Ad’iyyah Invoked By Nabi Ibrahim (‘A)

Nabi Ibrahim (‘a)’s Ad’iyyah in the Qur’an touch our very souls. Many of these Ad’iyyah are read also in our qunut.

Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) supplicates here to Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, to save himself and the believers from the persecution at the hands of unbelievers.

رَبَّنَا عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ

“O our Rabb! In You do we trust, and unto You do we turn repentant, and unto You is our journeying.” (60:4).

رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

“O our Rabb! expose us not for trial unto the unbelievers, and forgive us, O our Rabb. Behold, it is You who is the Mighty, Wise.” (60:5).

Here, Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) does the Du’a for himself and his father (guardian):

رَبِّ هَبْ لِي حُكْمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ

“O my Rabb! bestow upon me wisdom, and join me with the righteous.” (26:83).

وَاجْعَلْ لِي لِسَانَ صِدْقٍ فِي الْآخِرِينَ

“And appoint for me a reputation for truth among my posterity.” (26:84).

وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنْ وَرَثَةِ جَنَّةِ النَّعِيمِ

“And make me one of the heirs of the Garden of Bliss.” (26:85).

وَاغْفِرْ لِأَبِي إِنَّهُ كَانَ مِنَ الضَّالِّينَ

“And pardon my father (guardian). Behold! he has been from those who are astray.” (26:86).

وَلَا تُخْزِنِي يَوْمَ يُبْعَثُونَ

“And abase me not on the Da ywhen they will be raised up” (26:87).

يَوْمَ لَا يَنْفَعُ مَالٌ وَلَا بَنُونَ

“The Day when neither wealth nor sons will avail” (26:88).

إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

“Except unto him who comes to Allah with an untainted heart (free of evil).” (26:89).

Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) departed from his people when they persecuted him; he prayed to Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, asking for a son.

وَقَالَ إِنِّي ذَاهِبٌ إِلَىٰ رَبِّي سَيَهْدِينِ

“Behold! I am going to my Rabb, who will guide me.” (37:99).

رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ

“O my Rabb! Grant me [a son] from the righteous.” (37:100).

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, granted Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) a son, Nabi Ismail (‘a). Later, when Allah asked him to build the Ka’aba, Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) built it with his son Nabi Ismail (‘a) and he petitioned to Allah in the form of Du’a like this:

وَإِذۡ قَالَ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمُ رَبِّ ٱجۡعَلۡ هَـٰذَا بَلَدًا ءَامِنً۬ا وَٱرۡزُقۡ أَهۡلَهُ ۥ مِنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٲتِ مَنۡ ءَامَنَ مِنۡہُم بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ قَالَ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَأُمَتِّعُهُ ۥ قَلِيلاً۬ ثُمَّ أَضۡطَرُّهُ ۥۤ إِلَىٰ عَذَابِ ٱلنَّارِ‌ وَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ

“And remember Abraham (Ibrahim) said: "My Rabb! Make this a City of Peace, and feed its people with fruits―such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He said: ‘(Yea) and such as reject faith―for a while will I grant them their pleasure, but will soon drive them to the torment of fire―an evil destination (indeed)’!”(2:126).

وَإِذۡ يَرۡفَعُ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمُ ٱلۡقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ ٱلۡبَيۡتِ وَإِسۡمَـٰعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلۡ مِنَّآ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ

“And remember Abraham and Isma’il raised the foundations of the House (with this prayer): ‘Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us; for thou art the All-Hearing the All-Knowing’.” (2:127).

رَبَّنَا وَٱجۡعَلۡنَا مُسۡلِمَيۡنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَآ أُمَّةً۬ مُّسۡلِمَةً۬ لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبۡ عَلَيۡنَآ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

“Our Rabb! Make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.” (2:128).

رَبَّنَا وَٱبۡعَثۡ فِيهِمۡ رَسُولاً۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡہِمۡ ءَايَـٰتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيہِمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ

"Our Rabb! send amongst them a Messenger of their own who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them and instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom, and purify them; for Thou art the Exalted in Might the Wise." (2:129).

In one comprehensive and a long Du’a Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, revealed to Rasul Allah (S), Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) is seen praying for almost everything. In this wonderful supplication, Nabi Ibrahim (‘a) is beseeching following from Allah:

رَبِّ اجْعَلْ هَذا البَلَدَ آمِناً وَاجْنُبْني وَبَنِيَّ أَنْ نَّعْبُدَ الأَصْنامَ

“O my Rabb! Make this nation (Makka) secure, and preserve me and my progeny from worshipping idols.” (14:35).

رَبِّ إِنَّهُنَّ أَضْلَلْنَ كَثيراً مِّنَ النَّاسِ فَمَنْ تَبِعَني فَإِنَّهُ مِنِّي وَمَنْ عَصَاني فَإِنَّكَ غَفورٌ رَحيمٌ

“O my Rabb! Behold, (these idols) have led astray many from the mankind. Therefore, whosoever will follow me, shall indeed be of me. But from those who shall not follow me, only You indeed are Forgiving, Merciful.” (14:36).

رَّبَّنا إِنِّي أَسْكَنْتُ مِنْ ذُرِّيَّتي بِوادٍ غَيْرِ ذِي زَرْعٍ عِنْدَ بَيْتِكَ المُحَرَّمِ رَبَّنا لِيُقيموا الصَّلاةَ فَاجْعَلْ أَفْئِدَةً مِّنَ النَّاسِ تَهْوي إِلَيْهِمْ وَارْزُقْهُمْ مِنَ الثَّمَراتِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَشْكُرونَ،

“O my Rabb! behold, I have caused to settle my offspring (here) in an uncultivated (barren) valley near to Your sanctified House so that they may keep up prayer; therefore make the hearts of some people yearn towards them and provide them with fruits; haply they may be grateful:” (14:37).

رَبَّنا إِنَّكَ تَعْلَمُ مَا نُخْفي وَما نُعْلِنُ وَما يَخْفى عَلى اللّهِ مَنْ شَيءٍ في الأَرْضِ وَلا فِي السَّماءِ،

“O my Rabb! Behold, You know what they conceal and what they reveal; But absolutely nothing is hidden from Allah, either in the earth or in the heavens. (14:38).

الحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذي وَهَبَ لِي عَلى الكِبَرِ إِسْماعِيلَ وَإسْحاقَ إِنَّ رَبِّي لَسَميعُ الدُّعاءِ،

All the praise be to Allah who granted me (even) in my old age Isma’il and Ishaq. Behold my Rabb is indeed the Hearer of the Du’a.” (14:39).

رَبِّ اجْعَلْني مُقيمَ الصَّلاةِ وِمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتي رّبَّنا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعاءِ،

“O my Rabb! Make me and from my posterity establish the Salat.” (14:40).

رَبَّنا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوالِديَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنينَ يِوْمَ يَقومُ الْحِسابُ

“O my Rabb! Forgive me, my parents and believers on the Day of Accounting” (14:41).