Purity الطَّهارَةُ

Ritual Purification


Ritual Purification 1

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الطَّهُورُ شَطرُ الإيمانِ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Purification is a portion of faith.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 25998]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): أوَّلُ مايُحاسَبُ بهِ العَبدُ طَهُورُهُ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘The first thing that the servant will have to account for is his ritual purification.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 26010]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): لا تُقبَلُ صَلاةٌ بغَيرِ طَهورٍ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘A prayer without ablution is not accepted.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 26006]

Purifying Agents


1. Water

1 ـ الماءُ

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): خَلَقَ اللّه‏ُ الماءَ طَهورا لا يُنَجِّسُهُ شَيءٌ، إلّا ما غَيَّرَ لَونَهُ أو طَعمَهُ أو رِيحَهُ .

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Allah has created water to be a purifier where nothing can make it impure, except for that water whose colour, taste or smell has changed.’[Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, v. 1, p. 101, no. 9]

2. The Sun

2 ـ الشّمسُ

5ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كُلُّ ما أشرَقَت علَيهِ الشَّمسُ فهُو طاهِرٌ.

5– Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘Everything that the sun shines on becomes purified.’[Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, v. 2, p. 1043, no. 6]

3. Earth

3 ـ التُّرابُ

6ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ اللّه‏َ عَزَّوجلَّ جَعَلَ التُّرابَ طَهوراً كما جَعَلَ الماءَ طَهوراً.

6– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘Verily Allah, Mighty and Exalted, made the earth a purifier just as he made water a purifier.’[al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 109, no. 224]

4. Fire

4 ـ النارُ

7ـ الإمامُ الكاظمُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لمّا سُئلَ عنِ الجِصِّ يُوقَدُ عَلَيهِ بِالعذَرَةِ وعِظامِ المَوتى ثُمَّ يُجَصَّصُ بِهِ المَسجِدُ ، أيُسجَدُ عَلَيهِ ؟ ـ: إنَّ الماءَ وَالنّارَ قَد طَهَّراهُ.

7– Imam al-Kazim (a.s.) was once asked about gypsum that is burnt along with dried excrement and bone ash, and then used to plaster a mosque, and whether prostration on such plaster is allowed. He replied, ‘Verily water and fire [from the kilning process] have purified it.’[al-Kafi, v. 3, p. 330, no. 3]

Spiritual Purity

الطَّهارَةُ المَعنَوِيَّةُ

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): فَـرَضَ اللّه‏ُ الإيمـانَ تَطهيـراً مِـن الشِّركِ .

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Allah has obligated faith in order to purify one from polytheism.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 252]

9ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ تَقوَى اللّه‏ِ دَواءُ داءِ قُلوبِكُم ... وطَهُورُ دَنَسِ أنفُسِكُم .

9– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Verily being wary of one’s duty to Allah is the remedy for the disease of your hearts … and the purifier of the pollution in your souls.’[Nahjul Balaghah, no. 198]

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إن كُنتُم لا مَحالَةَ مُتَطَهِّرِينَ فَتَطَهَّرُوا مِن دَنَسِ العُيوبِ والذُّنوبِ .

10– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Since you have no choice but to purify your bodies, then make a point of purifying yourselves of your faults and your sins.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3743]

  • 1. Ritual purification (Tahur): ablution (wuzu’), major ablution (ghusl), dry ablution (tayammum), as well as cleaning and purifying one’s body from all things considered impure in Islam (ed.)