Biography taken from the book Philosophical Instructions.
The author, Muhammad Taqi Misbah Yazdi, was born in 1934 in Yazd, where he completed primary studies in the Islamic Sciences, and began reading the major classical texts in Islamic law and jurisprudence. In order to pursue advanced studies, he went to Najaf, but due to financial difficulties, he returned to Iran after one year and continued his studies in Qum. There, from 1952 to 1960, he participated in the classes taught by Imam Khomeini, while at the same time he studied the interpretation of the Qur’an, Ibn Sina’s Shifa and Mulla Sadra’s Asfar with Allamah Tabataba’i. He also spent approximately fifteen years as the student of Ayatullah Bahjat in fiqh. After his formal studies with Imam Khomeini were put to an end by the latter’s exile, he spent some years engaged in discussions about the social significance of Islam, including discussions about Jihad, judicature and the Islamic government.
Around 1964 he cooperated with Shahid Dr. Behishti, Shahid Bahonar and Hujjat al Islam Rafsanjani in the resistance to the regime of the Pahlawi Shah and wrote two books, one called Bithat and the other Intiqam, the second of which he did the work of publishing himself. He also participated in the founding of a political organization of the clergy in Qum, that was primarily led by Ayatullah Rabbani Shirazi, and that included among its members Ayatullah Khamenei, Hujjat al Islam Rafsanjani and Shahid Quddusi. The founding documents of this organization were obtained by the regime and those whose names appeared on it were to be prosecuted, and so they went into hiding, including Ayatullah Misbah. When the atmosphere cooled down, he was able to return to Qum and resume his scholarly activities.
After that, he worked in the administration of Madrasah Haqqani along with Ayatullah Jannati, Shahid Behshti and Shahid Quddusi and for about ten years he taught philosophy and Quranic studies there. Then, shortly before and following the Islamic Revolution, with the support and encouragement of Imam Khomeini he participated in the founding of several schools and institutes, among the most important of which was the Dar Rah Haqq institute, the Baqir al Ulum foundation and the Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute which he currently directs and where he taught the Asfar of Mulla Sadra. In 1996 he was elected to a five-year term as representative of Khuzistan province to the Majlis Khibrigan (Council of Experts).
Among the works authored by Ayatullah Misbah Yazdi, the following can be cited:
1. A Summary of Some Philosophical Discussions
2. A Sentry from the Ideological Trenches
3. Comparative Ideology
4. Philosophy Lessons
5. A Commentary on the Nihayah al Hikmah
6. Lessons in Philosophical Ethics
7. Principles of Doctrines
8. The Teachings of the Qur’an
9. Society and History from the Perspective of the Qur’an
10. Islamic Government and the Governance of the Jurist
11. Instructions in Doctrines
12. Ethics in the Qur’an
13. Translation and Commentary on the Book of Demonstration of the Shifa of Avicenna
14. Travelers on the Way of the Friend
15. Provisions for the Road
16. A Commentary on the Asfar of Mulla Sadra