Prophet Hud (‘a)

The Almighty has said,

And to ‘Ad (We sent) their brother Hud. He said: O my people! Worship Allah; you have no god other than Him; will you not then guard (yourselves against evil)? The chiefs of those who disbelieved from among his people said: Most surely we see you in folly, and most surely we think you are one of the liars. He said: O my people! There is no folly in me, but I am a messenger of the Lord of the worlds. I deliver to you the messages of my Lord and I am a faithful adviser to you. What?! Do you wonder that a reminder has come to you from your Lord through a man from among you so that he might warn you?! And remember when He made you successors after Noah’s people and increased you in excellence of make; therefore, remember the blessings of Allah so that you may be successful. They said: Have you come to us so that we may worship Allah alone and give up [the worship of] what our fathers used to worship? Then bring us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful. He said,”Indeed uncleanness and Wrath from your Lord have descended on you! What?! Do you dispute with me about names which you and your fathers have given? Allah has not sent any authority for them; wait, then; I, too, with you am waiting.” So We delivered him and those with him by mercy from Us, and We cut off the last of those who rejected Our communications and were not believers (Qur’an, 7:65-72).

Prophet Hud (‘a) is son of Arfkhshath son of Sam son of Noah (‘a). He belonged to an Arab tribe called ‘Ad عاد, named after ‘Ad son of Aws son of Sam son of Noah (‘a). They inhabited the Ahqaf (sand dunes) area separating Oman from Hadhramaut, in a land overlooking the Red sea called al-Shahr شحر, and the name of their valley is Mugheeth. According to Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (‘a), they were very tall people; anyone of them could hit a mountain with his bare hand and chop a piece of it.1

According to the Tafsir (exegesis) book of Ali ibn Ibrahim, ‎’Ad’s land was in the desert, and they were growing many trees, including a good number of palms. They used to live very long. They worshipped idols, so Allah (SwT) sent them Hud (‘a) to invite them to Islam, but they refused and subjected him to a great deal of their harm. Allah (SwT), therefore, kept the rain from falling on their land for seven years till the drought caused a famine. Hud (‘a) was a farmer who used to water the farms.

A group of people came to his house once seeking to meet with him. A one-eyed woman whose hair was mostly gray came out to them.”Who are you?” she asked them.”We are people of such-and-such land, and our land has been hit by drought; so, we have come to Hud (‘a) to request him to supplicate to Allah (SwT) on our behalf so that rain may fall on us and hence our land may become fertile again.” She said,”Had Hud (‘a)’s supplication been heeded, he would have supplicated for himself! His plants have been drought burnt.”

“Where is he?” they asked her. She told them where they could find him, so they went there and said to him,”O prophet of Allah (SwT)! Our land has been afflicted with drought; so, ask Allah (SwT) to cause the rain to fall on it.” Hud (‘a) did, indeed, perform prayers followed by a supplication for them then said to them,”Go back, for rain has already fallen there.” They said to him,”O prophet of Allah (SwT)! We have seen in your house something strange, a one-eyed woman most of whose hair is gray..,” and they proceeded to inform him of the conversation between them and her.

“That was my wife,” said Hud (‘a),”and I invoke Allah (SwT) to let her live long.” They were surprised to hear such an answer from him, so they asked him why. He said,”Allah (SwT) never created a believer without creating an enemy for him to harm him. She is my enemy. Having an enemy over whom I have control is better than facing one who controls me.”2

The people of ‎’Ad were the first to worship idols after Noah (‘a)’s flood, and they had three idols: Sadd, Thamud, and Hara. Reference to Hud (‘a) in the Holy Qur’an exists in seven places, and the Almighty has revealed an entire chapter named after him, i.e. Surah Hud (‘a).

Invocation By Prophet Hud (‘A)

As is the case with the other invocations, this text is quoted from the Holy Qur’an which states the following:

Surely I rely on Allah, my Lord and yours; there is no living creature but He holds it by its forelock; surely my Lord is on the right path. But if you turn back, then indeed I have delivered to you the message with which I have been sent to you, and my Lord will bring another people in your place, and you cannot harm Him in the least; surely my Lord is the Preserver of all things. And when Our decree came to pass, We delivered Hud and those who believed with him with mercy from Us, and We delivered them from a severe chastisement (Qur’an, 11:56-58).

  • 1. al-Jaza'iri, Al-Noor al-Mubeen, p. 130.
  • 2. Ibid., pp. 131-132.