Allah (SwT) has described Himself as al-Mu’min:
“... the One Who gives peace, Who grants security” (Qur’an, 59:23).
“Al-Mu’min” means: the One to Whom peace and security are rendered: He provides the means of their attainment, blocking all the avenues of fear. There is neither peace nor security in this life against the causes of disease and perdition, nor in the life hereafter against the torment and the Wrath, except that He provides the means to attain it.
‘Iman, linguistically speaking, is an infinitive (to believe) derived from two verbs: tasdeeq, testimony for the truth of something or someone, as in:
“... and you will not believe us though we are truthful” (Qur’an, 12:17),
and aman, asylum or a peaceful haven as in:
“... and gave them security against fear” (Qur’an, 106:4).
Some linguists are of the view that the derivation of ‘iman is from this second verb.
If we say that the Almighty grants His servants security against anything they dread, we must be understood in the light of the circumstances of the life in this world and in the hereafter. As regarding the life in this world, the removal of the cause of fear is not reasonably accepted except when a precarious situation has actually taken place. Fear cannot be removed when the possibility of loss of life is present, and nobody can remove such a possibility except Allah (SwT). Nobody can bring about peace and security other than He.
A blind person is apprehensive of perishing on account of his inability to see the area from which death may overtake him. Sound vision grants him security against being annihilated. One whose arm is amputated fears the situation when he cannot defend himself except with the use of his arm. His healthy arm, then, is the cause of his feeling secure. The same can be said about all our senses and bodily parts.
The One Who created all these parts is the same One Who has removed from man the causes of fear by granting him such parts. The One Who has created delicious food for man as well as good medicines and taught him how to make useful tools, thus sparing him a lot of trouble, is surely the same One Who grants him security against all such perils.
The Messenger of Allah (S) has said,”Anyone who believes in Allah (SwT) and the Last Day should bring security to his neighbor against his own misdeeds.”1
- 1. This tradition is recorded on p. 12,”Kitab al-Adab” (book of etiquette), Vol. 8 of al-Bukhari's Sahih.