When the people of Nabi Nuh (‘a) called him a liar, he asked Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala:
رَبِّ انْصُرْنِي بِما كَذَّبُونِ
“O my Rabb! Help me, because they accuse me of lying.” (23:26).
When the people of Nabi Nuh (‘a) rejected him calling him a “madman”, Nabi Nuh (‘a) invoked the following Du’a:
أَنِّي مَغْلوبٌ فَانْتَصِرْ
“Behold (O my Rabb!), I am overcome, therefore help (me)”. (54:10).
When Nabi Nuh (‘a)’s people persecuted him to the extent that not only would they not allow him to deliver the message but also threatened to stone him to death, he invoked this from Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala:
قَالَ رَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِي كَذَّبُونِ
“O my Rabb! Behold, my own people treat me as liars.”(26:117).
فَافْتَحْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُمْ فَتْحًا وَنَجِّنِي وَمَنْ مَعِيَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
“Therefore, You judge between us a (conclusive) judgment, and save me and the believers who are with me.” (26:118).
The people of Nabi Nuh (‘a) continued to reject worship of only One God, Allah.
Finally, Nabi Nuh (‘a) invoked the following Du’a:
…رَبِّ لَا تَذَرْ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ دَيَّارًا
“…O my Rabb! leave not in the land one dweller from among the disbelievers.” (71:26).
إِنَّكَ إِنْ تَذَرْهُمْ يُضِلُّوا عِبَادَكَ وَلَا يَلِدُوا إِلَّا فَاجِرًا كَفَّارًا
“For indeed if you leave them they will send your slaves astray and will produce none except ingrates.” (71:27).
رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِنًا وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَلَا تَزِدِ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا تَبَارًا
“My Rabb! Forgive me and my parents, and him who enters my house believing, and believing men and believing women, and increase the evildoers in naught except perdition.” (71: 28).
The Qur’an tells us how Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, in His Wisdom ordered heavens and the earth to open up so that the entire earth was flooded. Nabi Nuh (‘a) boarded the Ark he had built inviting believers and a pair of each species of other creatures to board the Ark with him.
Nabi Nuh (‘a) did the following Du’a:
بِسْمِ اللّهِ مَجْراها وَمُرْساها إِنَّ رَبِّي لَغَفورٌ رَّحيمٌ
“In the name of Allah, be its sailing and (its) mooring. Undoubtedly, my Rabb is truly Forgiving, Merciful.” (11:41).
But there was from among his own sons, one who had not believed in the message of his father, Nabi Nuh (‘a). In spite of his father warning him of the impending danger of flooding and pleading with him, his son remained an unbeliever.
Nabi Nuh (‘a) prayed for his son as follows:
رَبِّ إِنَّ ابْنِي مِنْ أَهْلِي وَإِنَّ وَعْدَكَ الْحَقُّ وَأَنْتَ أَحْكَمُ الْحَاكِمِينَ
“O my Rabb! Behold my son is of my household. Your promise is true, and You are the best of Judges.” (11:45).
But Nabi Nuh (‘a)’s son was not to be saved. Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, knows everything and He informed Nabi Nuh (‘a) that his son was not from the righteous ones.
Nabi Nuh (‘a) did the Du’a to Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, asking for refuge in Allah and for forgiveness as follows:
رَبِّ إِنِّي أَعوذُ بِكَ أَنْ أَسْأَلَكَ ما لَيْسَ لِي بِهِ عِلْمٌ وَ إِلاَّ تَغْفِرْ لِي وَتَرْحَمْني أَكُنْ مِّنَ الخَاسِرينَ
“O my Rabb! I seek refuge in You (from the sin) that I should ask You that whereof I have no knowledge. Unless You forgive me and have Mercy upon me, I shall of those who are ruined.” (11:47).
Finally, when Nabi Nuh (‘a)’s ark set sailing amid deluge of floods, Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, in His Mercy asked Nabi Nuh (‘a) to pray like this:
رَبِّ أنْزِلْني مُنْزَلاً مُّبارَكاً وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الـمُنْزِلينَ
“O my Rabb! Disembark me with a blessed disembarking, because You are the Best of Disembarkers.” (23:29).
Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, then let mankind settle again after the floods. Communities began to grow. Allah continued with His Promise and sent Anbiya’ to guide the communities.
Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, then sent Nabi Hud (‘a) to the people of Aad. Qur’an reveals in Chapter 11 (Surah Hud) as follows:
وَإِلَىٰ عَادٍ أَخَاهُمْ هُودًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُمْ مِنْ إِلَٰهٍ غَيْرُهُ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلَّا مُفْتَرُونَ
“To the ‘Ad People (We sent) Hud, one of their own brethren. He said: "O my people! Worship Allah! Ye have no other god but Him. (Your other gods) ye do nothing but invent!” (11:50).
يَا قَوْمِ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِنْ أَجْرِيَ إِلَّا عَلَى الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
"O my people! I ask of you no reward for this (Message). My reward is from none but Him Who created me: will ye not then understand?” (11:51).
وَيَا قَوْمِ اسْتَغْفِرُوا رَبَّكُمْ ثُمَّ تُوبُوا إِلَيْهِ يُرْسِلِ السَّمَاءَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِدْرَارًا وَيَزِدْكُمْ قُوَّةً إِلَىٰ قُوَّتِكُمْ وَلَا تَتَوَلَّوْا مُجْرِمِينَ
"And O my people! ask forgiveness of your Rabb, and turn to Him (in repentance): He will send you the skies pouring abundant rain, and add strength to your strength: so turn ye not back in sin!" (11:52).
قَالُوا يَا هُودُ مَا جِئْتَنَا بِبَيِّنَةٍ وَمَا نَحْنُ بِتَارِكِي آلِهَتِنَا عَنْ قَوْلِكَ وَمَا نَحْنُ لَكَ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ
“They said: "O Hud! No Clear (Sign) hast thou brought us, and we are not the ones to desert our gods on thy word! Nor shall we believe in thee!” (11:53).
إِنْ نَقُولُ إِلَّا اعْتَرَاكَ بَعْضُ آلِهَتِنَا بِسُوءٍ قَالَ إِنِّي أُشْهِدُ اللَّهَ وَاشْهَدُوا أَنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِمَّا تُشْرِكُونَ
"We say nothing but that (perhaps) some of our gods may have seized thee with imbecility." He said: "I call Allah to witness, and do ye bear witness that I am free from the sin of ascribing, to Him” (11:54).
مِنْ دُونِهِ فَكِيدُونِي جَمِيعًا ثُمَّ لَا تُنْظِرُونِ
"Other gods as partners! So scheme (your worst) against me, all of you and give me no respite.” (11:55).
Then he continued as the Qur’an reveals:
إِنِّي تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ رَبِّي وَرَبِّكُمْ مَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ آخِذٌ بِنَاصِيَتِهَا إِنَّ رَبِّي عَلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ
“I put my trust in Allah, my Rabb and your Rabb! There is not a moving creature, but He hath grasp of its forelock. Verily it is my Rabb that is on a Straight Path.” (11:56).
فَإِنْ تَوَلَّوْا فَقَدْ أَبْلَغْتُكُمْ مَا أُرْسِلْتُ بِهِ إِلَيْكُمْ ۚ وَيَسْتَخْلِفُ رَبِّي قَوْمًا غَيْرَكُمْ وَلَا تَضُرُّونَهُ شَيْئًا إِنَّ رَبِّي عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَفِيظٌ
“If ye turn away― I (at least) have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Rabb will make another People to succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. For my Rabb hath care and watch over all things.”(11:57).
وَلَمَّا جَاءَ أَمْرُنَا نَجَّيْنَا هُودًا وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَعَهُ بِرَحْمَةٍ مِنَّا وَنَجَّيْنَاهُمْ مِنْ عَذَابٍ غَلِيظٍ
“So when Our decree issued, We saved Hud and those who believed with him by, (special) Grace from Ourselves: We saved them from a severe Penalty.” (11:58).
وَتِلْكَ عَادٌ جَحَدُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَعَصَوْا رُسُلَهُ وَاتَّبَعُوا أَمْرَ كُلِّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ
“Such were the ‘Ad people: they rejected the Signs of their Rabb and Cherisher; disobeyed His Messengers; and followed the command of every powerful, obstinate transgressor.” (11:59).
وَأُتْبِعُوا فِي هَٰذِهِ الدُّنْيَا لَعْنَةً وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَلَا إِنَّ عَادًا كَفَرُوا رَبَّهُمْ أَلَا بُعْدًا لِعَادٍ قَوْمِ هُودٍ
“And they were pursued by a Curse in this Life― and on the Day of Judgment. Ah! Behold! For the ‘Ad rejected their Lord and Cherisher! Ah! Behold! Removed (from sight) were ‘Ad the people of Hud!” (11:60).