Table of Contents

Surah al-Jinn, Chapter 72

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful

Verses 1 – 28

قُلْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيَّ أَنَّهُ اسْتَمَعَ نَفَرٌ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَقَالُوا إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْآنًا عَجَبًا {1}

1. Say, “I have inspired, a group of spirits said, ‘We heard the marvellous Qur’an

يَهْدِي إِلَى الرُّشْدِ فَآمَنَّا بِهِ ۖ وَلَنْ نُشْرِكَ بِرَبِّنَا أَحَدًا {2}

2. ‘Which guides on the right path and we have faith unto it, and we do not associate any with our Providence.

وَأَنَّهُ تَعَالَىٰ جَدُّ رَبِّنَا مَا اتَّخَذَ صَاحِبَةً وَلَا وَلَدًا {3}

3. ‘And verily, lofty is the grandeur of our Providence, to adopt a wife or a son.

وَأَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ سَفِيهُنَا عَلَى اللَّهِ شَطَطًا {4}

4. ‘And verily the foolish amongst us talk nonsense about Him.’”

وَأَنَّا ظَنَنَّا أَنْ لَنْ تَقُولَ الْإِنْسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا {5}

5. And We entertained none among men and spirits shall associate any with God.

وَأَنَّهُ كَانَ رِجَالٌ مِنَ الْإِنْسِ يَعُوذُونَ بِرِجَالٍ مِنَ الْجِنِّ فَزَادُوهُمْ رَهَقًا {6}

6. And verily there is a group in man seeking shelter from the spirit which has made spirit over-bearing.

وَأَنَّهُمْ ظَنُّوا كَمَا ظَنَنْتُمْ أَنْ لَنْ يَبْعَثَ اللَّهُ أَحَدًا {7}

7. And they also though as you did, God shall not raise any alive (for accounting).

وَأَنَّا لَمَسْنَا السَّمَاءَ فَوَجَدْنَاهَا مُلِئَتْ حَرَسًا شَدِيدًا وَشُهُبًا {8}

8. And we approached the heavens and found it formidably fortified with shooting stars.

وَأَنَّا كُنَّا نَقْعُدُ مِنْهَا مَقَاعِدَ لِلسَّمْعِ ۖ فَمَنْ يَسْتَمِعِ الْآنَ يَجِدْ لَهُ شِهَابًا رَصَدًا {9}

9. And verily did we use to sit in a corner to overhear, and now if any attempts to do so shall find a lighting meteor.1

وَأَنَّا لَا نَدْرِي أَشَرٌّ أُرِيدَ بِمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَمْ أَرَادَ بِهِمْ رَبُّهُمْ رَشَدًا {10}

10. And certainly we do not know if (God) their providence wills ill of any on Earth or well of them.

وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنَّا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ كُنَّا طَرَائِقَ قِدَدًا {11}

11. And among us are the virtuous and the vicious, being split up in groups.

وَأَنَّا ظَنَنَّا أَنْ لَنْ نُعْجِزَ اللَّهَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَنْ نُعْجِزَهُ هَرَبًا {12}

12. And we are certain we shall not withstand Him on Earth nor reduce Him by running away.

وَأَنَّا لَمَّا سَمِعْنَا الْهُدَىٰ آمَنَّا بِهِ ۖ فَمَنْ يُؤْمِنْ بِرَبِّهِ فَلَا يَخَافُ بَخْسًا وَلَا رَهَقًا {13}

13. And certainly when we heard guidance, we put faith in it. He who believes in hs Providence has no fear of loss or disgrace.

وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمِنَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ ۖ فَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ تَحَرَّوْا رَشَدًا {14}

14. And verily amongst use are the obedient and the disobedient. Those who are obedient are to walk on the right way.

وَأَمَّا الْقَاسِطُونَ فَكَانُوا لِجَهَنَّمَ حَطَبًا {15}

15. And he who disobeys shall be fuel of hell.

وَأَنْ لَوِ اسْتَقَامُوا عَلَى الطَّرِيقَةِ لَأَسْقَيْنَاهُمْ مَاءً غَدَقًا {16}

16. Ad if they shall remain steady (following Divine Lights) certainly shall We endow on them copious rainfall (Divine Philosophy).

لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يُعْرِضْ عَنْ ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِ يَسْلُكْهُ عَذَابًا صَعَدًا {17}

17. So as to try him therein. He who shall turn away from Divine Lights shall be involved in intense punishment.

وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا {18}

18. And Divine Lights alone are His nominees, do not associate any with them.

وَأَنَّهُ لَمَّا قَامَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ يَدْعُوهُ كَادُوا يَكُونُونَ عَلَيْهِ لِبَدًا {19}

19. And verily when he (Propeht) stands to pray with God, the infidels (hypocrites) get round him.

قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَدْعُو رَبِّي وَلَا أُشْرِكُ بِهِ أَحَدًا {20}

20. Say, “I pray unto my Providence and do not associate any with Him.”

قُلْ إِنِّي لَا أَمْلِكُ لَكُمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا رَشَدًا {21}

21. Say, “I am not in authority to injure or benefit.2

قُلْ إِنِّي لَنْ يُجِيرَنِي مِنَ اللَّهِ أَحَدٌ وَلَنْ أَجِدَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مُلْتَحَدًا {22}

22. Say, “Neither shall any save me from Divine Wrath nor do I seek, barring Him, any other refuge.

إِلَّا بَلَاغًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِسَالَاتِهِ ۚ وَمَنْ يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّ لَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا {23}

23. “except I have to transmit Divine Message.”3 He who shall disobey God and His Prophet therein, verily has fire of hell wherein shall he ever abide.

حَتَّىٰ إِذَا رَأَوْا مَا يُوعَدُونَ فَسَيَعْلَمُونَ مَنْ أَضْعَفُ نَاصِرًا وَأَقَلُّ عَدَدًا {24}

24. Until whenthey will see what has been promised. They shall realize who is weak in securing assistance and strength in number.

قُلْ إِنْ أَدْرِي أَقَرِيبٌ مَا تُوعَدُونَ أَمْ يَجْعَلُ لَهُ رَبِّي أَمَدًا {25}

25. Say, “I do not know whether resurrection promised to you is near at hand or my Providence postpones.

عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ فَلَا يُظْهِرُ عَلَىٰ غَيْبِهِ أَحَدًا {26}

26. Knower of secrets does not divulge it to any (past and future).

إِلَّا مَنِ ارْتَضَىٰ مِنْ رَسُولٍ فَإِنَّهُ يَسْلُكُ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ رَصَدًا {27}

27. Except one with whom He is pleased among messengers, when He sends ahead and behind a guard (of angels).

لِيَعْلَمَ أَنْ قَدْ أَبْلَغُوا رِسَالَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَأَحَاطَ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ وَأَحْصَىٰ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ عَدَدًا {28}

28. To keep off those being overheard (by devils) and know they transmitted the message of his Providence and He has enumerated everyone.

Moral

1. Genii are spirits having ethered body and capable of assuming any shape. Before the Prophet’s coming to this world, they used to go up to Heaven and overheard the Divine Message and communicated to soothsayers, who, mixing it with their own guess, foretold events and misled creation.

2. The Prophet being God’s Beloved Prophet was advised with Divine secrets likely to occur until Dooms Day and Divine Lights. (Ahl al-Bayt) received the same in spiritual legacy.

  • 1. To chase him since coming to Our Prophet,they have been stopped from ascending.
  • 2. While transmitting Divine Message regarding Ali’s succession.
  • 3. Regarding Ali.