Ad’iyyah Invoked By Nabi ‘Isa Ibn Maryam (‘A)

The Qur’an shows us that the disciples of Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a) asked him for a table laden with food from heaven. Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a) asked them to fear Allah and remain steadfast in their belief. The disciples insisted that they desired to eat thereof to satisfy themselves that Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a) had spoken the truth to them. They further said that they wanted to be the witnesses themselves.

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, provided for them able laden with food from the heaven after Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a) did the following Du’a to Allah.

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا أَنْزِلْ عَلَيْنَا مَائِدَةً مِنَ السَّمَاءِ تَكُونُ لَنَا عِيدًا لِأَوَّلِنَا وَآخِرِنَا وَآيَةً مِنْكَ وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

“O Allah our Rabb! Send down to us a table from the heaven so that it may be a feast for us, unto the first of us and the last of us, and a Sign from You, and provide for us sustenance, for You are the Best of Providers.”(5:114).

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, provided as a clear Sign from Him the table laden with food as we read in the Qur’an, but also admonished them to believe. If they were to disbelieve after they had seen for themselves this Sign Allah sent for them from the heavens, they would be punished the punishment not meted out to any creatures before.

It is important to know that the fundamental message of Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a) to his people, the Children of Isra’il, was this:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ هَذا صِراطٌ مُّسْتَقيمٌ

“Undoubtedly, Allah (alone) is my Rabb and your Rabb. Therefore, worship only Him. That is the Only Way that is Straight.” (3:51).

When Nabi ‘Isa (‘a) felt disbelief from them, he asked who would help him in the cause of Allah. The disciples of Nabi ‘isa ibn Maryam (‘a) replied in the form of this wonderful Du’a:

رَبَّنا آمَنَّا بِما أَنْزَلْتَ وَاتَّبَعْنا الرَّسولَ فَاكْتُبْنا مَعَ الشَّاهِدينَ

“O our Rabb! We believe in that which You have revealed, and we follow the Rasul (Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam). Therefore, write us down with those who bear witness to the Truth.” (3:53).

Later, in a wonderful episode we read about the Seven Sleepers in Surah 18, Surah al-Kahf, we see the youths who were being persecuted because of their belief in Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a)’s true message.

They were put in real plight as the pagan Roman emperor at the time was forcing all his subjects to worship the female deity Diana.1 These seven youths refused to give up the true message of Nabi’Isa ibn Maryam (‘a). The emperor gave them three days to decide or submit to the court’s executioners to be killed. In this plight, hthey did this heart-rendering Du’a:

رَبَّنا آتِنا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً وَهَيِّئْ لَنا مِنْ أَمْرِنا رَشَداً

“O our Rabb! Give us the Mercy from Your Presence and shape for us the right solution in our plight.” (18:10).

It is interesting to note that this episode relates to the youths commonly known as ‘the Seven sleepers’. Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, inspired them to take refuge in the cave where Allah mad them to sleep for over two centuries. He made them His Sign for mankind to reflect on the Truth of Allah’s Might and the reality of the Day of Judgment.

Allah will surely raise us after our death; just as He raised these youths after long sleep.

These youths could not be forced by the pagan emperor to worship idols if they did not want to. Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, strengthened their hearts as they stood up to say that they would never worship anyone except the One Allah. They did an excellent Du’a:

وَرَبَطۡنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ إِذۡ قَامُواْ فَقَالُواْ رَبُّنَا رَبُّ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ لَن نَّدۡعُوَاْ مِن دُونِهِۦۤ إِلَـٰهً۬ا لَّقَدۡ قُلۡنَآ إِذً۬ا شَطَطًا

“Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, fully helped them and their episode became the Sign of Allah for all mankind.” (18:14).

We have in our books excellent ahadith showing the merits for reciting Surah al-Kahf at least once a week beginning Thursday night to Fridays every week.

  • 1. The old temple of the female deity Diana, was considered in the old times to be one of the wonders of the world.