Appendix K: Complete Tafseer from Agha Mahdi Pooya regarding 53:1-4

Complete Tafseer from Agha Mahdi Pooya regarding Surah An-Najm – Ayats 1-4 (53:1-4)

It is reported by Ibn Abbas that one night, after praying the Isha salat, the Holy Prophet told his companions: "At dawn, tomorrow, a star will descend on the earth from the heaven. On whomsoever's house it will come upon will be my heir, my successor, and he is the divinely commissioned guide." The star descended on Ali's house. The hypocrites began to whisper that in love of Ali the Holy Prophet had gone astray. On this occasion these verses were revealed. The Holy Prophet is mentioned as sahib (companion) because he was living among the people addressed in this verse.

"He does not speak of his own will" has also been mentioned in Deuteronomy 18: 18-:

"Then the Lord said to me (Musa) :"I will raise up for them a prophet like you, one of their own race, and I will put my words into his mouth. He shall convey all my commands to them."

It is also mentioned in John 16: 18:

(Isa said): "However, when he comes who is the spirit of truth, he will guide you into all the truth; for he will not speak on his own authority, but will tell only what he hears; and he will make known to you the things that are coming."

The Holy Prophet was always in communion with Allah. Whatever he said was the word of Allah and his actions were the fulfilment of the divine will, yet at the time of the treaty of Hudaybiya his close companion had doubts about his prophethood despite many verses of the Qur’an which assert that which has been said in verse 2 to 4, and his reputation as the most trustworthy and truthful among the people of Makka.