Doubt الشَّك



1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): علَيكَ بِلُزُوم اليَقينِ وتَجَنُّبِ الشَّكِّ ، فلَيسَ للمَرءِ شَيءٌ أهْلَكَ لِدِينِهِ مِن غَلَبَةِ الشَّكِّ على يَقينِهِ.

1– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘You must adhere to conviction and keep away from doubt, for there is nothing more detrimental to a man’s faith than for doubt to overpower his conviction.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6146]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما شَكَكتُ في الحَقِّ مُذ اُرِيتُهُ.

2– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘I have never doubted the truth since I have been shown it.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9482]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّي لَعَلى يَقينٍ مِن رَبِّي ، وغَيرِ شُبهَةٍ مِن دِيني.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Verily I am absolutely convinced about my Lord, and do not entertain any obscurity in my religion.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Sermon 22]

4ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في قولِهِ تعالى: «لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ» ـ: الرِّجسُ هُو الشَّكُّ ، واللّه‏ِ لا نَشُكُّ في رَبِّنا أبداً.

4– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) with regards to Allah’s verse in the Qur’an: “Indeed Allah desires to repel all impurity from you…”[Qur’an 33:33], said, ‘Impurity is doubt, and by Allah, we never doubt in our Lord.’[al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 288, no. 1]

Causes and Effects of Doubt

أسبابُ الشَّكِّ

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّكُّ ثَمَرَةُ الجَهلِ .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Doubt is the product of ignorance.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 725]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن عَتا عن أمرِ اللّه‏ِ شَكَّ ، ومَن شَكَّ تعالَى اللّه‏ُ علَيهِ فَأذَلَّهُ بسُلطانِهِ ، وصَغَّرَهُ بجَلالِهِ كما اغتَرَّ بِرَبِّهِ الكَريمِ وَفَرَّطَ في أمرِهِ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Whoever is insolent with regards to Allah’s command becomes prone to doubting, and whoever doubts, Allah, Most Sublime over him, disgraces him with His authority, and belittles him with His Might just as he had shown contempt for His command.’[Nahj al-Sa’ada, v. 1, no. 373]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا تَرتابُوا فَتَشُكُّوا ، ولا تَشُكُّوا فَتَكفرُوا ، ولا تُرَخِّصُوا لِأنفُسِكُم فَتُدهِنوا.

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Do not give in to misgivings lest you start to doubt, and do not doubt lest you disbelieve, and do not allow yourselves to become emboldened [against Allah] lest you fall into self-deception.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 2, p. 54, no. 24]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّكُّ يُحبِطُ الإيمانَ.

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Doubt thwarts faith.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 723]

9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّكُّ يُطفِئُ نورَ القَلبِ.

9– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Doubt extinguishes the light of the heart.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1242]

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ثَمرَةُ الشَّكِّ الحَيرَةُ.

10– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The consequence of doubt is confusion.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4619]

Factors That Dispel Doubt

ما يَرفَعُ الشَّكَّ

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بتَكَرُّرِ الفِكرِ يَنجابُ الشَّكُّ .

11– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Doubts are dispelled through repetition of one’s thought processes.[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4271]

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عَجِبتُ لِمَن شَكَّ في اللّه‏ِ وهو يَرى خَلقَ اللهِ!

12– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘How I wonder at the one who entertains doubts about Allah whilst beholding the very creation of Allah.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 126]

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ماارتابَ مُخلِصٌ ولا شَكَّ مُوقِنٌ .

13– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘A sincere person does not entertain misgivings and a person convinced [of his faith] does not doubt.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9532]

The Aspects of Doubt

شُعَبُ الشَّكِّ

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّكُّ على أربَعِ شُعَبٍ: على التَّمارِي ، والهَولِ ، والتَّرَدُّدِ ، والاستِسلامِ ، فَمَن جَعَلَ المِراءَ دَيدَنا لَم يُصبِحْ لَيلُهُ ، ومَن هالَهُ ما بَينَ يَدَيهَ نَكَصَ على عَقِبَيهِ ، ومَن تَرَدَّدَ في الرَّيبِ وَطِئَتهُ سَنابِكُ الشَّياطينِ ، ومَنِ استَسلَمَ لِهَلَكَةِ الدُّنيا والآخِرَةِ هَلَكَ فيهِما.

14– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘There are four aspects to doubt: unreasonable debating [born out of a desire to doubt everything], fear, wavering and undue submission. The one who always resorts to unreasonable debating never again sees the light after darkness. The one who is afraid of what befalls him [doubting as a result] is always turning back on his heels. The one who wavers between his misgivings is trampled by Satan underfoot, and the one who succumbs to the perils of this world and the next is destroyed in them both.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 31]