Salah ("worship", صلاة; pl. صلوات ṣalawāt; also salat), or namāz (Persian: نَماز) in some languages, is one of the Five Pillars in the faith of Islam and an obligatory religious duty for every Muslim (Male & Female, with certain exemptions based on Taqwa). It is a physical, mental, and spiritual act of worship that is observed five times every day at prescribed times.
Salatul Dhuha is a Bid’ah like Salat Al-Taraweeh because the Prophet (SAWA) never prayed nor approved it. Even in Sunni books like Bukhari, there are Hadeeths that the Prophet never prayed Salat al-Dhuha.
We pray any time recommended prayers of two Rak'ats we can repeat it any number times. We also pray Salat Ja'far Al-Tayyar which is mentioned even in Sunni books as Salat al-Tasbeeh which two Rak'ats then two Rak'ats which include 300 times of Tasbeehat Arba' ( SUBHANALL WAL HANDULILLAH WALA ELLALLAH WALLAHU AKBAR).
There are two ways to perform this very authentic Salah.
Friday Prayer is very important in Shia Islam and it been performed in thousands of Shia Masjids all over the world. Shia Muslims don't join any Prayer which is been misused by wrong rulers as history has proven in many places where Friday Prayer was made to serve the wrong rulers.
'Our leading Maraaje' of Taqleed have issued verdicts about Friday Prayers. Many of them said it is compulsory to join Friday Prayers while other Maraaje; say the it Wajib Takhyeeri (optional compulsory) which means it is compulsory to join Friday Prayer or Dhuhr.
Sadaqa is always very good but it will never clear your responsibility to make up ( Qadha) of any missed obligatory Salah. Missed SALAH must be performed as Qadha by you. Even after death, it must be performed on your behalf as Qadha.
Missing Ruku' invalidate Salah because Ruku' is one of the basic five obligatory acts of Salah. If you remembered and performed Ruku; before going for next step, then your Salah will be valid. If you go ahead to next Rak'at, before performing Ruku', then Salah is invalid because of missing one basic obligatory act.
You need to refer to the experts in your area who have authentic evidence on the time of Fajr.
If you can not find such trusted experts,bayou should practice precaution (Ehtiyat).
We don't pray any obligatory prayer before being sure that the time has started.
No. There is no obligation to wear any cap while performing SALAH or reciting Quran. Women should obviously wear Hijab but there is no obligation on men to wear a cap or so. It is recommended for men who can to wear turban to do so while praying SALAH. No obligation at all to cover the head or wear a skull cap.
Yes, it would be valid, and there would be no issue with your prayer.
And Allah knows best
Yawning does not invalidate the ritual prayers (salat), although it is better manners to avoid excessive yawning if possible.
If you are very sleepy and have time to take a nap before the salat time ends, you can do that too.
There are some hadith narrated from Abu Hurayra along the lines that yawning and sneezing are from Shaytan. Some Sunni Muslims accept these hadith. Shi'i Muslims usually reject these hadith as incorrect/untrue (that is, in the Shi'i view, yawning and sneezing do not come from Shaytan). You may select whatever viewpoint is suitable for you (and Allah knows best).
Asr Prayer’s time starts immediately after completing Dhuhr Prayers, but if you want to separate between Dhuhr and Asr, then when the shadow of an item reaches two sevenths of it.
Isha prayer can be performed after performing Maghrib Prayer and it’s Nawafil but if you want to separate between Maghrib and Ish, then after the end of reddishness on the west.
No, it would not be considered a sin everytime you drive your car.
In the incident of you missing out on your prayer intentionally, repent for that, if you have not already done so, do the prayer you missed out on (as qadha`), and focus more on prioritising your prayers, in shaa Allah.
And Allah knows best
Being under the water for 5 minutes would, in most, if not all cases make water reach all parts of your head, and that would be enough for your ghusl. The important thing is you follow the correct procedure of ghusl, which is head/neck, then right side of body, then left side of body.
Avoiding excessive doubt is also very important.
And Allah knows best
If you recite Sura Al-Dhuha in your Prayer, you must recite along with it Sura Al-Inshirah because these two Suras are considered as one Sura in the Prayer. You must recite Bismillah Arrahman Arraheem for every Sura of them.
Same rule is for reciting Sura Quraish and Sura Al-Feel after Sura Al-Hamd in the Prayer.