَهَا قَوْمٌ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ ثُمَّ أَصْبَحُوا بِهَا كَافِرِينَ {102}

102. Certainly prior to you, people similarly asked and became infidels (being unable to discharge).

مَا جَعَلَ اللَّهُ مِنْ بَحِيرَةٍ وَلَا سَائِبَةٍ وَلَا وَصِيلَةٍ وَلَا حَامٍ ۙ وَلَٰكِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يَفْتَرُونَ عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ ۖ وَأَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْقِلُونَ {103}

103. God has not classified and issued different commands for camels and goats, e.g. Baheera21, Sayeba, Vaseela, Ham, the infidels are libelling God, when most of them do not understand.

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا إِلَىٰ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ وَإِلَى الرَّسُولِ قَالُوا حَسْبُنَا مَا وَجَدْنَا عَلَيْهِ آبَاءَنَا ۚ أَوَلَوْ كَانَ آبَاؤُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَهْتَدُونَ {104}

104. What they have found with their forefathers shall suffice them. Well, if they are ignorant and misguided, will it then be a sufficient justification for them?

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْفُسَكُمْ ۖ لَا يَضُرُّكُمْ مَنْ ضَلَّ إِذَا اهْتَدَيْتُمْ ۚ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَرْجِعُكُمْ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ {105}

105. Oh you faithful, it is necessary to guard you life. When you are guided, let not the misguided injure you; to God shall be reversion of all when He will acquaint you, on what you made a division.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا شَهَادَةُ بَيْنِكُمْ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَكُمُ الْمَوْتُ حِينَ الْوَصِيَّةِ اثْنَانِ ذَوَا عَدْلٍ مِنْكُمْ أَوْ آخَرَانِ مِنْ غَيْرِكُمْ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَأَصَابَتْكُمْ مُصِيبَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۚ تَحْبِسُونَهُمَا مِنْ بَعْدِ الصَّلَاةِ فَيُقْسِمَانِ بِاللَّهِ إِنِ ارْتَبْتُمْ لَا نَشْتَرِي بِهِ ثَمَنًا وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَىٰ ۙ وَلَا نَكْتُمُ شَهَادَةَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا إِذًا لَمِنَ الْآثِمِينَ {106}

106. Oh you faithful, during the deathbed of any of you, your will should be testified by two just persons among you, or if you are on tour and calamity of death falls on you, it may be attested by two foreigners. Hold them over until afternoon prayers, and let them make a statement on oath, if you have doubt. “We shall not sell Our testimony for anything, be they our relation, and we shall not hide true evidence, if we did so, we shall be sinful.”

فَإِنْ عُثِرَ عَلَىٰ أَنَّهُمَا اسْتَحَقَّا إِثْمًا فَآخَرَانِ يَقُومَانِ مَقَامَهُمَا مِنَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَحَقَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَوْلَيَانِ فَيُقْسِمَانِ بِاللَّهِ لَشَهَادَتُنَا أَحَقُّ مِنْ شَهَادَتِهِمَا وَمَا اعْتَدَيْنَا إِنَّا إِذًا لَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ {107}

107. And then if it is known to inheritors of the deceased, they have been liable, on account of false evidence, two witnesses be raised from among the parties whose rights have been overlooked, on account of such false witnesses and they should make a statement on oath, “Our evidence is comparatively more reliable than theirs and we are not transgressors anyway; if so, we shall be liable.”

ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَنْ يَأْتُوا بِالشَّهَادَةِ عَلَىٰ وَجْهِهَا أَوْ يَخَافُوا أَنْ تُرَدَّ أَيْمَانٌ بَعْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ ۗ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْمَعُوا ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ {108}

108. This practice is more suitable to arrive at a true evidence and create fear in them, lest their oath be set aside as their predecessor and fear God and keep on hearing His Commands and God does not guide the disobedient.

يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُ اللَّهُ الرُّسُلَ فَيَقُولُ مَاذَا أُجِبْتُمْ ۖ قَالُوا لَا عِلْمَ لَنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ {109}

109. The day God shall assemble Prophets and ask how they were responded to their call (of inviting people to the right path); they will reply, “We do not know, You are Knower of secrets.

إِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ اذْكُرْ نِعْمَتِي عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَتِكَ إِذْ أَيَّدْتُكَ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ تُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلًا ۖ وَإِذْ عَلَّمْتُكَ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَالتَّوْرَاةَ وَالْإِنْجِيلَ ۖ وَإِذْ تَخْلُقُ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ بِإِذْنِي فَتَنْفُخُ فِيهَا فَتَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِي ۖ وَتُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ بِإِذْنِي ۖ وَإِذْ تُخْرِجُ الْمَوْتَىٰ بِإِذْنِي ۖ وَإِذْ كَفَفْتُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنْكَ إِذْ جِئْتَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ فَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا سِحْرٌ مُبِينٌ {110}

110. Recall when God shall address, “Oh you Jesus, son of Mary, recollect My bounties on you and on your mother. I supported your cause with Gabriel when you talked evenly with people in childhood and youth and I trained you in Divine philosophy, Law, torah, and Bible, and then you were moulding out of Earth a bird like figure, under My sanction and blowing therein with My consent, it became a living bird, and you were curing with My sanction natural blind and lepers and enlivening the dead with My sanction and I save you from injury of Jews when you appeared before them with open miracles. The infidels among them said, ‘This is nothing but an open magic.’”

وَإِذْ أَوْحَيْتُ إِلَى الْحَوَارِيِّينَ أَنْ آمِنُوا بِي وَبِرَسُولِي قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَاشْهَدْ بِأَنَّنَا مُسْلِمُونَ {111}

111. And when I inspired the fishermen to embrace faith in Me and My prophet, they said we have embraced faith and bear witness we supplicate.

إِذْ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ هَلْ يَسْتَطِيعُ رَبُّكَ أَنْ يُنَزِّلَ عَلَيْنَا مَائِدَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ ۖ قَالَ اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ {112}

112. And recollect when fishermen said, “Oh you Jesus, son of Mary, is it possible for your Providence to send from Heaven full of food.” You said, “Fear God if you are faithful.”

قَالُوا نُرِيدُ أَنْ نَأْكُلَ مِنْهَا وَتَطْمَئِنَّ قُلُوبُنَا وَنَعْلَمَ أَنْ قَدْ صَدَقْتَنَا وَنَكُونَ عَلَيْهَا مِنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ {113}

113. They said, “We desire to eat of it, so we be assured and we come to know you said the truth and be witness thereto.”

قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا أَنْزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَائِدَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ تَكُونُ لَنَا عِيدًا لِأَوَّلِنَا وَآخِرِنَا وَآيَةً مِنْكَ ۖ وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ {114}

114. Upon which Jesus prayed, “Oh my God, my Providence, endow on us a table full of meals from Heaven which becomes for us and our successors a festival and a miracle from You, grant us provision and You are best at providing.

قَالَ اللَّهُ إِنِّي مُنَزِّلُهَا عَلَيْكُمْ ۖ فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بَعْدُ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنِّي أُعَذِّبُهُ عَذَابًا لَا أُعَذِّبُهُ أَحَدًا مِنَ الْعَالَمِينَ {115}

115. God said, “Verily shall I endow it on you. Those who among you becomes an infidel thereafter, shall be punished most intensely of all in the world.

Moral

Self-sufficient.

Verses 116 – 120

وَإِذْ قَالَ اللَّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنْتَ قُلْتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَٰهَيْنِ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ ۖ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ ۚ إِنْ كُنْتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ ۚ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلَا أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ {116}

116. Recollect when God shall address, “Oh you Jesus, son of Mary, did you ask me to hold you and your mother gods barring the True God?” He will say, “Pure is Your nature what is up with me in which I should speak what I have no right to commit. If I did, You would know as You do know what is secret in my heart and I do not know what is Yours. You are knower of secrets of secrets.

مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلَّا مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ ۚ وَكُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ ۖ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنْتَ أَنْتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَأَنْتَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ {117}

117. I did not say anything to them expect what You commanded, i.e. worship God, my Providence and Your Providence and I am a witness for the period I remained with them, and You did finish my period of stay with them. You did remain their Guard and You are a witness on all events.

إِنْ تُعَذِّبْهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ عِبَادُكَ ۖ وَإِنْ تَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ {118}

118. If you do punish them, they are Your creatures, and if You do forgive them verily, You are Might and Wise.

قَالَ اللَّهُ هَٰذَا يَوْمُ يَنْفَعُ الصَّادِقِينَ صِدْقُهُمْ ۚ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ {119}

119. When God will say, “This Reckoning Day will benefit the true for their truth, for them is Paradise below which flow streams, wherein shall they ever abide, God being pleased with them and they will be pleased with Him, and this is a mighty achievement.

لِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا فِيهِنَّ ۚ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ {120}

120. For God is the Kingdom of the Heavens and the Earth and in between and He is Omnipotent.

  • 1. in cancellation of their democratic, republican or socialistic government. Be not afraid of them, fear Me alone. This couplet has been fudged here. It relates to the event of Gadeer-e-Khum, i.e. Valley of Khum, where Ali was nominated, under Divine Commands, as Prophet’s successor, thus establishing theocracy, which the infidels wanted to subvert, by establishing Khalifat under general election.
  • 2. this was a crime of fornication for which the Prophet, on reference to him by Jews decided “Rajam” i.e. lashing to death in favour of party convicted
  • 3. After Pharaoh’s death and destruction of his followers Bani Israel became masters of their mansion, being freed of slavery.
  • 4. such was the occasion of Hussain advising Omar son of Sa‘ad.
  • 5. Worldly punishment will remain, but eternal, on acceptance of penance, is subject to forgiveness, before death.
  • 6. Four fingers only leaving thumb and palm for prayers, if theft value exceeds assumed 12/-.
  • 7. these are referred to Ali and Shias.
  • 8. This refers to Ali who paid a ring to an angel who appeared in the habit of a beggar in the mosque.
  • 9. Ordering virtues and preventing vices is a moral obligation on the learned.
  • 10. This is false imputation by the Jews against God.
  • 11. These were put down in the Prophet’s time and they were driven out of Arabia. Now there is not a shadow of them.
  • 12. verily Ali is lord of the faithful – this piece has been omitted from original revelation.
  • 13. on fealty to Ali, when succession was redirected to Ali.
  • 14. God is Self-sufficient and stands in need of nothing.
  • 15. There is an alternate course of a Divine Light, in the habit of a human, be immaculate, and is superior to angels, who are also immaculate and Divine Messengers, discharging the duty of God to carry messages from Him to the Prophet. These (Divine Lights) are from God fully trained in Divine philosophy and though of species of human, are unlike humans of earth, who are born ignorant and trained later.
  • 16. recognition of Truth brings about sincere penance for transgression, and causes wet eyes.
  • 17. forsaking leadership of Divine Light has been the cause of destruction both for the Prophet’s followers and Divine Lights.
  • 18. so long as people go on pilgrimage God shall not destroy humanity on whole.
  • 19. when pilgrimage was made obligatory, Aksa bin Mohsin asked whether it was obligatory every year to which the Prophet did not reply; had he dons so, they could not have done it, and would have proved infidels.
  • 20. Omar said the Prophet’s relationship will not benefit on reckoning day. Then the Prophet replied, “He would intercede and his intercession will be of avail,” on which Omar apologized.
  • 21. Bahera is a she camel which had given birth to five young ones and was distinguished by cutting her ears. Sayeba is a she camel given birth to then young ones. Vaseela was one who gave birth to two young ones at a time. Ham was a she camel riding over which was unlawful. When they are asked to go to the Prophet and hear what God has revealed unto him, they said.