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85. Dhul-Jalali Wal Ikram ذو الجلال و الاكرام

Allah (SwT) has said:

Blessed is the Name of your Lord, the Lord of Glory and Honor! (Qur’an, 55:78)

Dhul-Jalali wal Ikram is a glorious Attribute that combines glory and beauty, for there is an awesome Glory and Beauty of the Almighty; no servant of Allah (SwT) can achieve knowledge except if he becomes familiar with Dhul-Jalali wal Ikram. This Attribute surely combines in it anticipation, awe, hope and fear.

The Almighty monopolizes the qualities of Jalal, greatness, and Ikram, honor. All greatness is His, and honor is from Him; Glory to Him; there is no glory except that He is its fountainhead, while honor is always His.

Glory has originated from Him and overwhelmed His creation, and the norms of His honoring His creation are countless, immeasurable; therefore, He, and only He, is worthy of being Glorified by His creatures. They should express their respect for His Greatness, show appreciation for His favors and grace, and recognize His signs and bounties.

Dhul-Jalali wal Ikram means: the One Who has all Greatness. There is neither distinction nor glory, nor prominence, except if Allah (SwT) permits it; in all reality, it is His, from Him, and by Him. Glory and Exaltation are His, the One Who is the source and fountainhead of all glory, perfection, honor, dignity and greatness. There is neither greatness nor favor nor bliss nor goodness except that it originates from His ocean.

Mu’ath ibn Jabal1 is quoted as saying that the Messenger of Allah (S) once passed by a man who was repeating”O One with the Glory and Honors!” so he said to him,”Your plea will be honored; so, proceed and state it.”

The Messenger of Allah (S) has said,”Uphold Dhul-Jalali wal Ikram,” that is:”Follow His path and remain steadfast in doing so and repeat this Attribute of His in your supplications.”

If a servant of Allah (SwT) keeps repeating this Attribute, and when its light eventually shines in his innermost, he will become highly regarded among the nations. Whoever realizes the Greatness of Allah (SwT) will become very humble before Him.

One of the signs of the good conduct of a servant of Allah (SwT) is that he seeks nearness to Him by attaching himself to Him, by becoming very humble, by expressing his humility before Allah (SwT). He must realize that all Greatness and perfection belong to Him, and that He honors His servants by granting them His favors.

  • 1. Mu’adh ibn Jabal was one of the Prophet’s sahaba, companions, actually one of their greatest and most highly respected. He was born in 593 A.D., although some sources give other dates, and he died while still young at the age of 38 in 10 A.H./631 A.D. in a plague in Sham (Syria) to which he lost his son Abdur-Rahman. Ibn al-Athir details his biography on pp. 400-403, Vol. 4 of his Usd al-Ghaba encyclopedia (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1998), giving us his full name as:”Abu Abdur-Rahman” Mu’adh ibn Jabal ibn Amr ibn Aws ibn ‘Aith ibn Ka’b ibn Amr ibn ‘Uday ibn Sa’d ibn Ali ibn Asad ibn Sarida ibn Tazid ibn Jusham ibn al-Khazraj. His belonging to the Khazraj tribe means he was one of the Ansar. During the establishment of ties of brotherhood between Mecca’s Muhajirun and Medina’s Ansar, which took place immediately after the Hijra, migration of the Prophet from Mecca to Medina, the Prophet made him brother of another great sahabi, namely Abdullah ibn Mas’ud; he was 18 when he accepted Islam, as we are told at the top of p. 401 (second line) of Usd al-Ghaba. Accordingly, Mu’ath was one of the earliest to embrace Islam: Since he was born in 593 A.D., his conversion to Islam must have taken in 593 + 18 = 611. The year 611 A.D. marked one year only after the commencement of the Prophetic mission which started in Mecca in 610 A.D. Also according to Usd al-Ghaba, he was one of the 70 Medenite delegates who swore the second Pledge of Aqaba to the Prophet of Islam in the year 622-23 A.D. Volume Two of this book, which discusses the Prophet of Allah and His very best of creation, namely Muhammad, has another footnote about this great sahabi where the first and second pledges of Aqaba are detailed.