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Further explanation: In some cultures, dating back to ancient or mediaeval times (including parts of Europe/Britain as well as Greece), it was considered inappropriate or immodest for respectable women to ride horses in the normal way, especially if they were wearing long dresses that might not stay in place, so women were expected to ride side-saddle or, as Sayyed mentions, in a litter atop the animal. (I am not saying that no women ever rode horses the normal way, just that this was considered more mannerly.) It seems that women riding horses the normal way may have been seen as suggestive, although, nowadays, in much of the world, there is no stigma attached to it. 

If they rode bare horses or regularly saddled horses during that time, it could be taken as a sign of them being treated harshly by the enemy. 

Muslim women used to sit on Hawdaj which is like a seat put on the animal and not directly on the animal. Sitting directly on the animal or on saddles is Makrouh for women.

Wassalam.

Every Makrouh is harmful but not Haraam. Allah knows the details of the harm which might be unknown to us.

We have Hadeeths from the Prophet (SAWA) stating that it is Makrouh. It is not only when trying to conceive a child but it is Makrouh in any sexual intercourse.

Wassalam.

It is obligatory for those who know about and can see the eclipse in their area to pray Salat al-Ayaat which is two Rak'ats which five Rokoo' in every Rak'at.

Nothing is Haraam specifically during or because of eclipse just because of the eclipse.

it is Makrouh ( disliked but not Haraam) to look at the sun during the eclipse.

It is Makrouh ( disliked but not Haraam) to have sexual intercourse during the eclipse.

It is recommended to busy in supplication and worshipping Allah during the eclipse.
Wassalam.