Shaykh Ja’far Al-Subhani published this essay in Arabic in the fourth volume of a series of four volumes. The four volumes are titled “Letters And Essays: Researches On The Subjects Of Philosophy, Theology, Law, Jurisprudence and Society”. The edition consulted for this translation was the first edition, obtained by the translator whilst studying in the erstwhile precincts of the mausoleum of the Lady Zainab (‘a) In the city of Damascus in 2008 A.D..

This paper was presented at a conference organised in honour and in memory of Sayyid ‘Abd al-’Azim al-Hasani, in the town of Ray, in the month of Rabi’ al-Thani 1424 AH/2003 AD.