The help of that great personality to protect the sanctity of Islam is the matter that refers to Jihad and battle of His Eminence. In Bihar it is related from His Eminence, Abu Ja’far Baqir (as) quoted by Shaykh Nomani that the fifth Imam said:
“As if I can see your religion continuously facing weakness and destruction. It would be struggling in its own blood and no one would be able to restore it to you except a man from us, Ahle Bayt.”1
The complete tradition shall come in the topic of the generosity of His Eminence and the expounding of the sciences, if Allah the Almighty wills.
The difference between battle and Jihad is that Jihad is against disbelievers, however ‘battle’ is general for those who recite the testimony of Islam just as the verse with regard to fighting:
إِنَّمَا جَزَاءُ الَّذِينَ يُحَارِبُونَ اللَّهَ
“The punishment of those who wage war against Allah…” (Qur’an, Surah Maidah 5:33)
And others prove this point.
In any case that which supports this statement is a tradition in Bihar taken from Nomani from his chains from Fuzail that he said:
I heard from His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Imam Sadiq (as) that he said: “Indeed, when our Qaim rises up he would face more problems from the people than the Holy Prophet (S) had faced from the people of Ignorance. I asked: How? He replied: “The Holy Prophet (S) was sent to the people while they worshipped stone, wood and logs carved into idols. However our Qaim will arise and come to the people while they all would be interpreting the Book of Allah and arguing with him.”2
In another tradition it is narrated from the same Imam that he said:
“They would interpret the Book of Allah against His Eminence and on the basis of its sources make war upon His Eminence.”3
The same Imam has also stated:
“There are thirteen cities and tribes against whom the Qaim (aj) will make war and they would also fight against His Eminence. The people of Mecca, the people of Medina, the Syrians, the Umayyads, the Basrans, the Damascenes, the Kurds, the Bedouins, the Zubba, the Ghina, the Bahili, the Azds and the people of Rayy.”4
In Kamaluddin it is narrated from His Eminence, Abu Ja’far Baqir (as) that he said:
“The master of this affair has a similarity to Moosa, to Isa, to Yusuf and Muhammad (S).”
As for the similarity to Moosa: It is being fearful and watchful.
And as for Isa, it is that it would be said about him what was said about Isa.
And as for Yusuf it is the prison and the occultation.
And as for Muhammad (S) it is rising with the sword and he will follow the style of His Eminence and expound his traditions. At that time he would carry his sword in his right hand for eight months and continuously go on eliminating his enemies till the Almighty Allah is satisfied.”
Abu Baseer says that he asked, “How do we know that the Almighty Allah is satisfied?”
He replied, “The Almighty Allah will instill mercy into his heart.”5
In the tradition of Mufaddal from His Eminence, Sadiq (as) it is narrated that he said:
“Hasani is that elegant youth who will emerge from Dailam and with an eloquent power of speech that he has, he shall plead: ‘O Progeny of Muhammad! Please harken to call of the distressed ones.’ And this call will be issued from the Zari (perhaps the reference is to the Kaaba). Then divine treasures hidden in Taliqaan will harken to his call. These will not be treasures of gold and silver, but they will be strong men mounted on crimson horses and carrying weapons and slaying the oppressors they will reach Kufa, by this time most of the areas will be cleaned up and it will be a place of refuge for them.
Then the news of the reappearance of Mahdi (aj) will reach Sayyid Hasani and his companions. His companions shall ask: O son of the Prophet, who is this gentleman that has entered our boundaries? He will reply: “Come on, lets go and see who it is”, while by Allah, Sayyid Hasani would know that it is Mahdi, and he shall say that, only so that they may recognize the companions of His Eminence. Then Hasani shall come out till he would reach to the Mahdi (aj). Then he shall say: If you are the Mahdi of Aale Muhammad, where is the staff of your grandfather, the Prophet, his finger ring, his dress and coat of armor (Fazil)? Where is (Sahaab) his turban, Yarbu (his horse), Ghazba (his camel), Duldul his horse, Yafoor his donkey and the original horse of the Messenger of Allah (S), Buraq and the Mushaf (scroll) of Amirul Momineen (as)?
Then His Eminence will show him all these things. He would take up the staff of the Prophet and hit it upon a hard stone, it would instantly produce sparks. His aim by this is to show the greatness and excellence of Mahdi (aj) to his companions so that they pledge allegiance to him.
Then Sayyid Hasani would remark, “God is the Greatest (Allaahu Akbar), O son of the Prophet, give me your hand so that I may pledge allegiance to you. Mahdi (aj) will stretch out his hand. Sayyid Hasani and his companions will pay allegiance to him. But 40000 persons having the scroll, who will be known as Zaidiyyah, will not pay allegiance, saying: This is great magic.
The armies shall confront each other. Mahdi (aj) will come out towards the deviated group and dispense good counsel to them, inviting them towards himself, but they would persist in their infidelity and rebellion. His Eminence will order that they all be killed and they shall be put to the sword.
Then Mahdi (aj) will say to his companions: Do not take their Qur’ans, leave it as it will cause them despair just as they have changed and tampered it and they have not acted according to it.”6
There are numerous reports concerning this matter, some of which shall be quoted in the topic of the elimination of the infidels, if Allah, the Almighty wills.
Shaykh Sadooq has reported in Kamaluddin through a correct chain of narrators from Muhammad bin Uthman al-Amari that he said:
“The master of this affair shall perform the Hajj rituals every year. Thus he shall see the people and recognize them and they shall (also) see him but will not recognize him.”7
I say: Among the traditions that prove the recommended nature of praying for Hajj pilgrims is a tradition quoted from His Eminence, Sadiq (as) in Faqihthat he said:
“When it is the time for the overnight halt at Arafat the Almighty Allah sends two angels to search the faces of the people. So when they do not find anyone having habituated himself to Hajj, one of them tells the other: In what condition is such and such person? The other angel replies: Allah knows better. Then he says: O God! If poverty prevents him from coming, make him self sufficient. And if he is having debts, please liquidate them for him. If some illness has prevented this person from attending, give him cure. And if he has departed from the world, forgive and have mercy on him.”8
This hadith proves that it is recommended to pray for one who has habituated himself to perform the Hajj regularly every year as is very much clear. And this matter shall be further elaborated in the topic of the similarity of His Eminence to His Eminence, Khizr, if Allah, the Almighty wills.
Shaykh Sadooq has mentioned in Kamaluddin under the explanation of the following verse:
اعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا
“Know that Allah gives life to the earth after its death…” (Qur’an, Surah Hadid 57:17)
that His Eminence, Abu Ja’far Baqir (as) said:
It means that the Almighty Allah will reform the earth for the Qaim of Aale Muhammad (S), that is after the injustice and oppression of the inhabitants of the earth.
“And truly We showed him Our signs”
For the Qaim of Aale Muhammad.
“…they may understand…”9
His Eminence, Abu Ibrahim, Moosa bin Ja’far (as) is reported to have said regarding the verse:
“…gives life to the earth after its death…”
“Not through rain, rather the Almighty Allah will raise a man, then the earth shall be revived due to the establishment and revival of justice and the application of a single penal law in it will be more beneficial than forty days of rain.”10
In Jawahir it is reported from Sudair that he said:
His Eminence, Abu Ja’far Baqir (as) said:
“The enforcement of one act of the penal law on the earth is more purifying than forty days of rain.”11
In Al-Muhajja it is narrated from Halabi that His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq was asked about the explanation of the verse:
“Know that Allah gives life to the earth after its death…”
He replied: “It means through justice after injustice and oppression.”12
We shall discuss this under the topic of the manners and good behavior of His Eminence, if Allah wills.
This will be discussed, if Allah the Almighty wills, under the topic of the benefits of the reappearance of His Eminence.
From the discussion that has passed regarding the kindness of His Eminence towards us, the love and regard of His Eminence is also clear, because kindness is the fruit of love. Just as it has been mentioned in the third part about the right of the father over the son and the attending of funeral of our dead. Anyway, all the favors of His Eminence towards us are as a result of his love for us, if Allah the Almighty wills.
However we must not overlook one point and it is that his love for us is not except from the aspect of our faith and obedience to the Almighty Allah. So if you wish to obtain the love of that honorable personality, it is necessary for you to obey the Almighty Allah. And it should not be that by disobeying Allah you cause pain to him and display enmity towards him. And thus you may be of those about whom the Almighty Allah says:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا مُهِينًا
“Surely (as for) those who speak evil things of Allah and His Apostle, Allah has cursed them in this world and the hereafter, and He has prepared for them a chastisement bringing disgrace.” (Qur’an, Surah Ahzab 33:57)
In Darus Salaam it is narrated from Imam Baqir (as) that he told Jabir Jofi:
“A person does not achieve proximity to God except through His obedience. There is no distancing from the fire (of Hell) by us. Indeed one who is obedient to Allah will be our friend and follower. And whoever disobeys Allah, is our enemy. Our Wilayat cannot be achieved except by good deeds and keeping away from sins.”
There are numerous traditions on this topic. Indeed, just as the obedience of God becomes a cause of love in the same way His disobedience is the factor for its decline, as explained by His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq (as) in Kafi:
Amirul Momineen (as) said: “There is no person except that there are forty shields over him till he commits 40 deadly sins. Thus when he commits forty major sins the shields are removed from over him. Then the Almighty Allah reveals to the angels to shade that person by their wings. So the angels begin to cover him with their wings. Then he does not leave a single sinful act but that he commits it. So much so that he even begins to boast about his sins to people and talks openly about them. So the angels say: O our Lord, this servant of Yours has not omitted a single act of sin and we are very much ashamed of what he has done. So the Almighty Allah reveals upon the angels to remove their wings from him. When this happens this person begins to have enmity towards us, Ahle Bayt.”13
In Kamaluddin it is narrated through the author’s chain of narrators from Aban bin Taghlib that he said:
His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq (as) said: “Three hundred and thirteen persons will come to your Masjid – that is the Masjid of Mecca. The people of Mecca will recognize that they are not the natives of Mecca. All of them shall be carrying swords engraved with a Kalima (word) from which will issue a thousand Kalimas (words). Then the Almighty Allah shall send a breeze that calls out in every valley, “This is Mahdi, who shall judge like Prophet Dawood and Sulaiman and he shall not need any testimony.”14
The same book has quoted the saying of Abu Abdillah Ja’far as-Sadiq (as) that he said:
“When the Qaim (aj) reappears, there will be a sign for every person by which he would recognize whether he is righteous or evil-doer. And in it is the sign for those who possess reason and it is the right path.”15
In Bihar it is quoted from the Ghaibat of Sayyid Ali bin Abdul Hamid from his chain of authorities from Abu Baseer from Imam Abu Ja’far Baqir (as) that he said:
“Imam Qaim (aj) will judge a case according to the verdict of His Eminence, Adam (as) and some of his companions will oppose him. So he would summon them and strike off their necks. Then he would judge the second case according to Prophet Dawood (as). Some people will oppose it and they shall also be put to death. Then he will judge the third case according to the judgment of Prophet Ibrahim (as) and again some will oppose and they shall also be eliminated. After that he will decide the fourth case according to the law of Prophet Muhammad (S) and now there will not be anyone who opposes him.”16
That His Eminence (aj) will issue verdicts and pass judgment on the basis of his hidden knowledge is a fact stated in traditions. As mentioned in Biharul Anwar from the book of Nomani quoting His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq (as) that he said:
“In the same way that the person will be standing before His Eminence, Qaim (aj) and His Eminence, will be enjoining good and forbidding evil. Suddenly he would order that he should be brought back to him. They will bring him back to His Eminence. His Eminence will order his execution. Then there would be no one in the whole world but that he would be afraid of His Eminence.”17
In Irshad al-Qulub of Dailami it is narrated from His Eminence, Abu Abdillah Sadiq (as) that he said:
“When the Qaim of Aale Muhammad arises, he will judge between the people according to the judgment of His Eminence, Dawood. He will not need testimonies or evidence. The Almighty Allah will inspire him and then he will judge according to his knowledge. He will inform the peoples about what they conceal in themselves and he will distinguish his friends from the enemies. The Almighty Allah says:
“Surely in this are signs for those who examine. And surely it is on a road that still abides.”18
It is related from Abdullah bin Mughaira that he said:
“When the Qaim reappears, he will pick up 500 persons from the Quraish and have them executed. Then he will in the same way pick 500 people of non-Quraishite origin and also have them executed. He will repeat this procedure six times. The narrator says: I asked: Will their number be such at that time?”
He replied: Yes, by himself and his followers.19
It is quoted from His Eminence, Imam Sadiq (as) that he said:
“When the Qaim (aj) rises up he will demolish the Masjidul Haraam upto its original construction and restore the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim to its prior location. And he will cut off the hand of Bani Shaybah and hang it upon the Kaaba and on it write: These are the thieves of the Kaaba.”20
I say: We have already discussed this matter in the forgone pages and if Allah, the High wills, we shall again elaborate upon it in the topic of the elimination of the infidels and the destruction of the foundations of infidelity and polytheism.
- 1. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 352, Ghaibat Nomani, Pg. 125
- 2. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 362
- 3. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 363
- 4. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 363
- 5. Kamaluddin; Vol. 1, Pg. 329
- 6. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 53, Pg. 15
- 7. Kamaluddin; Vol. 2, Pg. 440
- 8. Man Laa Yahzarul Faqih, Vol. 2, Pg. 12
- 9. Kamaluddin; Vol. 2, Pg. 668
- 10. Al-Muhajja, Pg. 752
- 11. The original tradition is mentioned in Kafi, Vol. 7, Pg. 174
- 12. Al-Muhajja, Pg. 753
- 13. Kafi, Vol. 2, Pg. 279
- 14. Kamaluddin; Vol. 2, Pg. 671
- 15. Kamaluddin; Vol. 2, Pg. 671
- 16. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 389
- 17. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 355
- 18. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 339
- 19. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 338
- 20. Biharul Anwar; Vol. 52, Pg. 338