Table of Contents

Alcohol

Alcohol الخَمر

Alcohol

الخَمرِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : لا تُجْمَعُ الخَمرُ والإيمانُ في جَوفِ أو قَلبِ رجُلٍ أبداً.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Alcohol and faith will never be together in the breast or heart of a man.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 79, p. 152, no. 64]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : الخَمرُ اُمُّ الفَواحِشِ والكبائرِ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Alcohol is the mother of all indecent acts and grave sins.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 13181]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : جُمِعَ الشَّرُّ كُلُّهُ في بَيتٍ ، وجُعِلَ مِفْتاحُهُ شُرْبَ الخَمرِ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘All evil in its entirety has been gathered in one house and drinking alcohol is the key to that house.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 79, p. 148, no. 63]

The Reason for the Prohibition of Alcohol

عِلَّةُ تَحريمِ الخَمرِ

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : فَرضَ اللّه‏ُ ... تَرْكَ شُرْبِ الخَمرِ تَحْصيناً للعَقلِ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Allah imposed…the abandonment of drinking alcohol in order to safeguard the intellect.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 252]

5ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : حَرّمَ اللّه‏ُ الخَمرَ لِما فيها مِن الفَسادِ ، ومِن تَغْييرِها عُقولَ شارِبِيها ، وحَمْلِها إيّاهُم على إنْكارِ اللّه‏ِ عزّوجلّ ، والفِرْيَةِ علَيهِ وعلى رُسُلِهِ ، وسائرِ ما يكونُ مِنهُم مِن الفَسادِ والقَتلِ .

5– Imam Ar-Ridha’ (a.s.) said, ‘Allah forbade alcohol due the corruption that accompanies it, and due to the way in which it alters the drinkers’ reason, and how it encourages them to deny Allah, Mighty and Exalted, and to slander Him and His messenger, and for all the other accompaniments of corruption and murder.’[‘Uyun Akhbar ar-Ridha, v. 2, p. 98, no. 2]

The Consequence of Drinking Alcohol

عاقِبَةُ شُربِ الخَمرِ

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مُدْمِنُ الخَمرِ يَلْقى اللّه‏َ عزّوجلّ حِينَ يَلْقاهُ كعابِدِ وَثَنٍ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘When the alcoholic one meets Allah, Mighty and Exalted, he will meet him as an idol worshipper.’[al-Khisal, p. 632, no. 10]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَن شَرِبَ المُسْكِرَ لَم تُقْبَلْ صَلاتُهُ أربَعينَ يَوما ولَيلَةً.

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The one who drinks an intoxicant, his prayers will not be accepted for forty days and nights.’[al-Khisal, p. 632, no. 10]

Interacting with an Alcohol Drinker

مُعامَلَةُ شارِبِ الخَمرِ

8ـ رسولُ‏ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : شارِبُ الخَمرِ لا تُصَدِّقوهُ إذا حَدّثَ، ولاتُزَوِّجوه إذا خَطَبَ ، ولا تَعودوهُ إذا مَرِضَ ، ولا تَحْضَروهُ إذا ماتَ ، ولا تأتَمِنوهُ على أمانَةٍ.

8– The Prophet (S) said, ‘When one who drinks alcohol speaks, do not believe him, and if he proposes do not marry him, if he falls sick do not visit him, and if he dies do not attend his funeral, and do not entrust him with anything.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 79, p. 127, no. 7]

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مَثَلُ شارِبِ الخَمرِ كمَثَلِ الكِبْريتِ ، فاحْذَروهُ لا يُنْتِنْكُم كما يُنْتِنُ الكِبْريتُ.

9– The Prophet (S) said, ‘The alcohol drinker is like sulphur, so keep away from him lest he pollute you with his stench for sulphur has a bad stench.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 79, p. 150, no. 64]

How an Alcohol Drinker Will be Resurrected

صِفَةُ حَشرِ شارِبِ الخَمرِ

10ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنّ أهلَ الرَّيِّ في الدُّنيا مِن المُسْكِرِ يَموتونَ عِطاشاً ، ويُحْشَرونَ عِطاشاً ، ويَدخُلونَ النّار عِطاشاً.

10– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘The ones who have quenched themselves in this world with an intoxicant [alcohol] will die thirsty, will be resurrected thirsty and will enter the Hellfire thirsty.’[Thawab al-A’amal, p. 290, no. 5]

Enjoinment of Abandoning Alcohol even if it be for Other Than Allah

الحَثُّ عَلى تَركِ الخَمرِ ولَو لِغَيرِ اللّه‏ِ

11ـ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ : مَن‏تَرَكَ الخَمرَ لغَيرِ اللّه‏ِ سَقاهُ اللّه‏ُ مِن الرَّحيقِ المَخْتومِ ، فقالَ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) :لغَيرِ اللّه‏ِ ؟! قالَ : نَعَم واللّه‏ِ ، صِيانَةً لنفسهِ .

11– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever abandons alcohol for other than the sake of Allah, Allah will quench his thirst [in Paradise] with the sealed wine’. Imam Ali (a.s.) exclaimed, ‘For other than Allah?’ The Prophet (S) replied, ‘Yes, by Allah, for his own protection and well-being.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 79, p. 412, no. 2]

The Prohibition of That Which Produces the Same Effects as Alcohol

حُرمَةُ ما فَعَلَ فِعلَ الخَمرِ

12ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : إنّ اللّه‏َ عزّوجلّ لم يُحَرِّمِ الخَمرَ لاسْمِها، ولكنّهُ حَرّمَها لعاقِبَتِها ؛ فما كانَ عاقِبَتُهُ عاقِبَةَ الخَمرِ فهُو خَمرٌ .

12– Imam al-Kazim (a.s.) said, ‘Allah did not prohibit alcohol because of its name, rather He prohibited it due to its effects, so whatever produces the same effects as alcohol is [treated as] alcohol.’[al-Kafi, v. 6, p. 412, no. 2]