Generosity السَّخاءِ


فَضلُ السَّخاءِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): السَّخاءُ خُلُقُ اللّه‏ِ الأعظَمُ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, 'Allah has made generosity the greatest moral virtue.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 15926]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ما جَبَلَ اللّه‏ُ ولِيّاً لَهُ إلّا عَلى السَّخاءِ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, 'Allah has created every single vicegerent of His with generosity as their natural disposition.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 16204]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ قُربَةٌ.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Generosity is a means of nearness [to Allah].’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 193, no. 9]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يُستَعانُ عَلَى اللُّبِّ إلّا بالسَّخاءِ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The heart can only be made use of [to the best of its capacity] with generosity.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 7, no. 59]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ ثَمَرَةُ العَقلِ، والقَناعَةُ بُرهانُ النُّبلِ .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Generosity is the fruit of the intellect, and contentment is the proof of magnanimity.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2145]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ يَزرَعُ المَحَبَّةَ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Generosity cultivates love.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 306]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ يُكسِبُ المَحَبَّةَ ويُزَيِّنُ الأخلاقَ .

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Generosity imparts love and adorns one's character.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1600]

8ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ مِن أخلاقِ الأنبياءِ، وهُو عِمادُ الإيمانِ ، ولا يكونُ مؤمنٌ إلّا سَخيّاً، ولا يكونُ سَخيّاً إلّا ذو يَقينٍ وهِمَّةٍ عالِيَةٍ ؛ لأنَّ السَّخاءَ شُعاعُ نورِ اليَقينِ ، ومَن عَرَفَ ما قَصَدَ ، هانَ علَيهِ ما بَذَلَ.

8– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'Generosity is one of the noble traits possessed by prophets. It is the pillar of belief, such that only a true believer will be generous, as well as one who possesses great certainty and high aspiration, for generosity is a gleam from the light of certainty, and the one who knows what he wants finds it easy to give away.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 355, no. 17]

9ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): خِيارُكُم سُمَحاؤكُم وشِرارُكُم بُخَلاؤكُم.

9– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'The best ones from among you are those who are liberal and the worst ones from among you are the miserly.’[Bihar al-Anwar, p. 350, no. 3]

The Generous Person


10ـ أوحى اللّه‏ُ عزّوجلّ إلى موسى (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أن لا تَقتُلِ السّامِرِيَّ، فإنّهُ سَخِيٌّ.

10– Allah, Mighty and Exalted, revealed to Prophet Moses (a.s.), 'That you kill not the Samiri1, for verily he is a generous man.’[al-Kafi, v. 4, p. 41, no. 13]

11ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): السَّخِيُّ قَريبٌ مِنَ اللّه‏ِ، قريبٌ مِن الناسِ ، قَريبٌ مِن الجَنَّةِ.

11– The Prophet (S) said, 'The generous person is close to Allah, close to people and close to Paradise.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 308, no. 37]

12ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): تَجافَوا عن ذَنبِ السَّخِيِّ فإنَّ اللّه‏َ آخِذٌ بيدِهِ كُلَّما عَثَرَ .

12– The Prophet (S) said, 'Relinquish the generous person's sin for verily Allah takes him by the hand every time he slips.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 16212]

13ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): شابٌّ سَخِيٌّ مُرَهَّقٌ في الذُّنوبِ أحَبُّ إلى اللّه‏ِ عزّوجلّ مِن شَيخٍ عابِدٍ بَخيلٍ .

13– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'A generous youth burdened by sins is more beloved to Allah than a worshipping but miserly old man.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 73, p. 307, no. 34]

14ـ الإمامُ الرِّضا (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخِيُّ يَأكُلُ مِن طَعامِ الناسِ لِيَأكُلُوا مِن طَعامِهِ ، والبَخيلُ لا يَأكُلُ مِن طَعامِ الناسِ لِئَلاّ يَأكُلُوا مِن طَعامِهِ .

14– Imam Ar-Ridha’ (a.s.) said, 'The generous person partakes of other people's food in order that they may [feel comfortable to] partake of his food, whereas the miser does not partake of others' food so that they may not eat from his.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 352, no. 8]

The Extent of Generosity Recommended

حَدُّ السَّخاءِ

15ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أسخَى الناسِ مَن أدّى زَكاةَ مالِهِ.

15– The Prophet (S) said, 'The most generous of people is he who fulfils payment of the alms-tax due upon him.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 77, p. 112, no. 2]

16ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ أن تَكونَ بمالِكَ مُتَبَرِّعاً وعن مالِ غَيرِكَ مُتَوَرِّعاً.

16– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Generosity is that you contribute willingly from your own wealth, and restrain yourself from other people's wealth.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1928]

17ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخِيُّ الكريمُ الذي يُنفِقُ مالَهُ في حَقٍّ.

17– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'The kind and generous person is he who spends his wealth for a right cause.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 71, p. 353, no. 11]

18ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): السَّخاءُ ما كانَ ابتِداءً ، فَأمّا ما كانَ مِن مَسألَةٍ فَحَياءٌ وتَذَمُّمٌ.

18– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'Generosity is when the act of giving is initiated. When it is prompted by a request however, it is merely out of a sense of embarrassment or obligation.’[Bihar al-Anwar, p. 357, no. 21]

19ـ الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ للسَّخاءِ مِقدارا فإنْ زادَ علَيهِ فهُو سَرَفٌ.

19– Imam al-’Askari (a.s.) said, 'Generosity has a set limit, and if taken to extremes becomes squandering.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 69, p. 407, no. 115]

  • 1. Samiri: one of the Israelites accompanying Prophet Moses after he had delivered them from Pharaoh. He led the Israelites to take a golden calf for an idol during Moses’s absence (ed.)