Table of Contents

Surah al-Nasr, Chapter 110

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful

Verses 1 – 3

إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ {1}

1. When Divine assistasnce and conquest comes

وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِي دِينِ اللَّهِ أَفْوَاجًا {2}

2. you will see people in hordes embracing Islam.

فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوَّابًا {3}

3. So, you glorify your Providence and pray forgiveness of sins.1 Verily He is Mighty at accepting penance.

Moral

On Conequest of Mecca:

Causes: During peace of Hadebiya, one of its terms was safeguarding the life of the conflicting parties residing in Mecca or Medina, the bani Khazaya, the fathful were hostile to Bani Bakr, the infidels at Mecca. The latter slandered the Prophet before the former which resulted in an altercation, leading to loss of life of the former. News reached the Prophet at Medina and Abu Sufyan failed to effect a fresh treat with the Prophet, who marched against Mecca, and Sufyan embraced faith, under intercession of Abbas, the Prophet’s uncle and secured security of life for self and those under his roof swave two songstresses, one of whom was slain and the other escaped. Later, the Prophet, withthe halp of Ali, destroyed the idols at Ka‘ba, said prayers andhanded keeys there of Talha, original holder. He accepted fealty to Islam at Mount Safa, with men in hands and ladies in a cup of water, on condition of their not associating, fornicating, stealing, and abiding by virtuous ordinances of Islam. Ali, rising on the Prophet’s shoulders, destroyed the final idol.

  • 1. On behalf of Shias.