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The General Rules Of The Wage Labor Law In Islam

Islam has adopted general wage rules that obligate the two contracting parties; the employer and the employee, to follow equity in all contractual activities in various agricultural, industrial, and service fields.

These rules are as follows:

1. The contract should be based on the contentment and acceptance of the contracting parties to grant the worker the freedom of labor and the right to choose the work he likes, to take into account the creative, psychological side and the sound investment of the technical, mental, physical abilities in the situations that improve production, protect the freedom of the producer, and respect his personality and will.

2. The quantity and quality of work should be fixed.

3. The place and time of work should be fixed.

4. The amount of the wage should be clear and determined.

5. The worker should be able to achieve the work for which he has contracted and give it to the employer. This condition between the contracting parties forms a lawful rule to develop productive abilities and experiences, as well as instilling moral values. Thereby, the fulfillment of promise, the doubling of effort, and the taking care of experiences are accomplished to achieve the contents of labor, thoroughly, according to the conditions and specifics agreed upon.

6. The labor agreed upon should give a lawful utility according to Islamic law and achieve the coordination and harmonization between the motives of production and ideology and behavior to protect the Islamic character and principles against rupture, corruption, and the falling into the forbidden and encompass the forbidden production that leads society to unlawful paradoxes and actions that take part in destroying man's character and the rules of the social security.

7. It is permissible for each of the contracting parties to add other conditions, provided that they should not forbid the lawful and nor perm it the forbidden, to preserve his legal interests and rights. For example, the employee provides that the employer should recompense him during emergencies and secure the means of transportation, the house, the medicine, etc...

8. The worker does not a guarantee the machine, the tools or the productive means except when he destroys or misuses them, which limits the responsibilities and obligations of the worker towards the machine with which he works, and develops honesty in business.

In this way, the law of the contract organizing the wage takes part in developing production and protecting the rights of the employee and of the employer within the frame of lawful, moral concepts and values that protect both 1nntractiog parties.