Quran Tafsir - Surah Al-Masad (111)

Assalaam alaikum, wa Rahmatullahi. My dear brothers and sisters, let's have a look at the tafsir of the surah almost closely associated with the uncle of the Prophet, known as Abu Lahab. When you come to the Sura No 111 of Holy Qur'an. You find that each and every one of us will face a problem one way or the other, at one stage with a family member, and it can sometimes be the most unexpected source, someone who you've loved for a long time in your family, for example, a cousin, and then one day you realise that your cousin has become your open enemy.

And in the Holy Qur'an, it seems interesting that even the Prophets of Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala have difficulties with Silat Al-Rahm. We all have difficulties with Silat Al-Rahim at one stage or another. I think one of the biggest tests that you get in life is the tests that the Prophet faced with some of their family members. Sometimes if I face a test with a family member, I think to myself, why me? As in why is it that my uncle is so harsh with me?

Why do I have, for example, a brother who is difficult with me? Why is it that my first cousin is obnoxious, or I have an aunt who's arrogant? Yet, when I look in the Holy Qur'an, I realise, you know what? Things aren't too bad, because I never came across Abu Lahab and his Mrs. You ever want to see a combination of death? It's Abu Lahab and his wife Umm Jameel, and for Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala to mention, Abu Lahab by name tells you that this guy was nasty. OK?

There were others who are nasty at the time. Waleed Ibn al-Mughira was nasty. He's not in the Qur'an by name. Utbah Bin Rabi'a was nasty, but he's not the Holy Qur'an by name. Abu Jahl is as for goodness sake, imagine you give someone a title, Abu Jahl you know, that's nasty. Imagine someone who brought, whats your name? Is Abu Mohammed. What's your name? Abu Ali. What's your name? Abu Jahl. You'll crack up. Because that's saying that I'm the father of ignorance. He's not even in the Qur'an, but one man who made it in the Qur'an and possibly because he was the staunchest, but the closest. Was.. Was who? Abu Lahab.

Abu Lahab makes it into the Qur'an. Imagine how vicious this personality was towards the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, that the Qur'an dedicates a whole Sura, a whole Sura! And this Sura also teaches us another thing. When you as Muslims face difficulties in society, nobody faced as many as your Prophet, peace be upon him and his family. Because as we're going to go through Juz' Amma, we're going to see other instances where people call him "Abtar", where we may find other places in the Qur'an where some people call him "Saahir", some call him "Majnun".

And one of the main instances where you find, he faced difficulties was with his uncle and the uncle's wife. In life, we may face that as well. Now, know one thing that when the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, and somebody was born, his uncle loved him. You know what? He's only like six months old. Why would your uncle not like you? You've not done anything wrong. You've not stood up against anything. So your uncle is going to love you and you're just a baby.

And even there are narrations that mention that his uncle freed a slave out of happiness, that Muhammad, SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih, was born. His uncle was that happy. Don't imagine the Abu-Lahab was anti the Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, from day one. Abu Lahab, according to those narrations, showed a great amount of happiness when the Prophet), peace be upon him and his family, was born.

And you even find that Abu-Lahab had sons, if I'm not mistaken, an 'Utbah and 'Utaiba, who are married to what are sometimes called the Prophet's daughters or some say the Prophet's stepdaughters, you've heard that the Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, had four daughters. Fatimatu az-Zahra, alayha assalam, Zainab, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum. Now, I know there are certain people who might turn around and say, no, he only had one daughter. And one of the arguments that they tried to give sometimes is that, well, if he had more daughters, then why aren't the other daughters asking for Fadak? Well, all those daughters had died before he died. But even if he has four daughters or he has one, no one, none of those daughters compared to Fatimatu az-Zahra, alayha as-salam.

But those daughters or step daughters were who? They were married to Abu Lahab's sons. So you've got say, the daughters of the Prophet are married to the sons of Abu Lahab. Abu Lahab in the earliest days, he wants to try and play with the Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, then what happens? This Abu-Lahab, who was known for having, like, you know, red curlysh hair, supposedly good looking with like, you know, Arabs love the idea that you're good looking if you are fair skinned and have red cheeks.

So if any of you reflect on some of the proposals your mum brought you for marriage, she'll tell you that this girl over here shaghra. Shaghra means what? Means that she, for example, is fair skinned or she may even have coloured eyes. OK, and straight away for the Arab, that's like, wow, she's fair skinned and she's got coloured eyes. Of course, no one shows you the rest of her look. They just show you the face and they tell you that, look, this person is fair skinned and so on.

Abu Lahab, He is one of those who had, like, you know, these red cheeks. And he was seen as being someone beautiful, if I'm not mistaken. His name was Abid Manaf. Later on, Abu-Lahab has a connotation in relation to the verses. So at the beginning, Abu-Lahab and whose he married to? What's his wife's name? Umm Jameel. Whose sister? Abu Sufyan. That is that nasty combination! Abu Sufyan's sister, Abu Lahab's wife, that is like Shaytan walking. Even Iblees, I think looked at that combo and be like, WOW! Abu Sufyan sister and Abu-Lahab's Mrs. And who was her best friend? Hind! Ya'ni could this get any worse?? Like, you know how sometimes you got these psychotic stars in Hollywood films of like some lady stalking someone and she just looks evil, she's nothing compared to this.

And for Allah Subhana Wa Ta'ala, to also mention the wife highlights, that if there was ever a tack team, that tried to block the message of the Sura we just did, "Sura At-Tawhid", it was these two. That was the tack team and when does it begin? You see the Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, not saying he's a prophet publicly. Then it's OK, he is my nephew. In society, when you shake the aristocracy or as we can phrase it, Ashraf Makkah, we all have Ashraf Makkah in every generation by the way.

In every generation of Islam, there is always a group of people who will not leave the position heading the community. Habibi, It's time for you to move on for the love of God. You've sat in that chair of that mosque in 40 years. I beg you, move on. It's time for a new person to come along. Nope! That's why they say many people like me love Ayatul Kursi. Because we never leave the Kursi. You find always there are people whose karasi [chairs], they are under threat, that's when they get angry. You see, if you come to me and say Sayedna you're a nice guy and everything, I'll be like, yeah, cool. The moment you're a threat to my chair, I change. The previous Sura we called it Ikhlaas, because a Mukhlis doesn't mind who comes into the chair, as long as the person is doing it for Allah, Subhana Wa Ta'ala

You see how the Qur'an connects? It's not just random suwer. There's a connection. The Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, the moment he stood up at Mount Safa, and said to them, after Da'wat ul-Ashira [preaching to the members of his tribe], because da'wat ul-Ashira he tells Imam Ali, listen, go get some munch, you know, Arabs don't come to programs unless there's food. Even you guys would not come to this tafsir if there wasn't a meal before or after. Would you? Nah I'm only joking. And to the credit of the boys that Imam Husein TV, they always bring us great food.

Now, Arabs wouldn't go to an event if there's no munch. And so Imam Ali, alayhi as-salam, what he does, he goes and prepares a meal and everyone's come. You know, those invites, you do a wedding and there's munch? There's guys who are flying in. You do a Majalis there's no food: Wallah, you know how busy I am! People are attracted - Nabi Ibrahim was known to be so generous. You've read the story when the Angels visit Ibrahim, alayhi assalam, and tell them about Lut he's so generous. He's cooking munch. The best munch the prophets used to love to be generous.

Da'wat ul-Ashira, when the Holy Prophet now warns his nearest relatives in Surah 26 Verse no 240 I know all of you have heard Majalis on Dawat ul-Ashira. Yeah? Surah 26,Verse no.240. It's amazing how long Surah Ash-Shu'ara is, but then poets can be long people. So, Sura 26, verse no 214. You come to that Ayat, all of you have read this ayat before. "Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim .......Wa Andhir Asheerataka al-Aqrabeen" (26:214). "Warn your nearest relatives". Now, I'm going to warn my nearest relatives. Who of my relatives is cotch, who is a cool relative of the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his family?

Who would you say is a great relative, like easy to talk to? Abu Talib! And then you've got who else is good in the family, easy to talk to, any other uncle of the Prophet was - Hamza! And then you've got the diplomatic ones, you've always if you think of your Eid household, when everyone comes, you've got the uncle who's just the chill, then you've got the one who's, ya'ni, diplomatic. Then you've got the awkward uncle who, you know, any second an 'araka [discussion] is going to kick off, literally. Yeah.

And so what happens here is like wallah just like any other Arab household it's phenomenal. You know, I must admit, I didn't screen or I didn't script this particular part that I'm saying, but it's like any Arab family, you got the good, the bad and the ugly. And what you have here is that Abu Talib is there, Imam Ali is there and the Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, tries to make it clear that, look, have I ever lied to any of you guys? No you're Sadiq! Am I someone who's stolen anything, for example? No, you're Amin!

If I were to tell you about God and the Day of Judgment, that I am a Prophet, would you believe me? Who was the first to laugh? And to mock? You always have a family member who's antagonising. Always try and put down. And your Prophet had that. So who are you to escape? People always say to me. I don't want to come to the mosque anymore, say why? He said Because people chat rubbish, they chat nonsense. They chat behind my back, I'm not coming to majaalis anymore. I say when Nabi Musa said that to God and he said, God, why do people chat behind my back? Why don't you stop them? God said to him, I haven't given myself that honour. People chat about me, I haven't stopped them. They said I don't even exist. I haven't stopped them. So why should you have a right that you should walk into a mosque where everyone praises you?

And sometimes in life, if everyone doesn't praise you, it shows you have principles. And, so what happens with the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him and his family, is that what he sees, is his uncle plainly saying, "what a load of nonsense, there's a Day of Judgment and there is equality for male and female and black and white and so". The Prophet stands at Mount Safa, all of you have been inshaAllah to Hajj, or to 'Umrah and you might have gone to Mount Safa or Marw'a or you know, you go to these parts. There's a lot of heritage there inshaAllah that heritage returns.

And he stands there and says to the people, it makes it clear. That if I were to tell you there's an enemy or opposition coming from there, would you believe me? Of course. So I tell you that there is a day called the Day of Judgment. That's the day we're going to be resurrected. Now, something interesting here. If he said, I'm telling you to believe in God, would Abu Lahab have a problem with that? Not really, because they all believe in God, but they put a timthaal, for example, or statue. Idols.

If he said if I tell you to believe in Nabi Ibrahim, alayhi assalam, would they have a problem? Not really, because they're living near the Ka'ba and Nabi Ibrahim is the reason they have that Ka'ba. If he told them, I'm going to tell you to stop doing Hajj would the Arabs in Jahiliyya have a problem? No, they come into Hajj, albeit naked. What's the Arabs' main problem in the Qur'an? Not believing in God, they believe. Not believing in Prophets, they believe Ibrahim, ok. Not believing in the rituals, I believe. Mankind's biggest problem is believing there's a day they're going to be made accountable for what they did to people in public and private.

Qur'an always Suwer Haqqah, Waqi'ah, Qiyaamah, why? You guys, we don't need to talk with you a lot about Allah, Nubuwwa, Hajj. You guys already have it from Nabi Ibrahim. For goodness sake, Li ilaafe Quraish, Ilaafihim Rihlata ash-shita'i wa as-saif. (106:1-2) You people were made rich in connection that you could go in the summer to Syria and in the winter you could go to Yemen because of you being successful with Abraha and "As-haabil Feel", which will come to soon. You know about Ibrahim.

You know what you guys hate? The idea that your injustice will be revealed one day. Why would Abu Lahab hate that more than your average Arab? Why wouldn't Bilaal hate it. Bilaal is the victim of injustice. Bilaal is the victim of injustice, so he wouldn't hate the idea that is there a day where I'm actually going to be recompensed for the Sabr I've gone through. Why would Abu Lahab hate it, because he's going to have to watch the cinema film of what he's done. "Yauma Tubaa as-Sara'ir" (86:9), that day, the secrets are all revealed. What you Abu Lahab, did to those baby girls by telling people to bury them alive,"wa idha al-maw'oodatu su'ilat, bi a'yyi dhambin qutilat" (81:8-9), the female baby will ask," why was I buried alive"?

What you did by charging people interest purposely when they came to Hajj? You know, the Arabs, it's not like today, you know, sometimes Hajj is three weeks, isn't it? And people don't like three week Hajj because no one gets that much time off work. Three weeks. So people like the shorter Hajj package, isn't it? Two weeks. And those days the Arabs, there's no planes and everything, they'd spend 40 days in Mecca, who would literally jump on them? Abu Lahab, Abu Sufyaan, Abu Jahl, how? Loan-sharks.

And you know, your idol, if you give it a bit more money, then is going to be barakah for your life. But I don't have any. OK, I'll give you 100 dinar. You pay me back tomorrow. If you are late, 50 Dinar a day. That person's thinking gets yes 100 dinars on! What happens? Late, late, late, late. Dhulm, dhulm, dhulm, dhulm.

Rasul Allah, SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih, started by saying " La Ilaha Illa Allah". We believe in Allah. We believe, dont worry, these idols are not Allah. They just get us closer. We believe in Ibrahim. You're saying that me, my wife. Abu Sufyan, Hind, Abu Jahl, Utbah bin Rabi'ah, all of us are going to be resurrected?

"Tabban Lak". Tabban Lak, Tabban Lak, what is it, it's the curse of that time. "Tabban Lak", it was the curse of that time. What's the first ayat? " Tabbat Yadaa Abi Lahabi Wa Tabb"(111:1)," Tabbat Yadaa Abi Lahabi Wa Tabb", inta you are telling me "Tabban Lak"? "Tabbat Yada", there's a reply that comes from Allah, Subhana wa Ta'ala, may you be the one who perdition affects, you insult our Prophet and you say "Tabban Lak". Do you know what used to happen at Hajj time? Rasulallah,SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih, used to try and take an opportunity to tell people about Tawhid?

Do you know who was right behind him the moment he finishes? Imagine now, I finish a Tafsir, you guy, I leave someone else here comes and is like, "Sayed Ammar, everything he said was nonsense". At Hajj, Rasul Allah,SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih, would say that Hajj is the best time for me to do Tabligh. The moment he goes and tells someone about Allah, Subhana Wa Ta'ala, about Qiyamah, who walks in behind him? Do you know what the difference is between me leaving here and someone coming and attacking me, and Rasul Allah, SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih, being attacked by Abu Lahab? When you are attacked by family, more people believe.

If I'm attacked by someone who is not related to me, like an elder, like someone who is just an elder of the community, people won't..., but when my own uncle personally attacks me, people will be like, well, maybe he's got a point. You know what? Forget what this Muhammad said. He's a, he's a kid and he is Jaahil and so on. Abu Lahab nonstop every time Rasul Allah, Salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi, would come and talk to people, Abu Lahab would come after looking to attack those people. Likewise Abu Lahab at the same time what would he do? Who's the new people who are joining? You know, when someone becomes successful in the community? I remember even in my own lecturing career. When I first started giving Majalis, I remember that as people got drawn in and drawn in, you'll always see what we saw in Surat ul-Falaq, that there's some people with hasad being like, no, don't go to him.

He follows so-and-so Marjaa'. Even though I didn't follow that Marjaa'. Or don't go to him, he's too hardcore Shi'i . Go to people who are a bit more... Why would people do that? It's because when they see you having followers, they want to get in the way, not realising izzah comes from Allah, not from you. When Ammar Bin Yasir becomes a Muslim, Bilal becomes a Muslim, Mus'ab Bin Umayr leaves his wealthy house, minted family, and joins the poor.

Uthman bin Mad'oon, Abdullah bin Mass'oud, Hudaifa al-Yaman, when all of these start becoming Muslim, Abu Lahab, one by one captured them, torture. They begun torturing them one by one. In those days who were the main torturers. Abu Lahab, Abu Jahl, Umar Ibn Khattab before he became... Before he converted. Others, they were involved severely. Amr Ibnal Aas and of course, all their masters Utbah ibn Rabi'ah and so on. These were severe in their torture. You think that us guys having someone say, you Muslim so-and-so in the streets is Islamophobia, come and see a black rock on Bilaal's chest.

And Abu Lahab, what do you think? Abu Lahab was someone who himself was doing all of this? Most of the time behind every great man, there's a great woman. Sometimes behind some of the most evil men, there is an evil woman. That lady was telling him,"Mudhammam, you finish him". Who's Mudhammam? Who's Mudhammam? She wouldn't ever called him Muhamad. It's too nice a name for him. Allahu Akbar. Do you know when Imam Ali, alayhi assalam, was being cursed on the Manabir, they reached a stage where people wouldn't name Ali, they would put the name is 'Ulayy. They couldn't take saying Ali. Too much venom, some had to hide their name and say that their name is Ulayy, not Ali.

This lady wouldn't call him Muhammad. She would say, Mudhammam, Mudhammam. She would be looking for him at every time because of all this hate, what else would she do? She'd spread jealousy everywhere. The ayats of the Surah explain all of it for you. "Tabbat Yadaa Abi Lahabi Wa Tabb". (111:1)

Guys, can I ask you a question? If the Sura was revealed years before Abu Lahab died, is the Qur'an making a challenge to Abu Lahab, you are going to be perished and you're going to die where your health, your wealth is not going to help you. If Abu Lahab does this Shahada, does he prove the Qur'an wrong?

Imagine now I'm like, you know what, you're gonna be doing this in exactly seven years because I know that that thing is very sensitive for you. So I'm gonna be like in seven years, that's going to be your downfall, when you turn around to me and say: never! But at the same time, at the same time, you could be in a situation where you prove me wrong, if Abu Lahab had done his shahada, the Qur'an would be proved wrong.

You imagine in like the fifth year, let's say the fifth year of the Prophethood of the Prophet is like my uncle, I have a Surah revealed about you, "Tabbat Yadaa Abi Lahabi Wa Tabb"(111:1). Perdition overtakes both the hands of Abu Lahab and he will perish, "Ma aghna anhoo maluhoo wa ma kasab"(111:2). His wealth and what's influence he has will not avail him. "sa yaslaa Naaran dhaata lahab"(111:3). He'll soon burn in the same name that we've given him of rosy cheeks. He'll find what rosy means in Jahannam.

Now if I've been given this by the Prophet and I'm alive and he's like, you know what, you're going to burn your wealth is not going to help you.

What if I turn around and say, OK, cool Ashadu An La Ilaha Illa Alllah, Wa Ashadu Anna Muhammadan Rasul Allah. Wouldn't I prove the Qur'an wrong? The Qur'an here, one may argue, and, I only say it's in a term of no way disrespect to Allah Subhana Wa Ta'ala. But if you think about it on the trivial level, it's taking a gamble, or is it Allah saying let's do this, you attack him. I'm telling you, you will never believe, believe now and prove me wrong.

All Abu Lahab has to do is say,  Ashadu An La Ilaha Illa Alllah, Wa Ashadu Anna Muhammadan Rasul Allah, the Qur'an is finished. Where's your Lord? He said, I'll never believe. Here I am, but how arrogant you are, that you're still going to be like, bring your Lord on. Why would Allah mention him, because the level of arrogance that he was so close yet so far. What do I mean by so close yet so far?

Sometimes you're in a good religious family. You ruin yourself. Sometimes you're in a good religious family, you ruin yourself. You got a good upbringing, good house, good rizq, you are brought up on the best principles, yet your Takabbur means, your arrogance means, that you let go of that ni'mah. Around him, Abu Talib around him, Hamza around him, Abdul Mutallib. Yet with all of that blessing, the Takabbur overtook him, the Qur'an, what did it say: "sa yaslaa Naaran dhaata lahab"(111:3). Sa yasla, not even sawfa yasla, not even sa yasla. There will come attack where he's burning in flames."Wa Amra'atahua "[and his wife]

Allah! We're not going to let him go. We're not going to let her go. "Wa amra'atahu hammalata al-Hatab"(111:4). Now his wife, she is the one who was the bearer of the firewood. Bro, you know, the gossip you just spread. It's burned that guy's reputation. Here is not literal only that she gathers firewood and throws it at the Prophet when he's walking. Here is also when you slander others or gossip others or destroy others, you are burning the flames here in the community. When the Qur'an said "Wa amra'atahu hammalata al-Hatab"(111:4) it was saying his wife, she's the one who was going round to everybody and she is the one who was telling everybody that this man is a liar, this man's a sorcerer. This man is a magician, do not listen to this man!

Therefore Allah Subhana Wa Ta'ala said you know you are bearing fire. I'll tell you what, you're going to bear fire as well, where? In Jahannam. Not not only will you burn in the fire, your neck will have a rope around it in Jahannam. Imagine that lady how wicked she was.

Now, with an uncle like that do you do Qat'a Al-Rahim or silatul-Rahim? Big question! Nabi Ibrahim had an uncle like him. That uncle was the one who made the idols, you know, the story, and at the end, Nabi Ibrahim, after having prayed for his uncle, remember in the Qur'an, "Qaala ... sa astaghfiru laka rabbi innahu kaana bi hafiyya" (19:47) It must be about sura nineteen forty six. Nineteen forty six. I think if we can go to it. Nabi Ibrahim is it 46. Thank God it's 46, page 288. Anyone who's watching out there, Sura 19 verse 46.

You have another uncle in the Quran, another uncle of a Prophet. And this uncle's given him an hahaha... This uncle, he was going nuts like Abu Lahab. You know what they had in common in both uncles? Arab men losing money. Ya Rabb! That's big problems. In Sura 19 verse 46, Nabi Ibrahim's uncle used to make the idols. Now imagine your nephew is the one who telling people are these idols are all nonsense, we should smash them all up. "Qaala araaghibun anta 'an aalihati Ya Ibrahim?" (19:46). He said to him, you dislike my idols, oh Ibrahim?, "Lain lam tantahi la arjumannaka wahjurni maliyaa"(19:46). 'Ifyou don't desist, I'll vile you, I'll all attack you and so on'.

Next Ayat, "Qaala salaamun alayka"(19:47) Allah! My uncle's rude to me, but I reply with what Salaam. As Imam Zayn al-Abidin says, wonderfully in Sahifa Sajjadiya, in Du'a Makaarim Al-Akhlaaq, "Wa abdilni min bughdhati Ahla shana'aan al-mahabbah. Wa min 'uqooq dhawa al-arhaam il-Mabarra, wa min khidhlaan al-aqrabeen an-nusrah." Aana 'indi aqrabeen [close relatives], that sometimes also don't help me. Ya Allah let them be the ones who help me. Imam Zayn al-Abidin shows us in Silat ul-Rahm, sometimes it's easy that when a member of the family wrongs you, you give up. No! Pray that Allah gives them Hidayah. Don't pray that you know what? I wish they die. I wish they burn. Some people will do that. They'll be like I want to see them dead. No no no pray for their hidaayat. Don't let their negativity affect yours. Don't let the negativity of a family member make your energy move from positive to negative, why?

That's why in Salat ul-Layl, sometimes we're all tested and I'll come to Salat ul-Layl very soon, when we look at 'Alaq. And other ayats, but sometimes we're all tested. But in Salat ul-Layl, how many times you're about to pray for someone and who pops up, the uncle you hate. And you're like, what's he doing in the names of the 40? I want to ask forgiveness or what's she doing here? What's my cousin doing here? That's your test!

Rasul Allah, SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih, with Abu Lahab, his uncle, did he stop visiting him? No, he didn't. He kept on trying to visit him. Umm Jamil tells Hind. They used to have this parliament in Mecca called Daar un-Nadwa. And this parliament, people used to say that, you know, Arabs don't respect woman, I'm telling you what, these two, they're worth a thousand men, Hind and Umm Jamil.

Umm Jamil was sitting in Daar un-Nadwa who had a link under the table in Daar un-Nadwa? Abu Talib. Umm Jamil goes, do you know, Muhammad still visits his uncle? We have thrown wood on his face. We've tried to burn him, throw stones at him, and he still tries to visit his uncle! There are some of us, if our uncle didn't send an invite for the wedding properly. Wallah I'm not speaking to them again. Or the uncle did not remember me in my birthday. That's it, I'm never speaking... Baba! This is Rasul Allah getting pelted by his uncle, or asking people to pelt him. She says he comes to visit his uncle once a week. Why would Rasul Allah do that? To try? Maybe. Maybe my uncle. Maybe there might be some hidaayat. So you cannot say we didn't try with you.

Umm Jamil said, "Do you know what I'm going to do?" She said, "I'm going to make sure that when he visits his uncle next time his uncle is drunk." Knocked. They said to her, why? Said, because if his uncle is not drunk, Arab custom dictates that he won't let you kill Muhammad in the house. Because the Asha'ir [tribes] until today have certain laws that they believe in that if someone's our family member in the house, you can't do anything when he leaves and you know, they've got these customs. I'll get him drunk. He will be knocked out and then you guys assassinate him. Abu Talib's man, in the middle of Daar un-Nadwa comes to Abu Talib. He is like, I got a piece of news for you. He goes "what is it?" He goes "they're going to assassinate the Prophet, they're going to try and get his Uncle Abu Lahab drunk."

Abu Lahab, even if he was drunk, would still try to make sure that you don't put blood in my house. They still had that thing. Abu Talib, what did he do? He called a young son of his. His name was Ali. And he said to him that, listen. On this day, your cousin, the Prophet, goes to the house of his uncle and your uncle. Obviously, he is Imam Ali's uncle as well, he is Abu Talib's brother. They're going to try and kill him, you get to the house, you try and open the door, you get in and you say in the name of Silat Al-Rahm, do not attack the Prophet. Your uncle, Abu Lahab whatever state he is, if he hears Silat ul-Rahm, imagine Abu Lahab, how evil is he? But look how Silat Al-Rahm was important for the Arab! Imam Ali gets to the door, do you know what they've done? They've locked the door. Imam Ali if he finds the door locked he normally throws it, I'm sure you've heard of other moments. He removed it, he entered and he says in the name of Silat Al-Raham.

Now Abu Lahab was gone . You can imagine Abu Lahab was just been drunk non-stop. And he stood up and he said in the name of Silat Al-Rahm, do not attack my nephew in my house. Just because the Prophet at least made an effort, even for us, we should try and make an effort. The only time Qat Al-Rahim comes, is when? Is when our cousins or our uncle curse Allah or curse Rasul Allah, SallAllahu 'alayhi wa aalih. Then you have to do Qat'.

If my uncle's not religious, I still maintain communication, my uncle's not Shi'a, I still maintain communication. My uncles are Muslim, I still maintain communication. But when did the Prophet break that communication? When Abu Lahab and Umm Jamil tried to assassinate the Prophet, when the Prophet therefore went towards Medina, what did Abu Lahab do? Abu Lahab, Abu Sufyaan all of these, they decided we're going to send an army to fight the Prophet, where? What was the first battle? Badr. That means that Abu Lahab is living all the way until after the Hijra. Did Abu Lahab go to the Battle of Badr? Why not? Abu Lahab was unbelievable. He hired someone, he said, listen, you take my place at war, if you come back alive, I'll pay you.

That poor guy has gone to a battle field, and he is thinking to himself hold on for a minute, so I get paid if I'm alive? And a few minutes later he just realised, oh, my God, that guy with that sword, he looks like he's going to be trouble. Abu Lahab's nephews were both in the army, and that poor guy saw Ali ibn Abi Talib. That Abu Lahab was so angry with the Battle of Badr and what took place, he died maybe a week after the Battle of Badr from the anger he had, that how could that nephew of mine become so powerful now. Imagine!

Imagine dying, not only dying, according to some, because of a disease that has affected his body and he even told his sons, those two daughters of Muhammad, you divorce them now. That - can you see the hate, your two sons are married, like both of you are divorced, finished. And how did they win at Badr? We have over nine hundred and fifty. They had three hundred and what did the Qur'an prove? "Ma aghna anhoo maluhoo wa ma kasab"(111:2) Subhana Allah!

Your wealth, does it save you from death? You, Abu Lahab, made so much money from Riba. So much! At the end, people are throwing stones from far away to cover your grave and the man you were making fun of and the man you were throwing stones at, both literally and metaphorically, literally, they pelted Rasul Allah. Metaphorically pelting him with accusations, pelting him with slander. Look where he is, look where you are.

And that's why it was always remembered, even by Imam Ali, alayhi assalam, when he saw Muawiya at Siffin. There's a difference from my lineage. There's a difference with your lineage. You oh Muawiya, the difference with your lineage and mine. I come from the best of women, whereas your lineage, one side you have Hind and another side you have who? Umm Jamil. Because Umm Jamil is his aunt and Hind is his mother. So even for Imam Ali, alayhi assalam, he would make it clear. That from our side, look at the ladies, whereas from your side Allah put your aunt in the Qur'an. And until today, you have people no problem with Bani Umayyah. Bani Umayyah are good, you cannot say a word about them, Allah for goodness sake said that the aunt from one side "Wa amra'atahu hammalata al-Hatab"(111:4), from the other side you have got one who was a cannibal and who ended up eating the other uncle's liver.

And so, therefore, in the story of the main lessons to be gained, is that in life, even your closest, maybe the test Allah sends up on you. But as long as you have that faith and as long as you have that sincerity, whatever money, whatever power, whatever slander they do on you, ultimately there 'izzah and protection comes from Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala.

Join us inshaAllah in next Monday and next Wednesday where we continue with the tafsir of the Holy Qur'an. Wa assalamu alaykum, wa Rahmatullah, wa Barakatuh