Condemnation التَّعييرُ

The Censure of Condemnation

ذَمُّ التَّعييرِ

1ـ الخضرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في وَصِيَّتِهِ لِموسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ: يَابنَ عِمرانَ، لا تُعَيِّرَنَّ أحَداً بِخَطيئَةٍ، وَابكِ عَلى خَطيئَتِكَ.

1– al-Khizr (a.s.), in his advice to Prophet Moses (a.s.) said, ‘O son of ‘AImran, do not ever condemn somebody for a mistake, and cry over your own mistake [instead].’ [Qasas al-Anbiya’, p. 157, no. 171]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن عَيَّرَ أخاهُ بِذَنبٍ قَد تابَ مِنهُ لَم يَمُتْ حَتّى يَعمَلَهُ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘The one who condemns a fellow brother for a sin that he has already repented for will not die before committing it himself.’ [Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 113]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن أذاعَ فاحِشَةً كانَ كمُبتَدِئها، ومَن عَيَّرَ مُؤمِناً بِشَيءٍ لَم يَمُتْ حَتّى يَركَبَهُ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘The one who exposes someone’s monstrous deed is as the one who initiated it, and the one who condemns a believer for something will not die before becoming guilty of it himself.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 356, no. 2]

4ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إذا زَنَت خادِمُ أحَدِكُم فَلْيَجلِدْها الحَدَّ ولا يُعَيِّرْها.

4– The Prophet (S) said, ‘If one of your servants commits adultery, lash her with the prescribed punishment but do not shame her.’ [Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, p. 57]

5ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): إن عَـيَّرَكَ أخـوكَ المُسلِمُ بِما يَعلَمُ فيكَ فَلا تُعَيِّرْهُ بِما تَعلَمُ فيهِ؛يَكونُ لَكَ أجراً وعَلَيهِ إثماً.

5– The Prophet (S) said, ‘If your Muslim brother condemns you for whatever he knows about you, then do not condemn him back for whatever you know about him. You will have a reward whereas he will carry a sin.’ [Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 155]

6ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما مِن إنسانٍ يَطعَنُ في عَينِ مُؤمِنٍ إلّا ماتَ بِشَرِّ ميتَةٍ، وكانَ قَمِنا أن لا يَرجِعَ إلى خَيرٍ.

6– Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘Anybody who discredits a believer’s self-esteem will die an evil death, and he becomes deserving of never again returning to a good end.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 361, no. 9]

7ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن أ نَّبَ مُؤمِناً أ نَّبَهُ اللّه‏ُ فِي الدّنيا والآخِرَةِ .

7– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘He who reviles a believer will be reviled by Allah in both this world and the Hereafter.’ [al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 356, no. 1]

8ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا تُبدي الشَّماتَةَ لِأخيكَ فيَرحَمَهُ اللّه‏ُ ويُصَيِّرَها بِكَ . مَن شَمَتَ بِمُصيبَةٍ نَزَلَت بِأخيهِ لَم يَخرُجْ مِنَ الدّنيا حَتّى يُفتَتَنَ.

8– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Do not express malicious gloating at your brother [for a sin or misfortune] for Allah will have mercy on him as a result and make it befall you instead.’ He also said, ‘He who gloats over an affliction that has befallen his brother will not leave this world until he has been tried similarly.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 359, no. 1]