Table of Contents

Self Restraint

Self Restraint العِفَّةُ

Enjoinment of Self-Restraint

الحَثُّ عَلَى العَفافِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ اللّه‏َ يُحِبُّ الحَيِيَّ المُتَعفِّفَ ، ويُبغِضُ البَذِيَّ السّائلَ المُلحِفَ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Verily Allah, Mighty and Exalted, loves the reserved and shy person, and despises the bawdy and importunate beggar.’[Amali al-Tusi, p. 39, no. 43]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما المُجاهِدُ الشَّهيدُ في سَبيلِ اللّه‏ِ بِأعظَمَ أجراً مِمَّن قَدَرَ فعَفَّ ، لَكادَ العَفيفُ أن يَكونَ مَلَكاً مِنَ المَلائكَةِ.

2– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The fighter who is martyred in the way of Allah has no greater reward than the one who is able to sate himself but remains chaste. The chaste person may well become one of the angels.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 474]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِفَّةُ رَأسُ كُلِّ خَيرٍ .

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Self-restraint is the root of all good.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1168]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِفَّةُ أفضَلُ الفُتُوَّةِ .

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Self-restraint is the best part of spiritual chivalry (futuwwa).’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 529]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العَفافُ يَصونُ النَّفسَ ويُنَزِّهُها عَنِ الدَّنايا .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Self-restraint protects the soul from all sides and keeps it away from base things.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1989]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): زَكاةُ الجَمالِ العَفافُ.

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The zakat of beauty is chastity.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5449]

7ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عِفّوا عَن نِساءِ النّاسِ تَعِفَّ نِساؤكُم.

7– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Restrain yourselves from other people’s women and your own women will remain chaste.’[al-Khisal, p. 55, no. 75]

Enjoinment of Restraining the Stomach and the Private Parts

الحَثُّ عَلى عِفَّةِ البَطنِ وَالفَرجِ

8ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أكثَرُ ما تَلِجُ بِهِ اُمَّتيَ النّارَ الأجوَفانِ: البَطنُ والفَرجُ.

8– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Most of my community who will enter the Fire will be as a result of two cavities the stomach and the private parts.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 79, no. 5]

9ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إنَّ موسى ـ صلّى اللّه‏ُ عليهِ و سَلَّمَ ـ آجَرَ نَفسَهُ ثَمانِيَ سِنينَ ، أو عَشراً، عَلى عِفَّةِ فَرجِهِ وطَعامِ بَطنِهِ.

9– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Verily Moses (a.s.) engaged himself for eight or ten years in restraining his private parts and his stomach.’[Sunan Ibn Maaja, no. 2444]

10ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما عُبِدَ اللّه‏ُ بِشَيءٍ أفضَلَ مِن عِفَّةِ بَطنٍ وفَرجٍ.

10– Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘Allah can be worshipped with no act better than restraint of the stomach and the private parts.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 79, no. 5]

The Root of Self-Restraint

أصلُ العَفافِ

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أصلُ العَفافِ القَناعَةُ، وثَمَرَتُها قِلَّةُ الأحزانِ.

11– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The root of self-restraint is contentment, and its fruit is fewer sorrows.’[Masalib al-Sa’ ul, p. 50]

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الرِّضا بِالكَفافِ يُؤَدّي إلَى العَفافِ.

12– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Satisfaction with one’s lot leads to self-restraint.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1512]

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قَدرُ الرَّجُلِ عَلى قَدرِ هِمَّتِهِ ... وعِفَّتُهُ عَلى قَدرِ غَيرَتِهِ .

13– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The worth of a man is proportionate to his ambition … and his chastity is in proportion with his sense of self-worth.’ [Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 47]

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عَقَلَ عَفَّ .

14– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who uses his intellect restrains himself.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7646]

The Fruit of Self-Restraint

ثَمَرَةُ العِفَّةِ

15ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أمّا العَفافُ: فيَتَشَعَّبُ مِنهُ الرِّضا ، والاستِكانَةُ ، والحَظُّ ، والرّاحَةُ ، والتَّفَقُّدُ ، والخُشوعُ ، والتَّذَكُّرُ ، والتَّفَكُّرُ ، والجُودُ ، والسَّخاءُ ، فهذا ما يَتَشَعَّبُ لِلعاقِلِ بِعَفافِه رِضىً بِاللّه‏ِ وبِقِسمِهِ.

15– The Prophet (S) said, ‘As for self-restraint, from it branches out satisfaction, resignation, good fortune, comfort, a sense of evaluation, humbleness, a sense of remembrance, contemplation, magnanimity and generosity. These are the many ramifications for the intelligent man who practices self-restraint and is satisfied with Allah and with his share.’[Tuhaf al-’Uqul, no. 17]

16ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): العِفَّةُ تُضَعِّفُ الشَّهوَةَ.

16– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Self-restraint weakens carnal desire.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2148]

17ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمَرَةُ العِفَّةِ القَناعَةُ.

17– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The fruit of self-restraint is contentment.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4637]

18ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمَرَةُ العِفَّةِ الصِّيانَةُ.

18– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The fruit of self-restraint is preservation [of oneself].’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4593]

19ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عَفَّ خَفَّ وِزرُهُ ، وعَظُمَ عِندَ اللّه‏ِ قَدرُهُ .

19– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who practices self-restraint, his burden decreases and his worth in Allah’s eyes increases.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4597]

20ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بِالعَفافِ تَزكو الأعمالُ .

20– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Actions are purified through practice of self-restraint.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4238]