Sayyid Ruhullah Musawi Khomeini

Ayatollah Sayyid Ruhullah Musawi Khomeini, also called Imam Khomeini, was the founder of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which saw the overthrow of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

He was born in 1902 in Khomeyn, in what is now Iran's Markazi Province. He began studying the Quran and the Persian language from a young age and was assisted in his religious studies by his relatives, including his mother's cousin and older brother.

Ayatullah Khomeini was a Marja ("source of emulation") in Twelver Shia Islam, as a high ranking mujtahid and expert in Islamic law and authored more than 40 books.

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