Ahkam in Brief - Prerequisites for Prayer
Before prayers can be performed, preparation is needed. The prerequisites for prayer are: Timing, Qibla, Location, Dress, Wudhu and Ghusl. Watch this video to learn about the prerequisites briefly.
Ahkam In Brief. Prerequisites for Prayer.
Before prayers can be performed, preparation is needed, in other words, there are certain prerequisites for prayer which are: timing, qibla, location, dress, wudhu and ghusl. In this video, we will try to introduce each of these prerequisites briefly.
The first is ascertaining the timing. Each one of our daily prayers has its own distinct time during the day, and they should be performed within their allocated times. You have to be certain that the time for a specific prayer has started. This can be by hearing the sound of the adhan with your own ears or by checking the prayer timetable from a trusted source. Or, it could even be by using an application whose authenticity you trust. Once again, it is essential that you reach certainty that it is the right time to pray the intended prayer. The time for fajr prayer is from true dawn till sunrise, while for Dhuhr and 'Asr is from the time when the sun starts declining till sunset. And for Maghrib and Isha', is from sunset till the middle of the night.
Note: what we mean by sunset is the time after the sun has set and the eastern redness of the sky has disappeared.
The second prerequisite is determining the qibla. All Muslims should face towards the holy Kaaba in the city of Mecca, while praying you can find the direction of qibla by seeing a sign that you trust, or by asking a trusted person, or even by using a device in which you trust its result.
The third prerequisite relates to the place where you are performing your prayers. It should not be usurped, therefore, you cannot perform your prayer in a place where the owner does not allow you to be there. In addition, the place where you put your forehead in such order should be tahir or ritually clean and not najis. Although the area surrounding your prayer place might be najis, but it is essential that najasa shouldn't transmit to your body or dress.
Number four concerns the address of the person and should meet these criteria: for men, it should cover the private parts. For ladies, it should cover all the body except the face, hands and feet. Note: in the presence of non marham men, ladies should also cover their feet as it is part of their hijab.
The dress should be tahir and not najis. The dress should not be usurped. It should not be made from the najis dead bodies, for example, clothes should not be made from sheep leather, which wasn't slaughtered according to the Islamic laws. It should also not contain parts of a wild beast such as fox fur, for example. Even if it is tahir. Men are not allowed to wear pure silk. And finally, it is forbidden for men to wear gold.
The fifth prerequisite is having wudhu and ghusl. It is essential to conduct wudhu before starting prayer. Also, if you are obliged to do ghusl such as ghusl al-janabah, you have to do ghusl before performing the prayers. In some cases, the ghusl can substitute for wudhu. For more information, watch our Wudhu, Ghusl, and Tayammum clips. By observing these prerequisites, you will be ready to perform the daily prayer, which is explained in detail in our next video.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this clip is based on the fatawa of the Grand Ayatullah Al-Sistani and is presented in a simplified form. Therefore, for the exact definition and explanation, please refer to the original sources or ask someone authorised to answer.