Opinion الرَّأي

That Which Renders an Opinion Valid

ما يوجِبُ إصابَةَ الرَّأيِ

1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الرَّأيُ مع الأناةِ ، وبِئسَ الظَّهيرُ الرأيُ الفَطيرُ.

1– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The [valid] opinion comes from balanced judgment, whilst the impetuous and rash opinion is a vile foundation indeed.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 81, no. 76]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اِضرِبُوا بعضَ الرأيِ ببعضٍ يَتَوَلَّدْ مِنهُ الصَّوابُ.

2– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Use some opinions to attack other opinions and the valid one will emerge thereof.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2567]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَنِ استَقبَلَ وُجوهَ الآراءِ عَرَفَ مَواقِعَ الخَطَأِ.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'He who tackles all sides of an opinion will know where the pitfalls lie.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 173]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أفضَلُ الناسِ رَأْياً مَن لا يَستَغنِي عن رَأيِ مُشِيرٍ .

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The man with the best opinion is he who does not write off the need for a second opinion from someone else.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3152]

The Consequences of Obstinately Holding One's Own Opinion

آثارُ الاستِبدادِ بِالرَّأيِ

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مَنِ استَبَدَّ برأيِهِ هَلَكَ ، ومَن شاوَرَ الرِّجالَ شارَكَها في عُقُولِها .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'He who obstinately holds his own opinion is ruined, and he who consults other people shares in their collective understanding.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 161]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): ما اُعجِبَ برأيِهِ إلّا جاهِلٌ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Only an ignorant person is proud of his own opinion.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9471]

7ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): المُستَبِدُّ برأيِهِ مَوقوفٌ على مَداحِضِ الزَّلَلِ .

7– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'The one who adamantly holds his own opinion has based it on a shaky and erroneous argument.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 105, no. 41]