Surah ‘Alaq, Chapter 96

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the Name of God the Compassionate, the Merciful

Verses 1 – 19

اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ {1}

1. Oh Mohammad, read out the name of your Providence who (first) created your light before physical creation at large).

خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ {2}

2. And created man fromthe clot.1

اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ {3}

3. Read (glorify) and your Providence is by far more exalted than any (conceivable) creation.

الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ {4}

4. Who taught (Ali) to write with the pen.2

عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ {5}

5. He taught Adam when he did not know (anything).

كَلَّا إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لَيَطْغَىٰ {6}

6. No,3 man is subject verily to transgression.

أَنْ رَآهُ اسْتَغْنَىٰ {7}

7. When he finds himself provided so much as to be independent of others.

إِنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الرُّجْعَىٰ {8}

8. Verily to your Providence is reversion (of everything).

أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ {9}

9. Did you notice4 preventing men contacting.

عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ {10}

10. His creature, when latter prays (unto Him).

أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ {11}

11. Do you see if the Prophet is on the right path?

أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ {12}

12. And orders piety (to be observed in all human dealings).

أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ {13}

13. Did you notice abu Jahal falsifying him and turning away from him?

أَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ يَرَىٰ {14}

14. Does he not know? Verily does God see (what he does).

كَلَّا لَئِنْ لَمْ يَنْتَهِ لَنَسْفَعًا بِالنَّاصِيَةِ {15}

15. No,5 ifhe does not desis, shall We certainly drag him by the forelock.

نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ {16}

16. Forelock which has sinned and erred.

فَلْيَدْعُ نَادِيَهُ {17}

17. Let him call upon his assembly.

سَنَدْعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ {18}

18. Shortly We shall command angels of hell.

كَلَّا لَا تُطِعْهُ وَاسْجُدْ وَاقْتَرِبْ ۩ {19}

19. No.6 Do not follow him. Rather, prostrate (before God) to gain (His Proximity).


Clear. Abu Jahal, who disbelieved and disliked the Prophet’s prostrating before God the Unique andhis failure to undo him, has been from couplet 9, to end pre-saging his destruction.

  • 1. This is the first surah revealed as per Divine Light 5.
  • 2. I.e. all about the world and the Future State.
  • 3. It is unfair to be ungrateful to His bounties when he is in power and pelf. Pray to be so much provided, as not to be independent of Him, nor reduced to such an extent as to stretch your hand to His creation.
  • 4. Valid ibne Mugaera.
  • 5. It is unfair, the infidel should talk so rudely.
  • 6. It is unfair he so deems he had better rectify himself.