Table of Contents

Dates

The date formulae used throughout this study, as well as in bibliographical references, are the following:

• Islamic lunar year AH (After Hijra) and Gregorian year, e.g. 468 AH / 1075 AD

• Iranian solar year designated by the abbreviation Sh (for Shamsi) and Gregorian year, e.g. 1256 Sh /1877 AD