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Chapter 5: Yemen During The Caliphate Of Imam ʿAli (‘A)

A treaty which Imam ʿAli (‘a) worded for the Bani Rabiʾa tribe and the Yemenites to agree upon, which was written by the Commander of the Faithful as a protocol between the tribes of Rabiʾa and the people of Yemen. Taken from the writing of Hisham ibn (Muhammad) al-Kalbi:

This indenture contains what the people of Yemen, including the townsmen and nomads, and the tribes of Rabiʾa, including the townsmen and nomads, have agreed upon: That they will adhere to the Book of Allah, will call to it (the Book) and order according to it and will respond to whoever calls to it and orders according to it. They will not sell it for any price, nor accept any alternative to it. They will join hands against anyone who opposes it and abandons it. They will help one another. Their voice will be one. They will not break their pledge on account of the rebuke of a rebuker, the wrath of an angry person, the humiliating treatment of one group to the other, or the use of abusive terms by one party against the other.

This pledge is binding upon those of them who are present and those of them who are absent; those of them who are forbearing and those of them who are foolish; those of them who are learned and those of them who are ignorant. Along with this, the pledge of Allah is also binding upon them, and the pledge of Allah is to be accounted for.

Written By ʿAli Ibn Abi Talib (‘A)

This is a treaty which has been agreed upon by the people of Yemen, be they urban or rural and pastoral, and the people of the Bani Rabiʾa tribe, be they dwellers of cities or those living in villages or the deserts.

Through this treaty both of the parties have agreed that they will steadfastly adhere to their faith in the Holy Book, will accept its orders and tenets, will invite people towards it, and will pass verdicts according to its teachings and rulings, and that they will accept the call of those who invite them towards this Book and will accept the judgement passed according to it, and that they will not accept anything in lieu of this Book and will not sell it at any cost; and they will forsake those who forsake this Book, and they will unite to fight against those who go against this Book.

They promise to help each other and to speak with a common voice on affairs of mutual interest.

They will not break this agreement on account of excitement or anger of any person; or because one participant considers the other humble, weak or powerless; or because one group speaks disparagingly of the other.

Every member of the covenanting party - whether present or absent, whether educated or illiterate, wise or ignorant, will stand by this agreement faithfully.

Over and above the terms of this covenant is the promise of its observance which they have made to Allah and for which they will be held responsible.”1

Yemen’s Support For Imam ʿAli (‘A) During His Caliphate

Mufti Jaʿfar Husayn writes, “After the tribe of Hamdan embraced Islam, the avenues for the progress and propagation of Islam opened up in Yemen. With the rays of the sun on knowledge, the darkness of disbelief was dispelled! In every nook and corner there were voices witnessing the Unity of Allah.”2

Mufti Husayn continues, “In the Battle of Siffin the tribe of Hamdan was solidly behind ʿAli (‘a). Seeing their exploits of valour, ʿAli (‘a) said, ‘If I was the keeper to the Gate of Heaven, I would have asked the Tribe of Hamdan to enter peacefully.”3

When ʿAli ibn Abi Talib (‘a) received successive news that Muʿawiyah’s men were occupying cities, and his own officers in Yemen namely ʿUbaydullah ibn ʿAbbas and Saʿid ibn Nimran came to him retreating after being overpowered by Busr ibn Abi Artah, he was quite disturbed by the slackness of his own men in jihad and their differences of opinion with him. Proceeding on to the pulpit he said:

Nothing (is left for me) but Kufah which I can hold and extend (which is in my hand). (O Kufah) if this is your condition that whirlwinds continue blowing through you, then may Allah destroy you.4

Then he illustrated with the verse of a poet:

O ‘Amr! I swear by your good father’s life! I have received only a small bit of fat from this pot (fat that remains sticking to it after it has been emptied).

Then he continued:

I have been informed that Busr has overpowered Yemen. By Allah, I have begun thinking about these people that they would shortly snatch away the whole country through their unity on their wrong and your disunity (from your own right); and separation, your disobedience of your Imam in matters of right and their obedience to their leader in matters of wrong; their fulfilment of the trust in favour of their master and your betrayal; their good work in their cities and your mischief. Even if I give you charge of a wooden bowl I fear that you will run away with its handle.

O my God, they are disgusted of me and I am disgusted of them. They are weary of me and I am weary of them. Change them for me with better ones, and change me for them with a worse one. O my God, melt their hearts as salt melts in water. By Allah, I wish I had only a thousand horsemen of Banu Firas ibn Ghanam (as the poet says): ‘If you call them the horsemen would come to you like a summer cloud.’

Thereafter Imam ʿAli (‘a) alighted from the pulpit.

When after the arbitration Muʿawiyah’s position was stabilized he began thinking of taking possession of ʿAli ibn Abi Talib’s (‘a) cities and extend his own domain. He sent his armies to different areas in order that they might secure allegiance for Muʿawiyah by force.

In this connection he sent Busr ibn Abi Artat to Hijaz who shed the blood of thousands of innocent people from there up to Yemen, burned alive tribes after tribes in fire, and even killed children, so much so that he butchered the two young boys of ʿUbaydullah ibn ʿAbbas, the Governor of Yemen right in front of their mother Juwayriyah bint Khalid ibn Qaraz al-Kinaniyyah.

When ʿAli ibn Abi Talib (‘a) came to know about his slaughtering and bloodshed he thought of sending a contingent to crush him, but due to the continuous fighting, people had become weary and showed heartlessness instead of zeal. When ʿAli ibn Abi Talib (‘a) observed their shirking from war he delivered this sermon wherein he roused them to enthusiasm and self-respect, and prompted them to jihad by describing before them the enemy’s wrongfulness and their own short-comings.

At last Jariyah ibn Qudamah al-Saʿdi responded to his call and taking an army of 200,000 set off in pursuit of Busr and chased him out of the Commander of the Faithful’s (‘a) domain.

Imam ʿAli (‘A) Teaches A Powerful Supplication To A Yemeni In Need

One day Imam al-Hasan (‘a) entered the area where Imam ʿAli (‘a) was and said, “O Commander of the Faithful, there is a man at the door asking for permission to enter. He has a scent of musk emanating from him.” “Permit him to enter” came the reply.

There entered a nicely built man, handsome, with an awesome sight, tall and proportionate. He was eloquently spoken and wore the garment of kings.

“Peace be upon you, O Commander of the Faithful. I am a man from the farthest part of Yemen and from the noble families of the Arabs, and I am affiliated to you. I have left behind me a great kingdom. I have an overwhelming bounty, a smooth life, things easily accessible and established lands. I have removed the vagueness from my affairs and time has given me experience. Yet I have a difficult and a tricky enemy. He weighs me down, overcomes me with amassed forces, has the great strength of his supporters, all shoulder to shoulder. I have grown tired in finding a way against him.”

The man continued his story, “I was asleep one night when someone came to me in my dream and said crying out, ‘Stand up, O man and go to the best of creation after the Prophet, the Commander of the Faithful, ʿAli ibn Abi Talib. Ask him to teach you the supplication taught to him by the Beloved of Allah, the one chosen by Him from among His creation, Muhammad ibn ʿAbdullah (S). It contains the great name of God. So supplicate this prayer against your enemy.’”

“I got up aware and cognisant, O Commander of the Faithful. I did not go anywhere until I personally came to you with 400 of my servants. I attest to Allah and His Messenger and to you, that they are free, for I have freed them for the sake of Allah, may His greatness be magnified.”

“I came to you from a distant ravine and vast land. I have become internally weak, and enfeebled. Grace me O Commander of the Faithful with your exceeding blessing. [I ask you] by the right of the fatherhood position that you hold [over the nations] and the tight blood relations. Teach me the supplication which I was told about in my dream and was called upon to come to you for.”

So the Commander of the Faithful replied, “Yes by the will of God.” He asked for a pen and paper and wrote for him this supplication.

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

أَللّٰهُمَّ أَنْتَ اللّٰهُ الْمَلِكُ الْحَقُّ الَّذِي لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَ أَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَ أَنْتَ رَبِّي ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَ اعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِي وَ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ‏ إِلَّا أَنْتَ فَاغْفِرْ لِي يَا غَفُورُ يَا شَكُورُ

أَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّي أَحْمَدُكَ وَ أَنْتَ لِلْحَمْدِ أَهْلٌ عَلَى مَا خَصَصْتَنِي بِهِ مِنْ مَوَاهِبِ الرَّغَائِبِ وَ مَا وَصَلَ إِلَيَّ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ السَّابِغِ وَ مَا أَوْلَيْتَنِي بِهِ مِنْ إِحْسَانِكَ إِلَيَّ وَ بَوَّأْتَنِي بِهِ مِنْ مَظِنَّةِ الْعَدْلِ وَ أَنَلْتَنِي مِنْ مَنِّكَ الْوَاصِلِ إِلَيَّ وَ مِنَ الدِّفَاعِ عَنِّي وَ التَّوْفِيقِ لِي وَ الْإِجَابَةِ لِدُعَائِي حَتَّى أُنَاجِيَكَ دَاعِياً وَ أَدْعُوَكَ مُضَاماً

وَ أَسْأَلَكَ فَأَجِدَكَ فِي الْمَوَاطِنِ كُلِّهَا لِي جَابِراً وَ فِي الْأُمُورِ نَاظِراً وَ لِذُنُوبِي غَافِراً وَ لِعَوْرَاتِي سَاتِراً

لَمْ‏ أَعْدَمْ‏ خَيْرَكَ‏ طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ‏ مُذْ أَنْزَلْتَنِي‏ دَارَ الإِخْتِبَارِ لِتَنْظُرَ مَا أُقَدِّمُ لِدَارِ الْقَرَارِ فَأَنَا عَتِيقُكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْآفَاتِ وَ الْمَصَائِبِ فِي اللَّوَازِبِ وَ الْغُمُومِ الَّتِي سَاوَرَتْنِي فِيهَا الْهُمُومُ‏ بِـمَعَارِيضِ أَصْنَافِ الْبَلَاءِ وَ مَصْرُوفِ جُهْدِ الْقَضَاءِ لَا أَذْكُرُ مِنْكَ إِلَّا الْجَمِيلَ وَ لَا أَرَى مِنْكَ غَيْرَ التَّفْضِيلِ

خَيْرُكَ لِي شَامِلٌ وَ فَضْلُكَ عَلَيَّ مُتَوَاتِرٌ وَ نِعْمَتُكَ عِنْدِي مُتَّصِلَةٌ وَ سَوَابِقُ [سَوَابِغُ‏] لَمْ تُحَقِّقْ حِذَارِي‏ بَلْ صَدَّقْتَ رَجَائِي وَ صَاحَبْتَ أَسْفَارِي وَ أَكْرَمْتَ أَحْضَارِي وَ شَفَيْتَ أَمْرَاضِي وَ أَوْصَابِي وَ عَافَيْتَ مُنْقَلَبِي وَ مَثْوَايَ وَ لَمْ تُشْمِتْ بِي أَعْدَائِي وَ رَمَيْتَ مَنْ رَمَانِي وَ كَفَيْتَنِي مَئُونَةَ مَنْ عَادَانِي

فَحَمْدِي لَكَ وَاصِلٌ وَ ثَنَائِي لَكَ دَائِمٌ مِنَ الدَّهْرِ إِلَى الدَّهْرِ بِأَلْوَانِ التَّسْبِيحِ خَالِصاً لِذِكْرِكَ وَ مَرْضِيّاً لَكَ بِنَاصِعِ التَّوْحِيدِ وَ إِمْحَاضِ التَّمْجِيدِ بِطُولِ التَّعْدِيدِ وَ مَزِيَّةِ أَهْلِ الْمَزِيدِ

لَمْ تُعَنْ فِي قُدْرَتِكَ وَ لَمْ تُشَارَكْ فِي إِلَهِيَّتِكَ وَ لَمْ تُعَلَّمْ إِذْ حَبَسْتَ‏ الْأَشْيَاءَ عَلَى الْغَرَائِزِ وَ لَا خَرَقَتِ الْأَوْهَامُ حُجُبَ الْغُيُوبِ فَتَعْتَقِدُ فِيكَ مَحْدُوداً فِي عَظَمَتِكَ

فَلَا يَبْلُغُكَ بُعْدُ الْهِمَمِ وَ لَا يَنَالُكَ غَوْصُ الْفِكَرِ وَ لَا يَنْتَهِي إِلَيْكَ نَظَرُ نَاظِرٍ فِي مَجْدِ جَبَرُوتِكَ ارْتَفَعَتْ عَنْ صِفَةِ الْمَخْلُوقِينَ صِفَاتُ قُدْرَتِكَ وَ عَلَا عَنْ ذٰلِكَ كِبْرِيَاءُ عَظَمَتِكَ لَا يَنْقُصُ مَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ يَزْدَادَ وَ لَا يَزْدَادُ مَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ يَنْقُصَ وَ لَا أَحَدٌ حَضَرَكَ حِينَ بَرَأْتَ النُّفُوسَ

كَلَّتِ الْأَوْهَامُ‏ عَنْ تَفْسِيرِ صِفَتِكَ وَ انْحَسَرَتِ الْعُقُولُ عَنْ كُنْهِ عَظَمَتِكَ وَ كَيْفَ تُوصَفُ وَ أَنْتَ الْجَبَّارُ الْقُدُّوسُ الَّذِي لَمْ تَزَلْ أَزَلِيّاً دَائِـماً فِي الْغُيُوبِ وَحْدَكَ لَيْسَ فِيهَا غَيْرُكَ وَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهَا سِوَاكَ

حَارَ فِي مَلَكُوتِكَ عَمِيقَاتُ مَذَاهِبِ التَّفْكِيرِ فَتَوَاضَعَتِ الْمُلُوكُ لِهَيْبَتِكَ وَ عَنَتِ الْوُجُوهُ بِذُلِّ الإِسْتِكَانَةِ لَكَ وَ انْقَادَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ لِعَظَمَتِكَ وَ اسْتَسْلَمَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ لِقُدْرَتِكَ وَ خَضَعَتْ لَكَ الرِّقَابُ وَ كَلَّ دُونَ ذٰلِكَ تَحْبِيرُ اللُّغَاتِ وَ ضَلَّ هُنَالِكَ التَّدْبِيرُ فِي تَصَارِيفِ الصِّفَاتِ

فَمَنْ تَفَكَّرَ فِي ذٰلِكَ رَجَعَ طَرْفُهُ إِلَيْهِ حَسِيراً وَ عَقْلُهُ مَبْهُوراً وَ تَفَكُّرُهُ مُتَحَيِّراً

أَللّٰهُمَّ فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ مُتَوَاتِراً مُتَوَالِياً مُتَّسِقاً مُسْتَوْثِقاً يَدُومُ وَ لَا يَبِيدُ غَيْرَ مَفْقُودٍ فِي الْمَلَكُوتِ وَ لَا مَطْمُوسٍ فِي الْعَالَمِ وَ لَا مُنْتَقَصٍ فِي الْعِرْفَانِ

وَ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مَا لَا تُحْصَى مَكَارِمُهُ فِي اللَّيْلِ إِذَا أَدْبَرَ وَ الصُّبْحِ إِذَا أَسْفَرَ وَ فِي الْبَرَارِي وَ الْبِحَارِ وَ الْغُدُوِّ وَ الْآصَالِ وَ الْعَشِيِّ وَ الْإِبْكَارِ وَ فِي الظَّهَائِرِ وَ الْأَسْحَارِ

أَللّٰهُمَّ بِتَوْفِيقِكَ قَدْ أَحْضَرْتَنِي الرَّغْبَةَ وَ جَعَلْتَنِي مِنْكَ فِي وَلَايَةِ الْعِصْمَةِ فَلَمْ أَبْرَحْ فِي سُبُوغِ نَعْمَائِكَ وَ تَـتَابُعِ آلَائِكَ

مَحْفُوظاً لَكَ فِي الْمَنَعَةِ وَ الدِّفَاعِ مَحُوطاً بِكَ فِي مَثْوَايَ وَ مُنْقَلَبِي وَ لَمْ تُكَلِّفْنِي فَوْقَ طَاقَتِي إِذْ لَمْ تَرْضَ مِنِّي إِلَّا طَاقَتِي وَ لَيْسَ شُكْرِي وَ إِنْ بَالَغْتُ فِي الْمَقَالِ وَ بَالَغْتُ فِي الْفَعَالِ بِبَالِغٍ أَدَاءَ حَقِّكَ وَ لَا مُكَافِياً لِفَضْلِكَ لِأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ لَمْ تَغِبْ وَ لَا تَغِيبُ عَنْكَ غَائِبَةٌ وَ لَا تَخْفَى عَلَيْكَ خَافِيَةٌ وَ لَمْ تَضِلَّ لَكَ‏ فِي ظُلَمِ الْخَفِيَّاتِ ضَالَّةٌ إِنَّـمَا أَمْرُكَ إِذَا أَرَدْتَ شَيْئاً أَنْ تَقُولَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ

أَللّٰهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِثْلَ مَا حَمِدْتَ بِهِ نَفْسَكَ وَ أَضْعَافَ مَا حَمِدَكَ بِهِ الْحَامِدُونَ وَ مَجَّدَكَ بِهِ الْمُمَجِّدُونَ وَ كَبَّرَكَ بِهِ الْمُكَبِّرُونَ وَ عَظَّمَكَ بِهِ الْمُعَظِّمُونَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ لَكَ مِنِّي وَحْدِي فِي كُلِّ طَرْفَةِ عَيْنٍ وَ أَقَلَّ مِنْ ذٰلِكَ مِثْلَ حَمْدِ الْحَامِدِينَ وَ تَوْحِيدِ أَصْنَافِ الْمُخْلِصِينَ وَ تَقْدِيسِ أَجْنَاسِ الْعَارِفِينَ وَ ثَنَاءِ جَمِيعِ الْمُهَلِّلِينَ وَ مِثْلَ مَا أَنْتَ بِهِ عَارِفٌ مِنْ رِزْقِكَ اعْتِبَاراً وَ فَضْلًا وَ سَأَلْتَنِي مِنْهُ يَسِيراً صَغِيراً وَ أَعْفَيْتَنِي مِنْ جَمِيعِ خَلْقِكَ مِنَ الْحَيَوَانِ

وَ أَرْغَبُ إِلَيْكَ فِي رَغْبَةِ مَا أَنْطَقْتَنِي بِهِ مِنْ حَمْدِكَ فَمَا أَيْسَرَ مَا كَلَّفْتَنِي بِهِ مِنْ حَقِّكَ وَ أَعْظَمَ مَا وَعَدْتَنِي عَلَى شُكْرِكَ ابْتَدَأْتَنِي بِالنِّعَمِ فَضْلًا وَ طَوْلًا وَ أَمَرْتَنِي بِالشُّكْرِ حَقّاً وَ عَدْلًا وَ وَعَدْتَنِي عَلَيْهِ أَضْعَافاً وَ مَزِيداً وَ أَعْطَيْتَنِي مِنْ رِزْقِكَ اعْتِبَاراً وَ فَضْلًا وَ سَأَلْتَنِي مِنْهُ يَسِيراً صَغِيراً وَ أَعْفَيْتَنِي مِنْ جَهْدِ الْبَلَاءِ وَ لَمْ تُسَلِّمْنِي لِلسُّوءِ مِنْ بَلَائِكَ

مَعَ مَا أَوْلَيْتَنِي مِنَ الْعَافِيَةِ وَ سَوَّغْتَ مِنْ كَرَائِمِ النُّحْلِ وَ ضَاعَفْتَ لِيَ الْفَضْلَ مَعَ مَا أَوْدَعْتَنِي مِنَ الْحُجَّةِ الشَّرِيفَةِ وَ يَسَّرْتَ لِي مِنَ الدَّرَجَةِ الرَّفِيعَةِ وَ اصْطَفَيْتَنِي بِأَعْظَمِ النَّبِيِّينَ دَعْوَةً وَ أَفْضَلِهِمْ شَفَاعَةً مُحَمَّدٍ

أَللّٰهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا لَا يَسَعُهُ إِلَّا مَغْفِرَتُكَ وَ لَا يَـمْحَقُهُ‏ إِلَّا عَفْوُكَ وَ لَا يُكَفِّرُهُ إِلَّا فَضْلُكَ وَ هَبْ لِي فِي يَوْمِي هَذَا يَقِيناً تُهَوِّنُ عَلَيَّ بِهِ مُصِيبَاتِ الدُّنْيَا وَ أَحْزَانَهَا بِشَوْقٍ إِلَيْكَ وَ رَغْبَةٍ فِيمَا عِنْدَكَ وَ اكْتُبْ لِي عِنْدَكَ الْمَغْفِرَةَ وَ بَلِّغْنِيَ الْكَرَامَةَ وَ ارْزُقْنِي شُكْرَ مَا أَنْعَمْتَ بِهِ عَلَيَّ فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ اللَّهُ الْوَاحِدُ الرَّفِيعُ الْبَدِي‏ءُ الْبَدِيعُ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ الَّذِي لَيْسَ لِأَمْرِكَ مَدْفَعٌ وَ لَا عَنْ قَضَائِكَ مُمْتَنِعٌ

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ رَبِّي وَ رَبُّ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ فَاطِرُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَ الشَّهَادَةِ الْعَلِيُّ الْكَبِيرُ

أَللّٰهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الثَّبَاتَ فِي الْأَمْرِ وَ الْعَزِيـمَةَ عَلَى الرُّشْدِ وَ الشُّكْرَ عَلَى نِعْمَتِكَ وَ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ جَوْرِ كُلِّ جَائِرٍ وَ بَغْيِ كُلِّ بَاغٍ وَ حَسَدِ كُلِّ حَاسِدٍ بِكَ أَصُولُ عَلَى الْأَعْدَاءِ وَ بِكَ أَرْجُو وَلَايَةَ الْأَحِبَّاءِ مَعَ مَا لَا أَسْتَطِيعُ إِحْصَاءَهُ وَ لَا تَعْدِيدَهُ مِنْ عَوَائِدِ فَضْلِكَ وَ طُرَفِ رِزْقِكَ وَ أَلْوَانِ مَا أَوْلَيْتَ مِنْ إِرْفَادِكَ فَإِنَّكَ أَنْتَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ الْفَاشِي فِي الْخَلْقِ رِفْدُهُ الْبَاسِطُ بِالْحَقِ‏ يَدُكَ وَ لَا تُضَادُّ فِي حُكْمِكَ وَ لَا تُنَازَعُ فِي أَمْرِكَ تَـمْلِكُ مِنَ الْأَنَامِ مَا تَشَاءُ وَ لَا يَـمْلِكُونَ إِلَّا مَا تُرِيدُ

قُلِ اللّٰهُمَّ مالِكَ الْمُلْكِ تُؤْتِي الْمُلْكَ مَنْ تَشآءُ وَ تَنْزِعُ الْمُلْكَ مِمَّنْ تَشآءُ وَ تُعِزُّ مَنْ تَشآءُ وَ تُذِلُّ مَنْ تَشآءُ بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ إِنَّكَ عَلى‏ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ قَدِيرٌ تُولِجُ اللَّيْلَ فِي النَّهارِ وَ تُولِجُ النَّهارَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَ تُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَ تُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتَ مِنَ الْحَيِّ وَ تَرْزُقُ مَنْ تَشآءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسابٍ‏

أَنْتَ الْمُنْعِمُ الْمُفْضِلُ‏ الْخَالِقُ الْبَارِئُ الْقَادِرُ الْقَاهِرُ الْمُقَدَّسُ فِي نُورِ الْقُدْسِ تَرَدَّيْتَ بِالْمَجْدِ وَ الْعِزِّ وَ تَعَظَّمْتَ بِالْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَ تَغَشَّيْتَ بِالنُّورِ وَ الْبَهَاءِ وَ تَجَلَّلْتَ بِالْمَهَابَةِ وَ السَّنَاءِ لَكَ الْمَنُّ الْقَدِيمُ وَ السُّلْطَانُ الشَّامِخُ وَ الْجُودُ الْوَاسِعُ وَ الْقُدْرَةُ الْمُقْتَدِرَةُ جَعَلْتَنِي مِنْ أَفْضَلِ بَنِي آدَمَ وَ جَعَلْتَنِي سَمِيعاً بَصِيراً صَحِيحاً سَوِيّاً مُعَافًى وَ لَمْ تَشْغَلْنِي نُقْصَاناً فِي بَدَنِي وَ لَمْ تَـمْنَعْكَ كَرَامَتُكَ إِيَّايَ وَ حُسْنُ صَنِيعِكَ عِنْدِي وَ فَضْلُ إِنْعَامِكَ‏ عَلَيَّ إِنْ وَسِعْتَ عَلَيَّ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ فَضَّلْتَنِي عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا

فَجَعَلْتَ لِي سَمْعاً وَ فُؤَاداً يَعْرِفَانِ عَظَمَتَكَ وَ أَنَا بِفَضْلِكَ حَامِدٌ وَ بِجَهْدِ نَفْسِي لَكَ شَاكِرٌ وَ بِحَقِّكَ شَاهِدٌ فَإِنَّكَ حَيٌّ قَبْلَ كُلِّ حَيٍّ وَ حَيٌّ بَعْدَ كُلِّ حَيٍّ وَ حَيٌّ تَرِثُ الْحَيَاةَ لَمْ تَقْطَعْ خَيْرَكَ عَنِّي طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ فِي كُلِّ وَقْتٍ وَ لَمْ تُنْزِلْ بِي عُقُوبَاتِ النِّقَمِ وَ لَمْ تُغَيِّرْ عَلَيَّ دَقَائِقَ الْعِصَمِ فَلَوْ لَمْ أَذْكُرْ مِنْ إِحْسَانِكَ إِلَّا عَفْوَكَ وَ إِجَابَةَ دُعَائِي حِينَ رَفَعْتُ رَأْسِي بِتَحْمِيدِكَ وَ تَمْجِيدِكَ وَ فِي قِسْمَةِ الْأَرْزَاقِ حِينَ قَدَّرْتَ فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ عَدَدَ مَا حَفِظَ عِلْمُكَ وَ عَدَدَ مَا أَحَاطَتْ بِهِ قُدْرَتُكَ وَ عَدَدَ مَا وَسِعَتْهُ رَحْمَتُكَ

أَللّٰهُمَّ فَتَمِّمْ إِحْسَانَكَ فِيمَا بَقِيَ كَمَا أَحْسَنْتَ فِيمَا مَضَى فَإِنِّي أَتَوَسَّلُ بِتَوْحِيدِكَ وَ تَـمْجِيدِكَ وَ تَحْمِيدِكَ وَ تَهْلِيلِكَ وَ تَكْبِيرِكَ وَ تَعْظِيمِكَ وَ بِنُورِكَ وَ رَأْفَتِكَ وَ رَحْمَتِكَ وَ عُلُوِّكَ وَ جَمَالِكَ وَ جَلَالِكَ وَ بَهَائِكَ وَ سُلْطَانِكَ وَ قُدْرَتِكَ وَ بِـمُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ أَلَّا تَحْرِمَنِي رِفْدَكَ وَ فَوَائِدَكَ فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَعْتَرِيكَ لِكَثْرَةِ مَا يَنْدَفِقُ بِهِ عَوَائِقُ الْبُخْلِ وَ لَا يَنْقُصُ جُودَكَ تَقْصِيرٌ فِي شُكْرِ نِعْمَتِكَ وَ لَا تُفْنِي خَزَائِنَ مَوَاهِبِكَ النِّعَمُ وَ لَا تَخَافُ ضَيْمَ إِمْلَاقٍ فَتُكْدِيَ وَ لَا يَلْحَقُكَ خَوْفُ عُدْمٍ فَيَنْقُصَ فَيْضُ فَضْلِكَ

أَللّٰهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي قَلْباً خَاشِعاً وَ يَقِيناً صَادِقاً وَ لِسَاناً ذَاكِراً وَ لَا تُؤْمِنِّي مَكْرَكَ وَ لَا تَكْشِفْ عَنِّي سِتْرَكَ وَ لَا تُنْسِنِي ذِكْرَكَ وَ لَا تُبَاعِدْنِي مِنْ جِوَارِكَ وَ لَا تَقْطَعْنِي مِنْ رَحْمَتِكَ وَ لَا تُؤْيِسْنِي مِنْ رَوْحِكَ وَ كُنْ لِي أُنْساً مِنْ كُلِّ وَحْشَةٍ وَ اعْصِمْنِي مِنْ كُلِّ هَلَكَةٍ وَ نَجِّنِي مِنْ كُلِّ بَلَاءٍ فَ إِنَّكَ لا تُخْلِفُ الْمِيعادَ

أَللّٰهُمَّ ارْفَعْنِي وَ لَا تَضَعْنِي وَ زِدْنِي وَ لَا تَنْقُصْنِي وَ ارْحَمْنِي وَ لَا تُعَذِّبْنِي وَ انْصُرْنِي وَ لَا تَخْذُلْنِي وَ آثِرْنِي وَ لَا تُؤْثِرْ عَلَيَّ وَ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ الطَّيِّبِينَ الطَّاهِرِينَ وَ سَلِّمْ تَسْلِيماً

After writing the supplication, Imam ʿAli (‘a) said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah (S) say, ‘Should a person recite this supplication with a true intention and a sincere heart, and then command the mountains to move and head towards the seas, it would happen.”

So the man left to return to his land in Yemen with the supplication from Imam ʿAli (‘a) and after forty days, God destroyed his enemies such that not even one of them was left from his side. Afterwards Imam ʿAli (‘a) said, “I knew this would be the case for the Messenger of Allah (S) taught me that nothing will be an extremely difficult issue to resolve except that it will be made easy by this supplication.”5

  • 1. Letter 74, Nahj al-Balaghah, https://www.al-islam.org/nahjul-balagha-part-2-letters-and-sayings/lette... (Last accessed on May 15, 2018).
  • 2. Biography of ʿAli ibn Abi Talib, p. 285.
  • 3. Biography of ʿAli ibn Abi Talib, p. 285. The Arabic text is as follows:
    و لو كنت بوابا على باب جنة لقلت لهمدان ادخلي بسلام
  • 4. Biography of ʿAli ibn Abi Talib, p. 285.The Arabic text is as follows:
    مَا هِيَ إِلاَّ الكُوفَةُ، أقْبِضُهَا وَأَبْسُطُهَا، إنْ لَمْ تَكُوني إِلاَّ أَنْتِ، تَهُبُّ أَعَاصِيرُك، فَقَبَّحَكِ اللهُ!
  • 5. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 92, p. 242.