Chapter 15: The Adab of Ghusl

1. In al-Tahdhib: In his narration from Husayn ibn Sa’id, from al-Nadhr, from Muhammad ibn Abi Ja’far, from Mu’awiya ibn ‘Ammar who said: I heard Aba ‘Abdillah (as) saying: The Holy Prophet (S) used to take ghusl1 with one sa’2 and when he was accompanied by one of his wives he would take ghusl with a sa’ and a mudd3 (of water).4

Note: Kulayni has also mentioned this from Muhammad ibn Muslim adding: ‘They both took ghusl from one container.’ Similarly, (it is mentioned) by Shaykh Tusi with another chain (of narrators).5

2. In al- Ja’fariyat: In his narration from Ja’far ibn Muhammad from his father (as) who said: Hasan ibn Muhammad asked Jabir ibn ‘Abdallah about the ghusl of the Holy Prophet (S) so Jabir said: “The Holy Prophet (S) would pour water on his head three times.” Hasan ibn Muhammad said: “The hair on my head is many, as you can see,” to which Jabir replied: “O Hur6 do not say this, because the Noble Prophet (S) had more and better hair.7

Note: A similar tradition has also been narrated from Ja’far from his father (as) from Jabir.

3. From Ibn Shu’bah in Tuhf al-’Uqul: From ‘Ali (as): Ghusl on the days of ‘eid is a purification for those who would like their desires to be fulfilled and a (means of) following the sunnah.8

Note: A similar narration can be found in al-Bihar.9

4. From al-Saduq in al-Hidayah: al-Sadiq (as) said: The Friday ghusl is a sunnah compulsory for men and women, while traveling and at home and he (as) said: The Friday ghusl is a purification and an atonement for the sins that are committed from Friday to Friday. And the reason for the Friday ghusl was because the Ansar used to work tending their camels and cattle, and on Fridays they would come to the masjid and the people would be disturbed by the smell of their bodies. So Allah ordered the Prophet (S) to perform ghusl (on Fridays) thereby making it a sunnah.10

Note: A similar tradition can be found in al-Muqni’11

5. From Sayyid ibn Tawus in al-Iqbal: In his narration from Ibn Sinan from Abi ‘Abdillah (as) who said: Performing ghusl on the day of Fitr is a sunnah.12

6. In the same book, he mentions: From the section of the aghsal13 of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Ayyash al-Jawhari in his narration from ‘Ali (as): When the last ten days of Ramad’an would enter, the Holy Prophet (S) would prepare himself and leave his house to perform I’tikaf14 in the masjid. He would keep awake all night and would perform a ghusl between the Maghrib and ‘Isha prayers every night.15

Note: A similar narration is quoted with two other chains of narrators.16 Other aghsal will be mentioned in the section on salah – if Allah wills.

Addendum to this Chapter

1. In al-Ja’fariyat: In his narration from ‘Ali (as) who said: The Holy Prophet (S) said: Jibra’il told me to move my ring while performing wudhu and the ghusl of Janabah. 17

2. Also: From the Noble Prophet (S): Jibra’il told me to place my finger in my navel and wash it while I perform the ghusl of Janabah.18

3. The Holy Prophet (S) would perform ghusl on the following days: Fridays, the day of ‘Arafah, the day of Fitr and the day of Ad’ha.19

  • 1. Ritual Bath. (Tr.)
  • 2. An old measuring unit – approximately 3 liters. (Tr.)
  • 3. An old unit of measurement – approximately 750 ml. (Tr.)
  • 4. Tahdhib al-Ahkam 1:137
  • 5. al-Kafi 22:3, Tahdhib al-Ahkam 1:137
  • 6. A free man as opposed to a slave. (Tr.)
  • 7. al-Ja’fariyat: 22
  • 8. Tuhf al-’Uqul: 101
  • 9. Bihar al-Anwar 3:81
  • 10. al-Hidayah: 22-23, ‘Ilal al-Sharai’i: 285, Tahdhib al-Ahkam 3:9
  • 11. al-Muqni`: 45
  • 12. Iqbal al-A’mal: 279, Da`aim al-Islam 1:187
  • 13. Plural of ghusl . (Tr.)
  • 14. An act of worship where one stays in the masjid for 3-10 days. (Tr.)
  • 15. We found this (hadith) in Da`aim al-Islam 1:286
  • 16. Iqbal al-A’mal: 195
  • 17. al-Ja’fariyat: 18
  • 18. Ibid., 18
  • 19. Musnad Ahmad 4:78, Da`aim al-Islam 1:319 and Sunnah Ibn Majah 1:418