“To Allah (Almighty God) we belong, and to Him is our return.” (Qur'an 2:156).
Multitudes of men have walked on the surface of this Earth. They all belonged to different nations and cultures. A few of them made history for which they were remembered, whereas others were never to be mentioned again. Although each one was personally different from another - their habits, thinking and tastes differed - they all had two (2) things in common, first, they were all delivered from their mother’s womb (birth) and second, they all tasted death. Who claims he has lived a thousand years?
“The Sun travels to an appointed place. This is the decree of the Mighty, the All-Knowing.” (Qur'an 36:38).
Almighty God blesses us with all His gifts. The Sun gives us light during the day to help us see and it helps our crops grow so that we can eat. But the Sun also teaches us other things. The Almighty God causes the day to die with its setting and allows the night to take over, which is a time for rest. In this way, He may be showing us that all of us will eventually have to die just like the day.
And when the Sun rises in the morning again after our period of rest, it is as if Almighty God is telling us that we too will be raised to life after we have died. These are all signs of Almighty God to teach us to take care of our life.
One thing that we must remember is that death is
inevitable, and everything except the Almighty God
of course, will perish. Signs of death can be seen all around
us. At funerals we see people who were once walking
among us being buried in their graves. In the fall we see the
leaves turn from green to yellow and fall one at a time, and
in the winter we see trees, lifeless. In this way, all things in
this world will wither away and die.
According to an old fable, a man made an unusual agreement with Hazrat Izra’il (‘a) - the angel of death. He told Izra’il (‘a) that he would be willing to accompany him (as though he had a choice) only if Izra’il (‘a) would send him a notice well in advance. The agreement was made. Weeks became months and the months into years.
One bitterly cold night, as the man sat alone thinking of his success in life, Izra’il (‘a) tapped on his shoulder. “You are here too soon” the man cried out. “You sent no messenger. I thought we had an agreement!” Izra’il (‘a) whispered “Notice your hair, once it was full and black, now it has streaks of silver in it! Observe your face in the mirror and see the wrinkles. Yes! I have sent many messages through the years! I have kept my part. I am sorry that you are not ready for me but the order of Almighty God cannot be averted!”
Hence, hair color turning gray from black or wrinkles on the face are also the signs of nearing death, and the Almighty God is the only one who can bring the dead back to life.
Surely all men die, and just surely Almighty God give them life with His ability, and judges them on their deeds and actions. We know Almighty God is the Creator and can recreate us, because if one can do something he has the ability to do it again.
For instance, if your teacher asks you to draw a picture on the blackboard and color it. Then if after you have drawn it with beautiful colors, the teacher asks you to rub it out and do it again, could you repeat the same drawing again?
Of course, you would be able to repeat the picture. It is what you created and are capable of doing again.
From this example, we can understand Almighty God is able to give life to the dead because it is He Who created us in the beginning. Almighty God can surely give life to the dead. He judges them on their deeds. On Resurrection Day He will re-create the dead for judgment, and then allow the doer of good to enter paradise but cast the evil-doer into hell.
Hatred towards death and love of the world is the outcome of an ignorant person's mind, who thinks that the happiness of this world is his prosperity and good fortune. The world beset with numerous troubles and anxieties is about to end in misery and does not enjoy eternity, perpetuity and sincerity. A poet has referred to this in the following words - “Do not give your heart to this world, for its example is of an unfaithful bride who has never loved you, even for a night.
“Imam Ali (‘a) says: “If man will see how speedily his death is coming toward him he will abhor ambitions and will give up admiring the world.”
It is of utmost importance that man should hold death dear and consider it an opportunity of meeting with his Almighty, and not hate it and consider it as evil, but should take lessons from it. He should ask forgiveness from Almighty for his sins and tame the rebellious self (Nafs).
When the call of his Lord comes, he should welcome it with open arms accepting it to be a blessing from Almighty. He should be contented with the decree (Qadr) of Almighty.
He should also rejoice that shortly he would be taken to the presence of Ahlul Bait [Household of Prophet] (‘a) and meet his deceased companions and other believer brothers. He should also not be disheartened by the delay in death but should consider it as an opportunity afforded by Almighty to him to repent.
This delay would give him a chance to gather provisions useful for his journey to the other world, for the journey is tiresome and full of dangerous valleys and difficult paths.
In fact, a believer always remembers death, since his or her main goal is to reach the Almighty God. Hazrat Qasim (‘a), the son of Imam al-Hasan Al-Mujtaba (‘a), when asked concerning death at Karbala, answered: “death to me is sweeter than honey.”
Therefore, true believers, those who are sincerely devoted to the Almighty God, anticipate death since to them it signifies the long-awaited meeting with their creator.
During imprisonment, Imam Ali An-Naqi, Al-Hadi (‘a) had a grave dug up ready by the side of his prayer mat. Some visitors expressed concern or surprise. The Imam explained, “In order to remember my end I keep the grave before my eyes.”
Before a believer approaches the final moment of his/her life and death overtakes him, it is necessary that he wakes up from the state of negligence and prepares for the final everlasting place. This way he will be able to avoid bewilderment and the fear of the so-called untimely death.
At the time of leaving this world, as attested to by the Holy Qur'an, a person will be in one of two states - either he will be of the Companions of the Right, or the Companions of the Left1. If he is counted amongst the Companions of the Right, he will be in a good, final state, but if he is one of the Companions of the Left, he will be of those who have suffered a great loss
Once a man saw in his dream, that a Lion was chasing him! The man ran to a Tree, climbed on to it and sat on a branch. He looked down and saw that the Lion was still there waiting for him.
The man then looked to his side where the branch he was sitting on was attached to the Tree and saw that two Rats were circling around and eating the branch. One Rat was black and the other one was white. The branch would fall on the ground very soon.
The man then looked below again with fear and discovered that a big black Snake had come and settled directly under him. The Snake opened its mouth right under the man so that he will fall into it. The man then looked up to see if there was anything that he could hold on to. He saw another branch with a Honeycomb. Drops of honey were falling from it.
The man wanted to taste one of the drops. So, he put his tongue out and tasted one of the fallen drops of Honey. The Honey was amazing in taste. So, he wanted to taste another drop. As he did, he got lost into the sweetness of the Honey. Meanwhile, he forgot about the two Rats eating his branch away, the Lion on the ground and the Snake that is sitting right under him. After a while, he woke up from his sleep.
To get the meaning behind this dream, the man went to a pious scholar of Islam. The scholar said: The Lion you saw is your Death. It always chases you and goes wherever you go. The two Rats, one black and one white, are the night and the day. Black one is the night and the white one is the day. They circle around, coming one after another, to eat your time as they take you closer to Death.
The big black Snake with a dark mouth is your Grave. It's there, just waiting for you to fall into it. The Honeycomb is this world and the sweet Honey is the luxuries of this world. We like to taste a drop of the luxuries of this world but it's very sweet. Then we taste another drop and yet another. Meanwhile, we get lost into it and we forget about our time, we forget about our death and we forget about our graves.
Imam Ali (‘a) says:
“You are the game that death hunts. If you stand still it will seize (catch) you. If you ran (flee) away it will overtake you.”
“What is the life of this world but play and amusement? But best is the home in the hereafter, for those who are righteous. Will ye not then understand?” (Qur'an 6:32).
What is the reality of death? What is the philosophy of life and death? For answering these questions, first of all, we must clarify our perception regarding death, in other words, at the beginning we must see how exactly death is and how we must visualize it.
Usually, most of the people are alarmed and fearful upon hearing the word `death', and to them, death appears dreadful and terrifying, whereas, according to the Islamic ideology, this terminology or this subject has a different appearance and can be perceived in a different way. Basically, it can be said that those who fear death, consider it to be a negative entity.
According to this insight, death is an end of life and a moment of everlasting separation of man with his life. They believe that with death, the compounded substances of the body suffer a breakdown and return to nature and man too, is nothing except this very broken-down body. Hence, with death, everything ends with no hope remaining!
Indeed, with this view and insight, death is darker and more dreadful than every other thing and perhaps, no calamity, pain, sorrow and tragedy can be greater and more painful than the tragedy of death, because death would mean the burial of all the desires, hopes, longings and in short, the termination of all things for man - that man who loved life and eternity very dearly.
Anyway, Islam does not possess such a dark and fear-instilling view of death because according to the Islamic view, death is a positive entity. The moment of death is a moment of rebirth of man and a moment of his hastening out from a confined region of this world into a world, which is wide, expansive and rapturous. A world, wherein, man is not troubled by anxieties, sorrows and the material and natural limitations.
Of course, those who have habituated themselves to worries and limitations must free themselves of such habits. In other words, becoming free from the clutches of mother nature entails some transient hardships but after that, in place of a confined and dark place, man is taken into a world which is extensive, infinite and full of luminosity and happiness.
According to this view, death is not annihilation but is inherent fallout of one stage of progress and development of man. Similar to an infant in the womb of the mother, which, after reaching a particular stage of its development, just should not and cannot stay in the confined and dark womb of the mother and obtain nourishment from her blood, but must come out and continue its development in a more extensive world. Similarly, after a certain period, he should attain freedom from the confined and limited world of nature and hasten to another world, which is appropriate for his eternity-desiring soul.
In short, it is according to this view that life of man becomes pleasant and sweet and his death too, not only does not become a means of sorrow but also is regarded as an escape from the misfortunes, sorrows and limitations.
And if his death is like the death of the champions and by his own choice and on the path of Truth and as a result, can be called martyrdom, then surely it will be more pleasant and more sweet, and in the moment of death and departure from the world he shall experience such pleasure that only the very righteous and the martyrs on the path of virtue and piety have the knowledge of, and these are the very people who can taste this pleasure. This is because, those pleasures cannot be described and if ever described, does not possess the same pleasure (which is gained by experiencing it).
The reality of death, according to the Holy Qur'an (32:11), is `Tawaffa' and not `Faut'. `Tawaffa' means
the angels commissioned to seize the soul of man, seize it and release it from the captivity of the body and then transfer it to another world, towards his Lord.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (S) has said: “You have not been created to perish, but to remain forever. You only transfer from one home to another when you die.”
Why is it that man is created, and then after a certain period of time, in which he lives in this world, departs from it? If death is total annihilation and man after death becomes totally non-existent, this question is propounded with greater seriousness, meaning that, according to this assumption, the probability of the creation of man being futile and the life being vain and empty increases. But, in the event that we do not consider death to be a `negative entity' and define it to be a transfer or a renewed birth, still the question arises and seeks its answer as to why exactly do we come into the world and why exactly do we get transferred from it?
This very question can be expressed in one of the two possible ways:
i) What aim did Almighty God or the Agent possess in creating his creations, or in other words, what benefit does he wish to avail of by the life and death of man and other creations? If the question is put up in this form, it is necessary to state that the question and its answer is not related to our discussion and it must be deliberated in a discussion related and appropriate to it. All we can say is that Almighty God is an Independent Entity, and he avails of no benefit as a result of his creating his creations. Hence, the exact answer for “Then why did He create?” is related to profound, Gnostic topics.
ii) What purpose did Almighty God or the Agent have for his action? In other words, Almighty God created His creations and among them man, that they travel along which path and to where they reach or what goal they follow? If the above question is expressed in this manner, we must say that according to the Qur'anic verse, Almighty God created the heavens and the creations so that they recognize Almighty God and worship Him:
“And I have not created the Jinn and the Men except that they worship me.” (Qur'an 51:56).
In the meaning that, all the creations must, in their journey for perfection, reach a stage that they can, by means of man, become a mirror for the Divine Attributes, because it is in this stage that the worship and cognition of Almighty God can reach a stage which is befitting it.
In short, Almighty God created His creations and amongst them, man so that finally they reach the level of cognition of Almighty God and can understand His Beautiful Attributes and manifest them within themselves, because the real worship and cognizance of Almighty God can take the creation and man to a position and status, the specialties and the grandness of which must be referred to in Gnostic topics.
So according to this view, the philosophy of life and death, which are part of the creation of Almighty God, become clear. The life and death and basically, the changes in the material world and the transfer from one stage of life to another of it or the transfer from one world into another world, all of these
play a part in the journey of man and the creations towards perfection. Such changes or the ups and downs must be present, in the light of which, people can be tested, and the pure are separated from the impure. This is what, the Holy Qur'an says:
“Who created death and life that He may try you - which of you is best in deeds; and He is Mighty and Forgiving.” (Qur'an 67:2).
According to this verse, firstly, both life and death are part of the creation of Almighty God. Thus, death is a thing which Almighty God has created and hence cannot be a `negative entity', because a negative entity is not capable of being created.
Secondly, tests and trials are considered to be the philosophy of the creation of life and death so that it can be known who is the most righteous.
Of course, it should be known that this “test” is not in its literal meaning that takes place on an appointed time and is taken from one particular group or according to a pre-determined subject-matter, but it possesses a very wide meaning. In other words, the tests and trials here encompass all the moments of the life and death of man, his ups and downs during the span of his entire life, even during his transfer into the next world and after that too.
Basically, these changes and transfers prepare the ground for the development and progress of man. Similar to sportsmen, for whom, not only their competition is a trial and a test, but the pre-competition training is also considered as a form of test and these physic trials and tests, help to prepare them for the original competition.
Life and death and the transfer of man from one world to another world and also the bounties and at times the problems of life, according to the verses of the Holy Qur'an, are trials and tests for man which prepares him, stage by stage, for attaining his ultimate objective.
In the Holy Qur'an, interesting and varied interpretations have been made, regarding death, the study of all the aspects of which, shall become very elaborate, hence we suffice by mentioning a few of the beautiful and expressive interpretations, which have appeared in some of the verses.
The Holy Qur'an, in the last verse of the Surah Kahf, has expressed death as a meeting with Almighty God and says:
“So whoever desires to meet his Lord, he should do good deeds and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.” (Qur'an 18:110).
Another interpretation which the Holy Qur'an has and which makes clear the reality of death is “return to Almighty God”. However, the Islamic philosophers, regarding the manner of the creation of the entities (and amongst them, man) by Almighty God and after then, their return towards Almighty God, have subtle, profound and interesting theories. The Holy Qur'an says:
“Verily, we are Almighty God's and verily to Him shall we return.” (Qur'an 2:156).
One of the beautiful interpretations of the Holy Qur'an in the matter of death is. This word means seizing a thing in its entirety. Hence, according to the verse under consideration, the reality of death is that the angels commissioned to take the soul, seize the entire personality of man at the time of death, and remove it from the captivity of the body. They, then carry it to the Divine Presence:
“Say: the Angel of Death who is given charge of you shall cause you to die, and then to your Lord you shall be brought back.” (Qur'an 32:11).
The traditions also contain beautiful, subtle, instructive and interesting interpretations regarding death, some which are mentioned.
In some of the traditions, death has been referred to as a bridge, over which people, at the time of transfer from this world to the other world, shall cross and reach their goal, which is the other world. For example, Imam Husayn (‘a) on the day of `Ashura', speaking to his loyal companions said:
“Remain firm, O sons of noble people, because death is just a bridge which will cross you and transfer you from discomforts and troubles, into the extensive gardens of paradise. So which of you does not desire his freedom from prison and entering into a castle; of course, death for your enemies is like their being transferred from a palace and a castle into prison and torture.”
Concerning this Prophet Jesus (Hazrat ‘Isa) (‘a) has said:
“This world is like a bridge, cross it and do not build on it.”
In some of the traditions, death has been compared to clothes, which of course differs, with respect to a believer and an unbeliever. Death, for a believer is like dirty clothes, which he removes and frees himself from its dirtiness and unpleasant odor, whereas, death with respect to an unbeliever is also like clothes, but beautiful, costly and pleasant-smelling, which he must remove from his body at the time of transfer to the other world.
In some other traditions, death has been compared to sleep, in which the soul goes out of the body. The only fundamental difference between sleep and death is that the coming out of the soul from the body, at the time of sleep, is only for a short period of time. In addition, the connection between the body and the soul is not completely severed.
On the other hand, researches pertaining to the soul have proved that the soul maintains a connection with the body in a very special manner. While, at the time of death and after that, the severance of this connection is more complete than that during sleep, although, after death too, a weak connection does exist for a certain period.
Another point is that the coming out of the soul at the time of death continues up to the Universal Resurrection. This tradition says: Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (‘a) was questioned as to what is death? The Holy Imam (‘a) replied:
“Death is the very same sleep that comes to you every night. However this is a sleep, which is very long, and man shall not wake up from it until the Day of Judgment. Thus one who sees different types of pleasure and happiness in his sleep over which he, (in his wakefulness) has no power and similarly he sees the different types of fear-instilling things, while he has no power over them. Thus, how is the state of happiness and fear in the sleep? (The affairs shall be similarly so in the state of death too). This is death. So be ready and prepared for it.”
Holy Prophet Muhammad (S) says:
1. Most intellectual of man is he who remembers the death most.
2. One who gains the love and grace of Almighty Allah (swt), always death (Ajal) will be before his eyes and he will be always worried about his death. But the one who take Satan (Shaitan) as friend and becomes evil doer (Bad-Bakht). Satan overpowers him and indulge (Giraftaar) him in long desires and then he never remembers death.
3. Somebody asked Holy Prophet (S): How to gain reward of Shahid (Martyr of Jang-e-Ohad). He replied, by remembering death twenty (20) times in the day and night.
4. Remember the destroyer of pleasures. When asked what that was, he (S) replied, ‘Death’.
Imam Ali (‘a) says:
1. How poor is the son of Adam, he knows not his length of days nor understands his sickness. The sting of a flea will make him suffer, he smelts of sweat and dies of cough.
2. Every breath is a step towards death.
3. It is truly surprising that someone forget death even as they watch other dies.
4. The result of long life is disease and weakness.
5. Who leaves long will mourn (cries) on his friend.
Imam Husayn (‘a) says: “The children of Adam carry the mark of death like necklaces that adorn the neck of a bride.”
The fear of death, for most of the people, is not a matter which requires any evidence because it is totally obvious and we also see that a lot of people manifest extra-ordinary sensitivity with respect to the term `death' and its reality. Thus the actual matter is self-evident. That which requires proof and an answer is the reason for this fear and alarm as to why we fear death?
In answer to this question, it is possible to mention some reasons, which have also appeared in our traditions, and which are as follows:
In the previous discussions, we had mentioned that a lot of people considered death to be an eternal destruction of them self’s Consequently, it is but natural that they fear death and visualize it dark and gloomy, because the love for permanence and eternity is one of the natural instincts of people and each one in his own way, tries to protect himself from calamities and diseases and ensure his own permanence, and death, in his view, is greater and more pain-inflicting than any disease or calamity, because it is the start of his everlasting extinction.
Nevertheless, if the alarm and fear of death is as a result of non-recognition of the reality of death, then for the removal of this fear, it is vital that its reality, which is found in the Islamic insight, be understood and with regard to it, a strong conviction be developed. If a person bases his views regarding death on correct foundations, many of his fears regarding death will cease to exist because, once he comprehends that with death, he shall enter into a world, more extensive and eternal and also that he shall be liberated from the material, natural and corporeal shackles, how then would he consider it to be abominable and hateful.
One of the causes due to which man tends to fear death is that man, after death, steps onto an entirely new path and embarks upon an entirely new journey. Man, usually tends to travel on frightful paths, over which he has traveled a number of times and has not encountered any trouble, better than paths which are comparatively safer, but which are totally new. Since, the path being new and unfamiliar, it becomes reason for hesitation and anxiety, especially since no one, who has traveled this path, has brought any news about it, for the others.
Anyway, if the fear of death is due to the place and path being unfamiliar, then it is necessary that the reality of death be completely comprehended and one's conviction strengthened. In addition to this, it is necessary to obtain the necessary information by means of the Revelation and the traditions of the Infallible Imams (‘a) and the righteous people, regarding the stages, places of danger and the other particularities of death and after it, then believe in them and prepare one to encounter them.
Just like a person, who during the course of a journey, finds himself lonely and unaware of his whereabouts, manages to lessen his perplexity with the help of necessary information, maps and equipment's, we too must obtain the map of the way and the necessary information from authentic and reliable sources.
In a tradition from Imam Ali ibn Muhammad (‘a), it is narrated that he (‘a) approached one of his companions who was sick and in a state of crying and grieving and complaining due to fear of death. The Imam (‘a) then addressed him saying: “O servant of God, you fear death because you do not comprehend it.”
Then the Imam (‘a) presented an example and said: “If you had become dirty, and due to the excess of dirt and dirtiness you were in suffering and inconvenience, and you knew that the cure for all this lay in your taking a shower, would you wish to go to a bath and clean yourself or would you wish to remain in the same state of dirtiness and as a result continue to undergo the suffering.” The sick man said, “Yes, I would wish to take the shower.” Then the Imam (‘a) replied: “death (for you) is the very same shower.”
The point to be considered in the above tradition is that, the sick person was one of the companions of the Imam (‘a) and was aware of the Islamic insight regarding death, but in spite of this, was intensely fearful of death. And so, the Imam (‘a) by presenting an example explained to him the states and circumstances after death and thus calmed him.
Some of the people have comprehended the reality of death and are also aware of the Islamic insight regarding death. On the other hand, they have also obtained some information regarding the stations and the journey after death, however, in spite of all this, they still fear death.
This fear is not due to the two reasons previously mentioned but because they have not made available for themselves the tools and things necessary for this journey of theirs, while, on the contrary they have been paying more-than-necessary importance to their present lives; like a person who knows that he would have to spend the rest of his life in another country, but has not collected any money for his journey.
Instead, all that he has gathered is in the form of house, shop, land or other things which, presently, are neither capable of being changed, nor transferred. In other words, he has strived and worked and collected a capital, but the capital is such that it cannot be transferred and there is also nobody who will buy it. In short, it is not useful in any way for the objective, which he had in mind. Someone asked Imam al-Hasan (‘a): “Why are we reluctant to die, why don't we like death?”
“Because”, replied Imam al-Hasan (‘a), “You ruined your next world and developed this one; naturally, you do not like to be transferred from flourishing to decline.”
This kind of fear of death, which results from the lack of preparedness and the absence of the provisions of the journey usually occurs with the believers, which in reality is not fear of death but instead, fear of not possessing the sufficient provisions necessary for this journey.
Another point is that such a fear is usually mixed with eagerness. Because, on the one hand, a believer is eager for the Divine meeting and also for the companionship of the Righteous people. On the other hand, due to lack of sufficient piety and the necessary provisions, finds himself in a state of anxiety and fear, whereas the unbelievers do not possess such a fear and eagerness.
They fear the actual death, because they consider it to be a complete annihilation. Of course, it could be said that the fear of the unbelievers could have a universal meaning, and the causes of it could be those mentioned and also those not mentioned.
Nevertheless, death or transfer into another world is a universal law, acceptance of which or fear of which shall create no change in the law itself, and finally sooner or later, everyone shall taste the nectar or the poison of death. That, which is more important than death, is the preparation for it, and God willingly (Insha Allah); Almighty God shall bestow such a success upon us as in the next story.
There was a country long time ago where the people would change a king every year. The person who would become the king had to agree to a contract that he would be sent to an island after his one year of being a king.
One king finished his term and it was time for him to go to the island and live there. The people dressed him up in expensive clothes and put him on an elephant and took him around the cities to say goodbye to all the people. This was the moment of sadness for all the kings who ruled for one year. After saying farewell, the people took the king with a boat to the remote island and left him there.
On their way back, they discovered a ship that had sunk just recently. They saw a young man who survived by holding on to a floating piece of wood. As they needed a new king, they picked up the young man and took him to their country. They requested him to be a king for a year. First he refused but later he agreed to be a king. People told him about all the rules and regulations and that how he will be sent to an island after one year.
After three (3) days of being a king, he asked the ministers if they could show him the island where all the other kings were sent. They agreed and took him to the island. The island was covered with thick jungles and sounds of vicious animals were heard coming out of them. The king went little bit inside to check. Soon he discovered the dead bodies of all the past kings. He understood that as soon as they were left in the island, the animals came and killed them.
The king went back to the country and collected 100 strong workers. He took them to the island and instructed them to clean the jungle, remove all the deadly animals and cut down all the excess trees. He would visit the island every month to see how the work was progressing. In the first month, all the animals were removed and many trees were cut down.
In the second month, the whole island was cleaned out. The king then told the workers to plant gardens in various parts of the island. He also took with himself useful animals like chickens, ducks, birds, goats, cows etc. In the third month, he ordered the workers to build big houses and docking stations for ships. Over the months, the island turned into a beautiful place.
The young king would wear simple clothes and spend very little from his earnings as a king. He sent all the earnings to the island for storage. When nine (9) months passed like this, the king called the ministers and told them:
“I know that I have to go the island after one year, but I would like to go there right now.” But the ministers didn't agree to this and said that he has to wait for another three (3) months to complete the year.
Three months passed and now it was a full year. The people dressed up the young king and put him on an elephant to take him around the country to say goodbye to others. However, this king is unusually happy to leave the kingdom. People asked him, “All the other kings would cry at this moment and why are you laughing?”
He replied, “Don't you know what the wise people say? They say that when you came to this world as a baby, you were crying and everyone was smiling. Live such a life that when you are dying, you will be smiling and everyone around you will be crying. I have lived that life. While all the other kings were lost into the luxuries of the kingdom, I always thought about the future and planned for it. I turned the deadly island into a beautiful abode for me where I can stay peacefully.
“The moral lesson from this story is about how we should live our life. The life of this world is to prepare for the life hereafter. In this life, we shouldn't get lost into the deceiving and attractive things of this world and forget about what is to come in the afterlife. Rather, even if we are kings, we should live a simple life like our beloved Prophet Muhammad (S) and save all our enjoyments for the hereafter. May Almighty God make it easy for us. Amin.
Holy Qur'an urges us to prepare for tomorrow:
“O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and let every soul look to what (provision) He has sent forth for the morrow. Yea, fear Allah: for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.” (Qur'an 59:18).
Holy Qur'an says:
“Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (alone). It is He Who sends down rain, and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does anyone know what it is that he will earn on the morrow: Nor does anyone know in what land he is to die. Verily with Allah is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all things).” (Qur'an 31:34).
Once the angel of death (Izra’il) (‘a) appeared in the form of a human being in the court of Prophet Solomon (Sulayman) (‘a) and gazed continuously at a person present there for some time. That person asked Prophet Solomon (‘a), “Who was that person?” He (‘a) told him that, that was the angel of death. He remarked: “The angel of death had gazed at me in such a manner as if he had determined to take my life.”
Prophet Solomon (‘a) asked him, “What do you want?” He requested him to take him to India. He commanded the cloud to pick him up and drop him in India. Consequently, the cloud carried him to India. The angel of death came to Prophet Solomon (‘a) next day. Prophet Solomon (‘a) asked him, “Why did you fix your gaze at that person?” Angel of death replied: “I wondered that the Almighty God had commanded me to take the life of this person in India whereas he was sitting here in your presence.”
Hence that person reached India, his prescribe place of death, from the presence of Prophet Solomon (‘a), so that the angel of death can perform his job as ordered by Almighty God.
After some time, Prophet Solomon (‘a), with the staff in his hand, was viewing the kingdom around him, when he saw a young man approaching him. He was surprised and asked him, “Who are you and who gave you permission to enter the palace?”
The visitor replied: “I have come in with the permission of Almighty God, the owner of the universe. I am the angel of death and Almighty God has sent me to take your life away.”
Prophet Solomon (‘a) said: “Then allow me to go home to prepare for death and rest on my bed.” The Angel said: “No.
“While Prophet Solomon (‘a) stood leaning on his staff, his soul left him. His body remained standing for such a long time that the people and the Jinn believed him to have become a spirit or a magician. They carried on with the work entrusted to them by Prophet Solomon, until Almighty God caused the Ants to eat away the staff he was leaning on and his body fell to the ground.
Man is on trial in this world. Here, everyone is being tested; if one acts rightly, one will succeed in the trial of life. Neglect of the task that lies before one is tantamount to failure. Those who do not strive to succeeding the trial of life are doomed to failure, whether they like it or not.
Man can be likened to an ice-vendor in this respect, one whose ice is continually melting and who has to sell his merchandise before it all dissolves. If he delays in selling the ice, then he will have nothing left to sell; his capital and his profits will have vanished into thin air.
This same principle applies to the life of man. Man is rapidly moving towards a sorry end. There is only one thing he can do to avoid disaster, and that is to put the time he has been allotted on earth to the best possible use.
A successful ice-vendor is one who sells his ice before it has all dissolved. Similarly a successful person is one who puts his life to good use before it ends, and prepares for the life to come before it is upon him.
Man desires life, but sooner or later, he has to come to terms with death. Just as he is at the peak of his career, death comes and shatters it all. Suddenly, he has to face a world for which he has made no preparation.
Man aims at establishing his own glory on earth, but death comes and demolishes all the delusions of grandeur which he had nurtured, teaching him how powerless he is before death. Man wants to be his own lord and master, but his helplessness in the hands of fate shows that he has no control over his destiny. Man wants to satisfy his desires in this world, but he is foiled by death, which constantly eludes him in this world.
We must learn from death, for the secret of life is hidden in the message it has to teach us. Death shows us that we are not our own masters; that our stay on earth is only temporary; that the world is no place for the realization of our dreams. Death teaches us how to live; it shows us the way to real success.
“This world is like a serpent, so soft to touch, but so full of lethal poison. Unwise people are allured by it and drawn towards it, and wise men poison. Unwise people are allured by it and drawn towards it, and wise men avoid it and keep away from its poisonous effects.” Imam Ali (‘a) avoids it and keeps away from its poisonous effects.
People eat, drink and make merry in this world. They establish themselves in comfortable homes. They seek to win promotion in life. They believe or reject matters at will. They are free to do and say what they like. They strive to excel in whatever department of life they choose.
Man has been deluded by his worldly position. He thinks that what he owns in this world will always be his. He forgets that he is being put to the test by means of all the power, which he wields in this ephemeral world. Nothing that he has will last. Everything will be taken away from him. He will be stripped of even the most basic of the worldly amenities he used to enjoy. He will be brought before the Lord of the Universe to be judged.
All disparity between men will disappear on the “Day of Judgment.” Fear of God will seal everybody's tongue. Injustice will benefit no one; truth will be inescapable. Man will stand alone, answerable for his actions.
We must foresee the coming of that day before its arrival. Those who fail to see it coming before it is upon them will have to pay dearly for their shortsightedness. They will have to endure the punishment of hell fire.
Everyone's mind is full of hopes and ambitions. Everyone cherishes some dream and lies to think that he is progressing towards the fulfillment of that dream. Death puts paid to all his hopes and shows him that he has been traveling towards the world of God, not the world of his own fancies. The journey of his life is not destined to end in this world, he is bound for eternity. How ignorant man is of his own fate. How different from what he imagines his real destination.
Man spends his life ensuring that his children make the most of their future, but he does not live to see the fruits of his efforts. Before long he himself is forced to face future for which he has made no preparation. Man strives to build himself a comfortable home, but death comes between him and the enjoyment of which he dreamed. Man seeks to enrich himself; he thinks that the more he earns, the more he will advance in honor and prestige. But soon he has to come to terms with the fact that he is bound for the desolation of the grave rather than the honor and prestige of which he dreamed.
Man cannot do without ephemeral comforts. This obsession causes him to deny the stark realities of life. If only he realized that his temporary pleasures would soon be replaced by eternal torment then his attitude to life would change radically.
Man thinks he is free to do and say what he likes in this world. He accumulates wealth and thinks it will ensure his future security. He wields power fearlessly, certain that it will never be taken away from him. People are sure of themselves in this world they have no idea of the fate that is in store for them. Eventually death will put paid to the false security they feel in this world. They will be transported, in a helpless state with dreadful suddenness to the next world.
No one can escape this fate. When death comes, we will realize, with terror in our hearts, how wrong we had been about things in this world. What seems real to us in this world is, in fact, only a deception; the reality of things will only be revealed to us after death.
A person's attitudes will suddenly change when he perceives reality. “Lord”, he will cry, “I thought I was free in the world, but my freedom was only an illusion. I thought I was rich, but I have turned out to be destitute. I considered myself powerful, but now I have been exposed for the helpless creature that I was. I thought I had many friends in the world, but they have all deserted me; there is no one to help me now.”
This is what man should realize. But unfortunately man has forgotten that this is the reality that is going to affect him more than anything.
Once the Prophet of God, Hazrat Muhammad (S) was sitting amidst his Sahaba (Companions) in the mosque when all of a sudden he said: “Today I shall narrate a story to you all which will reveal three riddles for all of you to solve.” This hushed the crowd and they all listened to what the Holy Prophet had to say.
Hazrat Muhammad (S) continued by saying that once a man got to know that the days in his life was numbered and very soon he would be confronted with death. With this knowledge he feared his loneliness in the grave and went searching for true friends who would help and accompany him.
He knocked on the door of his first friend and asked whether he would help. To this the friend said, “of course, what are we here for.” But then the man went on to say that he had very few days to live after which he required help. As soon as he uttered this statement, the friend said: “I am sorry but when death does us apart, there is nothing we can do for you but buy you a place in the graveyard and some cloth (Kafan/Shroud) to cover your dead body.” Grieved but looking forward to his next friend, the man moved on.
On the second door, when he came face to face with his friend, and after narrating the entire story of his death and asked for help, the same answer was his fate again. The second friend said: “I have been there with you all your life and can help you here. But there's nothing I can do for you after you die except take your corpse to the graveyard and bury you.”
Lost in agony and despair, he headed for the third friend, very sure that he would receive the same answer but there was a tinge of hope left. When he confronted the third friend, and told him that he required help, the friend eagerly volunteered to help. But the man continued to say that I need help after I die. To which the third friend replied, “Do not worry, my dear friend! I shall accompany you to the grave, be there with you in the grave, even when the angels arrive for questioning (Munkar-o-Nakeer), then assist you on the bridge (Pul-e-Sirat) and then lead you to heaven.” To this the man heaved a sigh of relief and then passed away in peace.
The Prophet of God (S) then turned and asked his companions if anybody could identify the three friends and the man. When the prevailing silence didn't dissolve, the Holy Prophet continued to say, “The man in the anecdote is any other human being.” The first friend is “money/wealth”, things that help us only in life and not after we die.
The second family/friend was the “children (sons and daughters)”, we strive for them all our life and all they give us is a shoulder to the grave.
And the third and most important friend is “deeds (Aamal).” Who accompany us all the way through.
Moral: Do not strive for materialistic values that will give you nothing and help you in no way in your eternal life. But work and pray and ask forgiveness from Almighty God for only the good deeds assist mankind where every other thing loses value in the life hereafter!
Holy Prophet Muhammad (S) said:
1. “There are three friends of Human being - Wealth, Family and His Deeds.”
2. “Verily the love of this world is the root-cause of every evil”
3. “Who is most in danger?” Imam Sajjad (‘a) replied: “The one who does not regard the world dangerous for himself.”
Old age is a completely new experience for a person. Life loses all its meaning. One sees that one is about to plunge into an unknown world. One longs for a ray of hope at this decisive time; but death catches one unprepared. Suddenly one is robbed of all one's freedom. One enters a world where one is helpless and forlorn.
Death haunts us all. We tend to forget about it in our youth, but eventually the hand of fate holds sway. When our life on earth has run its course we are taken to a world of darkness a world in which we will be bewildered and confused because we had not prepared for it on earth.
In the daytime name knows that night is coming. He organizes his day in accordance with this knowledge. Then, when night falls, he is sure that soon a new day will break. Yet few are conscious of the coming of the hereafter. Few look forward to life death as one who travels by day looks forward to the coming night. Even fewer realize that we will be exposed to the raging fire of hell after death. Everyone seems to think that death and hell are for others, not for himself.
There will be no more sunrises, no minutes, hours or days. All the things you collected, whether treasured or forgotten, will pass to someone else. Your wealth, fame and temporal power will shrivel to irrelevance. It will not matter what you owned or what you were owed. Your grudges, resentments, frustrations, and jealousies will finally disappear. So, too, your hopes, ambitions, plans, and to-do lists will expire. The wins and losses that once seemed so important will fade away. It won't matter where you came from, or on what side of the tracks you lived, at the end. It won't matter whether you were beautiful or brilliant.
Even your gender and skin color will be irrelevant. So what will matter? How will the value of your days be measured? What will matter is not what you bought, but what you built; not what you got, but what you gave. What will matter is not your success, but your significance. What will matter is not what you learned, but what you taught. What will matter is every act of integrity, compassion, courage or sacrifice that enriched, empowered or encouraged others to emulate your example.
What will matter is not your competence, but your character. What will matter is not how many people you knew, but how many will feel a lasting loss when you're gone. What will matter are not your memories, but the memories that live in those who loved you. What will matter is how long you will be remembered, by whom and for what. Living a life that matters doesn't happen by accident. It's not a matter of circumstance but of choice. Choose to live a life that matters.
“We make a living by what we get; we make a life by what we give.”
When one undertakes to travel in the world there are numerous preparations to be made:
1. Tickets (means of travel)
4. Inoculations/Health certificates
5. Clothes (befitting the particular climate of the country of destination)
6. Money (in the right currency or recognized changeable funds)
7. Ensure that all is settled at home e.g. bills paid and etc
8. Leave behind someone trustworthy to look after affairs.
The same criteria apply to the transitional journey of death. The only difference being that we must be prepared all day, every day as the date of travel is not known. Fortunately, the tickets are provided by Almighty and we do not have to bear the cost.
Since there is a choice of destinations, the passport and visa requirements vary. For the destination of the pleasure of Almighty (Jannah/Heaven), the passport must confirm Bay'at to Almighty, his Prophets and the infallibles (Aimma). It must also testify to oneness of God (Tawheed), Justice (Adala) and Day of Judgment (Qiyama).
For the destination of hell (Jahannam), there is no need of a passport at all. The visas for heaven are even more difficult to obtain. Numerous qualifications are required amongst them truthfulness, patience, prayer (Salaa), poor rate (Zakaa), invite towards good values (Amr Bil Maroof), forbidding from Evil (Nahi Anal Munkar) and etc.
The clothes are simple and easily obtainable - A kafan (Shroud). The Holy Prophet (S) has said: “One of the qualities that purify the heart is to acquire a Kafan.”
Make sure all debts are paid or provisions made for them; be they in monetary terms or in the form of someone's feelings. Always keep a record of the dues to Almighty (Qadha Wajibat).
The funds to spend there must be in the right currency. In the hereafter, the only acceptable currency is rewards (Thawabs). Besides daily obligatory (Wajibat) and good deeds it is essential to invest in an investment that will yield constant return until Qiyama (Thawab-e-Jariya). Leaving behind someone to look after your affairs can be in the form of bringing up a righteous child and/or serving mankind by giving Zakaa of time, wealth, knowledge, which will adopt this role.
When we are leaving this world for the next one, it shall be like a trip to another country.
Where details of that country won't be found in a glamorous travel brochures, but in the Holy Qur'an and the Hadiths.
Where our plane won't be Indian Air Lines, British Airways, Gulf Air or Emirates, but Air Janaza.
Where our luggage won't be the allowed 30 KGs, but our deeds no matter how heavy they weigh. You don't pay for excess luggage. They are carried free of charge, with your Creator's compliment.
Where our dress won't be a Pierre Cardin suit or the like, but the white cotton shroud.
Where our perfume won't be Channel, Paco Rabane, but the Camphor and Attar.
Where our passports won't be Indian, British, French or American but Al-Islam; where our visa won't be the six months leave to stay or else, but, The “La Ilaha Illallah.”
Where the air hostess won't be a gorgeous female, but Izra’il and its like.
Where the in-flight services won't be 1st class or economy but a piece of beautifully scented or foul smelling cloth;
Where our place of destination won't be Heathrow Terminal 1 or Jeddah International Terminal but the last Terminal Graveyard;
Where our waiting lounge won't be nice carpeted and air-conditioned rooms but the 6 feet deep gloomy Grave (Qabr);
Where the Immigration Officer won't be His Majesty's officers, but Munkar and Nakeer; they only check out whether you deserve the place you yearn to go.
Where there is no need for Customs Officers or detectors.
Where the transit airport will be Al-Barzakh.
Where our final place of destination will be either the Garden under which rivers flow or the Hellfire.
This trip does not come with a price tag. It is free of charge, so your savings would not come handy.
This flight can never be hijacked so do not worry about terrorists.
Food won't be served on this flight so do not worry about your allergies or whether the food is Halal or Haram?
Do not worry about legroom; you won't need it, as your legs will become things of the past.
Do not worry about delays. This flight is always punctual. It arrives and leaves on time.
Do not worry about the in-flight entertainment program because you would have lost all your sense of joy.
Do not worry about booking this trip, it has already been booked, the day you became a fetus in your mother's womb.
Ah! At last good news! Do not worry about who will be sitting next to you.
You will have the luxury of being the only passenger. So enjoy it while you can. If only you can! One small snag though, this trip comes with no warning.
Are you prepared ... you better be prepared!
Just close your eyes and imagine,
You have just one more day to live;
One more day to show Allah,
To you “Heaven” should he give?
To say goodbye to your family,
And all your closest friends;
To ask for forgiveness,
And try to make amends;
Just close your eyes and imagine,
Did you miss a prayer or two?
Did you please Allah, and do the things,
He asks every Muslim to do?
Just close your eyes and imagine,
Tomorrow you will be gone;
No more second chances,
To smell the mist of dawn;
Just close your eyes and imagine,
The angels are going to come,
To take your soul and ask,
In your life “what have you done?”
Just close your eyes and imagine,
The words you want to say;
Will not come out you may realize,
For all your deeds you'll pay;
You want to speak out, to cry out,
In Allah I believe;
But, silence beckons you,
No more can you deceive;
Just close your eyes and imagine,
Your silence breaks away;
You tell the angels you believe in Allah,
And for him, you did pray;
You say as tears are pouring down,
Please, Allah, forgive me,
For the sins that I committed,
Have mercy is my plea!
Just close your eyes and imagine,
That the smell of musk surrounds you,
From your head down to your feet;
You realize Allah forgave you,
Hell fire you did defeat;
But we all know as Muslims,
When it's time for you to die;
You'll not be given a second chance,
To say a last goodbye;
So live each day as If it's your last,
And never forget to pray;
So when the angels come to ask,
You'll know the words to say.
Remember, you can try, but you cannot bury the truth!!!
“It is Allah Who gives you life, then gives you death; then He will gather you together for the Day of Judgment about which there is no doubt”: But most men do not understand. (Qur'an 45:26).
“Happy is the man who always kept the afterlife in his view, who remembers the Day of Reckoning through his deeds, who led a contented life and who was happy with the lot that Allah hath destined for him.” Imam Ali (‘a)
This is the tale of an Average Man,
Who acts contrary to Allah's plan,
If you are reflected herein,
Then repent and commit no sin.
It was early in the morning at four,
When death knocked upon a bedroom door,
“Who is there?” The sleeping one cried,
“I am Izra’il, let me come inside.”
At once the man began to shiver,
As one sweating in deadly fever,
He shouted to his sleeping wife,
“Don't let him take away my life.”
“Please go away, O Angel of Death!
Leave me alone; I'm not ready yet,
My family depends on me,
Give me a chance, O please perpend!
“The angel knocked again and again,
“Friend! I'll take your life without a pain,
It is your soul Allah requires,
I come not with my own desire.”
Bewildered, the man began to cry,
“O Angel, I'm so afraid to die,
I'll give you Gold and be your Slave,
Don't send me to the unlit grave.”
“Let me in, O Friend!” The Angel said,
“Open the door; get up from your bed,
If you do not allow me in,
I will walk through it, like a Jinn.”
The man held a gun in his right hand,
Ready to defy the Angel's stand,
“I'll point my gun, towards your head,
You dare come in; I'll shoot you dead.”
By now the Angel was in the room,
Saying, “O Friend! Prepare for your doom,
Foolish man, Angels never die,
Put down your gun and do not sigh.”
“Why are you afraid? Tell me O man,
To die according to Allah's plan?
Come smile at me; do not be grim,
Be Happy to return to Him.”
“O Angel! I bow my head in shame,
I had no time to take Allah's name,
From morning till dusk, I made my wealth,
Never even caring for my health.”
“Allah's commands, I never obeyed,
Nor five times a day, I ever prayed,
A Ramadan came and a Ramadan went,
But no time had I to repent.”
“The Hajj was already fared on me,
But I would not part with my money,
All charities, I did ignore,
Taking usury more and more.”
“Sometimes I sipped my favorite wine,
With flirting women I sat to dine,
O Angel! I appeal to you,
Spare my life for a year or two.”
“The Laws of Qur'an I will obey,
I'll begin Salaat this very day,
My Fast and Hajj, I will complete,
And keep away from self-conceit.”
“I will refrain from usury,
And give all my wealth to charity,
Wine and wenches I will detest,
Allah's oneness I will attest.”
We Angels do what Allah demands,
We cannot go against His commands,
Death is ordained for everyone,
Father, mother, daughter or son.”
“I'm afraid, this moment is your last,
Now be reminded, more of your past,
I do understand your fears,
But it is now too late for tears.”
“You lived in this world, two score and more,
Never did you, your people adore,
Your parents, you did not obey,
Hungry beggars, you turned away.”
“Your two ill-gotten, female offspring's,
In nightclubs, for livelihood they sing,
Instead of making more Muslims,
You made your children non-Muslims.”
“You ignored the Muezzin's Adhaan,
Nor did you read the Holy Qur'an,
Breaking promises all your life,
Backbiting friends, and causing strife.”
“From hoarded goods, great profits you made,
And your poor workers, you underpaid,
Horses and cards were your leisure,
Money-making was your pleasure.”
“You ate vitamins, and grew more fat,
With the very sick, you never sat,
A pint of blood, you never gave,
Which could a little baby save.”
“O Human, you have done enough wrong,
You bought good properties for a song,
When the farmers appealed to you,
You did not have mercy, this is true.”
The ending however, is very sad,
Eventually the man got very mad,
With a cry, he jumped out of bed,
And suddenly, he fell down dead.
O Reader, take a moral from here,
Never know, your end may be near.
Change your living and make amends,
For heaven on your deeds depends.
One of the famous saying of Imam Ali Al-Ridha (‘a) is as follows:
“This world is a prison for a believer”
“And a paradise for the unbeliever.”;This means that a true believer always aspires to leave this prison of his body and his Nafs and Ruh wants to get closer to the Almighty God, but those who do not believe have nothing further than their mortal lives and they aspire to make it a paradise. But in the process they create their own hell on earth for their aspirations are never-ending desires for accumulating material wealth.
Wherever you are, death will find you out; even you are in towers built up strong and high! (Holy Qur'an 4:78).
Money, holidays, a beautiful wife?
There is no point in us denying
Each heart beat brings us closer to dying
You'll breathe your last
Your life will have past
Death's not the end
You will taste death, death never waited
Look around you, everything's created
It has a creator, it has a meaning
A mother gives birth and then comes it's weaning
The sun rises and gives us light
It sets, then falls, the blanket of night
The plants all grow, when falls the rain
They give fruits to man, and they too will wane
Why does man think that he will get away?
Spending life aimlessly, as if he's here to stay
A fixed time is appointed, everything will perish
Everything you hate, everything you relish
Except the Almighty Allah, He will remain
And then will come judgment, all on one plain
Allah will say, I gave you life
I gave you health, wealth and a wife
What did you do with your time?
What did you do in your prime?
Did you spread my message, did you spread Islam?
Why not? Did you not read the Qur'an?
My friends, we Muslims, we are so blessed
Allah gave us Islam to supersede all the rest
My non-Muslim friends, the Qur'an must be read
Read before it's too late and you're dead
You owe it to yourselves, it will make you cry
You'll know these words are from the Lord most High
Instructing mankind to the purpose of life
And the reward my friends is everlasting life
Our purpose is to worship our Lord most High
The reward is heaven where no one will die
You'll have anything you want, all the best dishes
And Almighty Allah will grant all of your wishes
This life my friends is just a cage
We should live by His orders, to be safe from His rage
You will understand when you read the Holy Qur'an
You'll know the religion of truth is Islam
Protect yourself and your families from hell
Embrace Islam and all will be well
For the deeds of this life, you'll pay the price
In the depths of Hell or in Paradise
01. Hell is so deep that if a stone were to be thrown into it, it would travel for 70 years to reaching at the bottom.
02. The breadth of each of the four walls around Hell is equivalent to a distance covered by a walking journey of 40 years.
03. Hell has seven (7) gates.
04. Hell had been lit for one thousand years until its flames became red. Again it was heated for another thousand years till its color became white. Still again it was burnt for further thousand years and its white color flames turned pitch black.
05. Even the fiercest fire of this world is 70-fold cooler than the fire of Hell.
06. The lightest punishment in Hell would be the wearing of fiery shoes which would cause one's brain to boil.
07. Hell in infested with venomous snakes and scorpions of the size of donkeys and if they were to bite a person then he or she will suffer pain for 40 years.
08. For food, the dweller of Hell would be given (Zaqqum) which is a prickly tree, so bitter, that even if a single molecule of it were to spill onto this earth it would make all the foodstuff of the world bitter and unpalatable.
09. For drinking, the denizen of Hell would be provided with hot, boiling pus mixed with blood, matter, urine and tears etc. of the dwellers of Hell. If a bucket of this foul liquid were to be splashed over this earth, the entire world would be upset and disrupted by its most foul stink.
10. Boiling water would be poured over Jahannami's head and this will cause their internal organs to melt and leak out through their feet.
11. The inmates of Hell would be lashed with heavy clubs of iron.
12. The dwellers of Hell would be burnt daily for 70 thousand times. Every time, after the skin and flesh is burnt; they would be restored to life so that they can continuously taste this punishment.
13. All the haughty people will be gathered in the Hereafter and driven towards Hell but their bodies would be reduced to the size of Ants and they will be given to consume the excretions of the dwellers of Hell.
14. Some sinners would be made to climb “SAUD” which is a mountain of fire in Hell, and then dropped from its peak and this process would continue forever and ever.
15. The clothes of sinners in Hell would be highly inflammable.
16. Beside physical torture, the dwellers of Hell would also be subjected to mental harassment through the taunting by the guardian of Hell who will remind them of their misdeed on earth and remarks “Now tastes the fire” etc.
17. The sinners and disbelievers would be humiliated to such an extent that besides their revolting ugliness and pitch-black faces, their upper lips would be touching their foreheads and the lower lip dangling around the navel.
18. The dwellers of Hell would weep so much and shed so much of tears and blood that furrows would be formed on their cheeks.
19. The tongues of Hell-inmates would be so long and protruding From their mouths that others would trample and step on them.
20. The dwellers of Hell would display their rage and fury on those who led them astray.
21. The inhabitants of Hell would appeal to the guardians of Hell to intercede on their behalf in the court of Almighty but their pleas would be rejected. They would make direct supplication to Almighty but their prayers would not be granted.
22. They will then abide forever in Hell, continuously lamenting and braying like asses (jungle animals).
“O Allah! Save the compiler, his deceased parents and relatives as well as the readers and their families and deceased relatives from the punishment of Hell, and grant us all the high stations of Heaven without reckoning.”
General Knowledge: Elephants may pay homage to dead relatives - The elephants showed a strong preference towards an elephant skull (middle) rather than the skulls of a buffalo or a rhino.