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Chapter 1: The Emigration

Khonsar, the city of springs

Khonsar is a beautiful city...a city of the gushing forth springs...It is a deep-rooted city, belonging to times long past in the Persian history. It has been mentioned in the Islamic history as one of the prominent cities of Shi'ites in the middle of Iran, and its religious scholars and 'Ulama performed significant role in spreading and distributing Shi'ism in this region of God.

Khoosar is 2408 metres above sea-level, the matter that have caused it to be a temperate mountainous zone.1

Amidst that charming nature where the mountains and the copious springs flowing with vitality and vigour, a bloomy and vivid green, pulsates with life...rivulets pushing their ways through the mountains, filling them up with soft gurgles and limpid, fresh water. While the spring called [Kasoonesh] exceeds the whole world springs with its transparency and beauty, since its water comes down from a height of 300 meters.

The Spring of Invocation

Ramadhan, the spring of invocations, glorification and Holy Qur'an has emerged, hope sprouts bloomed inside the house of the great Sayyid Asadullah, filling it with a particular warmth of month of Allah, wherein murmurs of Du'as (supplications) being chanted in the vast space, mixed with submissive recitation of verses from the Holy Qur'an…Time passing through with new efflorescent springtime of that year, namely 1267 S.H.2

Sayyid Asadullah, like his ancestors, was always trying to commence the prayer of Jama’a with a glorious performance...to be an overwhelming river that clears the believers' souls,

“purifying them and putting away from them abomination and to cleanse them thoroughly”(Holy Qur’an, 33:33)

His aromatic sermons pick up the souls of listeners from their bodies' filth exalting them to swim in the shiny space...quenching their thirst from the Qur'anic fresh pure springs.

His religious preaching releases spirits from their heavy covers, leading them to the foundation of prosperity, enabling them to imbibe freshness and pureness peacefully.

Sayyid's spouse stood by the river bank, with deep sorrow for her being unable to share other Moomins in their happiness and joy.

A Newborn approaches

Undoubtedly, motherhood is the most magnificent technique, a sacred torture that opens an embrasure of hope in the face of the new-born. Indeed, a peerless suffering which may not be assumed except by creatures called “mothers”. While Sayyid Asadullah is sitting in a corner in the room, invoking God for the sake of his wife…as she had a difficult labour...He maybe was reciting the surah of “Maryam”...a surah that donates its reciter a great deal of peace...

“wherein Maryam invokes Allah and when the birth pangs surprised her by the trunk of the palmtree, she said: Would I had died ere this, and become a thing forgotten”(Holy Qur’an, 19:23)

Hence, the Christ (a.s.) began to open his eyes towards the hope, in the midst of “the threefold shadows”...Thus, life is certainly contingent upon mothers' pains...similar to the prophets' passions. A new-born appears, afterwards. The good tiding gets about. It is a male, and the kind father delivers it, enfolding the child, who was swathed with a snow-white towel, in an affectionate embrace...and began to satisfy himself with warm kisses on its lips and cheeks, thanking God for his grace. Then the father names him shouting: Muhammad Taqi!

His Pedigree

The Sayyid is a descendant of a “good tree, its roots are firm, and its branches are in heaven; it gives its produce every season by the leave of its Lord

A pedigree that rooted in the depth of the history, possessing branches decorated with knowledge, virtue and piety. The compiler of “Da-iratul Ma'arif” (The Encyclopedia) in his treatise titled as "Adimatul Nadheer" (The Unrivaled), mentions the Sayyid's pedigree as below: “He is Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Al-Khonsari son of 'Allama (religious savant) Sayyid Asadullah son of the researcher Sayyid Hasan son of the sublime ‘Alim Sayyid Abul Qasim son of the 'Alim Sayyid Husayn son of the outstanding figure Hajj Mirza Abul Qasim Ja'afar)..”,and so until he relates him to the Immaculate Imam Mosa Ibn Ja'afar Al –Kadhim (a.s.)3

His ancestors

This is a concise passing through some of his ancestors and forefathers:

His fourth forefather: Abul Qasim Ja'afor ibn e Husayn, (born to90 A.H.). He has been known to genius since he was a youngster, and he could perceive the fundamental and intermediate lessons of the Islamic science, while he was not yet pubescent. He used to attend the sermons of 'Allama Majlesi.

He produced many significant and remarkable works, such as: A treatise titled as “Al-Wojoob Al-'Ayni Li Salat Al-Jum'a” (The Objective Obligation in Friday Prayer);"Al-Mandhooma Al-'Arabiyyah" (The Arabic Poem), and seven other compilations were done by him. Furthermore, Sayyid was killed calligraphist, as his handwritten works obviously exhibit that.

He left Isfahan towards Khonsar urged by its people, during the Afghani riot - at the end of the Safavid dynasty. His third grandfather: Ayatullah Hajj Sayyid Husayn, one of the greatest researchers in Islamic teachings, the reason which has imparted a special scientific position to Khonsar during his time.

He has educated many famous 'Alims and Mujtahids (religious jurists), and the genius well-known researcher Mirza Qommi was at the head of them, since the latter spent a long time in the city of Khonsar, studying under the supervision of 'Allama Sayyid Husayn.

Indicating his high morals, we mention some of them hereunder.

1. He has never been seen neglecting the Midnight Prayer.

2. He used to read the traditional prayers of 'Ashoora every day.

3. He has also never been watched giving up Jama'a Prayer, and if the said prayer was, by somehow, missed by him as he was for example still at home, he immediately performs it at his home leading his family members by himself.

4. He used to be Imam (a prayer leader) of Friday Prayer which was being performed in the city mosque built particularly for that reason.

5. He always did his best to be near and kind to the poor and needy, and made every effort to carry out their needs and demands.

But as for his second grandfather, the God-fearing Sayyid Abul Qasim, he has attained honourably the highest rank or piety, devoutness and righteousness, which greatly influenced the people around him. He said to be as “one whose prayers are answered”, and he occasionally showed many charismata and miracles.

He was given a religious authorisation in Ijtihad (exertion) by his father, as Sayyid Bahril 'Uloom has granted him one too.

At The School of Theology

Gradually, the boy grows up...spending his time in this life piecemeal, playing with his equal age companions.

The days passed with far too quickly, and the boy attains the age that enables him to sip from the fountain of knowledge, which is everyone's target to seize the valuable merits of the life.

His sagacity and discernment became evident. Consequently, he started to quaff the knowledge without indulgence, outshining all the other competitors. Yet, his father tried his best to nourish him with noble morals, and thus he corresponded to his father.

He writes the Holy Qur'an

Then he overshadows his equal age companions and surpassing them in intellect and sense, flying in the transparent sphere or the spirit, in the vast horizons of the Holy Qur'an, then he dives into the deep ocean of knowledge.

Hence, when he learned how to write, he too learned how to script the letters and the words with his beautiful handwriting. There, he eagered to write the heavenly words accurately and with distinguishing remarks, so that his relation with the Holy Qur’an would become stronger and more fixed, and on the other hand, the Holy Qur’an may turn as a luminous banner.

He also determined to grant that magnificent achievement in a masjid, where the bright minarets and the holy sacred place are available.

The days were passing so quick, and Muhammad Taqi continues his hard work beyond description, deprived of feebleness or fatigue.

He looks very pleasant while he goes on with the divine words...word by word and letter by another...hovering the light worlds, where the aroma and perfume filling those green gardens and paradises, so, the word of the heaven have been scattered inside him, pulling forth vivid leaves by which elevated merits and attitudes become apparent, and a systematic rule dominate his life so straightly.

Afterwards, the genius boy accomplishes his significant job within sixty pages, but that trip was extremely tiresome and that task was tediously long, anyhow, the dependant boy had successfully finished it. He then felt a great deal of happiness, and bowed to kiss the Holy Qur'an, thanking the Allah the Exalted for his blessing and support.

Expressing his deep and indescribable gladness and passion that have gushed out from inside him, he embraced the Glorious Qur'an warmly.

The Hawza in Khonsar

Finally, the school days being folded, but Sayyid Muhammad Taqi was still thirsty and eager to learn more and more so he could quench his thirst.

One day, the son whispers a word in his father's ear: “I am anxious to be an 'Alim like you, father” ! Here, the kind father's eyes filled with tears of delight and pleasure to watch his little boy wishes to grasp the forefather’s inheritance in the arms in such a high-ranked spirit.

In those days, the Hawza of Khonsar was spending its splendid and glorious era, by the blessing or those 'Ulama descended from that noble family. Thus, the second brave step was executed by Sayyid Muhammad Taqi, who immediately started drinking from the pure sources of knowledge, when he advanced in great strides, by being acquainted with the whole Arabic grammars, the topics of the Islamic sciences, in addition to a great deal of Fiqh, Usul (principles) and the introductions to high studies, before reaching seventeen years of age.

During that sum of age too, he also had gotten all what he was earning to learn in the Khonsar Hawza, hence, he yearned for the far and vast horizons...for the center of knowledge and the metropolis of Fiqh…for Najaf Ashraf, so he sought the advice of his father, exhibiting his desire and hope before him to leave towards that holy place, looking on the bright side to learn more about the Islamic science in the best way possible.

The Emigration

A grievous deep silence overcame the house of Sayyid Asadullah. It was the last day, Sayyid Muhammad Taqi as on the alert for a long journey.

The mother of Sayyid was too generous in weeping, and her shedded tears have almost covered her face, it was the tears shedded for the sake of her son's departure. Hence, her only tranquilizer and calming element, is that her son has a great desire to rise and reach a higher position of the glory, and that is inevitable. So she preferred a deep silence to be her refuge, while the kind father was watching his dearest son, as if to have a last vision and picture for him and save it inside his memory, in order to remember him whenever he likes.

Then the father moves forward and puts his mild hand on his son's shoulder, then he kisses him passionately on the forehead, which has excessively expressed the fatherly intentions mixed with love and best wishes £or the beloved son.

Soon afterward, he recommended him for taking good care of himself, and he furnished him with some common names of his friends, there in Najaf, so that he might not be alone in that distant city. The clever and genius student starts his journey towards the city of Najaf, in a caravan accompanied with many others of his natives who were aiming to pilgrim the holy shrine of Imam Ali (a.s.).

Thus the said caravan began its tiresome trip, going across the deserts and the wilderness.

  • 1. This city has been mentioned by Yokoot Al-Hamawi in his famous book “Mo'jamul Bublan” (The Gazette of Countries) as: “Khanisar” and “Khanesar”, which literally means (Cheshmeh) i.e. “a spring” or “a fountain”. Thus “Khonsar” means “spring” or “fountain”.
  • 2. 1890 A.D.
  • 3. See: "M ajmoo'eyeh Hikmat" magazine, vol.I , no.12, pp .12-13, also "Atharul Hujjah", vol.I, p.1;3