Table of Contents

The Congregation

The Congregation الجَماعَة

Allah’s Hand is with the Congregation

يَدُ اللّه‏ِ مَعَ الجَماعَةِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أيُّها النّاسُ، علَيكُم بالجَماعةِ، وإيّاكُم والفُرْقةَ.

1- The Prophet (S) said, ‘O people, stay with the congregation and stay away from division.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 1028]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يدُ اللّه‏ِ على الجَماعةِ، فإذا اشْتَذَّالشّاذُّ مِنهُم اخْتَطَفَهُ الشّيطانُ كما يَخْتَطِفُ الذِّئبُ الشّاةَ الشّاذّةَ مِن الغَنَمِ.

2- The Prophet (S) said, ‘Allah’s Hand [i.e. divine aid] is with the congregation. Whenever a straying individual deviates, Satan snatches him up like a wolf snatches a sheep starying from the herd.’[Ibid. no. 1032]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يدُ اللّه‏ِ معَ الجَماعةِ.

3- The Prophet (S) said, ‘Allah’s Hand [i.e. divine aid] is with the congregation.’[Ibid. no. 20241]

4ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الجَماعةُ رَحمَةٌ والفُرْقَةُ عَذابٌ.

4- The Prophet (S) said, ‘Congregation [upon the truth] is a mercy and division is chastisement.’[Ibid. no. 20242]

The Interpretation of Congregation

تَفسيرُ الجَماعةِ

5ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) ـ وقد سُئلَ: ما جَماعةُ‏ا ُمّتِكَ ؟ ـ: مَن كانَ على الحقِّ وإنْ كانوا عَشرَةً .

5- The Prophet (S), when asked, ‘Who are the congregation of your community?’, replied, ‘Those who are with the truth, even if they are but ten people.’[Ma’ani al-Akhbar, p. 154, no. 2]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ وقد سُئلَ عن تفسيرِ السُّنّةِ والبِدْعةِ والجَماعةِ والفُرْقةِ ـ: السُّنَّةُ ـ واللّه‏ِ ـ سُنّةُ محمّدٍ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ)، والبِدعَةُ ما فارَقَها، والجَماعةُ ـ واللّه‏ِ ـ مُجامَعَةُ أهلِ الحقِّ وإنْ قَلُّوا، والفُرْقةُ مُجامَعَةُ أهلِ‏الباطلِ وإنْ كَثُروا .

6- Imam Ali (a.s.), when asked to explain the terms: sunna [Prophetic practice], innovation, congregation and division, said, ‘By Allah, the sunna is the tradition of Muhammad (S); innovation is anything that deviates from it; the congregation is the gathering of people who are with the truth, even if they are few in number; and division is the dissention of people who are with falsehood, even if they be many in number.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 1644]