Table of Contents

Greed

Greed الطَّمَعُ

Reprehension of Greed

ذَمُّ الطَّمَعِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الطَّمَعُ يُذهِبُ الحِكمَةَ مِن قُلوبِ العُلَماءِ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Greed takes away wisdom from the hearts of the knowledgeable men.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 7576]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنّ الصَّفاةَ الزُّلالَ الذي لا تَثبُتُ علَيهِ أقدامُ العُلَماءِ الطَّمَعُ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Verily greed is a slippery fluid on which the feet of knowledgeable men never become firmly rooted.’[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 49]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إيّاكَ والطَّمَعَ؛ فإنّهُ فَقرٌ حاضِرٌ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Beware of greed for it is ready poverty.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 8852]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الطَّمَعُ رِقٌّ مُؤَبَّدٌ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Greed is an eternal slavery.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 180]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أرادَ أن يَعِيشَ حُرّاً أيّامَ حياتِهِ فلا يُسكِنِ الطَّمَعَ قَلبَهُ .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Whoever wishes to spend the days of his life as a free man must not allow greed to abide in his heart.’[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 49]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الطامُعُ في وَثاقِ الذُّلِّ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The greedy person is shackled in disgrace.’[Sharh Nahjul Balaghah li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 19, p. 50]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أزرى بِنَفسِهِ مَنِ استَشعَرَ الطَّمعَ .

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The person most neglectful of his own soul is the one who is full of greed.’[Sharh Nahjul Balaghah li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 18, p. 84]

9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا أذَلَّ مِن طامِعٍ .

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘No one is more despicable than a greedy person.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10593]

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أكثَرُ مَصارِعِ العُقولِ تحتَ بُرُوقِ المَطامِعِ .

9– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The intellects are most often destroyed as a result of their subservience to bursts of avid desires.’[Sharh Nahjul Balaghah li Ibn Abi al-Hadid, v. 19, p. 41]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَجتَمِعُ الوَرَعُ والطَّمَعُ.

10– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Piety and greed can never come together.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10578]

12ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بِئسَ العَبدُ عَبدٌ لَهُ طَمَعٌ يَقودُهُ.

11– Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘How wretched the servant who is a slave of his own greed, which controls him.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 320, no. 2]

13ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لهشامٍ وهُو يَعِظُهُ ـ: إيّاكَ والطَّمَعَ، وعلَيكَ باليَأسِ مِمّا في أيدِي الناسِ، وأمِتِ الطَّمَعَ مِن المَخلوقِينَ؛ فإنَّ الطَّمَعَ مِفتاحٌ لِلذُّلِّ، واختِلاسُ العَقلِ، واختِلاقُ المُرُوّاتِ، وتَدنِيسُ العِرضِ، والذَّهابُ بِالعِلمِ.

12– Imam al-Kazim (a.s.) said to Hashim, exhorting him, ‘You must beware of greed, and despair of acquiring anything in the possession of others. Suppress the greed in others for verily greed is the key to disgrace, it exploits the intellect, fabricates valorous qualities for itself, tarnishes one’s reputation, and does away with one’s knowledge.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 315, no. 1]

14ـ الإمامُ الهاديُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الطَّمَعُ سَجِيَّةٌ سَيِّئَةٌ.

13– Imam al-Hadi (a.s.) said, ‘Greed is an evil characteristic.’[al-Durra al-Bahira, p. 42]

15ـ الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما أقبَحَ بالمُؤمِنِ أن تكونَ لَهُ رَغبَةٌ تُذِلُّهُ .

14– Imam al-’Aaskari (a.s.) said, ‘How revolting it is for the believer to have an avid desire that disgraces him.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 374, no. 35]

Praiseworthy Avidity

الطَّمَعُ المَمدوحُ

Praiseworthy Avidity1

16ـ الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في الدعاءِ ـ: إذا رَأيتُ مَولايَ ذُنُوبي فَزِعتُ، وإذا رَأيتُ عَفوَكَ طَمِعتُ .

15– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (a.s.) said in one of his supplications, ‘When I consider my sins my Lord, I am horrified [at them], and when I consider Your pardon, I am avidly eager [for it].’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 98, p. 83, no. 2]

17ـ الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ أيضا ـ: فإنّما أسألُكَ لِقَديمِ الرَّجاءِ فيكَ، وعَظيمِ الطَّمَعِ منكَ؛ الذي أوجَبتَهُ على نفسِكَ مِن الرَّأفَةِ والرَّحمَةِ.

16– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (a.s.) said in another one of his supplications, ‘For indeed I ask You because of my eternal hope in You and because of the great desire that I entertain about You; which is the graciousness and mercy that You have made obligatory upon Yourself.’[Iqbal al-A’amal, v. 1, p. 168]

  • 1. Translator’s Note: Since ‘greed’ is a word that has intrinsically negative implications, in this sub-section outlining its positive and praiseworthy aspects, we will proceed to refer to it as ‘avidity.’