Table of Contents

Falsehood

Falsehood الباطِل

Warning followers of falsehood

التَّحذِيرُ مِنِ اتّباعِ الباطِلِ

1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الباطِلُ غَرورٌ خادِعٌ.

1- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Falsehood is a deceiving deluder.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 549]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): فَلأَنقُبَنّ الباطِلَ حتّى يَخرُجَ الحقُّ مِن جَنْبِهِ.

2- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘I will rip falsehood open, until the truth emerges from its belly.’[Sharh Nahjul Balaghah li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 2, p. 185]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الحقُّ طريقُ الجنّةِ، والباطلُ طريقُ النّارِ، وعلى كُلِّ طريقٍ داعٍ .

3- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Truth is the road to Paradise, and falsehood is the road to Hell; and on each road there is a caller [calling to it].’[Nahj al-Sa’ada, v. 3, p. 291]

4- الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ظَلَمَ الحقَّ مَنْ نَصرَ الباطلَ.

4- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who supports falsehood oppresses the truth.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6041]

Discerning The Truth From Falsehood

التَّمييزُ بَينَ الحَقِّ وَالباطِلِ

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أمَا إنّه ليسَ بينَ الحقِّ والباطلِ إلّا أربَعُ أصابِعَ ... الباطلُ أنْ تقولَ: سَمِعتُ، والحقُّ أنْ تقولَ: رَأيْتُ.

5- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Verily, there is nothing between truth and falsehood but a span of four fingers … Falsehood is to say, ‘I heard,’ while the truth is to say, ‘I saw.’[Sharh Nahjul Balaghah li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 3, p. 240]

The Truth Disguised As Falsehood

التِباسُ الحَقِّ بِالباطِلِ

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): فلَو أنَّ الباطلَ خَلَصَ مِن مِزاجِ الحقِّ لَم يَخْفَ علَى المُرتادِينَ، ولَو أنَّ الحقَّ خَلَصَ مِن لَبْسِ الباطلِ انْقَطَعتْ عنه ألْسُنُ المُعانِدينَ، ولكنْ يُؤخَذُ مِن هذا ضِغْثٌ ومِن هذا ضِغْثٌ.

6- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Even if falsehood was isolated from being mixed with the truth, it would not be indefinable by those who aspire it; and even if the truth was free from being disguised as falsehood, the tongues of its opponents would still be silenced; but it is often made by taking a little from one and a little from the other.’[Sharh Nahjul Balaghah li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 3, p. 240]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كَم مِن ضَلالةٍ زُخْرِفَتْ بآيةٍ مِن كتابِ اللّه‏ِ كما يُزَخْرَفُ الدِّرْهَمُ النُّحاسُ بالفِضَّةِ المُمَوَّهَةِ!

7- Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Many an innovation was glossed with verses from the Book of Allah, just as the copper dirham is plated with silver coating.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6969]

Falsehood Cannot be Ascertained as the Truth

عدمُ استيقانِ الباطلِ حَقّا

8ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أبَى اللّه‏ُ أنْ يُعَرِّفَ باطلاً حقّاً، أبَى اللّه‏ُ أنْ يجْعَلَ الحقَّ في قلبِ المؤمنِ باطلاً لا شكَّ فيهِ، وأبَى اللّه‏ُ أنْ يَجعَلَ الباطلَ في قلبِ الكافرِ المُخالِفِ حقّاً لا شَكَّ فيهِ، ولَو لَم يَجْعَلْ هذا هكذا ما عُرِفَ حقٌّ مِن باطلٍ .

8- Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Allah has refused to present falsehood as a certain truth, and He has refused to present the truth to the heart of a believer as a certain falsehood; He has also refused to present falsehood to the heart of a disbeliever as a certain truth. And had he not done thus, the truth would never be distinguished from falsehood.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 5, p. 303, no. 12]

9ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَستَيقِنُ القلبُ أنَّ الحقَّ باطلٌ أبداً، ولا يَستَيقِنُ أنَّ الباطلَ حقٌّ أبداً .

9- Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘The heart can never ascertain that the truth is falsehood, nor can it ever ascertain that falsehood is the truth.’[Tafsir al-‘Ayyashi, v. 2, p. 53, no. 39]