Delusion الغُرورُ

The Censure of Delusion

خَطَرُ الغُرورِ وصِفَةُ المَغرُورِ

1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): طُوبى لِمَن لَم تَقتُلْهُ قاتِلاتُ الغُرورِ.

1– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Blessed be the one whom the assassins of delusion have not killed.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5973]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): سُكرُ الغَفلَةِ والغُرورِ أبعَدُ إفاقَةً مِن سُكرِ الخُمُورِ.

2– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The intoxication of heedlessness and delusion are harder to resume consciousness from than the intoxication of wines.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5651]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن غَرَّهُ السَّرابُ تَقَطَّعَت بهِ الأسبابُ.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The one whom a mirage deludes is at his wit’s end.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9224]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بَينَكُم وبينَ المَوعِظَةِ حِجابٌ مِن الغِرَّةِ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Between you and the moral exhortation is a veil of inadvertency.’[Nahjul Balaghah, no. 282]

5ـ الإمامُ زينُ العابدينَ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): رُبَّ مَغرورٍ مَفتونٍ يُصبِحُ لاهِياً ضاحِكاً يَأكُلُ ويَشرَبُ، وهو لا يَدرِي لَعلَّهُ قد سَبَقَت لَهُ مِنَ اللّه‏ِ سَخَطَةٌ يَصلى بها نارَ جَهَنَّمَ .

5– Imam Zayn al-Abidin (a.s.) said, ‘Many a deluded and captivated man [by his own desires] awakes in the morning oblivious and joyful, eating and drinking, unaware that perhaps Allah’s wrath has already befallen him for something and as a result of which he will enter the Fire of Hell.’[Tuhaf al-’Uqul, no. 282]

6ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن وَثِقَ بثلاثَةٍ كانَ مَغروراً: مَن صَدَّقَ بما لا يكونُ، ورَكَنَ إلى مَن لا يَثِقُ بهِ، وطَمِعَ فيما لا يَملِكُ .

6– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘He who places his trust in three things is indeed deluded he who believes in the impossible, relies on someone who cannot be trusted, and avidly desires that which he does not possess.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 319]

Deluding Oneself about Allah

الاِغتِرارُ بِاللّه‏ِ

7ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): يابنَ مَسعودٍ، لا تَغتَرَّنَّ بِاللّه‏ِ، ولا تَغتَرَّنَّ بصَلاحِكَ وعِلمِكَ وعَمَلِكَ وبِرِّكَ وعبادَتِكَ.

7– The Prophet (S) said, ‘O Ibn Mas’aud, do not be under any delusion about Allah, and do not be under any delusion with respect to your righteousness, your knowledge, your deeds, your goodness or your worship.’[Makarim al-Akhlaq, v. 2, p. 350, no. 2660]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ مِن العِصمَةِ إلّا تَغتَرُّوا بِاللّه‏ِ.

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Verily part of keeping oneself immune from sins is that you do not delude yourself about Allah.’[Tuhaf al-’Uqul, p. 150]

9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ مِنَ الغِرَّةِ باللّه‏ِ أن يُصِرَّ العَبدُ علَى المَعصيَةِ ويَتَمَنّى علَى اللّه‏ِ المَغفِرَةَ.

9– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Verily being under a delusion about Allah is when the servant persists in committing acts of disobedience and expects Allah to forgive him.’[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 2, p. 72]

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كم مِن مُستَدرَجٍ بالإحسانِ إلَيهِ، ومَغرورٍ بِالسَّترِ علَيهِ، ومَفتونٍ بِحُسنِ القَولِ فيهِ!.

10– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Many a person is given respite by Allah simply as a result of His good favour towards him, and many a person is deluded as a result of Allah’s concealment of his sins, and many a person is captivated by the good things said about him!’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 116]

Being Deluded By This World

الاِغتِرارُ بِالدُّنيا

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اِتَّقُوا غُرورَ الدنيا؛فإنّها تَستَرجِعُ أبداً ما خَدَعَت بهِ مِن المَحاسِنِ، وتُزعِجُ المُطمَئنَّ إلَيها والقاطِنَ .

11– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Be wary of this world’s delusion, for verily it always reclaims the charms and attractions with which it deceives people, and it troubles the one who adopts it as a place of tranquillity and a permanent dwelling.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2562]

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): سُكونُ النفسِ إلَى الدنيا مِن أعظَمِ الغُرورِ .

12– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The soul’s trust in this world is one of the greatest delusions.’ [Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5650]


الاِغتِرارُ بِالنَّفسِ

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): غَرَّكَ عِزُّكَ، فَصارَ قُصارُ ذلكَ ذُلَّكَ، فَاخشَ فاحِشَ فِعلِكَ، فَعَلَّكَ بهذا تُهدى .

13– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Your own sense of honour has deluded you, such that your resulting slackness has become a source of disgrace for you. So fear the indecent acts that you commit, for perhaps through that you will be guided.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 83, no. 86]

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن جَهِلَ اغتَرَّ بنفسِهِ، وكانَ يَومُهُ شَرّاً مِن أمسِهِ.

14– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who is ignorant deludes himself, and his present is consequently worse than his past.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8744]