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['Aalim Network QR] Nahjul Balagha & Imams Hasan & Husayn (a.s)

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|       In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful       |\
|  Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\
Salaamun 'Alaykum

The following questions were kindly answered by Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi.

Fee Amaanillah,

Akil Karim
Moderator - 'Aalim Network

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The imams, succeeding the prophet were the fountains of knowledge and access path to the "city of knowledge".  Some proof of this has been recorded in books like Nahjul Balagha & Psalms of Islam.

I was wondering while Imam Ali, was doing sermons and speeches, what were his two holy sons doing?  Did they too propagate Islam by sermons?  And if so why is there no record/compilation of their sermons and speeches?


By studying the lives of our Imams, one thing becomes very clear that during the imamate of one Imam, the successor would never say or do anything without the permission or command of the living Imam. So the question of Hasan and Husayn giving sermons while Imam 'Ali was alive did not arise that much, except in cases where they were told by their respected father to answer a question or give a sermon; or, for example, when Hasan was commissioned by Imam 'Ali to go Kufa and raise an army for either the battle of Jamal or Siffin (the uncertainty is from myself), Hasan gave a very moving sermon and gathered a large number of people to join his father.


Nahjul Balagha is a compilation of Imam Ali's saying *only*, but does not contain any sayings of Imam Hassan or Hussein, yet they lived at Ali's time.  Why did the compiler of Nahjul Balagha not include any sayings of the grandsons of the Prophet(p)?


You have to see who compiled the book and why? Nahjul Balagha was compiled by Sayyid Razi, a famous Shi'a scholar of fourth century. He was a man of letters himself and a very talented poet. His purpose, in compiling Nahjul Balagha, was to select and compile those sayings of Imam 'Ali which attracted his attention from the points of view of eloquence and clarity of the language. Sayyid Razi did not intend to compile a book of hadith which means compiling the sayings in complete forms and also providing the sources of his collection. But the Sayyid does not do either: many sermons are incomplete; only those parts which seemed very appealing from the literary point of view found place in Nahjul Balagha. When a person compiles a book with this purpose and limitation, the question of why sermons of Imams Hasan and Husayn have not been included is irrelevant.

Sayings of Imam Hasan and his sermons are found in the historical accounts of his life; and those of Imam Husayn have been compiled in different books, e.g., Balaghatul Husayn.

Sayyid M. Rizvi

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