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['Aalim Network QR] Silent/Loud Recitation in Namaaz

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|       In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful       |\
|  Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\

Salaamun Alaykum,

 Here is a question about Namaaz, with the answer kindly provided by Br. 
Hasnain Kassamali.

Mustafa Rawji

       --[  In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful  ]--

        As you know, in Salat, we who follow the Prophet (PBUH&HF) and the 12
        A'immah (AS) recite "Alhamdulillah" or "Alhamdulillahi Rabbil al-Amin"
        after the recitation of Sura al-Hamd.
        When we recite this, must it be silently (in any of our daily Wajib
        salat), or do we say it out loud??
        Is it makruh to recite it loudly, or is there no objection to having
        it recited either way???

        I am currently in the Taqlid of Ayatullah Seestani, *BUT* I would
        appreciate having this question answered from *ALL* of the past and
        present Mar'aja.


The rules of jahriyya (reciting with a raised voice, but not shouting)
applicable to Maghrib, `Ishaa' and Fajr prayers and ikhfatiyya (reciting
with a low voice) applicable to Zuhr and `Asr prayers apply only to Suratul
Hamd and the other sura. Also, in Zuhr and `Asr it is Mustahab to say with a
raised voice the Bismillah... of the surahs. Thus, the Mustahab dhikr and/or
du`a read after some suras such as "Alhamdu lillahi rabbil `alameen" after
al-Hamd and "Kadhaalika 'llaahu Rabbee" after al-Tawheed can be said either
with a raised or low voice.

However, it is better for an Imam leading congregational prayers to say
these dhikr and du`a with a raised voice so that the Ma'mumeen should not go
to Ruku` before him.

Going through al-`Urwatul Wuthqaa (published- Qum, 1412) which has opinions
of Ayatullahs  Khu'i, Khumayni, Araki and Gulpaygani in footnotes, I see no
differences in their fatawa, on this issue. Moreover, I do not have the
Tawdeeh of all the Maraji` mentioned above.

Allah knows the best.

Hasnain Kassamali
Humble servant of the Ahlul Bayt (a)      November 30, 1995

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