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Responsibility المَسؤولِيَّة



1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): اِتَّقُوا اللّه‏َ في عِبادِهِ وبِلادِهِ فإنّكُم مَسؤولُونَ حتّى عنِ البِقاعِ والبَهائمِ، أطِيعُوا اللّه‏َ ولا تَعصُوهُ.

1– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Be careful of your duty to Allah with respect to His people as well as His places, for verily you will be answerable even for the places [you frequented] and the animals. Obey Allah and do not disobey Him.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Sermon 167]

Everyone is Commissioned with Responsibility

كُلُّكُم مَسؤُولٌ!

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ألا كُلُّكُمْ راعٍ وكُلُّكُم مَسؤولٌ عن رَعِيَّتِهِ ، فالأمِيرُ الذي على الناسِ راعٍ وهُو مَسؤولٌ عن رَعِيَّتِهِ ، والرَّجُلُ راعٍ على أهلِ بَيتِهِ وهُو مَسؤولٌ عَنهُم ، والمَرأةُ راعِيَةٌ على بَيتِ بَعلِها ووُلْدِهِ وهِي مَسؤولَةٌ عَنهُم.

2– The Prophet (S) said, 'Indeed each of you is a shepherd responsible for his own herd. The commander of the people is their shepherd and responsible for his herd, just as a man looks after his household and is responsible for them, and a woman tends to her husband and children and is responsible for them.’[Sahih Muslim, no. 1829]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): كُلُّ امرِئٍ مَسؤولٌ عمّا مَلَكَتْ يَمِينُهُ وعِيالِهِ.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Every single person is answerable for all that he possesses and all who depend on him.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7254]

The Answerability of the Hearing, the Sight and the Heart

مَسؤولِيَّةُ السَّمعِ وَالبَصَرِ وَالفُؤادِ

4ـ كتاب من‏لا يحضره الفقيه: قالَ رجلٌ للصّادِقِ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنّ لي جِيرانا ولَهُم جَوارٍ يَتَغَنَّينَ ويَضرِبن بالعُودِ ، فرُبّما دَخَلتُ المَخرَجَ فَاُطِيلُ الجُلُوسَ استِماعا مِنّي لَهُنَّ؟... فقالَ لَهُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): تاللّه‏ِ أنتَ ! أما سَمِعتَ اللّه‏َ عزّوجلّ يقولُ: «إنَّ السَّمْعَ والبَصَرَ والفُؤادَ كُلُّ اُولئكَ كانَ عنه مَسْؤولاً»؟!

4– It has been narrated in Man La Yahzuruhu al-Faqih that a man once came to Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) saying, 'I have a neighbour whose slave girls sing and play the lute, and sometimes when I go to the outhouse I take my time there so I may listen to them…? So Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said to him, 'By Allah! Have you not heard the verse of Allah, Mighty and Exalted, [in the Qur’an], "Verily the hearing and the sight and the heart, each of those shall be answerable for it"?![al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 80, no. 177]