Table of Contents

Eloquence

Eloquence البَلاغَة

1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): البَلاغةُ ما سَهُلَ على المَنطِقِ وخَفَّ على الفِطْنَةِ.

1- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Eloquence is that which is easy [for the speaker] to pronounce and light on the [listener’s] intellect.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1881]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): البَلاغةُ أنْ تُجِيبَ فلا تُبْطئَ، وتُصِيبَ فلا تُخْطئَ.

2- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Eloquence is to answer without delay, and to be correct without mistakes.’[Ibid. no. 2150]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قد يُكْتَفى مِن البَلاغةِ بالإيجازِ.

3- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Brevity may suffice in accomplishing eloquence.’[Ibid. no. 6666]

4ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَيسَتِ البَلاغَةُ بحِدَّةِ اللِّسانِ ولا بِكَثْرةِ الهَذَيانِ، ولكنَّها إصابةُ المَعنى وقَصْدُ الحُجّةِ.

4- Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Eloquence is not exemplified by the sharpness of the tongue, nor through excess babbling; rather it is through capturing the intended meaning and aiming at the proof.’[Tuhaf al-’Uqul, no. 312]

5ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثلاثةٌ فيهِنَّ البَلاغةُ: التّقَرُّبُ مِن‏معنى البُغْيةِ، والتَّبَعُّدُ مِن حَشْوِ الكلامِ، والدَّلالةُ بالقليلِ على الكثيرِ.

5- Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Eloquence lies in three things: coming close to the intended meaning, avoiding waffling, and communicating more meaning in fewer words.’[Ibid. no. 317]

The Most Eloquent Speech

أبلَغُ الكَلامِ

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أبلَغُ البَلاغةِ ما سَهُلَ في الصَّوابِ مَجازُهُ وحَسُنَ إيجازُهُ .

6- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The most expressive eloquence lies in that which is metaphorically correct and easy to grasp, and that which is pleasantly brief.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3307]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أحسَنُ الكلامِ ما زانَهُ حُسْنُ‏النِّظامِ، وفَهِمَهُ الخاصُّ والعامُّ.

7- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The best speech is that which is decorated by a pleasant structure and is understood by the elite as well as the laymen.’[Ibid. no. 3304]

Manipulation Through Speech

التَّشَدُّقُ فِي الكَلامِ

8ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): شِرارُ اُمَّتي الثَّرثارُونَ، وَالمُتَشَدِّقونَ المُتَفَيهِقونَ، وخِيارُ اُمَّتى أحاسِنُهُم أخلاقاً.

8- The Prophet (S) said, ‘Allah despises the eloquent man who plays with his tongue like a drill.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 7919]