Table of Contents

Surah al-Rahman, Chapter 55

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful

Verses 1 – 25

الرَّحْمَٰنُ {1}

1. God the Merciful.

عَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ {2}

2. Taught the Divine text.1

خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ {3}

3. Created the human being2.

عَلَّمَهُ الْبَيَانَ {4}

4. Inspired unto him the Divine knowledge (Ism-e-Azam).

الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ {5}

5. The sun and the moon are moving for a definite period.

وَالنَّجْمُ وَالشَّجَرُ يَسْجُدَانِ {6}

6. The creeper and the tree are in prostration.3

وَالسَّمَاءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيزَانَ {7}

7. He raised the sky above (Prophet and ascension) keeping on the ground the scale pan (his successor Ali)

أَلَّا تَطْغَوْا فِي الْمِيزَانِ {8}

8. Do not transgress in due obedience to him.

وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ {9}

9. Obey him without swallowing his rights.

وَالْأَرْضَ وَضَعَهَا لِلْأَنَامِ {10}

10. And this Earth is for public benefit (without any racial discrimination).

فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَالنَّخْلُ ذَاتُ الْأَكْمَامِ {11}

11. In which are fruits and dates in bunches.

وَالْحَبُّ ذُو الْعَصْفِ وَالرَّيْحَانُ {12}

12. And corn in ears and flowers.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {13}

13. Which of the two Divine bounties4 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ صَلْصَالٍ كَالْفَخَّارِ {14}

14. He who created man out dry ringing clay.

وَخَلَقَ الْجَانَّ مِنْ مَارِجٍ مِنْ نَارٍ {15}

15. And created the spirit from flame of fire.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {16}

16. Which of the two Divine bounties5 oh you man and spirit are you denying?

رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقَيْنِ وَرَبُّ الْمَغْرِبَيْنِ {17}

17. God of the East and West.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {18}

18. Which of the two Divine bounties6 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ {19}

19. He brought together the two seas and saline.7

بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لَا يَبْغِيَانِ {20}

20. In between is a partition of varying density to keep the distinction (without discord) in the person of the Prophet.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {21}

21. Which of the two Divine bounties8 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُمَا اللُّؤْلُؤُ وَالْمَرْجَانُ {22}

22. He brings out therefrom pearls and coral.9

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {23}

23. Which of the two Divine bounties10 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

وَلَهُ الْجَوَارِ الْمُنْشَآتُ فِي الْبَحْرِ كَالْأَعْلَامِ {24}

24. And for Him are like mountains, tall ships in the sea.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {25}

25. Which of the two Divine bounties11 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

Moral

Isme-e-Azam consists of 73 words, of which 25 were given to Adam, 25 to Noah, eight to Abraham, four to Moses, two to Jesus, with which he (Jesus) could enliven the dead and heal natural blind and lepers. Seventy-two are with the Prophet and his Ahl al-Bayt and the last reserved in the Almighty. (Man and spirit are K1 and K2).

Verses 26 – 45

كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ {26}

26. All on Earth are mortal,

وَيَبْقَىٰ وَجْهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ {27}

27. and shall survive the kingdom of Providence, the Glorious and Praiseworthy (declared by Divine Lights).

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {28}

28. Which of the two Divine bounties12 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

يَسْأَلُهُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ فِي شَأْنٍ {29}

29. He will account from inmates of Heaven and Earth. Every day He has significant functions.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {30}

30. Which of the two Divine bounties13 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

سَنَفْرُغُ لَكُمْ أَيُّهَ الثَّقَلَانِ {31}

31. Shortly shall He relieve you oh you might Divine Text ad Lights.14

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {32}

32. Which of the two Divine bounties15 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

يَا مَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَالْإِنْسِ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَنْ تَنْفُذُوا مِنْ أَقْطَارِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ فَانْفُذُوا ۚ لَا تَنْفُذُونَ إِلَّا بِسُلْطَانٍ {33}

33. You group of man and spirit, flee from the army of angels and Heaven and Earth, collected to capture you. If you can, you will not be able to escape but be subdued.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {34}

34. Which of the two Divine bounties16 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

يُرْسَلُ عَلَيْكُمَا شُوَاظٌ مِنْ نَارٍ وَنُحَاسٌ فَلَا تَنْتَصِرَانِ {35}

35. He shall pass on you flames of fire and pour molten copper which you will not be able to divert.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {36}

36. Which of the two Divine bounties17 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

فَإِذَا انْشَقَّتِ السَّمَاءُ فَكَانَتْ وَرْدَةً كَالدِّهَانِ {37}

37. When Heaven shall burst and redden like rose alike olive oil.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {38}

38. Which of the two Divine bounties18 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

فَيَوْمَئِذٍ لَا يُسْأَلُ عَنْ ذَنْبِهِ إِنْسٌ وَلَا جَانٌّ {39}

39. On that day shall some of you19 shall not be questioned of your sins.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {40}

40. Which of the two Divine bounties20 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

يُعْرَفُ الْمُجْرِمُونَ بِسِيمَاهُمْ فَيُؤْخَذُ بِالنَّوَاصِي وَالْأَقْدَامِ {41}

41. The culprits (fatalists) shall be recognized by sign marks on their face.21

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {42}

42. Which of the two Divine bounties22 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

هَٰذِهِ جَهَنَّمُ الَّتِي يُكَذِّبُ بِهَا الْمُجْرِمُونَ {43}

43. This is the hell which the fatalist falsified.

يَطُوفُونَ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ حَمِيمٍ آنٍ {44}

44. Shall they circumambulated in hell by angels amidst boiling liquid.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {45}

45. Which of the two Divine bounties23 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

Moral

Self-sufficient.

Verses 46 – 78

وَلِمَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ جَنَّتَانِ {46}

46. For him (who cherishes Divine Awe) are two paradises of Eden and Naeem.24

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {47}

47. Which of the two Divine bounties25 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

ذَوَاتَا أَفْنَانٍ {48}

48. Of variegated bounties.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {49}

49. Which of the two Divine bounties26 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

فِيهِمَا عَيْنَانِ تَجْرِيَانِ {50}

50. In both of which are flowing streams.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {51}

51. Which of the two Divine bounties27 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

فِيهِمَا مِنْ كُلِّ فَاكِهَةٍ زَوْجَانِ {52}

52. In variegated fruits in pairs.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {53}

53. Which of the two Divine bounties28 to you oh man and spirt are you denying?

مُتَّكِئِينَ عَلَىٰ فُرُشٍ بَطَائِنُهَا مِنْ إِسْتَبْرَقٍ ۚ وَجَنَى الْجَنَّتَيْنِ دَانٍ {54}

54. Reclining against pillows, on sofas, inlaid with satin and outlaid with silk, with closely approaching gardens, for picking fruits.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {55}

55. Which of the two Divine bounties29 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

فِيهِنَّ قَاصِرَاتُ الطَّرْفِ لَمْ يَطْمِثْهُنَّ إِنْسٌ قَبْلَهُمْ وَلَا جَانٌّ {56}

56. Therein are modest nymphs, untouched by man and spirit.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {57}

57. Which of the two bounties30 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

كَأَنَّهُنَّ الْيَاقُوتُ وَالْمَرْجَانُ {58}

58. Alike agate and coral.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {59}

59. Which of the two bounties31 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

هَلْ جَزَاءُ الْإِحْسَانِ إِلَّا الْإِحْسَانُ {60}

60. Can an obligation be returned but by its like?

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {61}

61. Which of the two Divine bounties32 to you oh man and spirit are you denying?

وَمِنْ دُونِهِمَا جَنَّتَانِ {62}

62. Besides these are two other paradises.33

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {63}

63. Which of the two Divine bounties34 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

مُدْهَامَّتَانِ {64}

64. Dark green are those gardens.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {65}

65. Which of the two Divine bounties35 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

فِيهِمَا عَيْنَانِ نَضَّاخَتَانِ {66}

66. Wherein spring forth two canals of musk and amber.36

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {67}

67. Which of the two Divine bounties37 to you ob man spirit are you denying.

فِيهِمَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَنَخْلٌ وَرُمَّانٌ {68}

68. Therein are fruits, dates, and pomegranates.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {69}

69. Which of the two Divine bounties38 to you oh man ad spirit are you denying.

فِيهِنَّ خَيْرَاتٌ حِسَانٌ {70}

70. Therein are your faithful wives better evolved.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {71}

71. Which of the two Divine bounties39 to you oh man spirit are you denying.

حُورٌ مَقْصُورَاتٌ فِي الْخِيَامِ {72}

72. And nymphs with down cast eyes under a curtain of pearls.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {73}

73. Which of the two Divine bounties40 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

لَمْ يَطْمِثْهُنَّ إِنْسٌ قَبْلَهُمْ وَلَا جَانٌّ {74}

74. Untouched by and man and spirit.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {75}

75. Which of the two Divine bounties41 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

مُتَّكِئِينَ عَلَىٰ رَفْرَفٍ خُضْرٍ وَعَبْقَرِيٍّ حِسَانٍ {76}

76. Reclining against pillows on lofty sofas preciously decorated.

فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكُمَا تُكَذِّبَانِ {77}

77. Which of two Divine bounties42 to you oh man and spirit are you denying.

تَبَارَكَ اسْمُ رَبِّكَ ذِي الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ {78}

78. Bountiful is your Providence All Glorious and Admirable.

Moral

Self-sufficient.

Note: Frequent repeating of Divine Bounties is a sure sign of coming inevitable punishment to the ungrateful criminals.

  • 1. To His 14 Divine Lights.
  • 2. Ali.
  • 3. I.e. Prophet and Divine Lights.
  • 4. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 5. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights as a source of guidance and creation.
  • 6. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights as a source of guidance and creation.
  • 7. In Fatima and Ali where they meet and do not discord.
  • 8. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 9. Hassan and Hussain.
  • 10. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 11. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 12. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 13. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 14. On Dooms Day to give an evidence as to who listened and who disregarded you.
  • 15. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 16. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 17. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 18. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 19. True followers of Divine Lights.
  • 20. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 21. Dark and blue eyes. they shall be seized by the hair of the forehead and feet for being beheaded on Resurrection.
  • 22. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 23. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 24. Viz. of Divine Lights and martyrs.
  • 25. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 26. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 27. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 28. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 29. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 30. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 31. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 32. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 33. For those admitted later. Paradise has in all eight gates. The others for their followers and the last for the virtuous not bearing ill-will to the Divine Lights.
  • 34. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 35. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 36. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 37. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 38. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 39. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 40. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 41. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.
  • 42. The Prophet and Ali as Divine Lights and source of guidance and creation.