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The Al-Mu’awaddhatayn Surahs

The Al-Mu’awaddhatayn Surahs (The Two Surahs Of Refuge From Evil)

There are two short Surahs in the Qur’an about which Rasul Allah (S) is reported to have said they are the protection from evil. As a matter of fact, both these Surahs are known collectively as al-Mu’awwidhatayn (the two Surahs of refuge). These are the two very last Surahs in the Qur’an, Surah al-Falaq (Surah 113) and Surah an-Nas (Surah 114).

Surah Al-Falaq

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

قُلْ أَعوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ

“Say: I seek refuge with the Rabb of the daybreak1” (113:1).

مِنْ شَرِّ ما خَلَقَ

“from the mischief of created things;” (113:2).

وَمِنْ شَرِّ غاسِقٍ إِذا وَقَبَ

“from the mischief of darkness as it spreads;” (113:3).

وَمِنْ شَرِّ النَّفَّاثاتِ في العُقَدِ

“from the mischief of those who practice secret arts2;” (113:4).

وَمِنْ شَرِّ حاسِدٍ إِذا حِسَدَ

“and from the mischief of the envious one who practices envy.” (113:5).

Surah An-Nas

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

قُلۡ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلنَّاسِ

“Say: I seek refuge with the Rabb and Cherisher of humankind,” (114:1).

مَلِكِ النَّاسِ

“The King of humankind,” (114:2).

إِلَـٰهِ ٱلنَّاسِ

“The ilah – God- of humankind,” (114:3).

مِن شَرِّ ٱلۡوَسۡوَاسِ ٱلۡخَنَّاسِ

“From the mischief of the whisperer (of evil), who withdraws (after his whisper),” (114:4).

ٱلَّذِى يُوَسۡوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ ٱلنَّاسِ

“Who whispers in the breasts of men,” (114:5).

مِنَ ٱلۡجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ

And of the Jinn and men3(114:6).

  • 1. The word falaq, although usually understood as “daybreak,” has also been interpreted to mean “all creation”. It is everything which Allah splits apart, such as earth, which is split by plants, the mountains which are split by water springs, the clouds which are split by rainwater springs, the wombs which open bring forth children. Others understood the word falaq to refer to a special circle or well in Hell. Most commentators, however, prefer the first interpretation
  • 2. i.e. witches who spit and blow on knots for the purpose of causing their victims physical and psychological harm. The modern rationalist school of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, however, rejected this classical view. According to a number of modern thinkers, it is the evil of the backbiter who seeks to sever bond of love and separate loving people from one another. Thus their action is likened to blowing and the bond of love to a knot, as the bond of spouses is called the knot of marriage. Gossip turns the love between two people into hostility by hidden means resembling a sort of magic. (See: Ayoub, Dr. Mahmoud: The Great Tiding, p.162).
  • 3. There are two interpretations of this Ayat. Some commentators understood it to mean that the slinking worshipper whispers in the breasts of both jinn and men. According to tradition, every human being has his own Shaytan to test his faith and his steadfastness. (See: Ayoub, Dr. Mahmoud: The Great Tiding, p.162).