Part of a series of audio recordings of lectures delivered by Dr. Hamid Algar in the fall semester 2003 as part of the course, Topics in Islamic Thought and Institutions. Turkey after the death of Ataturk. Growth of Islamically oriented political parties. Menderes, Erbakan, and the current PM of Turkey Erdogan. Iraq: Shi'i political movements in Iraq, and a brief biography of Ayatullah Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr.