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Ad’iyyah Invoked By The Seal Of All Anbiya, Muhammad Rasul Allah (S)

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

“I begin in the name of Allah the All-Merciful The Compassionate” (1:1).

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

“All the Praise and all the Glory belongs to Allah The Rabb of the Universe” (1:2).

الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

“The All-Merciful, The-Compassionate” (1:3).

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

“Master of the Day of Judgement” (1:4).

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

“Only You do we Worship and only Your help do we seek” (1:5).

اهدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

“Show us the Right Path” (1:6).

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ

The Path of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, Not of those on whom is Your Wrath and Not of those who go astray. (1:7). 1

إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإنَّا إِلَيْهِ راجِعونَ

“Verily, we are Allah’s, and unto Him we are to return.” (2:156). 2

رَبَّنا آتِنا في الدُّنيا حَسَنَةً وَفي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنا عَذابَ النَّارِ

“O our Rabb! give unto us that which is good in this world and that which is good in the Hereafter and guard us from the doom of the (Hell) fire.” (2:201).

This Du’a is unique for Muslims. It is also reported that this was the Du’a often repeated by Rasul Allah (S) himself. It is often repeated by Muslims. Similar Du’a asking for the good in our earthly life and in the Hereafter is also revealed in Surahs: 7:156; 16:30; and 16:122.

And for those who ask for good only in their life in dunya alone and not the Hereafter, Allah reveals in Surah Ash-Shura:

مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ الْآخِرَةِ نَزِدْ لَهُ فِي حَرْثِهِ وَمَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ حَرْثَ الدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَمَا لَهُ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنْ نَصِيبٍ

“Whosoever desires the harvest of this world, We shall give him some thereof, but he will have no share in the Hereafter”. (42:20).

The following two Du’as are the two unique Ayat from the Qur’an. These two are the very last two Ayatain from Surah al-Baqarah. Sources tell us that these two wonderful Du’as are the gifts Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, bestowed for the Muslim Ummah when Rasul Allah (S) was returning from Me’raj.

ءَامَنَ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ كُلٌّ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَتِهِۦ وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّن رُّسُلِهِۦ‌ وَقَالُواْ سَمِعۡنَا وَأَطَعۡنَا‌ غُفۡرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ

“The Messenger believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah, His angels, His books, and His Messengers "We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His Messengers." And they say: "We hear and we obey; (We seek) Thy forgiveness, Our Rabb (Lord), and to Thee is the end of all journeys." (2:285).

رَبَّنا لا تُؤاخِذنا إِنْ نَسينا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنا رَبَّنا وَلا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنا إِصْراً كَما حَمَلْتَهُ عَلى الّذينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنا رَبَّنا وَلا تُحَمِّلْنا ما لا طاقَةَ لِنا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنا وَارْحَمْنا أَنْتَ مِوْلانا فَانْصُرْنا عَلى القَوْمِ الكافِرينَ

“On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can that it earns. (Pray): "Our Rabb! (Lord!) Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Rabb! (Lord!) Lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us; Our Rabb (Lord!) Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; help us against those who stand against faith." (2:286).

رَبَّنا لا تُزِغْ قُلوبَنا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنا وَهَبْ لَنا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الوَهَّابُ

“O our Rabb! do not cause our hearts to swerve after You have guided us aright and bestow upon us Mercy from Your presence. Truly You are the best owner of bounties without measure.” (3:8).

رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ جَامِعُ النَّاسِ لِيَوْمٍ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُخْلِفُ الْمِيعَادَ

“O our Rabb! You are He that will gather mankind together against a Day about which there is never any doubt: for Allah never fails in His Promise.” (3:9).

رَبَّنا إِنَّنا آمِنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنا ذُنوبَنا وَقِنا عَذابَ النَّارِ

“O our Rabb! Truly we believe. Forgive us therefore our sins, and keep us from the torment of the (Hell) Fire.” (3:16).

قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ مَالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتَنْزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُعِزُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ وَتُذِلُّ مَنْ تَشَاءُ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“O Allah! Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty unto whom You wills and You withdraws sovereignty from You wills. You exalt whom You wills and You abase whom You wills. In Your Hand is the Good. Undoubtedly You have the Power over all things.” (3:26).

تُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهَارِ وَتُولِجُ النَّهَارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَتُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَتَرْزُقُ مَنْ تَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

“You cause the night to pass into the day and You cause the day to pass into the night. You bring forth the living out of the dead and you bring forth the dead out of the living. And (it is) You (who) gives sustenance to whom You wills without measure.” (3: 27).

رَبَّنا ما خَلَقْتَ هَذا باطِلاً سُبْحانَكَ فَقِنا عَذابَ النَّارِ

“…O our Rabb! You have not created this in vain. Glorified You are. Preserve us therefore from the torment of the (Hell) Fire.” (3:191).

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, tells us in the Ayat (verses) preceding the above Du’a that in the creation of the heavens and the differences in the night and the day are signs for the intelligent ones who reflect and remember Allah standing, sitting and reclining and saying the above Du’a (combined with Ayat 192, 193 and 194). We are told that when Rasul Allah (S) received this revelation, he could not sleep that night as he was reflecting, tossing and turning on his sides, glorifying Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala. Here are the Ayat 192-194.

رَبَّنا إِنَّكَ مَنْ تُدْخِلِ النَّارَ فَقَدْ أَخْزَيْتَهُ وَما لِلظَّالِمينَ مِنْ أَنْصارٍ

"Our Rabb (Lord!) Any whom You does admit to the Fire Truly thou cover with shame, and never will wrong-doers find any helpers!” (3:192).

رَّبَّنا إِنَّنا سَمِعْنا مُنادِيَّاً يُنادي لِلإيـمانِ أَنْ آمِنوا بِرَبِّكُمْ فَئاَمَنَّا رَبَّنا فَاغْفِرْ لَنا ذُنوبَنا وَكَفِّرْ عَنَّا سَيِّئاتِنا وَتَوَفَّنا مَعَ الأَبْرارِ

"Our Rabb (Lord!) We have heard the call of one calling (us) to faith, ’Believe ye in the Lord', and we have believed. Our Rabb (Lord!) forgive us our sins blot out from us our iniquities and take to Yourself our souls in the company of the righteous.” (3:193).

رَبَّنا وَآتِنا ما وَعَدْتَنا على رُسُلِكَ وَلا تُخْزِنا يَوْمَ القِيامَةِ إِنَّكَ لا تُخْلِفُ المِيعادَ

"Our Rabb (Lord!) Grant us what Thou didst promise unto us through Thy Messengers, and save us from shame on the Day of Judgment: for thou never break Your promise." (3:194).

When Muslims were being persecuted in Makka, they did the following Du’a:

رَبَّنا أَخْرِجْنا مِنْ هَذِهِ القَرْيَةِ الظَّالِمِ أَهْلُها وَاجْعَلْ لَّنا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ وَلِيًّا وَاجْعَلْ لَّنا مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ نَصيراً

“O our Rabb! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from You one who will protect; and raise for us from You one who will help.” (4:75).

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, shows us in the Qur’an that when the believers listen to that which has been revealed to Rasul Allah (S) their eyes overflow with tears as they make the following Du’a:

رَبَّنا آمَنَّا فَاكْتُبْنا مِنَ الشاهِدينَ

“O our Rabb! We believe. Therefore, write us down among those who bear witness (to the Truth).” (5:83).

During the Battle of Uhud, when Muslims saw that they were losing the Battle, some of them ran away; but some stayed without flinching and knowing for sure that Allah is with them. In the following Ayat Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, reveals praising them showering them with love for being patient and faithful.

وَكَأَيِّن مِّن نَّبِيٍّ قَاتَلَ مَعَهُ رِبِّيُّونَ كَثِيرٌ فَمَا وَهَنُواْ لِمَا أَصَابَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ وَمَا ضَعُفُواْ وَمَا اسْتَكَانُواْ وَاللّهُ يُحِبُّ الصَّابِرِينَ

"And how many a prophet there has been with whom were many Godly men fought; so they did not falter despite what afflicted them in the way of Allah, nor did they weaken, nor did they yield, and Allah loves the patient, (the steadfast)." (3:146).

They did not run away. We are also told in reference to this Ayat that this also refers to the bravery, faith and perseverance of the companions of the former Anbiya.

The revelation clearly encourages the Muslims to be brave and not to flinch and to be constant.

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, loves servants who do not abandon perseverance and reveals further that how they made the Du’a to Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala.

وَمَا كَانَ قَوْلَهُمْ إِلاَّ أَن قَالُواْ ربَّنَا اغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَإِسْرَافَنَا فِي أَمْرِنَا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ

"And their statement was nothing but that they said: ' Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and our prodigality in our affair and make our feet firm and help us against the disbelieving folk '." (3:147).

In other Du’as, Rasul Allah (S) was asked to do the following beautiful Du’a:

قُلْ إِنَّني هَداني رَبِّي إِلى صِراطٍ مُسْتَقيمٍ ديناً قِيَماً مِّلَّةَ إِبْراهيمَ حَنيفاً وَما كانَ مِنَ الـمُشْرِكينَ

“Say: “Truly my Rabb has guided me to a way that is straight, a religion of right, the Creed of Ibrahim, the True in Faith, and he was certainly not from the idolaters.” (6:161).

قُلْ إِنَّ صِلاتِي وَنُسُكي وَمَحْيايَ وَمَماتي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ العالَمينَ،

“Say: “Truly my prayer and my sacrifice, my life and my death, are for Allah, the Cherisher of the Universe.” (6:162).

We have sources3 that show Rasul Allah (S) use to recite this Ayat at the beginning of each Salat, before reciting Surah al-Fatiha. And many Muslims follow this Sunnah of Rasul Allah (S) and regularly recite this with their Salat before reciting surah al-Fatiha.

لا شَريكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنا أَوَّلُ المُسْلِمينَ

“No partner has He: This I am commanded, and I am the first of those who bow to His Will.” (6:163).

We are told in the books of Tafasir that:

“- Death encompasses life, life encompasses rites of worship, and rites of worship encompass prayer. Therefore, prayer is the center within worship.

- Islam means to surrender before the command of Allah and all the Prophets have been included in this command.

1) Prophet Nuh considered himself a Muslim – one who submits:

وَأُمِرْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

“I have been commanded to be of those who submit to Allah.” (10:72).

Someone who submits to Allah’s will is called a Muslim, hence Prophet Nuh’s self-attribution as a Muslim.

2) Prophet Ibrahim asked Allah to make himself and his children submissive to Him:

رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُسْلِمَةً لَكَ

“Make us submissive to You, and raise from our progeny a nation submissive to You.” (2:128).

3) Prophet Yusuf asked Allah to let him die a Muslim.

…تَوَفَّنِي مُسْلِمًا…

“Let my death be in submission to You.” (12:101).

4) The Prophet of Islam is considered the first Muslim:

وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

“…and I am the first of those who submit [to Allah].” (6:163).

To be the “first” signifies that he either was the first to submit for his time or had the highest level of surrender over all others”.4

There was one time when Rasul Allah (S) distributed booty to Muslims. Although the booty distributed by Rasul Allah (S) was fair, some companions, instead of being grateful, they were ungrateful and complained that it was not a fair distribution. Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, guided them and revealed that only if they had content with what Allah and His Rasul gave them and had done this Du’a it would have been better for them.

وَلَوۡ أَنَّهُمۡ رَضُواْ مَآ ءَاتَٮٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَقَالُواْ حَسۡبُنَا ٱللَّهُ سَيُؤۡتِينَا ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦ وَرَسُولُهُ ۤ إِنَّآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ رَٲغِبُونَ

“If only they had been content with what Allah and His Messenger gave them and had said "sufficient unto us is Allah! Allah and His Messenger will soon give us of His Bounty: to Allah do we turn our hopes! [That would have been the right course]”. (9:59).

Immediately after the worship of Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, one of the foremost duties Muslims have is to their parents. At more than four different places in the Qur’an, Allah has shown that immediately after His worship, it is enjoined upon mankind to show kindness to their parents.

The Du’a below is from Surah Bani Israil in which immediately after the injunction Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, gives to worship none other than only Him, He commands that we show kindness to our parents.

Allah asks us to be careful regarding our parents in their old age and not to say even a “fie” to them or even reproach them.

Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, asks us instead to speak them with great respect and to lower them the wing of submission and affection; and to do this Du’a for them:

وَٱخۡفِضۡ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ ٱلذُّلِّ مِنَ ٱلرَّحۡمَةِ وَقُل رَّبِّ ٱرۡحَمۡهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرً۬ا

“And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and say: "My Lord! Bestow on them Thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood." (17:24).

رَّبِّ أَدْخِلْني مُدْخَلَ صِدْقٍ وَأَخْرِجْني مُخْرَجَ صِدْقٍ وَاجْعَلْ لِي مِنْ لَّدُنْكَ سُلْطاناً نَّصيراً

“O my Rabb! Cause me to enter with a true entry, and to come forth with a true forthcoming, and provide me from Your Presence a helping power.” (17:80).

Sources tell us that the above Ayat is one of the prophecies to happen when finally there will be the declaration of Islam. There will be the advent of the last Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (atfs) together with the return of Nabi ‘Isa ibn Maryam (‘a) and together they will establish Islam. All falsehood will disappear.

Sources also tell us that the wider meaning of this is also to ask help from Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, in all movements. The Imams of Ahl al-Bayt (‘a) also command this = seeking help from Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala.5

At one place in the Qur’an, Rasul Allah (S) is asked by Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, to do the following Du’a to Allah the Exalted. Allah reveals to Rasul Allah (S) : “High above all is Allah, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur’an before its revelation to you is completed, but say as shown below here, “Rabbi zidnii ‘ilman”.

رَبِّي زِدْني عِلْماً

“O my Rabb! Advance me in knowledge” (20:14). 6

From among the beautiful and inspiring Ad’iyyah we see here, are the two most helpful in our daily life are the following in which Rasul Allah (S) is asked to say:

رَّبِّ إَمَّا تُرِيَنِّي ما يوعَدونَ،

“O my Rabb! If You will show me that which they are promised, then” (23:93)

رَبِّ فَلا تَجْعَلْني في الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمينَ

“O my Rabb! Include me not among those who do wrong.” (23:94).

For us, the Du’a we are making is that we should not be one of those on whom the punishment from Allah is to descend. We should not be among the company of those who do wrong.

These two Du’as above are very inspiring beautiful Du’as and are a kind of prophecy where Rasul Allah (S) had to make the hijrah to Yathrib (Madina) and Makkan Quraysh would eventually be overthrown. The eventual prophecy we are shown by commentators is that evil will face eventual punishment when the time is ripe in Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala’s Promise He makes.

The punishment upon the Makkan Quraysh was amply fulfilled and Islam became the only True Faith established. It is very interesting to read in the seerah of Rasul Allah (S) how all this unfolded and how Rasul Allah (S) handled the Victory over the Makkans. History shows him as the Rasul who is truly the Rahmatun li al-’Alameen (Blessing to the universe). The two Du’as above are from Surah al-Mu’minun.

This Surah also reveals some more Ad’iyyah and are extremely inspiring. Read, memorize, understand from the translations how inspiring these Ad’iyyah are for real Believers and the benefits derived. For example,

وَقُل رَّبِّ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنۡ هَمَزَٲتِ ٱلشَّيَـٰطِينِ

“O my Rabb! I seek refuge with You from the suggestions of ShAyatin (the evil ones)” (23:97).

وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ رَبِّ أَن يَحۡضُرُونِ

“And I seek refuge with You O my Rabb lest they approach me.” (23:98).

رَبَّنا آمَنَّا فَاغْفِرْ لَنا وَارْحَمْنا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّاحِمينَ

“O my Rabb! We believe. Forgive us therefore and have Mercy upon us, for You are the best of those who show Mercy.” (23:109).7

رَّبِّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَمْ وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّاحِمينَ

“(Say): O my Rabb! Forgive me and have Mercy; for of the Merciful, You are The Best.” (23:118).

Following Surah al-Mu’minun, we have Surah al-Furqan. How excellent are the following Ad’iyyah we can do for our family, our children.

Imagine you are in your home doing Salat in Jama’at or just have gathered for other family occasions and recite this Du’a and teach others to memorize and understand these beautiful Following Surah al-Mu’minun, we have Surah al-Furqan. How excellent is the following Du’a we can do for our family, our children. Imagine you are in your home doing Salat in Jama’at or just have gathered for other family occasions and recite this Du’a and teach others to memorize and understand this beautiful cople of Du’as.

Many times I have Alhamdulillah spoken about these in my Jumu’a khutba and other places to emphasize the importance of these Du’as from Sura al-Furqan.

رَبَّنا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذابَ جَهَنَّمَ إِنَّ عَذابَها كانَ غَراماً

“O our Rabb! Avert us from the torment of the Hell; without any doubt, the torment thereof is Severe.”(25:65).

إنَّها ساءَتْ مُسْتَقَرًّا وَمُقاماً

“Truly it is an ill-abode and a wretched place to rest in.” (25:66).

And again, the following truly inspiring, like all other Du’as, the following revealed words directly from the Qur’an:

رَبَّنا هَبْ لَنا مِنْ أَزْواجِنا وَذُرِّيَّتِنا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنا لِلْنُتَّقينَ إِماماً

“O our Rabb! Grant us in our spouses and off-spring, the coolness to our (eyes), and give us (the Grace) to lead the Righteous.” (25:74).

اللَّهُمَّ فاطِرَ السَّماواتِ وَالأَرْضِ وعالِمِ الغَيْبِ وَالشَّهادَةِ أَنْتَ تَحْكُمُ بَيْنَ عِبادِكَ في ما كانوا فيهِ يَخْتَلِفونَ

“O Allah! Originator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the secret and the manifest, it is You who will judge between Your slaves concerning that in which they differ.” (39:46).

رَبِّ أَوْزِعْني أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتِكَ الَّتي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلى والِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صالِحاً تَرْضاهُ وَاَصْلِحْ لي في ذُرِّيَّتي إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَ المُسْلِمينَ

“O my Rabb! Inspire me that I may be grateful for the favour with which You have favoured me and upon both my parents, and that I may do good deeds which will please You. And (O Allah) be Gracious to me in my offspring. Truly have I turned to You, and truly I submit myself (fully to You) in Islam.” (46:15).

رَبَّنا اغْفِرْ لَنا وَلِإِخْوانِنا الَّذينَ سَبَقونا بِالإِيمانِ ولا تَجْعَلْ في قُلُوبِنا غِلاًّ لِّلَّذينَ آمَنوا رَبَّنا إِنَّكَ رَءوفٌ رَّحيمٌ

“O our Rabb! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in the Faith, and put not in our hearts any rancour against those who believe. Behold, You are Compassionate, Merciful.” (59:10).8

This is a wonderful Du’a most appropriate for Muslims all over the world in every age. Muslims should always be united with each other in their hearts. They should not carry any hatred towards their fellow believers. Rather, they should ask Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, for His Grace and His Mercy and do this Du’a which Allah has revealed for us. (I have mentioned this also in my footnote below).

رَبَّنا أَتْمِمْ لَنا نورَنا واغْفِرْ لَنا إِنَّكَ على كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَديرٌ

“O our Rabb! Perfect for us our light and absolve us. Without any doubt, You are The Almighty.” (66:8).

This is a snapshot of what it will be like on the Day of Resurrection. The believers will have a Light shining from them. This Light will run in front of them and on their right hands as they will be doing this Du’a.

May Allah, Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, rise us on that day among them. Ameen, Ya Rabb al-’Alameen.

  • 1. See chapter: “Importance Of Surah Al-Fatiha” for this explanation of this Surah al-Fatiha.
  • 2. In Islam, the climax of virtue is sabr (patience) in the face of calamity. When calamity falls and one knows full well that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has promised trials like fear, hunger, and loss of wealth and fruits (of one’s toil) in this world; and one remains steadfast invoking the above Du’a with full conviction in the3 way of Allah, then one is promised by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala the reward as revealed in the Qur’an:

    وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْءٍ مِنَ الْخَوْفِ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِنَ الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَنْفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ

    “And We will most certainly try you with somewhat of fear and hunger and loss of property and lives and fruits; and give good news to the patient” (2:155).

    الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ

    “Who, when a misfortune befalls them, say: Surely we are Allah's and to Him we shall surely return.” (2:156).

    أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ

    “Those are they on whom are blessings and mercy from their Lord, and those are the followers of the right course.” (2:157).

  • 3. See Qurttabi, Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Al-Jami’ li--Ahkam al-Qur’an, vol. 7, p. 153. (see in www.al-Islam.org (“…Verses 162-165 of Surah al-An‘am by Muhsin Qara’ati, Translated by Sabika Mithani
  • 4. See al-Islam.org “Verses 162-165 of Surah al-An’am explaining from Qurttabi, Muhammad ibn Ahmad, Al-Jami’ li-Ahkam al-Qur’an, vol 7.
  • 5. See p. 906 “The Holy Qur’an”: With English translation of the Arabic Text and Commentary according to the Version of the Holy Ahl Al-Bayt.
  • 6. The logo on the cover of this book is this Du’a in Arabic calligraphy.
  • 7. This is another wonderful Du’a we can do any time. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala shows us in the Qur’an that this was the Du’a some of His servants made. They were laughed at by others who used to ridicule them and forgot Allah. But Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says He rewarded His servants for their patience (and the Du’a they made).
  • 8. This is a wonderful Du’a most appropriate for Muslims all over the world in every age. Muslims should always be united with each other in their hearts. They should not carry any hatred towards their fellow believers. Rather, they should ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala for His Grace and His Mercy and do this Du’a which Allah has revealed for us.