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There is a similarity and difference between the prophets/messengers. The similarity is that they are all equal in being appointed as divine messengers and authorities. The difference is with respect to the nature of their position with Allah, and their own circumstances. 

So, these two verses reflect those two things.

2:136 is a statement of belief for us to profess. That is, WE must accept all the prophets/messengers as being equal in their validity. We must accept them all as having correct messages from Allah that are consistent with the messages of the other prophets. We are not allowed to accept some and reject others. This verse is in the context of criticizing the Jews and Christians for accepting some and rejecting others.

However, this does not mean that all the prophets and messengers were identical, as indicated in 2:253 and elsewhere. The prophets and messengers each had their unique circumstances and positions with Allah. For instance, Jesus was born in a unique way, Solomon had a unique kingdom, and the Prophet Muhammad (S) is considered to be the highest of the messengers.

 

It means that all believers in the messages from Allah which were sent to people through prophets, who believed in Allah and the Hereafter and did good deeds, they will get their reward from their Lord and will have no fear in them nor will they grieve.

This means whose believers of the previous prophets during the time of those messages. No believer in any previous prophet can deny the prophet hood of the Last Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) because denying this final prophet means not believing in the previous messages of the prophets.

Wassalam.

Yes, the two verses are included because many of our leading Scholars relying on authentic Hadeeths say that according to precaution, Ayatul Kursi is three verses ending with Khalidoon.

 Wassalam.

Allah (SWT) has ordered us to take the meanings of Quran from the Prophet (SAWA) as he is responsible to explain to the people what was been revealed to guide them ( 16:44).

The Prophet himself has clearly stated that  the purified persons meant in Quran 33:33 are Ahlul Bayt who are Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain (AS). (Saheeh Muslim, Hadeeth 4450, Tirmithi; Hadeeth 3129 and 3719). 
'The Prophet (SAWA) did not allow any of his wives to join the purified who are Ahlul Bayt only.  (Tirmithi: Hadeeth 3806)

Wassalam.