Enmity العَداوَةُ


النَّهيُ عَنِ المُعاداةِ

Prohibition of Showing Enmity towards Anyone

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما عَهِدَ إلَيَّ جَبرَئيلُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) في شَيءٍ ما عَهِدَ إلَيَّ في مُعاداةِ الرِّجالِ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Gabriel has not exhorted me against anything like he has exhorted me against showing enmity towards people.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 202, no. 11]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما نُهِيتُ عن شَيءٍ بَعدَ عِبادَةِ الأوثانِ ما نُهِيتُ عَن مُلاحاةِ الرِّجالِ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘After idol-worship, I have not been prohibited with anything as significantly as I have been prohibited hostility towards people.’[Tuhaf al-’Uqul, no. 42]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن لاحَى الرِّجالَ سَقَطَت مُروءَتُهُ وذَهَبَت كَرامَتُهُ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever shows hostility towards others, his gallantry wanes and his kindness vanishes.’[Amali al-Tusi, p. 512, no. 1119]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): رَأسُ الجَهلِ مُعاداةُ النّاسِ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The peak of ignorance is showing enmity towards people.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5237]

5ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إيّاكُم والخُصومَةَ ؛ فإنَّها تُفسِدُ القَلبَ وتُورِثُ النِّفاقَ .

5– Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘Beware of antagonistic dispute for verily it corrupts the heart and engenders hypocrisy.’[Hilyat al-Awliya’, v. 3, p. 184, no. 235]

The Seed of Enmity

بَذرُ العَداوَةِ

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): عِلَّةُ المُعاداةِ قِلَّةُ المُبالاةِ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The cause of enmity is lack of consideration [for others].’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6302]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لِكُلِّ شَيءٍ بَذرٌ وبَذرُ العَداوَةِ المِزاحُ .

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Everything has a seed, and the seed of enmity is mockery.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, 7316]

One Who Must Be Considered an Enemy

مَن يَنبَغي أن يُسمّى عَدُوّاً

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بَطنُ المَرءِ عَدوُّهُ.

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Man’s stomach is his enemy.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4424]

9ـ الإمامُ الجوادُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قَد عاداكَ مَن سَتَرَ عَنكَ الرُّشدَ اتِّباعاً لِما تَهواهُ.

9– Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) said, ‘He who conceals [the path] of proper conduct from you in making you follow that which you desire is indeed your enemy.’[A’alam al-Din, no. 309]

Your Archenemy

أعدى عَدُوِّكَ

10ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أعدى عَدوِّكَ نَفسُكَ الَّتي بَينَ جَنبَيكَ.

10– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Your archenemy is your lower self that resides between your two sides.’[Tanbih al-Khawatir, v. 1, no. 259]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أعدى عَدُوٍّ لِلمَرءِ غَضَبُهُ وشَهوَتُهُ، فَمَن مَلَكَهُما عَلَت دَرَجَتُهُ وبَلَغَ غايَتَهُ.

11– Imam al-’Aaskari (a.s.) said, ‘The enemy with the weakest stratagem is he who openly displays his enmity.’[A’alam al-Din, no. 313]

Caution Against Feeling Secure from One’s Enemy

التَّحذيرُ مِن ائتِمانِ العَدُوِّ

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن نامَ عَن عَدُوِّهِ أنبَهَتهُ المَكايِدُ .

12– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Whoever falls into a sleep of neglect of his enemy is jolted awake by his crafty schemes.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8672]

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَن نامَ لَم يُنَمْ عَنهُ .

13– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who overlooks [his enemy] is himself surely not overlooked.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Letter 62]

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لاتَستَصغِرَنَ‏عَدُوّاً وإن‏ضَعُفَ .

14– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Never underestimate an enemy even if he be weak.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 10216]

Reconciling With One’s Enemies

استِصلاحُ الأعداءِ

15ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَنِ استَصلَحَ عَدُوَّهُ‏ زَادَ في عَدَدِهِ.

15– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who reconciles with his enemy increases the numbers on his own side.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8230]

16ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَنِ‏استَصلَحَ ‏الأضدادَ بَلَغَ‏ المُرادَ.

16– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘He who reconciles with the opposition achieves his aim.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8043]

How to Arm Oneself Against Enemies

ما يَنبَغي التَّسَلُّحُ بِهِ عَلَى الأعداءِ

17ـ لقمانُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ في وَصِيَّتِهِ لاِبنِهِ ـ: يا بُنَيَّ ، لِيَكُن مِمّا تَتَسَلَّحُ بِهِ عَلى عَدُوِّكَ فَتَصرَعُهُ المُماسَحَةُ وإعلانُ الرِّضا عَنهُ ، ولا تُزاوِلْهُ بِالمُجانَبَةِ فيَبدُوَ لَهُ ما في نَفسِكَ فَيتَأهَّبَ لَكَ.

17– Luqman (a.s.) said in his advice to his son, ‘O my son, let your weapons against your enemy with which you bring him to the ground be crafty persuasion and a [false] display of pleasure with him, and do not pursue him by running after him in case what you harbour within may become manifest to him leading him to prepare himself for you.’[Amali al-Saduq, p. 532, no. 5]

عَداوَةُ النّاسِ لِما جَهِلوا

People’s Hostility Towards That Which They are Ignorant of

18ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): النّاسُ أعداءُ ما جَهِلوا.

18– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘People are hostile towards that which they are ignorant of.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Sayings 172 and 438]