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['Aalim Network QR] Hadith al-Dar (Tradition of the House)

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|       In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the All-Merciful       |\
|  Greeting of Allah be upon Muhammad and the pure members of his House |\

Salamun alaykum,

	The reply to the following question was kindly provided by Br. 
Shaun Astarabadi.


Mustafa Rawji 
Moderator, 'Aalim Network

What is the Authenticity (level or degree) and the references for hadith
Al-dar in Sunni references?
Hadith Al-Dar:

And Muhammad (PBUH) said on the day of the assembly at his house where he
had especially gathered the banu-abd al-muttalib there in order to make
the following solemn pledge: 
"Whosoever helps me in this matter will be my brother, my testamentary
trustee (WASI), my helper, my heir, and my successor (KHALIFA) after me".


 		Bismillah Arrahman Arrahim

Hadith al-Dar = Tradition of the House. (The prophet summoned the his
uncles to his house). Also know as,

Hadith al-Inthar = Tradition of the Warning. From the Arabic words of
the holy aya - "Wa ANTHIR 'asheeratuka al-aqrabeen": 

	"And admonish thy nearest kinsmen," [26:214]

When Allah (swt) ordered His messenger (s) to gather the heads of his
family and admonish them about Islam, he invited them to a meal prepared
by Ali (as) three times, inviting them into Islam in compliance with
Allah's order. When he made the declaration, at the end, that "Whosoever
helps me in this matter will be my brother, my testamentary trustee
(WASI), my helper, my heir, and my successor (KHALIFA) after me," only
Ali responded and received that honor.

More details can be found in the on-line Shi'a Encyclopedia:


The references mentioned in the Encyclopedia are:

Sunni References:
(1) History of al-Tabari, English version, v6, pp 88-91
(2) History of Ibn Athir, v2, p62(3) History of Ibn Asakir, v1, p85
(4) Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Hafidh Jalaluddin al-Suyuti, v5,
(5) Tafsir al-Khazin, by Ala'uddin al-Shafi'i, v3, p371
(6) Shawahid al-Tanzil, by al-Hasakani, v1, p371
(7) Kanz al-Ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, v15, p15, pp  100-117
(8) al-Sirah al-Halabiyah, v1, p311
(9) Dala'il al-Nabawiyyah, by al-Baihaqi, v1, pp 428-430
(10) al-Mukhtasar, by Abul Fida, v1, pp 116-117
(11) Life of Muhammad, by Hasan Haykal, p104 (First Arabic Edition only.
     In the second edition the last sentence of Prophet is deleted.)
(12) Tahdhib al-Athar, v4, pp  62-63.

Below are additional Islamic resources and opinions by (Sunni) scholars
as to the correctness of the event and authenticity of the hadith.

1 - Abu Jaafar al-Iskafi al-Mu'tazili al-Baghdadi (d. 240), "Naqdh
    al-'Uthmaniyya"; said that it is authentic (Sahih).
2 - Burhanul Deen, "Anbaa al-Nujabaa", p44-48
3 - Abul Fidaa al-Dimishqi, "History of Abul Fidaa", v1, p116
4 - Shahabul Deen al-Khafaji, "Sharh al-Shifa" (of Qadhi 'Ayyadh), v3,
    p37; dropped the ending and said that it is mentioned in "Dalael
    al-Bayhaqi" and others with an authentic chain.
5 - al-Khazin, 'Alaauddin al-Shafe'i al-Baghdadi, "Tafseer al-Khazin",
6 - ahl-Hafidh Jalaluddin al-Suyuti, "Jam'ul Jawami'", v6, p392;
    referenced it from al-Tabari; and in p397 referenced it by way of the
    six: Abi Is-haq, Ibn Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatam, Ibn Mardawayh, Abi Naeem,
    al-Bayhaqi and Ibn Abi Hadid (as in his commentary on Nahjul Balagha, 
    v3, p 254.)
7 - Abu Is-haq al-Tha'labi (d. 427), "Tafseer al-Kashf wal Bayan", v1,
8 - al-Hafidh al-Kanji al-Shafei, "al-Kifaya", p89.
9 - Historian Georgy Zaidan, "Tarikhul Tamaddun al-Islami", v1, p31
10- Mohammad Hussain Haikal, "The Life of Mohammad", p104, the first
    printing; (he removed the text of the hadith in the second print on!
    Even though, he defended the correctness of his first print by
    publishing the sources of this hadith in his newspaper "Jaridat
    al-Siyasah al-Misriyya", issue 2751, 12 Thil Qi'dah 1350 AH, p5; and
    issue 2985.)

It is also obvious to the any researcher that al-Tabari's account in his
well known commentary "Tafseer al-Tabari", on the holy aya,  has been
tampered with by replacing the last keywords of the hadith with "my
helper and SO and SO", whereas he has reported the hadith in full in his
famous history book "Tarikhul Tabari" also known as "Tarikhul Umam wal

All the narrators of the hadith are trustworthy, except for Abu Mariam
Abdul Ghaffar bin al-Qasim, some have regarded him as weak because of
their accusation that he is a Shi'a! In spite of that, Ibn 'Uqdah had a
very high regard for him and transmitted his narration's. See "Lisan
al-Mizan", v4, p43.

Additionally, many others have reported his hadith(s) and treated it as
authentic. As they have stated in "Jame'ul Jawami'", al-Suyuti [v6,
p396] said that Ibn Jarir al-Tabari regarded the men in the narration

Ahmad bin Hanbal in his "Musnad", v1, p111: All its narrators are from
the men of Sihah.  Also, the Imam Ahmad [v1, p159] he reported another
version by way of 'Affan bin Muslim, Abi 'Awaneh, Othman bin
al-Mughireh, abi Sadiq, Rabi'ah bin Najith (Tabi'i) from Imam Ali. All
these men are TRUSTWORTHY in the opinion of Ahmad bin Hanbal, as he said
about them throughout his book.

Ibn Taimiya, "Minhajul Sunna", v4, p80; he copied it from Ibn Abi Hatam
and al-Ya'qoubi. He claimed that the hadith was fabricated! But that is
not unlike him when it comes to any virtue of Ahlul Bayt.

Even the Christian Abdul Masih al-Antaki (Egyptian) in his commentary on
the poem "al-Qaseeda al-'Alawiyyah al-Mubaraka", p76; he mentioned the
event of Yamul Darr/Yamul Inthar.

Wal Salatu Wal Salamu ala Muhammadin Wa ~Alihi

Shaun Astarabadi

Ahlul Bayt (Arabic) references on the subject:

1. Sheikh Mohammad Mar'i al-Amin al-Antaki, "Limatha ikhtart mathhab
   al-Shi'a: Mathhab Ahlul Bayt (as)" (Why I chose the Shi'a School of
   thought: The school of Ahlul Bayt), al-Aalami Press.
2. al-'Allama al-Amini, "al-Ghadir fil Kitab wal Sunna wal Adab", v2,
3. Dr. M. al-Tijani, "Thumma Ihtadait", p180. (English version available
   on-line at: http://www.al-islam.org/guided/)

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