Conditions of Hajj al-Tamattu’
There are five conditions in Hajj al-Tamattu’:
1- Niyyah (Intention) which is that the pilgrim should intend to perform “Hajj al-Tamattu’” for Allah, therefore if this person intends to perform some other type of Hajj or has some doubt about performing “Hajj al-Tamattu’” or other type of Hajj or he/she does not have pure intention for Hajj, then his/her Hajj is not correct.
2- Both “Umrah” and “Hajj” should be performed in months of Hajj (Shawwal, Dhu’l-Qa’dah and Dhu’l-Hijjah), therefore it is not enough that a pilgrim performs all of Umrah or a part of it before the month of Shawwal.
3- A pilgrim should perform both “Umrah al-Tamattu”’ and “its Hajj” in one year, if he/she performs one of them in this year, and the next one in another year (even in the months of Hajj), then this Hajj is not correct.
4- As it was mentioned before, Ihram of “Hajj al-Tamattu’” should be worn from Mecca.. There is no difference between different places or regions of Mecca. it can be worn from a house, mosque, or even in a street, but the best place for wearing Ihram is in “Masjid al-Haraam”.
5- If “Hajj al-Tamattu’” is to be performed by proxy, then both “Umrah” and “Hajj” should be performed by the same person and it is not enough that a person performs Umrah and another one performs Hajj.
As an obligatory precaution, the pilgrim should not leave Mecca after performing “Umrah al-Tamattu”’ until the time of Hajj commences and he/she performs Hajj. Unless there is a special necessity or need that in this case as obligatory precaution the pilgrim should wear Ihram with the intention of Hajj and leave Mecca with Ihram and remain in that state in return, until he/she performs the rites of Hajj; but if wearing Ihram causes this person severe hardness then he/she can renounce that act. Then there is no difference in this ruling between obligatory and Mustahab Hajj.
The rule of prohibition of leaving Mecca is for people who have performed Umrah al-Tamattu’ and want to travel a far distance. Therefore going to a distance one or two parasang (each parasang is approximately 5.6 km) far from Mecca is not prohibited and people who live out of Mecca can return to their homes after performing Umrah.
Today, Mecca has advanced to a big city, but all that is called Mecca has the rulings of Mecca , like Masjid al-Haraam that has advanced and expanded. but all of that is within the rulings of Masjid al-Haraam.
Whenever a pilgrim goes out of Mecca after performing Umrah without Ihram and passes the Miqats, then in return he/she should become Muhrim (a person who is in state of Ihram) from Mecca and perform Umrah, unless his/her return is on the same month that he/she has leaved Mecca (for instance, a pilgrim has leaved in Dhu’l-Qa’dah and has returned in Dhu’l-Qa’dah).
A person who has a duty to perform Hajj al-Tamattu’ cannot return to Hajj al-Ifrad or Hajj al-Qiran, unless there is not enough time available in the way that this person cannot finish Umrah and join Hajj. In this case, the pilgrim can leave “Hajj al-Tamattu’” and make intention for Hajj al-Ifrad or Hajj al-Qiran, and performs the duties of Hajj and after finishing Hajj performs Umrah al-Mufradah (similar to other persons who perform Hajj al-Qiran and Ifrad).
The purpose of not having enough time is that pilgrims cannot perform Wuquf in Arafat from noon until the sunset of the day of Arafat.
A woman who has menstruation and cannot perform Tawaf and the prayer of Tawaf, , before the time of Hajj (and Wuquf to Arafa), Therefore she should make intention of Hajj al-Ifrad and go with that Ihram to Arafat and perform the rites of Hajj, and perform the tawafs of Hajj and prayers of tawaf.
After returning to Mecca and becoming clean, she should go to Masjid al-Tan’eem for performing “Umrah al-Mufradah” after finishing Hajj and becomes Muhrim from that place and perform acts of Umrah al-Mufradah. It is better to perform Tawaf al-Nisa’ as a precaution.
There is no problem for women, to prevent their menstruation by using pills or such, in order to perform the rites of Hajj al-Tamattu’ like Tawaf and prayer of Tawaf in the state of being clean.